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Christians. They therefore, styled Dr. Horsley, in whose controverthemselves fellow-champions with sial writings with Dr. Priestley this the Mohammedans for these truths. epistle had been inserted (Leiter 16, They offered their assistance to p. 307, ed. 3.) by way of stamping purge the Koran of certain corrup- its authenticity, has added a note, tions and interpolations, which, after in which he says, that in consequence the death of Mohammed, had crept of Dr. Priestley's questioning the into his papers, of which the Koran veracity of it, he examined the archwas composed; for of Moham- bishop's library at Lambeth, from med they thought too highly to whence the copy was originally taken, suppose that he could be guilty where he found it in a thin folio, of the many repugnances which are under the mark 673, among the to be found in the writings which go codices MSS. Tenisoniani; and enunder his name. This work they tered in the catalogue, under the declared themselves willing to un- article Socinians, by the title of dertake, “ for the vindication of Mo- “Systema Theologiæ Socinianæ." hammed's glory.” They intimated On the preceding leaf are the folthat the corrections which they lowing remarks: would propose would render the “ These are the original papers Koran more consistent; not with which a cabal of Socinians in Lonitself only, but with the Gospel of don offered to present to the amChrist, of which they say Mohammed bassador of the king of Fez and pretended to be but a preacher.- Morocco, when he was taking leave They told the ambassador, that the of England, August 1682. The Unitarian Christians formed a great said ambassador refused to receive and considerable people. To give them, after having understood that weight to the assertion, they enume- they concerned religion. The agent rated the heresiarchs of all ages who of the Socinians was Monsieur Virzé. have opposed the Trinity, from Sir Charles Cotterol, Knt., Master Paulus Sarmosatensis, down to of the Ceremonies, then present, deFaustus Socinus and the leaders sired he might have them, which was of the Polonian Fraternity. They granted; and he brought them and celebrated the modern tribes of gave them to me, Thomas Tenison, Arians, as asserters of the proper then Vicar of St. Martin's-in-theunity of God; and they closed the fields, Middlesex.” honourable list with the Mohamme- Dr. Horsley adds, by way of dans themselves. All these, they further confirmation, “I do most said, maintain the faith of one God: solemnly aver, that I have this day and “why should we forget to add (January 15, 1789,) compared the you Mohammedans, who also consent letter to Ameth Ben Ameth, as with us in the belief of the only one published by Dr. Leslie, in his Sosupreme Deity?" Such is the sub- cinian Controversy discussed, with stance of a letter which they pre- the MS. in the archbishop's library, sented to the ambassador, with some and find that the printed copy, with Latin manuscripts respecting the dif- the exception of some trivial typoferences between Christianity and graphical errors, which in no way the Mohammedan religion, and con- affect the sense, and are such as any taining an ample detail of the Uni- reader will discover and correct for tarian tenets. They applied to the himself, is exactly conformable to Mussulman as to a person of known the MS. without the omission or discernment in spiritual and sublime addition of a single word.” matters: and they entreated him to

F. S. communicate the import of their manuscripts to the consideration of the fittest persons among his countrymen,


Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer.

Apostle, it may be well to reflect on

the strict limitation which accomTo a mind imbued with reverence panied the permission given to the for the word of God, it is painful to Christian convert to “eat of whatwitness an attempt to screen any was sold in the shambles, sinful practice under the alleged asking no question for conscience authority of holy writ. Not only sake." This liberty was then only does such a proceeding compromise allowed to the believer, when, neither the honour of that blessed Being by his eating of that which had whose mind and will the Scriptures made part of an idol sacrifice would have revealed to us, but it hazards he have contributed in the smallest the eternal welfare both of those degree to the upholding of idolatry, who adopt it and of those who are nor by his abstaining, would he have betrayed into the approval of their contributed in the smallest degree error. In regard to the ruinous con- to its extinction. If any one said sequences of obscuring the light of unto him, “ This is offered in sacriconscience, our Lord demands, with fice unto idols” (1 Cor. x. 28), he emphatic earnestness, “If the light was on no account to eat of it: he that is in thee be darkness, how great was scrupulously to avoid even the is that darkness!" How fatal then remote probability of either leading must be the result, when the light the heathen idolater to infer, howof Heaven itself is converted into ever mistaken the inference, that darkness !-- when that Divine word, Christians did not regard his idolawhich was designed by its gracious trous rites with insuperable abhorAuthor to be a lamp unto our feet rence; or, of leading a 'weak beand a light unto our path, guiding liever to defile his conscience, by our steps in the ways of holiness and conforming to an example which he peace, is made the occasion of con- suspected to be wrong. Under these firming us in sin and iniquity! circumstances, the act which was

I have been led to make these not criminal in itself, became crimireflections from having lately heard nal in a high degree: so much so, it contended, that the free use of that, rather than be guilty of it, the articles of luxury furnished at the Apostle solemnly declares, for himcost of-it matters not how great- self, “ If meat make my brother to cruelty and oppression may be jus- offend, I will eat no flesh while the tified on Scriptural authority. The world standeth; lest I make my broassertors of this startling proposition ther to offend" (1 Cor. viii. 13).remark, that the Apostle Paul, in- Would that all who attempt to wrest structing the Corinthian converts on his words in the manner I have the duty of a believer in regard to ab- stated, were willing indeed to be staining from meatsoffered in sacrifice followers of him, as he was of Christ. to idols, says, “Whatsoever is sold in But how stands the case in regard the shambles, that eat, asking no to the particular practice in our day, question for conscience sake" (1 Cor. which the principle of St. Paul in X. 25). This passage, it is argued, the instance before us is, by some clearly implies, that Christians have persons, conceived to justify? Do full liberty to purchase and partake the consumers of those articles of of any article of food which is pub- luxury, which are the produce of the licly exposed to sale in the market, labour of slaves, contribute nothing though they may be well aware that to the upholding of the glaringly it is the produce of injustice, inhu- wicked system of slavery? And manity, and oppression.

would they, by abstaining from the If the bare statement of so revolting use of such produce, contribute noan opinion do not suffice to convince thing towards the extinction of that us that it can receive no countenance desolating scourge of humanity? from the writings of an inspired On the contrary, is it not clear, that

if the West-Indian could find no monster, whose head is made of vent for his commodities, so long as sugar, its neck of coffee, its body of he persisted in raising them by the cotton and rum, its legs and claws labour of slaves, he would soon, for of spices, rice, and pepper. Now, his own sake, and as matter of pure if we can but aim a successful blow necessity, convert his wretched at the head, its destruction is as surely thralls into freemen? how greatly effected as though its body were cut to his own advantage, I stay not now into a thousand pieces, and its memto consider. If, then, it be by no- bers scattered to all the winds. thing else than the consumption of

C. W. the produce of slave-labour, that the dreadful system of colonial bondage is upheld and perpetuated—if by Tothe EditoroftheChristianObserver. nothing more certainly than by the abstaining from such produce, would In your Number of the Christian that most unrighteous system be Observer for November last, I saw extinguished, how can the consumer a letter, signed “A Country Clergyof slave-grown luxuries screen him- man, “ on Sunday-morning Payself under the authority of St. Paul ments to Labourers.” As a man of from the charge of supporting West- business, I beg leave to suggest the India slavery, and of being involved utility of paying work-people on the with the slave-holder in the guilt of Friday evening; and, as a Christian, his oppression? Can any one now I rejoice to add, I have tried the require to be told — "The luxury plan with about thirty or forty workyou are partaking of is the fruit people nearly the last two years, of a sacrifice offered upon the and find it succeed admirably; our altar of Mammon; - a sacrifice market-day being on a Saturday, of the body, and, too probably, of they are enabled to lay out their the soul, of the unhappy victims ?” money to the best advantage. Of this, no person of ordinary infor

W. mation can now be supposed to be ignorant, unless by his own choice; and then, what will the plea of ig- For the Christian Observer. norance avail him, when God shall

WITHIN the last “lay judgment to the line, and

two or three righteousness to the plummet?" – years, several little annual volumes "If thou sayest, Behold, we knew it of tales and poems, elegantly printed pot: doth not he that pondereth the and adorned with well-executed enheart consider it? and he that keep gravings have been published, ineth thy soul, doth not he know it? tended as New-Years' presents. It and shall not he render to every man

does not enter into our plan to reaccording to his works?" (Prov. view works of this kind; several of xxiv. 12.)

which, indeed, are occupied chiefly If it be said, that

with subjects not suited to our mis.

upon ciples now maintained, it should cellany: but we copy from one of seem that we are bound to a total them, “ The Amulet,” which proand rigid abstinence from every

fesses to be devoted to pieces of a article, as well of clothing as of food, religious or moral tendency, the which is supplied by the labour of following specimens of poetry, which

we trust will interest our readers. slaves; an abstinence which would entail on us inconveniences too many

THE HOUR OF PRAYER. and too great for us to consent to submit to them; I would only say in reply, (if your readers will allow Child, amidst the flowers at play,

While the red light fades away; an allegorical illustration, ) that Mother, with thine earnest eye, West-India slavery is a devouring. Ever following silently;

the prin


Father, by the breeze of eve,

'Tis done! Has breathed thy trumpet Called thy harvest-work to leave ;

blast, Pray! Ere yet the dark hours be,

The Tribes at length have wept their last! Lift the heart and bend the knee.

On rolls the host! From land and wave, Traveller, in the stranger's land,

The earth sends up the unransomed slave!

There rides no glittering chivalry,
Far from thine own household band;
Mourner, haunted by the tone

No banner purples in the sky;
Of a voice from this world gone;

The world within their hearts has died; Captive, in whose narrow cell

Two thousand years have slain their pride!

The look of pale remorse is there, Sunshine hath not leave to dwell;

The lip's involuntary prayer; Sailor, on the darkening sea;

The form still marked with many a stainLift the heart and bend the knee.

Brand of the soil, the scourge, the chain; Warrior, that, from battle won,

The serf of Afric's fiery ground; Breathest now at set of sun;

The slave, by Indian suns embrowned; Woman, o'er the lowly slain,

The weary drudges of the oar, Weeping on his burial-plain ;

By the swart Arab's poisoned shore, Ye that triumph, ye that sigh,

The gatherings of earth's wildest tractKindred by one holy tie;

On burst the living cataract ! Heaven's first star alike ye see ;

What strength of man can check its speed! Lift the heart and bend the knee.

They come the nation of the Freed.

Who leads the march? Beneath His wheel THE RESTORATION OF ISRAEL.

Back rolls the sea, the mountains reel;
Before their tread His trump is blown,

Who speaks in thunder, and 'tis done! And I heard a voice out of heaven saying, King of the dead! Oh not in vain

Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men,
and he shall dwell with them, and they Oh, not in vain arose thy prayer,

Was thy long pilgrimage of pain ; shall be his people; and God himself When press’d the thorn thy temples bare; shall be with them, and be their God.

Oh! not in vain the voice that cried, -Rev. xxi. 3.

To spare thy madden'd homicide! King of the dead! how long shall sweep

Even for this hour thy heart's blood

streamed! Thy wrath! how long thy outcasts weep! Two thousand agonizing years

They come !-the host of the redeemed! Has Israel steeped her bread in tears; What flames upon the distant sky? The vial on her head been poured

'Tis not the comet's sanguine dye, Flight, famine, shame, the scourge, the 'Tis not the lightning's quivering spire, sword !

'Tis not the sun's descending fire.



• In another of these publications, Earth, thy mightiest and thy last,

But a day is coming fast, Ackerman's “ Forget me not,” there is a

It shall come in fear and wonder, Dirge by the same author, which our readers will thank us for detaching from It shall come in strife and toil,

Heralded by trump and thunder; its companionship with various pieces of a It shall come in blood and spoil, less serious character.

It shall come in empires' groans,
Burning temples, trampled thrones :

Then, Ambition, rue thy lust!
By the Rev. G. Croly.

“Earth to earth, and dust to dust!" " Earth to earth, and dust to dust!" Then shall come the judgment sign; Here the evil and the just,

In the east the King shall shine; Here the youthful and the old,

Flashing from heaven's golden gate, Here the fearful and the bold,

Thousand thousands round his state; Here the matron and the maid,

Spirits with the crown and plume, In one silent bed are laid ;

Tremble then, thou sullen tomb! Here the vassal and the king

Heaven shall open on our sight, Side by side lie withering;

Earth be turn'd to living light, Here the sword and sceptre rust

Kingdoms of the ransom'd just“Earth to earth, and dust to dust!" “ Earth to earth, and dust to dust!" Age on age shall roll along

Then shall gorgeous as a gem O'er this pale and mighty throng; Shine thy mount, Jerusalem; Those that wept them, those that weep, Then shall in the desert rise All shall with these sleepers sleep. Fruits of more than paradise ; Brothers, sisters of the worm,

Earth by angel feet be trod; Summer's sun, or winter's storm, One great garden of her God; Song of peace, or battle's roar,

Till are dried the martyr's tears, Ne'er sbail break their slumbers more. Through a glorious thousand years. Death shall keep his sullen trust

Now in hope of Him we trust“Earth to earth, and dust to dust!" “ Earth to earth, and dust to dust!"

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And now, as nearer speeds their march, His look with strength doth angels fill
Expands the rainbow's mighty arch;

Tho' Him to fathom none have power;
Though there has burst no thunder cloud, The sumless lofty works are still
No flash of death the soil has ploughed, As grand as in creation's hour.
And still ascends before their gaze,

Arch upon arch, the lovely blaze ; And swift, and past conceiving swift,
Still as the gorgeous clouds unfold,

The earth revolves, in beauty dight; Rise towers and domes' immortal mould. The bloom of paradise doth shift Scenes ! that the patriarch's vision'd eye

And change with deep and chilling night. Beheld, and then rejoiced to die ;

O'er beds of rock, deep set and strong, That like the altar's burning coal,

The sea foams up in billows broad, Touched the pale prophet's harp with soul; And rocks and sea are whirled along That the throned seraphs long to see,

The sphere's eternal rapid road.

Now given, thou slave of slaves, to thee!
Whose city this? What Potentate

And vying storms roar out amain,

From sea to land, from land to sea;
Sits there, the King of time and fate?
Whom glory covers like a robe,

And wildly raging, form a ch ain

Around, of deepest energy.
Whose sceptre shakes the solid globe,
Whom shapes of fire and splendour guard ?

There flames the lightning's wasting fire,

Before the thunderbolt's dread way; There sits the man, “ whose face was marred,”

Yet, Lord, thy ntessengers admire
To whom archangels bow the knee-

The gentle progress of the day.
The weeper in Gethsemane.
Down in the dust, aye, Israel kneel,

For now thy withered heart can feel !
Aye, let thy wan cheek burn like flame,

(Paraphrased from the 137th Psalm.] There sits iby glory and thy shame!




We sat down by Babel's streams,

And dreamed soul-saddening memory's “Fores have holes, and birds of the air dreams;

kare riests; but the Son of man hath not And dark thoughts o'er our spirits crept where to lay his head.

Of Sion,—and we wept, we wept !

Our harps upon the willows hung, The last bright glance of sunset sheds Silent and tuneless, and unstrung; below

For they who wrought our pains and Its glory; and the roseate beams that wrongs, spring

Asked us for Sion's pleasant songs. From the recess of light, in splendour bring How can we sing Jehovah's praise The sun's farewell; such messengers as

To those who Baal's altars raise? throw

How warble Judah's free-born hymns, Open the gates of morn, and shut the skies

With Babe!'s fetters on our limbs? When shifting radiance of a thousand dyes How chaunt thy lays, dear father land, Is settling into gloom. All creatures know This hour. The rooks' dark phalanx Ah no! We'll bear grief's keenest sting

To strangers on a foreign strand ? homeward flies. The bee her cell hath found, or closed her But dare not Sion's anthems sing. wing

Place us where Sharon's roses blow; On scabious wild. Yea, every breathing Place us where Siloe's waters flow; thing,

Place us on Lebanon, that waves Cradled in down, or silken web, or bed

Its cedars o'er our fathers' graves ; Of woven leaf, or sheltered covert, lies: Place us upon that holy mount; All, save THE ONE who each warm cover- Where stands the temple, gleams the ing spread;

fount ; He only had not where to lay His head. And love and joy shall loose our tongues,

To warble Sion's pleasant songs. HYMN OF THE ARCHANGELS. If I should e'er, earth's fairest gem,

Forget thee, O Jerusalem ! (From the Prologue to Göethe’s Faust.) May my right hand forget its skill Raphael.

To wake the slumbering lyre at will ! The sun pours forth his emulous song, If from my heart, e'en when most gay,

'Mid kindred spheres, with ancient force, Thy memory e'er should fade away, And his prescribed path along,

May my tongue rest within my head, With thunder-pace pursues his course, Mute as the voices of the dead !

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