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Te G-- Inter-T re mar nos pel of Christ;" that is, on account of hi * 5 .25

" "Inat ion or to promote it. Why he selected Tr --- - The Te t e deces region of the Troad, (Note, Acts XT q" TIT. I **

:5-te ga to take field of his labours, he does not sa - 1 1:5 0 .

As the idea table that he was waiting there to IL:-1

de Trinit the penitentrinth by Titus, and while there b *** SEU

they did not to be idle, but to make known as r D: SIN .ci 25+ BST ce of 1 to do in the gospel. And a door was ope* *1 7 26 1: 2$ a tre given by Sote, 1 Cor. xvi. 9. There w :Vis ** e

iye De il restoring of doing good, and the peopl 11


de drastaze was hear the gospel. This was a I : 02. Pie des Do specify. delighted to engage, and i

* T o ge prevode of daty, found his highest comfort. LISS 2: To be here Satan Wonid the most adapted to prom 3T * Le suess: 10 Deedess sere: S

:t E riod anforgiving, WER 13. I had no rest FIM18 * te sise time, izjare the found not Titus my

Ne Dire. D r who had been the leave of them, I we SUIS DE Fanane mccrant of

gospel to Rus V i

donia. his th echts, his

pot experi$. We ne

IC post of the great number

s to diseased Tes s edistiyasing to injare I had no rest in m

ious; yet the S so deer Tibe socis cf men. He is full | sad, deeply anxious

And to those in
Di Pied bad aboodant occasion to I was engaged Wa

• $ sweet neret Nid hibe ass which he had used my highest joy, y

1. fy from evet 5:1 is so to destroy the church. the state of thin.

- is myrrh thoush T h timestas been subjected to my letter, and t

some be saved one of those is as well as individual ing, that I had

riyel retains its ori C SUS And the charch, therefore, as well | comfort. But

se it remain just s 3 .7.-2 sbca:d be constantly on so many consi

was its odorous and radera se saares Eren the best and there was su

che sotne may dishe + the charch are often perverted, such was m

sh" Yet, (5.) It is = se o ristering discipline, to the left them.

id be the occasion

de Viereis: 3d by the imprudence and want See Note,

#sime, and that they ov :tr the reshdess, or orer-heated zeal ; | pected to ?

S un in consequenced over the intensues to great parity and love of affairs. ?


This is implied Sr . and bra barsh, setere, and censorious Paul left

to the one we are son Sanctes kes advantage of the church, there is

S testh. In the explanaod druges his own dark and mischierous another

erre, (a) That those who deep ini

12 erished at any rate. All TER 12. Furthermore, when I came to Troas

rinth, a

Be whether the gospel had

conditi to preach Christ's gospel, and a door was where

9 Sone will perish in con

Suspei's having been sent to them opened to me of the Lord,

of gre

re perished had it been m
i Acts ITIS
I Cor. xvi. 9.

o ut perish because the gospel

vint Forsmane-Bat (a.) This particle is pro

or their own sins. (ok perly irersatire; but frequently denotes transi.

a faalt that men reject the

we lost They are rolan Non, and serves to introduce something else. whether opposite to what ra. ountinuative or explanatort to continae or explain! of his deep affectior terest in its affairs when he came with great spa, most liker and to go

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sterer is their final destiny,

puisire. The gospel com
s iether to go to heaven,
Ternier the gospel sin against

Tithout it. They bave
i increases their respoti
the rejeet it, and go down 36

ton higher privileges :
23 19 mert a more aggravated
* R egination will always

to get; and guilt is in di
a lt and privilege O
AND, and the others of
the deeper guilt

o n
Se m es enraged. He

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muite and infuriated hom melignation, and

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tamaliy ists in Jose who embrace it. rect cause of their salry from sin; of their (of their eternal life in su cient for these things id responsible work of the kwbose influence must be rnal salvation, or the eternal ho is worthy of so important can undertake it without tremin engage in it without feeling aimself unfit for it, and that he

divine grace? This is an exclaany one may well make in new asibilities of the work of the miniswe may remark, (1.) If Paul felt edly others should feel it also. If, he divine assistance which he had; all ufs of the peculiar presence of God, and

mighty miraculous powers conferred on d'aul had such a sense of unfitness for this

work, then a consciousness of unfitness, a deep sense of responsibility, may well rest all others. (2.) It was this sense of the reonsibility of the ministry which contributed much to Paul's success. It was a conviction that the results of his work must be seen in the joys of heaven, or the woes of hell, that led him to look to God for aid, and to devote himself so entirely to his great work. Men will not feel much concern unless they have a deep sense of

the magnitude and responsibility of their work. • of

Men who feel as they should about the ministry

will look to God for aid, and will feel that he ;, , 1

| alone can sustain them in their arduous duties. count matic | VER. 17. For we are not as many, which corrupt not at

the word of God: but as of sincerity, but as itself, to

of God, in the sight 'of God, speak we in 1770 OD;) · skilfully

Christ. pplied wil!

Or, deal deceitfully with. Chap. iv. 2. words of

Hebxi. 27.

Or, of. law which For we are not as many.- This refers doubtless !s an odour to the false teachers at Corinth, and to all who of death to mingled human philosophy or tradition with the

Bloomfield. pure word of truth. Paul's design in the stateat the gospel, ment in this verse seems to be to aflirm, that he is the means had such a deep sense of the responsibility of ation of many | the ministerial Office, and of its necessary influ. the other.-Toence on the eternal destiny of man, that it lei ed. The savour him to preach the simple gospel, pea pure word

producing life, of God. He did not dare to a ig, or life-giving human mixture. He did no ful and pleasant. losophy, or human wisdon

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ith any that was burnt in the public worship of God and gospel for all men, and in its rature it is as really. to sacrifices in general. (Gen. Vil 21. Ex fitted to save one as another. Whatever may be xxix. 18, 25, 41. Lev. i. 9, 13, 17; ii. 2, 9, 12; the manner in which it is received, it is always iii. 5, 16; iv. 31, &c. &c.) Here it means that in itself the same pure and glorious system; full the services of Paul and the other ministers of of benevolence and mercy. The bitterest enemy! religion were as grateful to God as sweet incense, of the gospel cannot point to one of its provisions or acceptable sacrifices. Of Christ.—That is, tbat is adapted or designed to make men misere we are Christ's sweet savour to God; we are that able, and to destroy ther. All its provisions are which he has appointed, and which he has de- i adapted to salvation; all its arrangements are voted and consecrated to God; we are the offer- those of benevolence; all the powers and infising, so to speak, which he is continually making, ences which it originates, are those which are to God. In them that are sared.-In regard to fitted to save, not to destroy men. The gospel them who believe the gospel through our ministry is what it is in itself-a pure, holy, and benete. and who are saved. Our labour in carrying the lent system, and is answerable only for effects gospel to them, and in bringing them to the which a pore, holy, and benevolent system is knowledge of the truth, is acceptable to God. fitted to produce. To use the beautiful language Their salvation is an object of his highest desire, 1 of Theodoret, as quoted by Bloomfield, * We mand he is gratified with our fidelity, and with our | deed bear the sweet odour of Christ's gospel to success. This reason why their work was ac- | all; but all who participate in it do pot expericeptable to God is more fully stated in the follow. ence its salutiferous effects. Thus to disased ing verse, where it is said that in reference to i eyes even the light of heaven is noxious; yet the! them they were the “ savour of life unto life." sun does not bring the injury. And to those in 1 The word "saved” here refers to all who become a fever, honey is bitter ; yet it is sweet Christians, and who enter heaven; and as the theless. Vultures, too, it is said, fly from svet! : salvation of men is an object of such desire to odours of myrrh; yet myrrh is myrrh though God, it cannot but be that all who bear the gospel the vultures avoid it. Thus, if some be saved to men are engaged in an acceptable service, and though others perish, the gospel retains its own that all their efforts will be pleasing to him, and virtue, and we the preachers of it remain just as ! approved in his sight. In regard to this part of we are ; and the gospel retains its odorous and Paul's statement, there can be no difficulty. And salutiferous properties, though some may disbe! in them that perish.-In reference to them who lieve and abuse it, and perish." Yet, (5.) Its reject the gospel, and who are finally lost.— It is implied that the gospel would be the occasion implied here, (1.) That some would reject the heavier condemnation to some, and that they gospel and perish, with whatever fidelity and would sink into deeper ruiu in consequence of self-denial the ministers of religion might labour. | its being preached to them. This is implied (2.) That though this would be the result, yet the the expression in ver. 16, “to the one we are a labours of the ministers of religion would be savour of death unto death.” In the explanaacceptable to God. This is a fearful and awful tion of this, we may observe. (a) That those who declaration, and has been thought by many to be perish would have perished at any rate. A attended with difficulty. A few remarks may were under condemnation whether the gospel has present the true sense of the passage, and remove come to them or not. None will perish in colthe difficulty from it. (1.) It is not affirmed or sequence of the gospel's having been sent to tac implied here that the destruction of those who who would not have perished had it been u. would reject the gospel, and who would perish, known. Men do not perish because the ground was desired by God or would be pleasing to him. / is sent to them, but for their own sins. This is nowhere affirmed or implied in the Bible. is in fact by their own fault that men reject the (2.) It is affirmed only that the labours of the gospel, and that they are lost. They are volutministers of religion in endeavouring to save tary in this; and, whatever is their final de them would be acceptable and pleasing to God. they are not under compulsion. The gospel Their labours would be in order to save them, pels no one against his will either to go to Deares not to destroy them. Their desire was to bring | or to hell. (c) Men under the gospel sind all to heaven-and this was acceptable to God. | greater light than they do without it. They are Whatever might be the result, whether successful | more to answer for. It increases their call or not yet God would be pleased with self-denial, sibility. If, therefore, they reject it, and .., and toil, and prayer that was honestly and zeal- to eternal death, they go from higher privu ously put forth to save others from death. They and they go, of course, to meet a more agus would be approved by God in proportion to the condemnation. For condemnation will amount of labour, zeal, and fidelity which they be in exact proportion to guilt; and evinced. (3.) It would be by no fault of faithful proportion to abused light and privu ministers that men would perish. Their efforts The preaching of the gospel, and the would be to save them, and those efforts would | life, are often the occasion of the deeper be pleasing to God. (4.) It would be by no fault the sinner. Often he becomes enras of the gospel that men would perish. The re- gives vent to the deep malignity of b gular and proper tendency of the gospel is to opposes the gospel with malice an save, not to destroy men; as the tendency of me- anger. His eye kindles with indi dicine is to heal them, of food to support the his lip curls with pride and scord. body, of air to give vitality, of light to give plea- and blasphemous; and the offering, sure to the eye, &c. It is provided for all, and to him is the occasion of exciting act is adapted to all. There is a sufficiency in the lignant passions against God, against

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core aggravated

guilt; and guilt is in

and privileges (d) pel, and the offers of

the deeper guilt of

les enraged. He Smity of his soul. He:

alice and infuriatel with indignation, and scorn. He is profane

itering of the gospel citing deep and ma i och against the Saviour,


against the ministers of religion. Against the Unto life.— Tending to life ; or adapted to progospel, men often manifest the same malignity | duce life. The word life here, as often elsewhere, and scorn which they did against the Saviour is used to denote salvation. It is, (1.) Life, in himself. Yet this is not the fault of the gospel, opposition to the death in sin in which all are

nor of the ministers of religion. It is the fault by nature ; (2.) In opposition to death in the i of sinners themselves; and while there can be grave, as it leads to a glorious resurrection ; (3.) || no doubt that such a rejection of the gospel will In opposition to eternal death-to the second i produce their deeper condemnation, and that it dying, as it leads to life, and peace, and joy in

is a savour of death unto death unto them ; still heaven. See the words "life" and “death" ex, the gospel is good and benevolent, and still God plained in the Notes on Rom, vi. 23. The gospel will be pleased with those who faithfully offer its is "the savour of life unto life,” because, (i.) It provisions, and who urge it on the attention of is its nature and tendency to produce life and

salvation. It is adapted to that; and is designed

to that end. (2.) Because it actually results in Ver. 16. To P the one we are the savour of death the life and salvation of those who embrace it. unto death ; and to the other the savour of life

It is the immediate and direct cause of their salunto life. And who I is sufficient for these

vation; of their recovery from sin; of their

glorious resurrection; of their eternal life in things?

heaven. And who is sufficient for these things ?

--For the arduous and responsible work of the p John ix. 39. 1 Pet. ii. 7, 8. 9 Chap. iii. 5, 6.

ministry ; for a work whose influence must be To the one.---To those who perish. We are felt either in the eternal salvation, or the eternal the savour of death unto death.We are the oc ruin of the soul. Who is worthy of so important

casion of deepening their condemnation, and of a charge? Who can undertake it without trem| sinking them lower into ruin. The expression bling? Who can engage in it without feeling

here used means literally, “ to the one class we that he is in himself unfit for it, and that he bear a death-conveying odour, leading to their

needs constant divine grace? This is an excladeath;" a savour, a smell which, under the cir mation which any one may well make in view cumstances, is destructive to life, and which leads | of the responsibilities of the work of the ministo death. Mr. Locke renders this, “ To the one | try. And we may remark, (1.) If Paul felt my preaching is of ill savour, unacceptable and this, assuredly others should feel it also. If, offensive, by their rejecting whereof they draw with all the divine assistance which he had; a death on themselves.” Grateful as their labours the proofs of the peculiar presence of God, and were to God, and acceptable as would be their all the mighty miraculous powers conferred on 1 efforts, whatever might be the results, yet Paul | him, Paul had such a sense of unfitness for this could not be ignorant that the gospel would, in great work, then a consciousness of unfitness, fact, be the means of greater condemnation to and a deep sense of responsibility, may well rest many. See Notes on ver. 15. It was indeed by

on all others. (2.) It was this sense of the retheir own fault; yet wherever the gospel was sponsibility of the ministry which contributed i preached, it would to many have this result. It

much to Paul's success. It was a conviction is probable that the language here used is bor

that the results of his work must be seen in the rowed from similar expressions which were joys of heaven, or the woes of hell, that led him common among the Jews. Thus in Debarim to look to God for aid, and to devote himself so Rabha, sec. 1, fol. 248, it is said, “ As the bee entirely to his great work. Men will not feel brings home honey to the owner, but stings much concern unless they have a deep sense of others, so it is with the words of the law.” | the magnitude and responsibility of their work.

They (the words of the law) are a savour of Men who feel as they should about the ministry te to Israel, but a savour of death to the people will look to God for aid, and will feel that he of this world." Thus in Taarieth, fol. 7, 1, alone can sustain them in their arduous duties. "Whoever gives attention to the law on account of the law itself, to him it becomes an aromatic VER. 17. For we are not as many, which corrupt of life, (09) OD,) but to him who does not at "the word of God: but as of sincerity, but as tend to the law on account of the law itself, to him it becomes an aromatic of death;” (nia DD;)

of God, in the sight 'of God, speak we 'in the idea of which is, that as medicines skilfully

Christ. applied will heal, but if unskilfully applied will

r Or, deal deceitfully with. Chap. iv. 2. aggravate a disease, so it is with the words of

s Heb. xi. 27.

t Or, of. the law. Again, “The word of the law which For we are not as many. This refers doubtless proceed

Ceeds out of the mouth of God, is an odour to the false teachers at Corinth, and to all who of life to

te to the Israelites, but an odour of death to mingled human philosophy or tradition with the The Gentiles.” See Rosenmüller and Bloomfield. pure word of truth. Paul's design in the state

ense of the passage is plain, that the gospel, ment in this verse seems to be to affirm, that he wilful rejection of it, becomes the means had such a deep sense of the responsibility of

Increased guilt and condemnation of many | the ministerial office, and of its necessary influI of those who of those who hear it. And to the other.- To ence on the eternal destiny of man, that it led

who embrace it, and are saved. The savour | him to preach the simple gospel, the pure word

-An odour, or fragrance producing life, of God. He did not dare to dilute it with any wing to life. It is a living, or life-giving | human mixture. He did not dare to preach phisavour. It is in itself grateful and pleasant.

losophy, or human wisdom. He did not dare to

life to

The sense of by the wil of the inci


Or ten

mingle with it the crude conceptions of man. of human opinions. Tindal renders this passage, He sought to exhibit the simple truth as it was For we are not as many are which chopp and in Jesus ; and so deep was his sense of the re-chaunge with the word of God;" an idea which sponsibility of the office, and so great was his is important and beautiful; but this is one of the desire on the subject, that he had been enabled few instances in which he mistook the sease of to do it, and to triumph always in Christ. So the original text. In general, the accuracy of that, although he was conscious that he was in his translation, and his acquaintai

s translation, and his acquaintance with the himself untit for these things, yet by the grace true sense of the Greek text, are very remarkof God he had been able always to exhibit the able. But as of sincerity. Sincerely; actuated simple truth, and his labours had been crowned by unmingled honesty and simplicity of aim. with constant and signal success. Which corrupt See Note on chap. i. 12. As of God. -- As influthe word of God. Margin, “deal deceitfully enced by him; as under his control and direcwith.” The word here used (kaardɛÚOVTEC) tion; as having been sent by him ; as acting by occurs nowhere else in the New Testament, and his command. See Note, chap. i. 12. In the does not occur in the Septuagint. The word is sight of God.-- As if we felt that his eye vas derived from kúnndoc, which signifies properly always on us. Nothing is better fitted to make a huckster, or a retailer of wine, a petty chap- a man siucere and honest than this. Speak re man; a man who buys up articles for the pur- | in Christ.-- In the name, and in the service of pose of selling them again. It also means some- | Christ. We deliver our message with a deep" times a vintner, or an innkeeper. The proper consciousness that the eye of the all-seeing Gol idea is that of a small dealer, and especially in is on us ; that we can conceal pothing from him; wine. Such persons were notorious, as they are and that we must soon give up our account to now, for diluting their wines with water, (comp. | him. Sept. in Isa. i. 22 ;) and for compounding wines

REMARKS. of other substances than the juice of the grape for purposes of gain. Wine, of all substances 1 1. In this chapter, and in the management of in trade, perhaps, affords the greatest facilities the whole case to which Paul here refers, we have for such dishonest tricks; and accordingly the an instance of his tenderness in administering dealers in that article have generally been most discipline. This tenderness was manifested in distinguished for fraudulent practices and corrupt many ways. (1.) He did nothing to wound the and diluted mixtures. Hence the word comes to feelings of the offending party. (2.) He did denote, to adulterate; to corrupt, &c. It is here nothing in the way of punishment which a sterr. applied to those who adulterated or corrupted sense of duty did not demand. (3.) He did it all the pure word of God in any way, and for any with many tears. He wept at the Decessity of purpose. It probably has particular reference administering discipline at all. He wept orer to those who did it either by Judaizing opinions, the remissness of urch. B ppt over the or by the mixtures of a false and deceitful philo- | fall of the offending brother. (4.) He did not sophy. The latter mode would be likely to pre- I mention even the name of the offender. He did vail among the subtle and philosophizing Greeks. | not blazon his faults abroad ; nor has he left ary It is in such ways that the gospel has been usu clue by which it can be known; nor did he take ally corrupted. (1.) It is done by attempting to any measures which were fitted to pain, underes. attach a philosophical explanation to the facts of sarily, the feelings of his friends. If all discirevelation, and making the theory as important pline in the church were conducted in this manas the fact. (2.) By attempting to explain away ner, it would probably always be effectual and the offensive points of revelation by the aid of successful. (Ver. 1-10.) philosophy. (3.) By attempting to make the 2. We ought cordially to receive and forgive , facts of Scripture accord with the prevalent no an offending brother, as soon as he gives evidence tions of philosophy, and by applying a mode of of repentance. We should harbour no malice | interpretation to the Bible which would fritter | against him; and if, hy repentance, he has puli away its meaning, and make it mean any thing away his sins, we should hasten to forgive him. or nothing at pleasure. In these, and in various This we should do as individuals, and as churches, other ways, men have corrupted the word of God cheerfully forgives us, and receives us into God; and of all the evils which Christianity favour on our repentance; and we should hail has ever sustained in this world, the worst have the privilege of treating all our offending bre been those which it has received from philosophy, thren in the same manner. (Ver. 7, 8.) and from those teachers who have corrupted the 3. Churches should be careful that Satan word of God. The fires of persecution it could I should not get an advantage over them. (ler. meet, and still be pure ; the utmost efforts of 11.) In every way possible he will attempt it; princes, and monarchs, and of Satan to destroy and perhaps in few modes is it more often dond it, it has outlived, and has shone purely and than in administering discipline. In such a case, brightly amidst all these efforts; but, when cor Satan gains an advantage over a church in the rupted by philosophy, and by "science falsely so following ways. (1.) In inducing it to neglect called,” it has been dimmed in its lustre, para- | discipline. This occurs often because an ottele lyzed in its aims, and shorn of its power, and der is rich, or talented, or is connected with inhas ceased to be mighty in pulling down the fluential families; because there is a fear of drif, strongholds of Satan's kingdom. Accordingly, I ing off such families from the church; because the enemy of God has ceased to excite perse- / the individual is of elevated rank, and the church cution, and now aims in various ways to corrupt suffers him to remain in her bosom. The laws the gospel by the admixture of philosophy, and of the church, like other laws, are often like cob

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