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Travellers too much neglect Natural History_Maundrell, Hassel-

quist, Clarke_GEOLOGY_Syrian Chain-Libanus_Calcareous
Rocks-Granite — Trap-Volcanic Remains _Chalk - Marine
Exuvia_Precious Stones_METEOROLOGY-Climate of Pales-
tine_Winds_Thunder—Clouds—Waterspouts -- Ignis Fatuus
-ZOOLOGY_Scripture Animals_The Hart—The Roebuck-
Fallow-deer — Wild-goat-Pygarg — Wild-ox-Chamois-Uni-
com_Wild-ass_Wild-goats of the Rock—Saphan, or Coney-
Mouse_Porcupine_Jerboa—Mole - Bat-BIRDS – Eagle-
Ossifrage — Ospray – Vulture - Kite - Raven_Owl - Night-
hawk_Cuckoo_Hawk-Little Owl_Cormorant-Great Owl
Swan— Pelican — Gier Eagle_Stork-Heron-Lapwing-Hoo-
poe—AMPHIBIA AND REPTILES_Serpents known to the He-
brews-Ephe - Chephir-Acshub—Pethen-Tzeboa - Tzim-
maon—Tzepho— Kippos — Shephiphon — Shachal — Saraph, the
Flying-serpent—Cockatrice' Eggs— The Scorpion-Sea-monsters,
or Seals_FRUITS AND PLANTS_Vegetable Productions of
Palestine_The Fig-tree-Palm_Olive—Cedars of Libanus-
Wild-grapes-Balsam of Aaron—Thorn of Christ,..... Page 409

ENGRAVINGS.

MAP of Palestine.............. ............... To face the Vignette. VIGNETTE–Part of Jerusalem, with the Church of the Holy Se

pulchre. View of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives.................Page 169 Fountain of Siloam.............. Tomb of Absalom, ......... Village of Bethany, and Dead Sea .............. Subterranean Church of Bethlehem.............. River Jabbok, and Hills of Bashang.......... ............ .289 Sea of Galilee, Town of Tiberias, and Baths of Emmaus.........298 Mount Tabor,....

......... ...306

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PALESTINE,

OR

THE HOLY LAND.

CHAPTER I.

Introductory Observations.

Interest attached to the History of Palestine_Remarkable Charac

ter of the Hebrew People—Their small Beginning and astonishing Increase_The Variety of Fortune they underwent— Their constant Attachment to the Promised Land—The Subject presents an interesting Problem to the Historian and PoliticianThe Connexion with Christianity-Effect of this Religion on the Progress of Society_Importance of the Subject to the Pious Reader_Holy Places — Pilgrims_Grounds for Believing the Ancient Traditions on this Head_Constantine and the Empress Helena-Relics_Natural Scenery-Extent of Canaan_Fertility -Geographical Distribution—Countries Eastward of the Jordan -Galilee_-Samaria—Bethlehem-Jericho_The Dead SeaTable representing the Possessions of the Twelve Tribes.

The country to which the name of Palestine is given by the moderns, is that portion of the Turkish empire in Asia which is comprehended within the 31st and 34th degrees of north latitude, and extends from the Mediterranean to the Syrian Desert, east

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