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of all joys and pleasures that chance to the head. For as the loaf whereof we eat is made of many grains, and the cup of wine whereof we drink is made of many grapes, and yet is but one cup of wine, and the loaf but one loaf; even so are we that believe in Christ but one body with him, and he our head, notwithstanding we be many in number, and of divers nations, estates and conditions. For as in the body be divers members serving to divers uses, so are there in the congregation of Christ, which Paul calleth the body of Christ, divers estates; some apostles, some preachers, and some teachers.” 1 Cor. xii. And as in the body is no member, whereunto is not appointed his peculiar and necessary office; so in the congregation of Christ is there none estate or condition, but it is profitable, yea, necessary to the other.

“This is a great mystery,” saith Paul, “the mystery, I Ephes. v. say, of Christ and his congregation;" for it is his body, of his flesh, and of his bones. Not that the congregation or church is that natural body that died on the cross, nor we, the members of the same church, the flesh and bones of the same: but for that it was that congregation, it was we, the members of this church, that caused Christ to take our nature upon him, that therein he might satisfy for our sins, making us partakers with him in this satisfaction; and so are we his body and members, that is to say, his body and members were and are the price wherewith we were redeemed out of the captivity and thraldom that we were in. This mystery is great, and far above the beastly man's capacity. But if we will be given to the Spirit, the Spirit shall minister unto us abundantly the understanding thereof. For it is a common phrase or manner of speaking amongst us: when any hath bestowed his money upon any kind of merchandise, we say, Lo, here is my xx li. or here are his hundred marks; shewing forth the wares that were bought with my xx li. or his hundred marks, so that here the thing bought beareth the name of the price. In like manner doth Paul call the congregation redeemed by Christ's body, his very body, his flesh, and his bones, because it is the merchandise that was bought with his body, his flesh, and his bones. The most sacred sacraments also of the body and blood of Christ are called his body and blood, because they declare unto us what the body and blood of Christ be unto us, none otherwise than I call this book the

of the Lord, because it declareth the supper of the Lord. So

supper

Note the subtlety of the devil.

that here thou mayest see, gentle reader, wherein thou hast been so far and so long deceived. Forsooth, in that thou hast not known nor considered the causes, why these most holy sacraments bear the names of that they represent, shew, or declare unto us; but hast grossly persuaded thyself with the carnal and fleshly Jews, that Christ spake carnally, minding to turn the substance of the bread and wine into the substance of his body and blood, when he said unto his disciples, “This is my body.” But doubtless, good christian brother, our most cruel enemy hath in this point uttered even the greatest part of his malicious practice. He hath not failed always to beat into our heads the omnipotency of God, who could by his word make all things of nought; his verity, which will not suffer him to leave ought undone that he saith is or shall be done; and then his words at his last supper, “This is my body," &c. Here laboureth he with tooth and nail, as they say, to keep us in the plain letter, that we measure not these words by the scriptures of like phrase. The verity itself, saith he, hath spoken it; wherefore it cannot be otherwise. The only Almighty, which created all things by his word, hath said it: it is not therefore impossible that it should be so. Thou art a christian man, and hast professed to believe all the words of Christ to be true, though thy reason cannot comprehend the manner how. And wilt thou, with the carnal and fleshly Jews, doubt in the performance of the words that thy Saviour shall speak ? He said that a virgin should bring forth a child : and wilt not thou believe it, because thou canst not by reason be persuaded that it is possible for a virgin to bring forth a child? What could the obstinate Jews do more, than blindly and obstinately say, “How can this man give us his flesh to eat, and his blood to drink ?” And wilt thou be as obstinate as they, and think it impossible for him to give thee his flesh, (yea, his very natural flesh), and blood under the form of bread and wine? Oh, subtle serpent! Oh, crafty dissembler! Now changest thou thyself into an angel of light. Thou madest the Jews abhor Christ's words, because the law, which they professed, taught them that it was abominable to eat the raw flesh, or drink the blood of any beast, much more of a man. And because they should not consider and understand the spiritual eating of his body, and drinking of his blood by faith, thou puttest them in mind of the corruptible manna that the fathers did eat in wilderness; and that, notwithstanding that bread came from heaven, yet was it not of such lively force that it might preserve the eaters thereof from death. Yea, thou heldest them in opinion, that it was not possible for Christ to give them his flesh to eat, and his blood to drink, after such sort that their stomachs might away withal. Wherefore they said: “How can this fellow give us his flesh to eat, and his blood to drink ?” But here thou comest unto us with the contrary. Thou biddest us believe, that he was able to change bread and wine into his flesh and blood, that we might thereby away with the devouring thereof. Thus thou playest on both hands; with them, because they should not look for any spiritual eating or drinking of Christ's flesh and blood; and with us, that we should not regard the spiritual eating and drinking, but that we should most regard the fleshly devouring of the bread and wine : so that neither the Jews neither we can come to the true eating of Christ's flesh and drinking of his blood by unfeigned faith in him and his merits.

Here mayest thou plainly see, most dearly beloved in the Lord, by what means our ghostly enemy hath spoiled us of the use of these most precious jewels, the sacraments of Christ's body and blood; and how he laboureth daily in his members, the wicked papists, to withhold from us the knowledge of the spiritual eating and drinking of Christ, which beginneth now to spread the world over all. Let us run, therefore, unto our present and only succour in this great danger. To Christ, I say, let us run, most humbly beseeching him, our Saviour and Redeemer, plenteously to pour out of his Spirit of knowledge upon us all, that we may daily more and more find out the hid and secret abominations, to the utter extirpation and rooting out of the same. And in the mean time let us pray together, that it may please the Lord to augment the number of his faithful, turning Sauls into Pauls, that the hard hearts may be mollified, by hearing the persecutors preach Christ whom they persecuted. The Spirit of truth be with you all! So be it.

It is the Spirit that quickeneth, the

flesh profiteth nothing

at all. John vi.

[1 Old edition, this.]

[2 Old edition, be.]

ERRATA.

PAGE LINE

134, 4, for timorously read temerously. 137, 4, for Nebuchadnezzar read Nabuchodonosor. 138, 3, after felt insert no. 160, 19, for Joshua's read Josue's. 185, 11, dele in a while. 222, 4, to be very good indeed: so the old edition; but it should

evidently be, to be very God indeed. 257, 23, for take upon read take upon him. 443, 34, for held read hold.

I N D E X.

A.

amendment of life in adversity, 168 ;
ABEL, in what sense he is said to have examples of patience in adversity out

offered a more excellent sacrifice than of scripture, 169; other examples,

Cain, 27, 8; the first martyr, 29. 174.
Advocate, Christ our, 384, 5.

Agony of our Saviour, considerations
Affections in man, diversity of, 502. from, 256, &c. ; proof from, that he
Affliction and trouble cometh from did not suffer by compulsion, but will.

God, 95; sent for the punishment ingly, 257; intended to declare unto
of our sins, 97; less than our sins, us the weakness and feebleness thatour
100; sent by God of a loving and flesh receiveth at the sight of adver-
fatherly mind towards us, 103 ; God sity, ib.; because he would take upon
for Christ's sake, of mercy, love, and him a true man, who felt our adver-
favour, doth correct and punish us, sity in his own flesh, and so could
105; Christ in what he suffered hath have pity on us, ib.; that he might
blessed and sanctified affliction, 106; teach us, to whom our weakness ought
God sendeth it for our good, 110; to resort for comfort and help in trou-
seeketh our reformation, Ill; proves

ble, ib.; an evidence that he is man,
us with afflictions, 116; afflictions 260; to prove to us that when he
further us to the knowledge of God sends to us affliction, it is not always
and ourselves, and to wisdom, 119; in anger, 262; but he sendeth us his
further us to the knowledge of our own help and comfort, ib.; that we
sins and to repentance for them, might derive comfort in trouble, when
121; and to the exercising and in. we consider that our heavenly Father
creasing of our faith, 123; give bringeth bis own Son into such trouble
occasion to pray unto God, and for our sakes, 262.
praise him, 127 ; further us in vir. Altar, one, what it signifieth, 45.
tue and godliness, 129; help and Apostles, preached salvation by Christ,
further us toward the fear and love 77 ; declared by preaching of the
of God, 134; teach men patience, word and ministration of the sacra-
meekness, and lowliness, 136; teach

ments, ib.
men pity, compassion, and patience | Aread, explained, 277.
toward other, 138; trouble and afflic. Aristotle, opinion of, in what true
tion maketh men hard and strong, blessedness consists, 175, 6.
139; teacheth men to despise the Ark, the, a type of Christ, 32.
world, 140; help to much quietness Ascension of Christ, considerations on,
and commodity in the world, 142; 380, &c.; he ascended, not after his
a furtherance to eternal life, 145 ; Godhead, but after his manhood,
effect of on the unfaithful, 147; how 382.
it may be overcome, 153; support Assyria, kingdom of, 34.
in adversity, 156 ; duty of faith, Augustine, quoted, 128, 141, 199, 203;
hope, and confidence toward God in says that the wicked do not spiritually
adversity, 164; of prayer in ad- eat the flesh of Christ and drink his
versity, 166 ; of repentance and blood, 427; states the difference be-

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