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vation, through which he has sustained great losses to the value of Twentie-four thousand punds. Item, there wes taken from him in anno, 1651, be his Majestie's Armie, of horse, kyne, oxen, sheep, and other goods to the value of sextein thousand four hundreth seventie-three punds. Item, thair wes eaten and destroyed the tyme forsaid be the said armie, of oats, beir, and peis, the number of four hundred and fourty aikers, estimat to fyve bolls victuall each aikerat 13 lib. 6s. 8d. per aiker, inde two thousand punds. And, farder, Wee find there wes eaten and destroyed of meidow to the said Sir James, the number of three hundreth aikers estimat to 6 lib. 13s. 4d. per aiker, inde two thousand punds. Item, that the late Usurper Oliver Cromwell did fyne the said Sir James in anno, 1655, for his loyaltie and affection to the King's Majestie in the sume of one thousand punds sterline, whilk the said Oliver, with the advice of his Councill, did mitigate and diminish to the sume of eight hundreth punds money forsaid, inde Scots money, the sume of nyne thousand sex hundreth punds, whilk sume he was forced to pay. Item, the arent thairof from the terme of Whitsunday last, being sex yeers Extends to the sume of three hundreth seventie-sex punds. And als wee find that the said Sir James had his house burnt the second time be those who wer under the command of my Lord Commissioner, his Grace, and my Lord Chancellor in his Majestie's Service, least the same might have been planted with ane garrison be the enemy, the said Sir James and his servants being then prisoners at Edinburgh, Whairthrow and throw the losse of his plenishing he sustained the losse Extending to the sume of sex thousand sex hundreth sextie-sex punds, threttein shillings, four pennies. Whilk hail losses, sufferings, and fynes Wee find sufficientlie instructed and proven by Acts of Parliament, dischargis, and be testificates under the hands of ministers, and diverse famous persons upon oath, and whilk hail articles of the said compt being calculate this wee find by and attour the arent therof (except the arent of two of the said articles for payed out money for fynes), and als by and attour his large share of burdens more generallie imposed upon the Cuntrie, and of the great losse the said Sir James and his tennents sustained by transient quarters. In regaird his said lands lys upon the roadway betwixt Edinburgh and Glasgow, all whilk losses in our opinion Wee humbly conceive ought to be recordit as losses sustained be him and his tennents in maner forsaid. And this is a true report of our procedar and opinion in the said matter as witnesse our hands at Edinburgh, the eight of July, 1661, sur. Calander, S. Ard: Stirling, Duncane Nairne, Williame Cunyghame.


Patent creating Sir James Livingston of Kilsyth, Viscount of Kilsyth, Lord Catnpsie, £r*c., 17th A ugust, 1661. (Translati on.)

Charles, by the grace of God, &c, to all his worthy men to whom these presents shall come, greeting: Know ye, that whereas we have had abundant experience of our lovite Sir James Livingstoun of Kilsyth, knight, and his predecessors (who for many centuries past have been ancient barons) towards us and our illustrious progenitors; and that the deceased Sir William Livingstoun of Kilsyth, father of the said Sir James, was one of the Lords of Privy Council of our dearest father and grandfather of eternal memory, and one of the Senators of the College of Justice for the time; in which two offices, serving for many years together, he behaved himself so prudently, honourably, and faithfully, in the honourable task committed to him by them, that no fault at all being found, he rendered himself very dear to them and to all their good subjects : And, calling to mind, that after our arrival in our kingdom of Scotland, which was in the year of the birth of Human Salvation, 1650, the principal dwelling-house of Kilsyth, belonging to the aforesaid Sir James Livingstoun, was burned and his field devastated by that usurping traitor, Oliver Cromwell, and others, making war under his auspices, on account of the earnest diligence, affection, and promptitude of the said Sir James towards us and our service, and now, after our legal sceptre and lawful authority, are happily by the Divine favour, restored to us, being graciously desirous of adorning the aforesaid Sir James Livingstoun of Kilsyth with some symbol or mark of our Royal Favour, that he may be encouraged to persist in the same fidelity towards us and our service in time coming; therefore we, of our kingly power and authority royal, have made, constituted, designated, and ordained, and by the tenor of these do make, constitute, designate, and ordain the said Sir James Livingstoun of Kilsyth, knight, and his heirs male, Viscount of Kilsyth, Lord of Campsie, now and in all time coming; and have given, granted, conferred, and disponed, and by the tenor of these presents do give, grant, confer, and dispone to the aforesaid Sir James Livingstoun and his heirs male forever, the title, honour, place, grade and dignity of Viscount of Kilsyth, Lord of Campsie, with right, place, power, and privilege of riding, sitting, and giving vote in all and sundry our parliaments and those of our successors, general councils and public conventions of this our Kingdom of Scotland, and with all other and sundry prerogatives, honours, pre-eminences, dignities, privileges, freedoms, and immunities pertaining and belonging, or which to any other Viscount and Lord in our said Kingdom of Scotland at any time past has been known, or in future may pertain or belong. With which title, honour, rank, and grade of dignity we have ennobled, invested, and endowed, and by the tenor of these presents do ennoble, invest, and endow the said Sir James Livingstoun and his heirs male, that now and in all time to come they may be denominated and designated Viscounts of Kilsyth, Lords Campsie, and adorned, honoured, and decorated with the dignity, honour, and respect competent and due to any other Viscount and Lord of our said Kingdom of Scotland. Furthermore, we charge our Lyon King of Arms

and his brother Heralds that they give and prescribe such addition to the present arms of the said Sir James Livingstoun as in such cases is usual. And we will and grant, and for us and our successors decern, declare, and ordain that these our present letters shall be as valid and effectual in all respects to the aforesaid Sir James Livingstoun and his foresaids for the enjoyment and use of the said title, honour, rank, place, grade, and dignity of Viscount of Kilsyth, Lord Campsie, in all time hereafter, with all and sundry prerogatives, honours, pre-eminences, dignities, privileges, freedoms, and immunities whatsoever thereto belonging and pertaining as if the said Sir James had been inaugurated and invested in the same with all the usual ceremonies, rites, and ancient solemnities, wherewith we for us and our successors have dispensed, and by tenor of these presents do for ever dispense. In witness whereof to these presents we have commanded our great seal to be appended. At our palace of Whitehall the seventeenth day of the month of August, in the year of the Lord a thousand six hundred and sixty-one, and of our reign the thirteenth.

By signature superscribed by the hand of our Sovereign Lord the King.


To all who have been helpful to me in any way in the production of this history, I take this opportunity of returning my warmest thanks. I have, however, to acknowledge special indebtedness to the following ladies and gentlemen: —Sir Archibald Edmonstone, Bart., Duntreath; Sir Charles Stirling, Glorat; Edwin Brockholst Livingston, London; James John Cadell, Larbert; Mrs. Hill, Dresden ; Margaret Rennie, Inverkeithing; Hugh Baird, Glasgow; Dr. Jeffray, Glasgow; Rev. R. K. Monteith, Glasgow; the late Rev. Alex. Falconer, Denny ; John Campbell Murray, Blairquhosh; Alexander Park, Croy; J. H. Stevenson, Edinburgh; J. Gordon Douglas, Edinburgh; A. R. Rennie, Leith; W. P. M. Black, Glasgow; David Webster, Newport, Fife. In the revision of the proof sheets I have also to acknowledge my indebtedness to my scholarly and accomplished friend Ruthven D. Angus.

The cuts are from photographs by William Armstrong, Banton. The seals on p. 181 are reproduced by the kind permission of Mr. J. Guthrie Smith, Mugdock Castle, from wood blocks used in his book, "The Parish of Strathblane."

V. The two oldest communion cups were made in Edinburgh in 1731 by Hugh Gordon, and bear his punch mark. He was admitted a member of the Goldsmith's Incorporation, 1727; appointed deacon, 1732 ; assay maker, 1744.

VI. The Rev. J. B. Johnston, Falkirk, suggests the following most likely derivations of Banton, Kelvin, Kilsyth :—

1. Banton, I have little doubt, is the Gaelic for ban dun, "white, or clear-looking hill"; ton in Celtic names often represents diin—it certainly does so in Earlston, the ancient Ercildune, and in Edderton, eadar dun, " between the hills." Banton and Banknock {ban cnoc) thus mean the same.

2. Kelvin is rather doubtful; as the accent is on the Kdl, that part must be an adjective, and so the name is probably Gaelic caol (pron. kiil) abhuinn, "narrow river" ; abhuinn seems also to have contracted into vin or ven, as in Irvine and Methven.

3. Kilsyth. The Kil may either be G. till, a "church or cell," or coil, "a wood "; if there is no trace of an early church, I should prefer the latter, on the analogy of Coolsythe in Antrim, which Dr. Joyce derives from the Irish and Gaelic saighead (pron. syed) "an arrow,"—and Joyce is a very high authority. I should think the name was G. coil saighead, "wood of the arrows," i.e., where they were found, or "wood like an arrow." If this be correct, Kelvin and Kilsyth have no connection.

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