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the Spirit of Knowledge, and of the fear of the Lord. Meekness; I Cor. iv.21.- Ihall I come unto you
in the Spirit of Meekness? Gal. vi. I.
if a Man be overtaken in a fault restore such an ore in the Spirit of Meekness. Grace; Zech.xii.10.--I will pour upon the house of David - the Spirit of Grace. Truth; 170.iv, 6. — Hereby know we the Spirit of Truth.
VIII. Sometimes both the su PERIOR and InFERIOR FACULTIES of the Mind, or Man, are joined together, and represented by the same Words promiscuously; As in Pfal. cxliii. 3.
persecuted my Soul. 4. therefore is my Spirit overwhelmed
Soul thirsteth after thee. -7. my Spirit faileth. -8.--I lift up my Soul unto thee. 12. destroy all them that afHict my Soul. Luke i. 46,47:
- my Soul doth magnify the Lord, and my Spirit hath rejoyced. iThef.v. 23. I
whole Spirit, and Soul, and Body be preserved blameless. Heb. iv. 12. -- the word of God is quick - piercing even to the dividing asunder of Soul and Spirit: which takes in what is termed both the sensitive and rational Soul. v. Peirce in Heb. iv, 12.
In these several Senses do the Words above, and some others usually substituted for them,
, oba renes, bryo viscera, xaedia, Juuos, vos, Ogmp, Galaxvo, with their derivatives and compounds) occur in Holy Scripture: and in many places they are figuratively applied to the Deity. -- The
stand often also .. IX. For the HOLY GHOST and his Gifts; and
,jecur כבך ,praecordia טחית ,Cor לך fuch as)
and רוח words
X. For good and evil ANGELS ; as may be seen in any Concordance or Lexicon.
But neither do these Words, nor any other, so far as I can find, ever stand for a purely immaterial Principle in Man, or a Substance (whatever some may imagine they mean by that Word) wholly separable from and independent of the Body; as may perhaps appear more fully, when we examine the Passages usually cited for that purpose.
I proceed, in the next place, to consider what account the Scriptures give of that State to which Death reduces us. And this we find represented by Sleep; by a negation of all Life, Thought, or Action; by Rest or Home; Silence, Oblivion, Destruction, or Corruption.
the Lord said unto Mofes, Behold, thou shalt peep with thy fathers. Kings i. 21. - when my lord the king shall seep with his fathers ii. 10. So David Nept with his fathers. xi. 43.
Solomon. XV. 24
Aja. xxii. 50. Jehofhaphat. 2 Kings xv.7.-Azariab. Yotham, *.38. So 2 Chron.ix. 31. xiv. 1. xvi. 1. xxi, 13. xxvi. 23. xxvi. 9. xxxii.33:
Job ii. 13. For now should I have lien Atill and been quiet, I should have slept; then had I been at rest; 14. with Kings and Counsellors of the earth. vii. 21.- Why dost thou not pardon my transgression for now shall I feep in the duft
. xiv. 11,12. As the waters fail from the sea, and
the flood decayeth and drieth up; To man lieth down and riseth not, till the heavens be no more; they shall not awake, nor be raised out of their Sleep. [v. Cleric.] PJ. xii.3. - lighten mine eyes, left I sleep the Sleep of death. Pf. xvii. 3. - Thou hast visited me in the night, thou hast tried me, and Ihalt find nothing. 15.- I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with thy likeness. Matt. xxvii.
the graves were opened, and many bodies of Saints that sept, arose. yo. xi. 11. - our friend Lazarus seepeth; but I go that I may awake him out of Sleep. 13.-Jesus spake of his Death. Afts vii. 60. He kneeled down and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this Sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep. xiii. 36. David, after he had served his own generation by the will of God, fell on Sleep, and was laid unto his fathers. I Cor. xv.6. - He was seen of above five hundred brethren at once : of whom the greater part remain
but some are fallen asleep. 18. Then they also which are fallen asleep in Chrift, are perished. - 20.- now is Christ become the first-fruits of them that sept.-51.we shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed. 1Thef.iv.13. - I would not have you ignorant, brethren, concerning them that are asleep. -14
them which seep in Jesus, will God bring with him. -15.- we which are alive shall not prevent them that are asleep. v.10. who died for us, that whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him. 2 Pet.üi. 4. Since the fathers fell asleep all things continue as they were.
Secondly, In the case of bad Men. K. xiv. 20. – Jeroboam - Nept with his Fathers. So
31.of Rehoboam. -- xv.8.-Abijam. -- xvi. 6.Baasha. -28.--Omri. —xxii.40.-Abab.—2K. viii. 24. Joram. -- x.35.-Jehu. — xiii.9.-Jehoahaz. – 13.-- Joajh. xiv. 16.-Jehoash. -29. -Jeroboam. xv.22. ---Menahem. — xvi. 20. Ahaz.—xxi.18.-Manasseh. -xxiv.6.—Jehoiakim. So 2Chron. xii. 16. — xxvii.9. —xxxiii. 20.
Ps. lxxvi. 5. The stout-hearted are spoiled, they have sept their Sleep. Yer.li.39. - I will make them drunken, that they may —-leep a perpetual Sleep, and not wake. Cor. xi.30. For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many Sleep.
Thirdly, in the case of all men. Dan. xii. 2. Many of them that sleep in the Dust of the Earth shall awake, fome to everlasting Life, &c. Compare Yob. v. 28, 29. the Hour is coming, in the which all that are in their Graves Thall hear his Voice, and shall come forth; they that have done Good, unto the Resurrection of Life, &c.
II. Death is represented by a negation of all Life,THOUGHT, or Action, even to good Men.
Job iii. 11. Why died I not from the Womb? 13. for now should I have lien still.
16. as an hidden untimely Birth I had not been ; as Infants which never saw Light. xiv. 10. Man dieth and where is be? - 14. If a Man die, shall he live again ? [v. Chappelow on ý.12.] P/.vi. 5.-in Death there is no remembrance of thee. What profit is there in my Blood, when I go down to the Pit? Thall the Dust praise thee? Thall it declare thy Truth? - lxxxviii. 10,11,12. Wilt thou thew wonders to the Dead ? shall the
Dead arise and praise thee? shall thy lovingkindness be declared in the Grave ? or thy faithfulness in Destruction? Thall thy wonders be known in the Dark ? and thy righteousness in the Land of Forgetfulness? cxv.17. The Dead praise not the Lord, neither
down into Silence. cxviii. 17. I shall not die, but live, and declare the Works of the Lord. cxlvi.4. His breath goeth forth, he returneth to his Earth ; in that very day his Thoughts perish. Ecclef.ix.5. - the Dead know not any thing. — 6. — their love, and their hatred, and their envy is now perished. 10.
there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom in the Grave, whither thou goest. If.xxxviii. 18. - the Grave cannot praise thee, Death cannot celebrate thee: they that go down into the Pit cannot hope for thy truth. 19. The living, he shall praise thee, as I do this day. Afts ij.34.-David is not ascended into the Heavens, &c.
III. Death is represented as a Rest, a Home.
then had I been at Rest. — 17: . - there the weary be at Reft. 18. there the Prisoners rest together ; they hear not the Voice of the Oppressor. xvii.13.
the Grave is mine House.
- 16, they shall
down to the bars of the Pit, when our Rest together is in the Duft. Ecclef. xii.5. Man goeth to his long Home. -7. Then shall the Dust return to the Earth as it was; and the Spirit shall return unto God who gave it. [v. Cleric.] IS. lvii. 2. They fhall rest in their beds, namely, every one that walketh in his uprightness.