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S E R M. their 'true Meaning, would still be at XIV. jeafl. the l)0rr0rœ{ng 0f a Figure from the

Notion and Expectation of a Resurrections from the Dead; 'tis more reasonable and natural to understand them in that ob~ vious and literal sense, wherein they are clearly and plainly the Expression of a better and more certain Hope. And, for the same reason, the words of my Text likewise, if they are at all to be applied to the Psalmist himself; may with a better emphasis, and as a more assured Ground of Hope, be understood to signify his expectation of a Future State, than of a Temporal Deliverance. But indeed, in their real and most proper Sense, they are not applicable to the Psalmist himself, but to Him of whom David was both a Prophet and a Type; The same Spirit of God, which through the whole Period of the old Testament from the Beginning of the World pointed perpetually to Christ through an innumerable variety of Types and Prophecies, here likewise directing the inspired Penman to such Expressions, as might be a strict and literal descrip

tion of the Resurrection of Christ, but Serm. could not with the same propriety be ap- XIV. plied to David. Thus the Apostle ob- ^/*NJ serves, Acts xiii. 36; David, after he had served his own generation by the Will of God, fell on Sleep, and was laid unto his Fathers, and saw corruption; But he whom God raised again, saw no corruption. And chap. ii. 29; The Patriarch David is both dead and buried, and his Sepulchre is with us unto This day: Therefore being a Prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an Oath to him, that of the Fruit of his Loins, according to the Flestj, he would raise up Christ to fit on his Throne; He, seeing this before, spake of the Resurrection of Christ, that his Soul was not left in Hell, neither his Flesh did fee Corruption. And 'tis remarkable, by the way; that, as the fore-cited words of fob, which are much more emphatically descriptive of the Resurrection of the Dead, than of his Restoration to his Temporal Prosperity; are, in order to excite our more particular Attention, introduced with That extraordinary and most solemn } Y 4 excla

S E R M exclamation, Oh that my words were now) XIV .y-J. written, that they were printed in a Book!

that they were graven with an iron pen, and lead, in the Rock for ever! so This Psalm, which contains in it so important a Prophecy of Christ, is distinguished by a

mchum * Title prefixed at the Head of it, which in the Original signifies a Memorial engraved on Stone or Marble for perpetuity of Ages.

But to proceed.

Concerning that particularly re-t markable Phrase, Thou /halt not leave my Soul in Hell j 'tis to be observed, that, though in qur present language, the word Hell, in common Speech, does Now always, signify The State of the Damned; yet in This Text, 'tis evident, it cannot be un-r derstood in That signification. For, that David was not condemned to That Place of Torment, is agreed on All hands: And that Chris, of whom David was a Type and Prophet, did not, by descending into Hell, enter into the Place appointed for the Final Punishment of the wicked, is, yery evident bo|h from Scripture and

i Reason^ J r$

I N the Scriptures of the Old 'testament, Serm. the word which we render Hell, fre- XIV' quently signifies only The State of the Dead in general. Thus Ps. lxxxix. 47. according to the Translation in our Common Prayer; What man is he that liveth, and spall not see Death; and Jhall he deliver his Soul from the hand of Hell? is, in our Translation in the Bible, Jhall he deliver his Soul from the hand of the Grave? And what Solomon affirms, Prov. xxvii. 20. that Hell and DestruStion are never full, is plainly the very fame in fense, with what in ch. xxx. 15. is Thus expressed; There are three things that are never safissted, yea four things fay not, it is enough: The Qrave, and so on.

I N the New Testament; the word, Hell, sometimes signifies the Place appointed for the Final Puni/hment of the Wicked, and at other times it denotes only The State of the Dead in general. But This ambiguity, js in our own language only, and not in the Original: For whenever the Place of Torment is spoken of, the word Hell, in %h$ Original, is always Gehennah: But


S E R M. when only the State of the Dead in general X1 . is intended, 'tis always expressed by a quite different Name, which though We render by the same word Hell, yet its signification is at large The Invisible State. Thus when St James fays, that the jam.iii. 6. Tongue, meaning a wicked and profane Tongue, is a world of iniquity, and setteth on Fire the course of Nature, and is fit on Fire of Hell: And when our SaMat, xxni. v\our fayS to the Pharisees, Ye serpents, ye generation of Vipers, how can ye escape the Damnation of Hell? and tells them, that when they have gained a Proselyte, they ver. i j. make him twofold more the child of Hell, then themselves: And when he admonishes (h x. 18. his Disciples to fear Him, who, after he has killed, is able to dejtroy both Soul and Body in Hell; and warns them, that whosoever (hallsay unto his Brother, Thou Fool, Matt v. Jhall be in danger of Hell-Fire; and ad

wAn9d viscs tnem, V *h risht Eye °.fetid tbe*>

(that is, if the Desire of any thing as dear to thee as thy Eyes, be in danger to draw thee into Sin,) pluck it out and cast it from thee; for it is profitable for thee that


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