## The elements of plane geometry; or, The first six books of Euclid, ed. by W. Davis1863 |

### Dentro del libro

Resultados 1-5 de 27

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**magnitude**. A line is length without breadth . II . III . The extremities of a line are points . IV . A straight line is that which lies evenly between its extreme points . V. A superficies is that which has only length and breadth . VI ... Página 5

... the remainders are unequal . 6. Things which are double of the same , are equal to one another . 7. Things which are halves of the same , are equal to one another . 8.

... the remainders are unequal . 6. Things which are double of the same , are equal to one another . 7. Things which are halves of the same , are equal to one another . 8.

**Magnitudes**which coincide with one another , that which. Página 6

Euclides William Davis (B.A.). 8.

Euclides William Davis (B.A.). 8.

**Magnitudes**which coincide with one another , that which is exactly fill the same space , are equal to one another . 9. The whole is greater than its part . 10. Two straight lines cannot enclose a space ... Página 67

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**magnitudes**of the same kind to one another , in respect of quantity , is called their ratio . IV .**Magnitudes**are said to have a ratio to one another , when the less can be multiplied so as to exceed the other . V. The first of four ... Página 68

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**Magnitudes**which have the same ratio are called proportionals . N.B. " When four**magnitudes**are proportionals , this property is usually expressed by saying , the first is to the second , as the third to the fourth . " VII . When of ...### Términos y frases comunes

ABC is equal ABCD adjacent angles alternate angle angle ABC angle ACB angle BAC angle BCD angle DEF angle EDF arc BC base BC bisected centre circle ABC circumference double equal angles equal Ax equal Const equal Hyp equal to F equals add equiangular equimultiples exterior angle four magnitudes fourth G and H given straight line gnomon greater ratio greater than F interior and opposite join less multiple opposite angle parallel parallelogram parallelogram BD perpendicular PROBLEM.)-To produced Q. E. D. PROP rectangle contained remaining angle right angles segment side BC square of AC straight line AB straight line AC THEOREM.)-If three straight lines touches the circle triangle ABC triangle DEF twice the rectangle whole angle

### Pasajes populares

Página 3 - A plane superficies is that in which any two points being taken, the straight line between them lies wholly in that superficies. VIII. A plane angle is the inclination of two lines to one another in a plane, which meet together, but are not in the same direction.

Página 4 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference, are equal to one another : XVI.

Página 67 - The first of four magnitudes is said to have the same ratio to the second, which the third has to the fourth, when any equimultiples whatsoever of the first and third being taken, and any equimultiples whatsoever of the second and fourth ; if the multiple of the first be less than that of the second, the multiple of the third is also less than that of the fourth...

Página 12 - When a straight line standing on another straight line makes the adjacent angles equal to one another, each of the angles is called a right angle ; and the straight line which stands on the other is called a perpendicular to it.

Página 93 - From this it is manifest, that the perpendicular drawn from the right angle of a right-angled triangle to the base, is a mean proportional between the segments of the base; and also that each of the sides is a mean proportional between the base, and...

Página 68 - This word is used when there are four proportionals, and it is inferred that the first has the same ratio to the third which the second has to the fourth ; or that the first is to the third as the second to the fourth : as is shown in Prop.

Página 5 - LET it be granted that a straight line may be drawn from any one point to any other point.

Página 88 - From this it is plain, that triangles and parallelograms that have equal altitudes, are to one another as their bases. Let the figures be placed so as to have their bases in the same straight line; and having drawn perpendiculars from the vertices of the triangles to the bases, the straight line which joins the vertices is parallel to that in which their bases are, (I.

Página 69 - This term is used when the first magnitude is to the second of the first rank, as the last but one is to the last of the second rank; and as the second is to the third of the first rank, so is the last but two to the last but one of the second rank; and as the third is to the fourth of the first rank, so is the third from the last to the last but two of the second rank; and so on in a cross order: and the inference is as in the 18th definition.

Página 21 - ... figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has be divided into as many triangles as the figure has sides, by drawing straight lines from a point F within the figure to each of its angles.