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was situated on the coast of the Mediterranean, Paul and his fellow-labourers for this purpose and was a seaport. The distance which Philip were of an exceedingly interesting character, it had to travel, therefore, was not very great, and was desirable to preserve an authentic record of as Azotus lay almost directly north of Gaza, it those labours ; and that record we have in the shows, that in order to reach it, he must have remainder of this book. parted from the eunuch, whose route was almost directly south of Gaza. It is at present inhabited | VER. 1. And Saul, yet breathing out threatenby Arabs chiefly, and is by them called Mezdel. ings and slaughter against the disciples of the Dr. Wittman describes it at present as being entered by two small gates. In passing through it,

Lord, went unto the high-priest, he saw several fragments of columns, capitals,

a Chap. viii. 3. Gal. i. 13. &c. In the centre of the town is a handsome mosque, with a minaret. The surrounding And Saul. Note, chap. vii. 58; visi. 3. He country is represented as remarkably verdant had been engaged before in persecuting the and beautiful. In the neighbourhood there Christians, but he now sought opportunity to stands an abundance of fine old olive trees, and gratify his insatiable desire on a larger scale. the region around it is fertile. He preached in Yet breuthing.Not satisfied with what he had all the cities.-Joppa, Lydda, Askalon, Arima done. (Chap. viii.) The word “ breathing out" thca, &c., lying along the coast of the Mediter is expressive often of any deep, agitating emoranean. Cæsarea.---This city was formerly called tion, as we then breathe rapidly and violently, Strato's Tower. It is situated on the coast of | It is thus expressive of violent anger. The emothe Mediterranean, at the mouth of a small river, tion is absorbing, agitating, exhausting, and deand has a fine harbour. It is thirty-six miles mands a more rapid circulation of blood to supply south of Acre, and about sixty-two north-west of the exhausted vitality; and this demands an inJerusalem, and about the same distance north creased supply of oxygen, or vital air, which east of Azotus. This city is supposed by some leads to the increased action of the lungs. The to be the Hazor mentioned in Josh. xi. 1. It word is often used in this sense in the classics. was rebuilt by Herod the Great, and named |--Schleusner. It is a favourite expression with Cæsarea in honour of Augustus Cæsar. The Homer. Euripides has the same expression: city was dedicated to him ; the seaport was “ Breathing out fire and slaughter." So Theocalled Sebaste, the Greek word for Augustus. It critus: “They came unto the assembly breathing was adorned with most splendid houses ; and the mutual slaughter.” (Idyll. xxii. 82.) Threatening. temple of Cæsar was erected by Herod over — Denunciation; threatening them with every against the mouth of the haven, in which was / breath--the action of a man violently enraged, placed the statue of the Roman emperor. It and who was bent on vengeance. It denotes became the seat of the Roman governor while | also intense activity and energy in persecution. Judea was a Roman province. (Acts xxiii. 33 ; | Slaughter.-Murder. Intensely desiring to put xxv. 6, 13.) Philip afterwards resided at this to death as many Christians as possible. He replace. See Acts xxi. 8, 9. Cesarea, at present, joiced in their death, and joined in condemning is inhabited only by jackals and beasts of prey. | them. (Acts xxvi. 10, 11.) From this latter place “ Perhaps," says Dr. Clarke, “there has not been it seems that he had been concerned in putting in the history of the world an example of any many of them to death. The disciples of the city that in so short a space of time rose to such Lord.- Against Christians. Went unto the high. an extraordinary height of splendour, as did this priest.-- Note, Matt. ii. 4. The letters were written of Cæsarea ; or that exhibits a more awful con and signed in the name, and by the authority of trast to its former magnificence, by the present the sanhedrim, or great council of the nation. desolate appearance of its ruins. Not a single The high-priest did it as president of that council. inhabitant remains. Of its gorgeous palaces and See ver. 14, and chap. xxii. 5. The high-priest temples, enriched with the choicest works of art, | of that time was Theophilus, son of Ananus, who scarcely a trace can be discerned. Within the had been appointed at the feast of Pentecost, space of ten years after laying the foundation, A. D. 37, by Vitellius, the Roman governor. His from an obscure fortress, it became the most brother Jonathan had been removed from that flourishing and celebrated city of all Syria.” | office the same year.–Kuinoel. Now it is in utter desolation.-See Robinson's Calmet, art. Cæsarea.

VER. 2. And desired of him letters to Damascus,

to the synagogues, that, if he found any of

o this way, whether they were men or women, CHAPTER IX.

he might bring them bound unto Jerusalem. This chapter commences a very important

b or, the way. part of the Acts of the Apostles—the conversion and labours of Saul of Tarsus. The remainder And desired of him.—This shows the intensity of the book is chiefly occupied with an account of his wish to persecute the Christians, that he of his labours and trials in the establishment of was willing to ask for such an employment. churches, and in spreading the gospel through Letters.--Epistles, implying a commission to the Gentile world. As the fact that the gospel bring them to Jerusalem for trial and punishwas to be thus preached to the Gentiles was a ment. From this it seems that the sanhedrim very important fact, and as the toils of the apostle at Jerusalem claimed jurisdiction over all syna.

gogues every where. They claimed the autho- , if, &c.—It would seem that it was not certainly rity of regulating every where the Jewish reli- known that there were any Christians there. It gion. To Damascus. - This was a celebrated | was presumed that there were ; and probably city of Syria, and long the capital of a kingdom there was a report of that kind. Of this way.-of that name. It is situated in a delightful re Of this way or mode of life ; of this kind of gion about one hundred and twenty miles north opinions and conduct; that is, any Christians. east of Jerusalem, and about one hundred and He might bring them, &c.—To be tried. The ninety miles south-east of Antioch. It is in the Sanhedrim at Jerusalem claimed jurisdiction over midst of an extensive plain, abounding with cy religious opinions; and their authority would press and palm-trees, and extremely fertile. It naturally be respected by foreign Jews. is watered by the river Barrady, anciently called Abana. (2 Kings v. 12.) About five miles from VER. 3. And as he journeyed, he came near the city is a place called the “meeting of the Damascus ; and suddenly there sbined round Waters," where the Barrady is joined by another

about him a light from heaven: river, and thence is divided by art into several streams that flow through the plain. These

c 1 Cor. xv. 8. streams, six or seven in number, are conveyed to water the orchards, farms, &c. and give to the And as he journeyed.-On his way, or while whole scene a very picturesque appearance. he was travelling. The place where this occurThe city, situated in a delightful climate, in a red is not known. Tradition has fixed it at the

fertile country, is perhaps among the most plea- | mountain now called Cocab. See note on ver. 2. | sant in the world. It is called by the Orientals All that we know of it is that it was near to Da

themselves the “paradise on earth.” This city mascus. And suddenly. Like a flash of light

is mentioned often in the Old Testament. It ning. There shined round about him, &c.—The | was a city in the time of Abraham. (Gen. xv. language which is expressed here would be used

2.) By whom it was founded is unknown. It in describing a flash of lightning. Many critics was taken and garrisoned by David, A. M. 2992. have supposed that God made use of a sudden (2 Sam, viii. 6. I Chron. xviii. 6.) It is subse- 1 flash to arrest Paul, and that he was thus alarmquently mentioned as sustaining very important ed and brought to reflection. That God might parts in the conflicts of the Jews with Syria. make use of such a means cannot be denied. (2 Kings xiv. 25; xvi. 5. Isa. ix. 11.) It was taken i But to this supposition in this case there are by the Romans, A. M. 3939, or about sixty years some unanswerable objections : (1.) It was debefore Christ; in whose possession it was when clared to be the appearance of the Lord Jesus ; Saul went there. It was conquered by the Sara- i ver. 27, “ Barnabas declared unto them how that Cens, A.D. 7 13. About the year 1250 it was he had seen the Lord in the way." I Cor. xv. taken by the Christians in the crusades, and was 8, “ And last of all he was seen of me also." captured A.D. 1517, by Selim, and has been since I Cor. ix. 1, “ Have I not seen Jesus Christ our under the Ottoman emperors.

| Lord ?” (2.) Those who were with Saul saw The Arabians call this city Damasch, or, the light, but did not hear the voice. (Acts xxii. Demesch, or Schams. It is one of the most 9.) See note. This is incredible on the suppocommercial cities in the Ottoman empire, and sition that it was a flash of lightning near them. is distinguished also for manufactures, par- (3.) It was manifestly regarded as a message to

ticularly for steel, hence called Damascus 'Saul. The light appeared, and the voice spake : steel. The population is estimated by Ali Bey to him. The others did not even hear the ad

at two hundred thousand ; Volney siates it at dress. Besides, (4.) It was as easy for Jesus to | eighty thousand; Hassel at one hundred thou- ' appear in a supernatural manner, as to appear

sand. About twenty thousand are Maronites of' amidst thunder and lightning. That the Lord the Catholic church, five thousand Greeks, and Jesus appeared, is distinctly affirmed. And we one thousand are Jews. The road from Jerusa- , shall see that it is probable that he would appear om to Damascus lies between two mountains. I in a supernatural manner. not above a hundred pacus distant from each

In order to understand this, it may be necesother: both

"; both are round at the bottom, and termi- sary to make the following remarks: (1.) God Date in

na point. That nearest the great road is was accustomed to appear to the Jews in a called Cocab, the star. in memory of the dazzling cloud ; in a pillar of smoke, or of fire; in that light w

1,15 here said to have appeared to peculiar splendour which they denominated the

the synagogues.-Note, Matt. iv, 23. Shechipah. In this way he went before them s were scattered into nearly all the re- into the land of Canaan. (Exod. xiii. 21, 22.

Frounding Judea; and it is natural to Comp. Isa. iv. 5, 6.) This appearance or visible st that many of them would be found in manifestation they called the glory of Jehovah. cus. Joseph us assures us that ten thou- (Isa. vi. 1-4.) Ex. xvi. 7, 10, “ In the morning

e massacred there in one hour; and at ye shall see the glory of the Lord.” (Lev. ix. and child

me eighteen thousand, with their wives | 23. Num. xiv. 10 ; xvi. 19, 42; xxiv, 16. ren: (Jewish War, b. ii. ch. xx. sec. 2; 1 Kings viji. 11. Ezek. x. 4.) Note, Luke ii. 9, 11. sec. 7.) See notes, Acts ii. 9-11. “ The glory of the Lord shone round about

. Gospel was preached there, or them.” (2.) The Lord Jesus, in his transfigurahad been converted to Christianity, is tion on the mount, had been encompassed with

he presumption is, that some of that glory. Notes, Matt. xvii. 1-5. (3.) He ad been converted on the day of had spoken of similar glory as pertaining to him; carried the Gospel to Syria. That as that wbich he had been invested with before

Saul. To the syna goques.-Note,
The Jews were scattered into


Damascus. J
sand were massacred there in

b. vii. ch. viii, sec. 7.) S By whom the Gospel was pr how they had been converted unknown. The presumption

those who had been convert · Pentecost, had carried the Gos

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his incarnation; and to which he would return. der, as many have supposed. It was a distinct John xvii. 5, “And now, Father, glorify thou articulation or utterance, addressing him by me, &c., with the glory which I had with thee | name. Saul, Saul.- A mode of address that is before the world was.” Matt. xxv. 31, “ 'The emphatic. The repetition of the name would Son of man shall come in his glory." Comp. fix his attention. Thus Jesus addresses Martha, Matt. xvi. 27; xix. 28. To this glory he had (Luke x. +1,) and Simon, (Luke xxii. 31,) and 1 returned when he left the earth. (4.) It is a Jerusalem. Matt. xxiii, 37.) Why.-For what sentiment which cannot be shown to be incorrect, reason. Jesus had done him no injury; had that the various appearances of the angel of Je- given him no provocation. All the opposition : hovah, and of Jehovah, mentioned in the Old of sinners to the Lord Jesus and his church, is Testament, were appearances of the Messiah; the without cause. See note, John xv. 25, “ They God who should be incarnate ; the peculiar pro- hated me without a cause." Persecutest.-Note, tector of his people. See Isa. vi. comp. with Matt. v. 11. Thou me ?Christ and his people i John xii. 41. (5.) If the Lord Jesus appeared are one. (John xv. 1–6.) To persecute them, I to Saul, it would be in this manner. It would be therefore, was to persecute him. (Matt. xxv. in his appropriate glory and honour, as the as. | 40, 45.) cended Messiah. That he did appear is expressly affirmed. (6.) This was an occasion when, if | VER. 5. And he said, Who art thou, Lord ? ever, such an appearance was proper. The de And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou i sign was to convert an infuriated persecutor, and

persecutest. To do this it was neto make him an apostle.

It is hard for thee to kick e cessary that he should see the Lord Jesus. against the pricks. (1 Cor. ix. l, 2.) The design was further to

e Chap. v. 39. make him an eminent instrument in carrying the Gospel to the Gentiles. A signal miracle; And he said, Who art thou, Lord ?- The word a demonstration that he was invested with his “Lord” here, as is frequently the case in the appropriate glory ; (John xvii. 5;) a calling up New Testament, means no more than * sir." a new witness to the fact of his resurrection, and (John iv. 19.) It is evident that Saul did not his solemn investment with glory in the heavens, as yet know that this was the Lord Jesus. He ! seemed to be required in thus calling a violent heard the voice as of a man ; he heard himself persecutor to be an apostle and friend. (7.) We addressed; but by whom the words were spoken, are to regard this appearance, therefore, as the was to him unknown. In his amazement and re-appearance of the Shechinah, the Son of God confusion, he naturally asked who it was that invested with appropriate glory, appearing to was thus addressing him. And the Lord said, convince an enemy of his ascension, and to In this place the word “ Lord " is used in a change him from a foe to a friend.

higher sense, to denote the Saviour. It is his It has been objected that as the Lord Jesus usual appellation. See Note, Acts i. 24. I ain had ascended to heaven, that it cannot be pre Jesus.--It is clear from this, that there was a sumed that his body would return to the earth personal appearance of the Saviour; that he was again. To this we may reply, that the New present to Saul; but in what particular formTestament has thrown no light on this. Perhaps whether seen as a man, or only appearing by the it is not necessary to suppose that his body re | manifestation of his glory, is not affirmed. It turned, but that he made such a visible manifes- / was a personal appearance, however, of the Lord tation of himself as to convince Saul that he was | Jesus, designed to take the work of converting the Messiah. From heaven.--From above ; from such a persecutor into his own hands, without the the sky. In Acts xxvi. 13, Paul says that the ordinary means. Yet he designed to convert light was above the brightness of the sun at mid-him in a natural way. He arrested his atten. day.

tion ; filled him with alarm at his guilt; and VER. 4. And he fell to the earth, and heard a

then presented the truth respecting himself. In

chap. xxii. 8, the expression is thus recorded : voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why perse

“I am Jesus of Nazareth,” &c. There is no cutest thou me?

contradiction, as Luke here records only a part d Matt. xxv. 40, 45.

of what was said ; Paul afterwards stated the

whole. This declaration was fitted peculiarly to And he fell to the earth.-He was astonished , humble and mortify Saul. There can be no and overcome by the sudden flash of light. doubt that he had often blasphemed his name. There is a remarkable similarity between what and profanely derided the notion that the Wesoccurred here, and what is recorded of Daniel in siah could come out of Nazareth. Jesus here regard to the visions which he saw. (Dan. viii. | uses, however, tbat very designation. “I am Jee 17.) Also, Dan. x. 8, “Therefore I was left | sus the Nazarene, the object of your contempt and alone, and saw this great vision; and there re-scorn." Yet Saul saw him now invested with mained no strength in me, for my comeliness peculiar glory. It is hard, &c.—This is eri. (vigour) was turned into corruption, and I re- dently a proverbial expression. Kuinoel has tained no strength.” The effect was such as to quoted numerous places in which a similar mode overpower the body. And heard a voice.—The of expression occurs in Greek writers. Thus whole company heard a voice, (ver. 7,) but did | Euripides, (Bacch. 791,) “ I, who am a frail mornot distinguish it as addressed particularly to tal, should rather sacrifice to him who is a God, Saul. He heard it speaking to himself. Saying than by giving place to anger, kick against the unto him, &c.—This shows that it was not thun- goads.” So Pindar, (Pyth. ii. 173,) “ It is protit

| able to bear willingly the assumed yoke. To the will of the Saviour. Just before he was kick against the goad is pernicious conduct." acting under a commission from the Sanhedrim ; So Terence, (Phome. 1, 2, 27,)“ It is foolishness now he renounced their supreme authority, and for thee to kick against a goad.” Ovid has the asked what the Lord Jesus would have him to do. same idea, Trist. b. ii. 15. The word trans- Just before he had been engaged in a career of lated “pricks" here (kévtpa), means properly | opposition to the Lord Jesus; now he sought at any sharp point which will pierce or perforate, once to do his will. This indicates the usual such as the sting of a bee, &c. But it commonly change in the sinner. The great controversy means an ox-goad, a sharp piece of iron stuck between him and God is, whose will shall be folinto the end of a stick, with which the ox is lowed. The sinner follows his own; the first urged on. These goads among the Hebrews act of the Christian is to surrender his own will were made very large. Thus Shamgar slew six to that of God, and to resolve to do that which he hundred men with one of them. (Judges iii. requires. We may further remark here, that 31. Comp. 1 Sam. xiii. 21.) The expression this indicates the true nature of conversion. It

* To kick against the prick,” or the goad, is is decided, prompt, immediate. Paul did not i derived from the action of a stubborn and un-debate the matter, (Gal. i. 16 ;) he did not inquire

yielding ox, kicking against the goad. And as what the Scribes and Pharisees would say ; be the ox would injure no one by it but himself; as did not consult his own reputation ; he did not he would gain nothing; it comes to denote an ask what the world would think. With characobstinate and refractory disposition and course of teristic promptness; with a readiness which showconduct, opposing motives to good conduct; re ed what he would yet be ; he gave himself up at sisting the authority of him who has a right to once, and entirely, to the Lord Jesus ; evidently command ; and opposing the leadings of Provi with a purpose to do his will alone. This was dence, to the injury of him who makes the re the case also with the jailer at Philippi. (Acts I sistance. It denotes rebellion against lawful au xvi. 30.) Nor can there be any real conversion thority, and thus getting into greater difficulty where the heart and will are not given to the by attempting to oppose the commands to duty. Lord Jesus, to be directed and moulded by him This is the condition of every sinner. If men | at his pleasure. We may test our conversion wish to be happy, they should cheerfully submit then by the example of the apostle Paul. If our to the authority of God. They should not rebel | hearts have been given up as his was, we are true against the dealings of Providence. They should friends of Christ. Go into the city.-Damascus. not murmur against their Creator. They should | They were near it. (Ver. 3.) And it shall be told not resist the claims of their consciences. By thee.--It is remarkable that he was thus directed. all this they would only injure themselves. No But we may learn from it, (1.) That even in the man can resist God or his own conscience and most striking and remarkable cases of converbe happy. And nothing is more difficult than forsion, there is not at once a clear view of duty. a man to pursue a course of pleasure and sin What course of life should be followed; what against the admonitions of God and the reproofs should be done; nay, what should be believed, is of his own conscience. Men evince this temper not at once apparent. (2.) The aid of others, in the following ways: (1.) By violating plain and especially of ministers, and of experienced laws of God. (2.) By attempting to resist his Christians, is often very desirable to aid even claims. (3.) By refusing to do what their con- those who are converted in the most remarkable science requires. (4.) By grieving the Holy manner. Saul was converted by a miracle: the Spirit, by attempting to free themselves from Saviour appeared to him in his glory ; of the serious impressions and alarms. They will re- truth of his Messiahship he had no doubt, but turn with redoubled frequency and power. (5.) still he was dependent on an humble disciple in By pursuing a course of vice and wickedness Damascus to be instructed in what he should do. against what they know to be right. (6.) By (3.) Those who are converted, in however strikrefusing to submit to the dealings of Providence. | ing a manner it may be, should be willing to seek And (7.) In any way by opposing God, and re- | the counsel of those who are in the church and fusing to submit to his authority, and to do what in the ministry before them. The most striking is right.

evidence of their conversion will not prevent

their deriving important direction and benefit VER. 6. And he, trembling and astonished, said, from the aged, the experienced, and the wise in

Lord, what I wilt thou have me to do? And the Christian church. (4.) Such remarkable conthe Lord said unto him, Arise and go into the

versions are fitted to induce the subjects of the

change to seek counsel and direction. They city, and it shall be told thee what thou must

produce humility, a deep sense of sin and of undo.

worthiness ; and a willingness to be taught and Chap. xvi. 30.

directed by any one who can point out the way

of duty and of life. And he trembling.- Alarmed at what he saw and heard, and at the consciousness of his own VER. 7. And the men which journeyed with him evil course. It is not remarkable that a sinner

stood speechless, hearing a voice, but 8 seeing trembles when he sees his guilt and danger. And

no man. astonished.--At what he saw. Lord, what wilt thou bare me to do _This indicates a subdued soul;

9 Dan. x. 7. : a humbled spirit. Just before, he had sought only i to do his own will; now he inquired what was And the men which journeyed with him.- Why these men attended him is unknown. They might / tropical climates, from the glare of the son or have been appointed to aid him, or they may snow, a variety of amaurosis (gutta serena) . have been travellers with whom Saul had acci- | curs, which, if it produces blindness during the dentally fallen in. Stood speechless.-In Acts day, is named nyctalopia, if during the night xxvi. 14, it is said that they all fell to the earth hemeralopia. Another variety exists in which at the appearance of the light. But there is no the individual is blind all day, until a certain contradiction. The narrative in that place refers hour, when he sees distinctly, or he sees and is to the immediate effect of the appearance of the blind every alternate day, or is only blind one light. They were immediately smitten to the day in the week, fortnight, or month." (Edin. ground together. This was before the voice Encyc. art. Surgery.) A total loss of sight has spake to Saul. Acts xxvi. 14. In this place (ix. been the consequence of looking at the son during 7) the historian is speaking of what occurred an eclipse, or of watching it as it sets in the west. after the first alarm. There is no improbability | This effect is caused by the intense action of the that they rose from the ground immediately, and light on the optic nerve, or sometimes from a surveyed the scene with silent amazement and disorder of the brain. A case is mentioned by alarm. The word speechless (évveoi) properly | Michaelis, (Kuinoel in loco,) of a man who was denotes those who are so astonished or stupified made blind by a bright flash of lightning, and as to be unable to speak. In the Greek writers who continued so for four weeks, who was again it means those who are deaf and dumb. Hearing restored to sight in a tempest by a similar flash ? a voice.—Hearing a sound or noise. The word of lightning. Electricity has been found one of here rendered - voice” is thus frequently used, | the best remedies for restoring sight in such as in Gen. iii. 8. 1 Sam. xii. 18. Psa. xxix. 3, cases. 4. Matt. xxiv. 31. (Greek.) 1 Thess. iv. 16. In Acts xxii. 9, it is said, “ They which were with | Ver. 9. And he was three days without sight, me (Paul) saw indeed the light, and were afraid,

and neither did eat nor drink. but they heard not the voice of him that spake to me.” In this place, the words, “ heard not the And neither did ent nor drink.- Probably bevoice," must be understood in the sense of under- | cause he was overwhelmed with a view of his standing the words, of hearing the address, the sins, and was thus indisposed to eat. All the cirdistinct articulation, which Paul heard. They | cumstances would contribute to this. His past heard a noise, they were amazed and alarmed, | life; his great sins; the sudden change in his but they did not hear the distinct words addressed | views; his total absorption in the vision; per. to Saul. A similar instance we have in John xii. | haps also his grief at the loss of his sight, would 28, 29, when the voice of God came from heaven all fill his mind, and indispose him to partake of to Jesus. “The people who stood by and heard | food. Great grief always produces this effect. it, said it thundered.” They heard the sound, the | And it is not uncommon now for an awakened noise; they did not distinguish the words ad- | and convicted sinner, in view of his past sins and dressed to him. See also Dan. X. 7, and i Kings | danger, to be so pained, as to destroy his inclina. xix. 11-13.

tion for food, and to produce involuntary fasting.

We are to remember also that Paul had vet no VER. 8. And Saul arose from the earth; and

| assurance of forgiveness. He was arrested;

alarmed; convinced that Jesus was the Messiah; when his eyes were opened, he saw no man:

and humbled, but he had not comfort. He was but they led him by the hand, and brought brought to the dust, and left to three painful days him into Damascus.

of darkness and suspense, before it was told him

what he was to do. In this painful and perplex. When his eyes were opened. — He naturally | ing state, it was natural that he should abstain closed them at the appearance of the light; and ( from food. This case should not be brought now. in his fright kept them closed for some time. He | however, to prove, that convicted sinners must saw no man.-- This darkness continued three | remain in darkness and under conviction. Saul's days. (Ver. 9.) There is no reason to suppose | case was extraordinary. His blindness was literal. that there was a miracle in this blindness, for in | This state of darkness was necessary to humble chap. xxii. 11, it is expressly said to have been him and fit him for his work. But the moment caused by the intense light. “And when I could a sinner will give his heart to Christ, he mar 1 not see for the glory of that light,” &c. The find peace. If he resists, and rebels longer. it. intense, sudden light had so affected the optic will be his own fault. By the nature of the case. perve of the eye as to cause a temporary blind- | as well as by the promises of the Bible, if a singer ness. This effect is not uncommon. The dis- / will yield himself at once to the Lord Jesus, be ease of the eve which is thus produced is called | may obtain peace. That sinners do not sooner amaurosis, or more commonly gutta serena. It obtain peace, is because they do not sooner subconsists in a loss of sight without any apparent | mit themselves to God. defect of the eye. Sometimes the disease is periodical, coming on suddenly, continuing for three | Ver. 10. And there was a certain disciple at: or four days, and then disappearing. - Webster. Damascus named Ananias ; and to him said A disease of this kind is often caused by exces

the Lord in a vision, Ananias. And he said, sive light. When we look at the sun, or into a furnace, or into a crucible, with fused metal, wel

Behold, I am here, Lord. are conscious of a ternporary pain in the eye, and

h Chap. xxii. 12. of a momentary blindness. “In northern and

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