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The trials which Paul endured, to many persons of the power." The phrase kal' i Teppodziv would have seemed to be any thing else but means exceedingly, supereminently. (Rom. vii, light. They consisted of want, and danger, and 13. 1 Cor. xii. 31. 2 Cor. i. 8. Gal. i. 13.) This contempt, and stoning, and toil, and weariness, expression would have been by itself intensive and the scorn of the world, and constant ex- | in a high degree. But this was not sufficient to posure to death, by land or by sea. See ver. 7- express Paul's sense of the glory which was laid 10. Comp. chap. xi. 23—27. Yet these trials, | up for Christians. It was not enough for him to though continued through many years, and con- | use the ordinary highest expression for the sustituting, as it were, his very life, he speaks of as perlative to denote the value of the object in his the lightest conceivable thing, when compared eye. He therefore coins an expression, and adds with that eternal glory which awaited him. He is ÚTEPBoAniv. It is not merely eminent; but it strives to get an expression as emphatic as pos- | is eminent unto eminence; excess unto excess ; sible, to show that, in his estimation, they were a hyperbole unto hyperbole—one hyperbole not worthy to be named in comparison with the heaped on another; and the expression means eternal weight of glory. It is not sufficient to that it is “exceeding exceedingly” glorious ; say that the affliction was “light,” or was a mere glorious in the highest possible degree.-Robintrifle; but he says that it was to endure but for son. Mr. Slade renders it “ infinitely exceeding." a moment. Though trials had followed him ever The expression is the Hebrew form of denoting since he began to make known the Redeemer, the highest superlative; and it means that all | and though he had the firmest expectation that hyperboles fail of expressing that eternal glory they would follow him to the end of life, and which remains for the just. It is infinite and every where, (Acts xx. 23,) yet all this was a boundless. You may pass from one degree to momentary trifle, compared with the eternal another; from one sublime height to another ; glory before him. The word rendered “ light," but still an infinity remains beyond. Nothing (elappòv,) means that which is easy to bear, and can describe the uppermost height of that glory; is usually applied to a burden. See Matt. xi. 30. nothing can express its infinitude. Eternal.Comp. 2 Cor. i. 17. Which is but for a moment. This stands in contrast with the affliction that is The Greek word here used, (rapavtika,) occurs for a moment, (rapavtika.) The one is moDo where else in the New Testament. It is an mentary, transient; so short, even in the longest adverb, from aŭrika, auròs, and means properly, life, that it may be said to be an instant; the *at this very instant; immediately." Here it other has no limits to its duration. It is literally seems to qualify the word “ light,” and to be used everlasting. Weight, (Bápoç.)-This stands opin the sense of momentary, transient. Bloom- | posed to the (flaopov) light affliction. That was field renders it, “ for the at present lightness of so light, that it was a trifle. It was easily borne. our affliction." Doddridge, “ for this momen- | It was like the most light and airy objects, which tary lightness of our affliction, which passes off so constitute no burden. It is not even here called last, and leaves so little impression, that it may be a burden, or said to be heavy in any degree. called levity itself." The apostle evidently wished | This is so heavy as to be a burden. Grotius to express two ideas in as emphatic a manner as | thinks that the image is taken from gold or silve possible; first, that the affliction was light, and, | articles, that are solid and heavy, compared with secondly, that it was transient, momentary, and those that are mixed or plated. But why may it soon passing away. His object is to contrast this not refer to the insignia of glory and honour; a with the glory that awaited him, as being heavy, robe heavy with gold, or a diadem

robe heavy with gold, or a diadem or crown, and as being also eternal. Worketh for us.-See heavy with gold or diamonds : glory so rich, so Note, ver. 12. Will produce, will result in. The profuse as to be heavy? The affliction was light; Effect of these afflictions is to produce eternal but the crown, the robe, the adornings in the glory. This they do, (1.) By their tendency to glorious world were not trifles, or baubles, but call us from the world ; (2.) To purify the solid, substantial, weighty. We apply the word

solid, substantial, weig rt, by enabling us to break off from the sins weighty, now, to that which is valuable and imaccount of which God afflicts us; (3.) By | portant, comparea w

portant, compared with that which is of no value, Lisposing us to look to God for consolation and probably because the precious metals and jewels support in our trials; (4.) By inducing us to are heavy; and it is by them that we usually contemplate the glories of the heavenly world,

estimate the value of objects. Of glory, (06£ns.) and thus winning us to seek beaven as our home; --The Hebrew word as denotes weight as well

(5.), Because God has graciously promised as glory. And perhaps Paul had that use of the

ard his people in heaven, as the result of word in his eye in this strong expression. It their

beir bearing trials in this life. It is by affliction refers here to the splendour, magnificence, honour, that he purifies them, (Isa. xlviii. 10;) and by and happiness of the eternal world. In this extrial that he takes their affections from the ob ceedingly interesting passage, which is worthy of Jects of time and sense, and gives them a relish the deepest study of Christians, Paul has set in of the enjoyments which result from the pro

most beautiful and emphatic contrast the trials of spect of perfect and eternal glory. A far more

this life and the glories of heaven. It may be exceeding, (ca.3' ÚRepsolvveis'unepßolijv.)-

profitable to contemplate at a single glance the here is not to be found, any where, a more ener

view which he had of them, that they may be tic expression than this. The word utepsolri, here used, (whence our word “hyperbole,") means

brought distinctly before the mind. operly a throwing, casting, or throwing beyond.

THE ONE IS estament, it means excess, excel- | 1. AFFLICTION, Oifig.

See ver, 7. “The excellency | 2. Light, élaopov.

to re

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In the New Testament, it means

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3. For a moment, tapautika.

cease ; the evils of the deepest poverty, want,

and suffering will soon be passed. There is noTHE OTHER IS, by contrast,

thing on which the eye can fix, nothing that the (1.) Glory, C687).

heart can desire here, which will not soon fade (2.) Weight, Bápoc.

away; or, if it survives, it is temporary in regard (3.) Eternal, aiviviov.

to us. We must soon leave it to others; and, if ! (4.) Eminent, or excellent, raz' Utteopodnjv. enjoyed, it will be enjoyed while our bodies are (5.) Infinitely excellent, eminent in the highest slumbering in the grave, and our souls engaged degree, siç u Treppoanv.

in the deep solemnities of eternity. How foolish, So the account stands in the view of Paul; and,

then, to make these our portion, and to fix oar with this balance in favour of the eternal glory,

affections supremely on the things of this life! he regarded afilictions as mere trifles, and made it

How foolish, also, to be very deeply affected by the grand purpose of his life to gain the glory of

| the trials of this life, which at the furthest cao the heavens. What wise man, looking at the

be endured but a little longer, before we shall be account, would not do likewise ?

for ever beyond their reach! The things chinh

are not seen are eternal.-Every thing which perVer. 18. While we look not at the things which

tains to that state beyond the grave. (1.) God is

eternal; not to leave us as our earthly friends co. are seen, but at the things which are not (2.) The Saviour is eternal-to be our everlasting y seen : for the things which are seen are tem friend. (3.) The companions and friends there poral; but the things which are not seen are are eternal. The angels who are to be our asin. eternal.

ciates, and the spirits of the just with whom se

shall live, are to exist for ever. The angels y Heb. xi. 1.

never die; and the pious dead shall die no more. While we look, &c.—Or, rather, we not looking | There shall be then no separation, no death-bed. at the things which are seen. The design of no grave, no sad vacancy and loss caused by the this is, to show in what way the afflictions which removal of a much-loved friend. (4.) The jors they endured became in their view light and mo- of heaven are eternal. There shall be po inter. mentary. It was by looking to the glories of the ruption ; no night ; no cessation ; no end. Heaven future world, and thus turning away the atten- and all its joys shall be everlasting ; and he shu tion from the trials and sorrows of this life. If enters there shall have the assurance that those we look directly at our trials ; if the mind is joys shall endure and increase while eternal ages fixed wholly on them, and we think of nothing shall roll away. (5.) It may be added, also, that else, they often appear heavy and long. Even the woes of hell shall be eternal. They are not comparatively light and brief sufferings will among the things which to us “are not seen;" appear to be exceedingly difficult to bear. But and they, as well as the joys of heaven, shali if we can turn away the mind from them, and have no end. Sorrow there shall never cease;

ontemplate future glory; if we can compare the soul shall there never die; the body thai them with eternal blessedness, and feel that they shall be raised up “to the resurrection of danna. will introduce us to perfect and everlasting hap- tion" shall never again expire. And when all piness, they will appear to be transitory, and will these things are contemplated, well might law be easily borne. And Paul here has stated the say of the things of this life--the sorrows, trials true secret of bearing trials with patience. It is privations, and persecutions which he endurece to look at the things which are unseen. To an- | that they were “light," and were “for a noticipate the glories of the heavenly world. To ment.” How soon will they pass away; but fix the eye on the eternal happiness which is soon shall we all be engaged amidst the uhbeyond the grave; and to reflect how short these changing and eternal realities of the things sluch trials are, compared with the eternal glories of are not seen! heaven ; and how short they will seem to be when we are there. The things which are seen.

REMARKS. The things here below; the things of this life--| 1. Ministers of the gospel have no cause to poverty, want, care, persecution, trial, &c. The faint or to be discouraged. (Ver. 1.) What things which are not seen.- The glories of heaven. | ever may be the reception of their message, and Comp. Heb. xi. 1. The things which are seen are whatever the trials to which they may be sub temporal.This refers particularly to the things jected, yet there are abundant sources of consola which they suffered. But it is as true of all things tion and support in the gospel which they preach. here below. Wealth, pleasure, fame, the three | They have the consciousness that they preach idols which the people of this world adore, are system of truth; that they are proclaiming t., all to endure but for a little time. They will all / which God has revealed ; and, if they are faith soon vanish away. So it is with pain, and sorrow, ful, that they have his smiles and approbation. and tears. All that we enjoy, and all that we | Even, therefore, if men reject, and despise their suffer here, must soon vanish and disappear. | message, and if they are called to endure ? The most splendid palace will decay; the most | privations and trials, they should not faint. costly pile will moulder to dust; the most mag is enough for them that they proclaim the tri nificent city will fall to ruins; the most exquisite which God loves, and that they meet with earthly pleasures will soon come to an end ; and approbation and smiles. Trials will come in the the most extended possessions can be enjoyed | ministry as every where else, but there are but a little time. So the acutest pain will soon | peculiar consolations. There may be much op be over; the most lingering disease will soon position and resistance to the message, bu

message, but we

I should not faint or be discouraged. We should regard to his character or prospects there. But do our duty, and commit the result to God. here, every impenitent man is deceived and

2. The gospel should be embraced by those to blinded. He is deceived about his own characwhom it comes. (Ver. 2.) If it has their rea ter; about the relative value of objects; about son and conscience in its favour, then they should his prospects for eternity ; about death, the judgembrace it without delay. They are under the ment, heaven, hell. On none of these points has most sacred obligation to receive it, and to become he any right apprehension; and on none is it decided Christians. Every man is bound, and possible for any human power to break the deep may be urged to pursue, that course which his delusion, and to penetrate the darkness of his conscience approves; and the gospel may thus | mind. be pressed on the attention of all to whom it 6. Men are in danger. (Ver. 4.) They are comes.

| under deep delusion, and they tread unconcerned 3. If men wish peace of conscience, they near to ruin. They walk in darkness-blinded should embrace the gospel. (Ver. 2.) They by the god of this world, and are very near a can never find it elsewhere. No man's con- precipice, and nothing will rouse them from their science is at peace from the fact that he does not condition. It is like children gathering flowers repent, and love God and obey his gospel. His near a deep gulf, when the pursuit of one more heart may love sin; but his conscience cannot flower may carry them too far, and they will fall approve it. That is at peace only in doing the to rise no more. The delusion rests on every un

work of God; and that can find self-approbation sanctified mind; and it needs to remain but a · only when it submits to him, and embraces the little longer, and the soul will be lost. That dan

gospel of his Son. Then the conscience is at ger deepens every day and every hour. If it is ease. No man ever yet had a troubled conscience continued but a little longer it will be broken in from the fact that he had embraced the gospel, upon by the sad realities of death, judgment, and and was an humble and decided Christian. Thou. | hell. But then it will be too late. The soul will sands and millions have had a troubled conscience be lost-deluded in the world of probation ; senfrom the fact that they have neglected it. No sible of the truth only in the world of despair. man on a death-bed ever had a troubled con-| 7. Satan will practise every device and art posscience because he embraced religion too early | sible to prevent the gospel from shining upon the in life. Thousands and millions have been trou hearts of men. That light is painful and hateful bled when they came to die, because they ne to his eyes, and he will do all that can be done to glected it so long, or rejected it altogether.' No prevent its being diffused. Every art which long man when death approaches has a troubled con tried ingenuity and skill can devise, will be rescience, because he has lived too much devoted to sorted to; every power which he can put forth God the Saviour, and been too active as a Chris | will be exerted. If he can blind the minds of

tian. But O how many have been troubled then men, he will do it. If men can be hoodwinked, | because they have been worldly-minded, and and gulled, it will be done. If error can be made selfish, and vain, and proud! The conscience to spread, and be embraced--error smooth, plaugives peace just in proportion as we serve God sible, cunning-it will be diffused. Ministers will faithfully; nor can all the art of man or Satan be raised up to preach it; and the press will be give peace to one conscience in the ways of sin, employed to accomplish it. If sinners can be and in the neglect of the soul.

| deceived, and made to remain at ease in their sins, 4. Ministers should preach the truth—the sim- by novels and seductive poetry ; by books false in ple truth-and nothing but the truth. (Ver. 2.) sentiments, and perverse in morals, the press will

They should make use of no false art, no decep- be made to groan under the works of fiction. Itlon, no trick, no disguise. They should be open, | If theatres are necessary to cheat and beguile

ere, plain, pure in all their preaching, and in men, they will be reared ; and the song, and the their manner of life. Such was the course of dance, the ball, and the splendid party will alike | the Saviour; such the course of Paul; and such contribute to divert the attention from the cross

a course only will God approve and bless. of Christ, the worth of the soul, and the impor...). This is a deluded world. (Ver. 4.) It is tance of a preparation to die. No art has been Blinded and deceived by him who is here called spared, or will be spared, to deceive men; and the the “god of this worlă.” Satan rules in the world is full of the devices of Satan to hoodwink bitarts of men; and he rules by deceiving them, and blind the perishing, and lead them down to and in order to deceive them. Every thing which hell. operates to prevent men from embracing thegos 8. Yet, Satan is not alone to blame for this. He per has a tendency to blind the mind. The man does all he can, and he has consummate skill and ! 15 seeking wealth as his only portion, is l art. Yet, let not the deluded sinner take com

ed and deceived in regard to its value. The fort to himself because Satan is the tempter, and an who is pursuing the objects of ambition as because he is deluded. The bitterness of death

bain portion, is deceived in regard to the true is not made sweet to a young man because he value of things. And he, or she, who pursues | has been deluded by the arts of the veteran in pressure as the main business of life, is deceived temptation; and the fires of hell will not burn

regard to the proper value of objects. It is any the less fiercely because the sinner suffered possible to conceive of a world more deluded himself to be deluded, and chose to go there

nis. We can conceive of a world more through the ball-room or the theatre. The sin11, and more miserable, and such is hell ; but ner is, after all, voluntary in his delusions. He dere is not delusion and deception there. Things does, or he inight, know the truth. He goes voe seen as they are; and no one is deceived in luntarily to the place of amusement; voluntarily

sing

who is i blinded an

I his main portion, is

than this. We can conceiv

forms the plans of gain and ambition which de- What higher honour is there on earth than to ceive and ruin the soul; goes voluntarily to the make known a Redeemer? What pleasure more theatre, and to the haunts of vice, and chooses exquisite can there be than to spek of pardon this course in the face of many warnings and to the guilty ? What greater comfort than to remonstrances. Who is to blame if he is lost? go to the afflicted, and bind up their hearts ; to Who but himself?

pour the balm of peace into the wounded spirit, 9. Sinners should be entreated to rouse from and to sustain and cheer the dying? The minthis delusive and false security. They are now istry has its own consolations amidst all its blinded and deceived. Life is too short and too trials ; its own honour amidst the contempt and uncertain to be playing such a game as the sin scorn with which it is often viewed by the world. ner does. There are too many realities here! 14. The situation of man would bave been to make it proper to pass life amidst deceptions dreadful and awful, had it not been for the light and delusions. Sin is real, and danger is real, which is imparted by revelation, and by the and death is real, and eternity is real; and man | Holy Spirit. (Ver. 6.) Man would have ever should rouse from his delusions, and look upon remained like the dark night before God said, things as they are. Soon he will be on a bed of “Let there be light ;" and his condition would death, and then he will look over the follies of have been thick darkness, where not a ray of his life. Soon he will be at the judgment bar, light would have beamed on his benighted way. and from that high and awful place look on the Some idea of what this was, and would have past and the future, and see things as they are. continued to be, we have now in the heathen But, alas! it will be too late then to repair the world, where thick darkness reigns over nations, errors of a life; and amidst the realities of those though it has been somewhat broken in upon scenes all that he may be able to do, will be to, by the dim light which tradition has diffused sigh unavailingly that he suffered himself to be there. deluded, deceived, and destroyed in the only 15. God has power to impart light to the ! world of probation, by the trifles and baubles most dark and benighted mind. There is no which the great deceiver placed before him to be. I one to whom he cannot reveal himself, and make! guile him of heaven, and to lead him down to hell! his truth known. (Ver. 6.) With as much ease.!

10. The great purpose of the ministry is to as he commanded light to shine out of darkness make known in any and every way the Lord at first, can he command the pure light of truth Jesus Christ. (Ver. 5.) To this, the ministers to shine on the minds of men : and on minds of the gospel are to devote themselves. It is not most beclouded hy sin he can cause the sun of to cultivate farms; to engage in traffic ; to shine righteousness to shine with healing in his beams. in the social circle ; to be distinguished for 16. We should implore the enlightening inflı learning to become fine scholars ; to be pro- | ence of the Spirit of truth. (Ver. 6.) If God | foundly versed in science; or to be distinguished is the source of light, we should seek it at his as authors, that they are set apart ; but it is in hands. Nothing to man is so valuable as the every way possible to make known the Lord light of truth; nothing of so much worth as the Jesus Christ. Whatever other men do, or not knowledge of the true God: and with the deeper do; however the world may choose to be em- | est solicitude, and the most fervent prayer.' ployed, their work is simple and plain ; and it is should we seek the enlightening influences of not to cease or be intermitted till death shall his Spirit, and the guidance of his grace. close their toils. Neither by the love of ease, 17. There is no true knowledge of God, etof wealth, or pleasure, are they to turn aside | cept that which shines in the face of Jesus from their work, or to forsake the vocation to Christ. (Ver. 6.) He came to make known the which God has called them.

true God. He is the exact image of God. He 11. We see the responsibility of the ministry. resembles him in all things. And he who does (Ver. 5.) On the ministry devolves the work | not love the character of Jesus Christ, therefore, of making the Saviour known to a dying world. I does not love the character of God: he whol If they will not do it, the world will remain in | does not seek to be like Jesus Christ, does not ignorance of the Redeemer, and will perish. If desire to be like God. He who does not bear there is one soul to whom they might make the image of the Redeemer, does not bear the known the Saviour, and to whom they do not image of God. To be a moral man merely, make him known, that soul will perish, and the therefore, is not to be like God. To be amiable responsibility will rest on the minister of the and honest merely, is not to be like God. Jesus Lord Jesus. And O! how great is this responsi | Christ, the image of God, was more than this. bility! And who is sufficient for these things ? He was religious. He was holy. He was, as a

12. Ministers of the gospel should submit to | man, a man of prayer, and filled with the love !: any self-denial in order that they may do good. of God, and was always submissive to his boly Their Master did ; and Paul and the other apos- will. He sought his honour and glory; and he tles did. It 15 sumcient for the disciple that he | made it the great purpose of his life and death be as the master; and the ministers of the gos- | to make known his existence, perfections, and pel should regard themselves as set apart to a name. To imitate him in this is to have the work of self-denial, and called to a life of toil, knowledge of the glory of God; and no man 15 like their Lord. Their rest is in heaven, not onlike God who does not bear the inage of the the earth. Their days of leisure and repose are Redeemer. No man is like God, therefore, who to be found in the skies when their work is done, is not a Christian. Of course, no man can be and not in a world perishing in sin.

prepared for heaven who is not a friend and fole 13. The ministry is a glorions work. (Ver. 5.) lower of Jesus Christ.

18. God designs to secure the promotion of of God. Who can estimate the value of a relihis own glory in the manner in which religion gion like this? Who does not see that it is is spread in the world. (Ver. 7.) For this pur- | adapted to man in a state of trial, and that it pose, and with this view, he did not commit it to furnishes him with just what he needs in this angels, nor has he employed men of rank, or world? wealth, or profound scientific attainments, to be 21. Christianity will live. (Ver. 8, 9.) Nothe chief instruments in its propagation. He thing can destroy it. All the power that could has committed it to frail, mortal men; and often be brought to bear on it, to blot it from the to men of humble rank, and even humble attain earth, has been tried, and yet it survives. No ments,-except attainments in piety. In fitting new attempt to destroy it can prevail ; and it is them for their work, his grace is manifest ; and now settled that this religion is to live to the in all the success which attends their labours, it end of time. It has cost much to obtain this is apparent that it is by the mere grace and demonstration; but it is worth all it has cost; mercy of God that it is done.

and the sufferings of apostles and martyrs, there19. We see what our religion has cost. (Ver. fore, have not been for nought. 18.9.) Its extension in the world has been every 22. Christians should be willing to endure where connected with sufferings, and toil, and any thing in order that they may become like tears. It began in the labours, sorrows, self Christ on earth, and be like him in heaven. denials, persecutions, and dying agonies of the (Ver. 10.) It is worth all their efforts, and all Son of God; and to introduce it to the world their self-denials. It is the grand object before cost his life. It was spread by the toils, and us; and we should deem no sufferings too severe, sacrifices, and sufferings of the apostles. It was no self-denial or sacrifice too great, if we may kept up by the dying groans of martyrs. It become like him here below, and may live with has been preserved and extended on earth by him above. (Ver. 10, 11.) the labours and prayers of the Reformers, and 23. In order to animate us in the work to amidst scenes of persecution every where, and which God has called us; to encourage us in our it is now extending through the earth hy the trials; and to prompt us to a faithful discharge ;' sacrifices of those who are willing to leave of our duties, especially those who, like Paul,

country and home; to cross oceans and deserts; are called to preach the gospel, we should have, 1 and to encounter the perils of barbarous climes, like him, the following views and feelings— views

that they may make it known to distant lands. and feelings adapted to sustain us in all our į If estimated by what it has cost, assuredly no trials, and to uphold us in all the conflicts of life. i religion, no blessing is so valuable as Christi- | (1.) A firm and unwavering belief of the truth

anity. It is above all human valuation ; and it of the religion which we profess, and of the should be a matter of unfeigned thankfulness to truth which we make known to others. (Ver. us that God has been pleased to raise up men 12.) No man can preach successfully, and no who have been willing to suffer so much that it man can do much good, whose mind is vacilmight be perpetuated and extended on the earth; | lating and hesitating; who is filled with doubts, and we should be willing also to imitate their and who goes timidly to work, or who declares example, and deny ourselves, that we may make that of which he has no practical acquaintance,

its inestimable blessings known to those who are and no deep-felt conviction, and who knows not į now destitute. To us, it is worth all it has cost, whereof he affirms. A man, to do good, must 1, all the blood of apostles and martyrs; to have a faith which never wavers; a conviction

oihers, also, it would be worth all that it would of truth which is constant; a belief settled like cost to send it to them. How can we better the everlasting hills, which nothing can shake or express our sense of its worth, and our gratitude overturn. With such a conviction of the truth to the dying Redeemer, and our veneration for of Christianity, and of the great doctrines which

the memory of self-denying apostles and mar it inculcates, he cannot but speak of it, and make ! tyrs, than by endeavouring to diffuse the religion known his convictions. He that believes that for which they died all over the world?

men are, in fact, in danger of hell, will tell them 20. We have in this chapter an illustration of of it; he that believes there is an awful bar of the sustaining power of religion in trials. (Ver. judgment, will tell them of it; he that believes 8. 9.) The friends of Christianity have been that the Son of God became incarnate, and died called to endure every form of suffering. Po- for men, will tell them of it; he that believes verty, want, tears, stripes, imprisonments, and that there is a heaven, will invite them to it. deaths have been their portion. They have And one reason why professing Christians are suffered under every form of torture which men so reluctant to speak of these things is, that they could inflict on them. And yet the power of have no very settled and definite conviction of religion has never failed them. It has been their truth, and no correct view of their relative anply tried, and has shown itself able to sustain importance. (2.) We should have a firm assurthern always, and to enable them always to tri- | ance that God has raised up the Lord Jesus, and

umph. Though troubled, they have not been so that we also shall be raised from the dead. (Ver. i close pressed that they had no room to turn; 14.) The hope and expectation of the resurrecthough perplexed, they have not been without tion of the dead was one of the sustaining prinsome resource; though persecuted by men, they ciples which upheld Paul in his labours, and to have not been forsaken by God; though thrown attain to this was one of the grand objects of his down in the conflict, yet they have recovered life. (Acts xxii. 6. Phil. iii. 11.) Under the strength, and been prepared to renew the strife, influence of this hope and expectation, he was and to engage in new contentions with the foes willing to encounter any danger, and to endure

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