A Condensed Anti-slavery Bible Argument
S.W. Benedict, 1845 - 91 páginas
In A Condensed Anti-Slavery Bible Argument, Bourne argues that the Bible expressly condemns slavery. He states in his introduction that his intent is to "overthrow" the notion that slavery is sanctioned by scripture on one hand, and beneficial to those who practice it on the other. He uses his first chapter to define slavery, calling attention especially to the idea of reducing humans to the level of property. His argument centers on the distinction between service for pay and servitude without pay; the former is practiced by biblical figures, he says, while the latter is not and is indeed condemned in several places throughout scripture. He also proves through the use of scripture that Africans are not under the "curse of Cain" nor the "curse of Cannan (the son of Ham, whom Noah cursed)," two assumptions that were often used to articulate a divine mandate for the enslavement of Africans. The second half of the book treats the Old Testament and refutes assumptions that the lives of Hebrew Patriarchs and the Law of Moses support slavery, then turns to the New Testament and shows how the teachings of Jesus and the various epistles condemn slavery. Bourne gives the letter from Paul to Philemon, discussing an escaped servant, special attention. He concludes the book by condemning slavery as a "heathen" practice, and shows how slaveholding nations have been punished for their crime.
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Página 5 - And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in his wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger from his right, and fear not me, saith the Lord of hosts.
Página 3 - Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth : and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of Sabaoth.
Página 5 - Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child. If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry ; and my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword ; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.
Página 1 - And they sat down to eat bread. And they lifted up their eyes and looked, and, behold, a company of Ishmeelites came from Gilead with their camels bearing spicery and balm and myrrh, going to carry it down to Egypt.
Página 1 - For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers.