## LECTURES ON FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS OF ALGEBRA AND GEOMETRY |

### Comentarios de la gente - Escribir un comentario

No encontramos ningún comentario en los lugares habituales.

### Otras ediciones - Ver todas

### Términos y frases comunes

abstract addition algebra already angle appear applied assume axioms called cardinal number characterize circle common complex numbers conception concerning concrete consider consistent contains correspondence defined definition derived determined discussion distinct element equal equation equivalent Euclid's euclidean example exists expression fact follows formal four function fundamental further geometry give given important infinite integers interest interval introduction involves latter lecture less limit logical m-class mathematics means merely method multiplication natural necessary negative noted notion number system obtained operations ordinary parallel plane point of view positive possible postulate present problem proof properties propositions prove question rational numbers readily real numbers referred regarded relation represented respect result satisfied seems seen segment sequence set of assumptions side simply space sphere square straight line Suppose symbol theorem things tion triangle undefined variable zero

### Pasajes populares

Página 53 - Thus mathematics may be defined as the subject in which we never know what we are talking about, nor whether what we are saying is true.

Página 54 - Pure Mathematics is the class of all propositions of the form "p implies q," where p and q are propositions containing one or more variables, the same in the two propositions, and neither p nor q contains any constants except logical constants.

Página 107 - the second value is in this case not to be taken, for it is inadequate ; people do not approve of negative roots.

Página 26 - ... far prolonged, the same distance apart, that is, never intersect. They have the properties of the Euclidean parallels, and may be called and defined as such. It likewise follows, now, from the properties of triangles and rectangles, that two straight lines which are cut by a third straight line so as to make the sum of the interior angles on the same side of them less than two right angles will meet on that side, but in either direction from their point of intersection will move indefinitely...

Página 222 - A mathematical science is any body of propositions which is capable of an abstract formulation and arrangement in such a way that every proposition of the set after a certain one is a formal logical consequence of some or all the preceding propositions. Mathematics consists of all such mathematical sciences.

Página 21 - Proposition XIV may now be stated : When two straight lines are cut by a transversal, if the alternate-interior angles are equal, the straight lines are parallel. The figures below show that if the alternate-interior angles...

Página 32 - Another point which we may emphasize at this time is the fact that the set of assumptions which they made are thoroughly self -consistent ; starting with those assumptions, we could not expect in any way ever to arrive at a contradiction, and it is therefore evident that Euclid's postulate cannot be derived from the other postulates. The problem is now on a par with the squaring of the circle and the trisection of an angle by means of ruler and compass. So far as the mathematical public is concerned,...

Página 182 - ... branches" is entirely wiped out. That this is so is readily seen. We saw in the last lecture how it is possible to represent the points of space by sets of three coordinates. It is therefore possible, starting with the set of assumptions characterizing the algebra of real numbers, to define a system of things which is abstractly equivalent to metric euclidean geometry. We merely define a "point...

Página 236 - And to avoide the tediouse repitition of these woordes : is equalle to: I will sette as I doe often in woorke use, a paire of parallelles, or Gemowe lines of one lengthe, thus : ~ , bicause noe. 2. thynges can be moare equalle.

Página 172 - It may not be out of place at this point to say a word regarding the conception of a space of four or more dimensions.