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three years.

to throw them into the very awkward and disadvantageous form of Dialogues *, and this was carried on for

Since that period, they have gradually subsided into a method greatly more convenient, the the Reader; and have attempted, though never with complete success, to embrace the whole Hiftory of British Literature, as it has arisen: with more or less notice of foreign works, which, by the increased importation of French and German Journals, has been gradually becoming almost unnecessary. In the mean time, thele periodical reports have been fo established in favour as to rank among the “ articles of prime neceílicy,” as the modern phrase is, to literary life ; and the public at large has become so literary, that almost every man and every woman, in competent circumstances, wishes to know what is published, what is fit to be read, or what is most entertaining. Where purchasers abound, the market is always readily supplied, and of late there has been a particularly zealous competition to ferve the public with goods of this kind. We have had Epitomes, Journals, and even a Panorama of Litera

They have made their appearance at weekly, monthly, quarterly, and annual periods. They have taken magnificent or scientific names; they have been analytical, critical, eclectic, imperial, and what not.

We have seen them appear and disappear with various claims and pretensions; while we have maintained our iteady course, in which we mean ta persevere ; affuming nothing but British principles, in Church and State, supported by fuch Criticism as our two English Universities can supply. For both these parents of Learning we feel a filial af

ture.

• The title was, “Cenfura Temporum: The good or ill tendencies of Books, Sermons, Pamphlets, &c. impartially confi. dered. In a Dialogue between Eubulus and Sophronius,” 470, 1708. From 1699, when the “ History of the Works of the I earned” began, which was continued 101712, something like a Series might be formed of English Reviews, by means of dif, Arent Works.

fection; fection; and with both we have always been, 'nor occasionally only, but regularly connected. These principles, and these connections, uniced with conftant care and real impartiality, have been our support; and they have been, as they ought to be, sufficient. When we condescend to other means, either by Aattering false taste, encouraging false opinions, or ministring to the vitiated appetite of malignity, may we lose the favour, as we must lose the esteem, of those who know lis.

But to come to the business of our Preface, where we are to give, what few others have attempted, (and none, that we recollect, before us) the marrow of recent Literature.

Divinity.

After the approved and admirable work of Bihop Lowth on Isaiah, it was not to be expected that another English Translation should very speedily appear. But without any attempt at rivalry, the Bishop of Killala * has produced another, which has also strong and peculiar claims on the attention of the Divine. It has especially the advantage of presenting the original Hebrew, in parallel columns with the English. On the comparative characters of the two Versions, we speak more particularly, when we close our account of the Book, which we shall do in the ensuing month. After, which we shall take up the Book of Job, as rendered and illustrated by the same Right Reverend Commentator. Nor does the venerablc fucceffor of Lowth, in the Sce of London, after so many eminent services rendered to religion, yet think it time to retire from literary labour. His tract on the beneficial Effects of Christianity t, proves an unabated activity of-mind; and is calculated to convince many, by a

No. V. p. 465. VI. p. 6.8.

+ No. IV. p. 417:

collection

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collection of striking facts and arguments opposed to their most dangerous prejudices.

Our notice has been again attracted to the Bamptonian Lectures, by those of Mr. E. Nares *, who with much ability, and very laudable diligence, has repelled at once all the more recent attacks of Socinianisin, Sceptism, and, the almost peculiar produce of modern times, Atheism. The Sermons of Sir H. 11. Il'ellwoodt, are not devoted to any particular class of topics, but, in the general mode of instruction employed in our churches, have much vigour, and no finall share of original thought. Mr. Biddulph having extended his Practical Esays on the Liturgy to five volumes, we have again noticed, and again commended a work of merit and utility I. In the Elementary Evidences, or series of Catechisms, published by Bishop Burgess §, we see, with delight, learning stooping to enlighten the unlearned; and the talents of a master in Israel employed to preach the Gospel to the poor. Subservient to Christian Education allo, and in a way very analogous, are the Dialogues on the Doktrines and Duties of Christianity, published by Mrs. 4. Jackson . · If this Lady has not studied to make her dialogues dramatic, or suitable to the critical laws of that species of composition, she has conveyed in them abundant instruction, on points of great inoment. A small volume of Esays, by Mr. Apperley **, were drawn up for domestic instruction, and are well formed to inítil at once the habitual revérence for religion, and the practical rules of Christian Morality. One or two traets, directed against Settaries ft; are by no means devoid of merit ; and the republished Arguments of Dr. Comber against the Romish

P. 582.

* Of Biddenden, in Kent; see No. IV. p. 389. V. p. 548. I No. Il. p. 158. I No. VI. p. 689. See also vol. xii. $ No. IV. p. 451.

1 No. IV. p. 411. *** No. 1.

++ Cockburn's Address to Methodifis, No. IV. p. 457, and 1 Letter on lethedilm, No. V. p. 575.'

Church,

p. 92.

Church *, are still as likely to be useful as when they were originally written.

Before we enter upon the subject of separate Sermons and Charges, we must pause to make a solemn and affectionate mention of a Prelate, who, in that and many other modes of composition, and in various branches of profound learning was eminently distinguished. We speak of the late Bishop of St. Afaph, a man whose fagacity seldom investigated without making discoveries, and whose vigour of understanding feldom argued without producing conviction. More learned than artful, and more original than polished; if he sometimes startled the reader by his boldness, he always gave him something to meditate, and something well worthy to be remembered. What he said precipitately, inferior minds might sometimes correct; but what he delivered on mature reflection, he alone could have communicated. By the labours of his pen the volumes of the British Critic have occasionally been enlightened; and other communications were promised, had Providence extended his life. Our regret therefore is, on many accounts, natural, when we have occasion to speak of his last published Sermon, entitled the Watchers and the Holy Ones ti a discourse as full of original matter as any that even his reflections had produced. A single tract of his remains before us unnoticed I, full of elegant, united wich scientific knowledge, which we will take an early opportunity to discuss. We proceed at present to other subjects.

Some discourses of very distinguished excellence have certainly passed under our revifion in the present Volume. · Not to give apparent preference, where little, if any, is due, we fall take them as they occur in our pages. We begin therefore with Mr. Walker's Confecration Sermon g, in which he treats on the

* No. III. p. 331.

+ No. III.

p.

280. "On Virgil's two Seasons of Honey." No. II. p. 182

condition

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condition and duties of a tolerated Church, with a particular and interesting application to the state of the Episcopal Church in Scotland. Mr. Barker's discourle before the Sons of the Clergy * occurs next, and is well worthy of recollection, from an eloquence by no means common, and an originality of thought as well as language. The Aßlize Sermon, preached by Dr. Zouch t, in July last, gave us a pleasing opportunity of adverting to the merits of the author, and to the judicious patronage which had raised him to a stall at Durham I. The fame author, whose Bampton Lectures we commended in the beginning of this Preface, Mr. E. Nares, demands also our thanks, and those of the public, for a Sermon delivered at the primary Visitation of the Archbishop of Canterbury ; in which he has clearly shown why the present defenders of our Holy Religion, in contending with infidels, and various kinds of sectaries, should not have the spirit of fear, but that of power, of love, and of a found mind." The Sermon of Mr. Grant l, before the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge and Church Union in the Diocese of St. David's, gave us an opportunity not only to commend the author, but to praise and make more known the excellent Society itself and its designs.

HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES,

With Original History our present Volume is not supplied, but tranNated Histories have, in two diftinguished instances, been noticed in it. We allude to Mr. Beloe's Translation of the Father of History,

No. V.p. 571.
# No. V. p. 572.

† A kind friend informs us by Letter, that the appointment catne from Mr. Pitt. Our sentence is fill true, but we certainly had another Patron in our thoughts, No, VI. p. 690. # No. VI. p. 691.

Herodotus,

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