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[oct. immediately to the south of the great Lake Winnipeg ; 2dly, Cumberland, a little removed from the north-west corner of the same lake; 3dly, Moose Fort, to the south of James' Bay, the name given to the most southerly extension of the great Hudson's Bay ; and, 4thly, York Factory, on the western shore of the same bay; and the port of entrance from England to Red River.

It would be tedious to mention the names of the different stations which connect with each. One of the most important is Islington, on the river route from Lake Winnipeg to James' Bay, from whence light may be extended over the districts that extend towards the Canadian frontier; and the Nepowewin, on the great River Saskatchewan, which flows into Lake Winnipeg from the northwest. It is from this point, and from Fort Pelly, lying between the Nepowewin and the Red River, that we hope to reach the more numerous Indian tribes, called the Plain Indians, who roam over the vast plains which extend to the south and south-west, as far as the American frontier and the Rocky Mountains. There the Indians retain somewhat of the strength of former days, before broken by the white man's power; and there they are to be found in all the wild savagery of their native state, hunting the buffalo and warring against each other. The Bishop of Rupert's Land, in a letter written in June last, mentions some particulars respecting that Mission-field which will interest our readers.

Last week, on the anniversary of my own consecration—May 29—I held my third visitation of the clergy. Archdeacon Hunter gave us a very admirable sermon from Ecclesiastes v.-“In the morning sow thy seed, and in the evening withhold not thy hand ;” after which I delivered my charge. I hope to bring it home with me, and to commit it to the press soon after my arrival. It was rather singular that a large body of Plain Indians should have come to the Red River at the very time. The day after my visitation they came to pay me a visit, to the number of nearly 200. We had held, in the morning, the meeting of the Corresponding Committee, so the clergy were still with me. They arrived in the afternoon, some on horseback, some in carts, some on foot, and, after firing off a quantity of gunpowder as they approached, they took up their place in two semicircles on the lawn. We had a long conference; many addresses on either side: Archdeacon Cockran beseeching them, in very pointed words, to give up the pursuit of war and their roaming life, and to settle down. Archdeacon Hunter then addressed them in their own language, and afterwards, at my request, offered up a prayer in Cree. We gave them some bags of flour and a bag of pemmican, and a few special presents to the four chiefs. It will, I think, be productive of good, and tend to break up their customs and prejudices. One of the chiefs, who has been long under training, has since been baptized by me: he is the chief of the Portage la Prairie Indians; and in baptizing him I selected the name of our excellent President, baptizing him Henry Pelham, and his son John Pelham, after the Rev. . T. Pelham of St. Marylebone. Our own chief, Pigwys, happened to be present at the time, and, after the baptism was over, gave him an excellent address,


115 beseeching him to pray to God, to lead a new life, and to beware of the other Indians, who might endeavour to draw him off from God.

The Canada mail brought me (through the arrival of Sir G. Simpson) intelligence from Moose and Fort George. It brought fresh proof of the zeal and activity of Mr. Horden. Since my own visit, or in the course of less than six months, he had carried through the press a kalendar for the Indians, with a text of Scripture for each day ; also a Hymn-book, with fifty hymns, for public worship. The two little works are beautifully printed in the syllabic character: the very sight of them filled me with joy. Mr. Watkins is going on well, but still feels the extreme difficulties of his position from its loneliness.

The bishop also mentions the prospect of the New Testament being translated into the language of the Chepewyans, an Indian nation lying to the north of our present labours at Cumberland. We are at present in communication with them from the Rev. R. Hunt's station on the English river, considerably to the northwest of Cumberland.

Thus, in various directions, this Mission is extending itself. May God's blessing continue richly to rest upon it! The destitution of man there and elsewhere is vast, heart-rending. The gospel can alone relieve it. May the gracious Lord accelerate its progress!

“COME TO ME.” “Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.”

With tearful eyes I look around :

Life seems a dark and stormy sea,
Yet, ʼmidst the gloom, I hear a sound,

A heavenly whisper-'Come to me.'
It tells me of a place of rest-

It tells me where my soul may flee.
Oh, to the weary, faint, oppressed,

How sweet the bidding—Come to me.'
When nature shudders, loth to part

From all I love, enjoy, and see;
When a faint chill steals o'er my heart,

A sweet voice utters—'Come to me.
Come, for all else must fail and die;

Earth is no resting place for thee;
Heav'nward direct thy weeping eye;

I am thy portion-Come to me.'
O voice of mercy! voice of love!

In conflict, grief, and agony,
Support me, cheer me, from above,
And gently whisper-'Come to me.'


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TINNEVELLY. The following letter appeared in the “ Journal of Missions " for July, published by the American Board. It is a pleasing expression of that large and comprehensive spirit, on the increase, we believe, amongst the people of God, which leads them to look beyond the spheres of action in which they are severally engaged, to that which is being done by others for the glory of Christ, and the salvation of sinners, and to take pleasure in them, as if they were their own. May the Lord increase that spirit largely, and purify Christian churches throughout the world from that narrow and exclusive spirit, which leads men to disparage every thing which is not done by themselves or the section to which they belong. The letter is addressed to the Editor of the “ Journal of Missions."

I noticed in the "Journal of Missions” for January an account of three Missionaries of the Church Missionary Society, Rev. Messrs. Ragland, Fenn, and Meadows, who have devoted themselves to the work of itinerary preaching among the heathen in the northern part of the Tinnevelly field. It may interest the readers of your paper to know that these good men are still prosecuting their labours, and are very happy in their work.

On the 20th of March, while on a tour, in company with the Rev. Mr. Herrick of this station, I had the happiness of meeting two of these gentlemen at Virduputty, a very large town, where we had gone to transfer two village congregations in the vicinity to the care of the Rev. Mr. Whitchurch, a Missionary belonging to the Tinnevelly Church Mission; it being thought that the interests of the Redeemer's kingdom would, on the whole, be best promoted by this measure. On the evening of the 19th, after riding for some time in the darkness and rain, we stopped at the government rest-house at Virduputty, and found that Mr. Whitchurch was awaiting our arrival. The next morning Messrs. Ragland and Fenn came in from their tents, some five or six miles distant, and we nad the pleasure of Christian and social intercourse with them for a little season. "It was good to see their deep interest in the natives and in the Missionary work, and to behold, as it were, the warmth of a Saviour's love glowing in their countenances. It was animating, also, to listen to their edifying, Christian conversation, and to join in their prayers.

As yet they have met with no very great success, though two or three congregations have been gathered, or are now in a forming state. A few persons have also been baptized. They experience some opposition from Brahmins and others; and, in one case, stones were thrown, by which Mr. Ragland's pith hat was broken, though he was not much injured.

It is a most interesting and encouraging fact, that men of the highest cultivation and most devoted piety give themselves wholly to this work of direct preaching to the ignorant, debased heathen, willing and happy to “wander about,” not, indeed, " in sheep-skins and goat-skins,” but




truly “sojourners in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles.” May God increase the number of such labourers a thousand fold ! Tirumungalum, April 5, 1856.

T. S. B.


(Continued from p. 106.) The history of this convert is so interwoven with the progress of the Karen Mission, that in tracing the one we become insensibly acquainted with the leading facts of the other. Various responsibilities demanded the attention of the Missionaries : first, the translation of the Holy Scriptures into the Karen language; then the education of promising natives as assistant agents in the work of evangelization amongst their countrymen; and, as the congregations increased, the providing of native pastors, by whom, under the superintendence of the European Missionaries, the infant churches might be cared for and sustained. Of the usefulness of Sau Quala in these labours Mr. Mason thus speaks

Sau Quala is the assistant that has been writing by my side every rains for eight or ten years; and he has been the almost constant companion of my travels ever since I entered the Mission. With him I first began the study of the Karen language; and with him I commenced the translation of the New Testament, and he has continued with me throughout the work. Besides copying for me, I have constantly consulted him, as I went along, for words, their signification, and their construction, precisely as, in cultivated languages, a student consults his dictionaries and grammars. While I have thus been gathering knowledge from him, I have not been unmindful of imparting knowledge to him. I have often thought that, could I leave him, when my labours close on earth, an able minister of the New Testament, I should not have laboured in vain; and latterly I have indulged the pleasing hope that God would more than fulfil my desire, and make him a useful minister even while I live. Formerly his mind was exceedingly obtuse, as are the minds of uncultivated people generally, and utterly unable to make any rational distinction between words and things that differed ; but he now possesses, comparatively, quite a discriminating mind, and I am sometimes surprised at the nice distinctions that he occasionally points out as existing between the significations of words. I do not suppose there is any one of his nation who can make any approach to him in the matter of judicious criticism on Karen composition. This is saying nothing to the disparagement of any one else; for no other has had the same years of discipline that he has had. He has, however, acquired something more valuable than a knowledge of criticism : he has obtained a very tolerable knowledge of the principal parts of the New Testament, and of the sentiments of the Scriptures in general. He has copied all my translations at least twice, and I have always told him to ask questions about any thing he did not understand. It very often happens, too, that, to get at the exact word for a passage I am


translating, I have to explain it to him in various language, in order
that he may distinctly apprehend the precise idea, and thus give me the
proper word, if any such exists in the language. In this way much
truth has been imparted in a far more effectual way than in that of
direct teaching. Furthermore, he is “apt to teach,” and a very good
preacher. When in the jungles, he is continually engaged in informal
preaching from house to house and by the wayside; and I often set him
to preach at evening meetings, when I have an opportunity to hear his
more regular productions; and he frequently gives an exposition of a
passage of Scripture, of which an educated man in America would not
be ashamed.

The Burmese government, untaught by the experience of the
past, continued its hostility to the Missionaries and their work;
so much so, that the visits of the European Missionary to the Ka-
rens who lay within the Burmese frontier were found to be imprac-
ticable. To supply this deficiency, it was thought desirable to
ordain some of the native helpers; who might be able, undetected
by the Burmese officials, to itinerate amongst their countrymen,
and instruct them. In the year 1842 the first ordination took place,
and two of the assistants were set apart for this arduous work-ar-
duous indeed, as will appear from their own account of it. One of
them, Sau Le, thus describes what they had to endure-

I wish to say to my brethren who dwell in the land of the foreigners, that we, who reside under the Burmese government, have many obstacles to overcome, and numerous difficulties with which to contend, in order to preach the gospel. We can hardly go to preach where we may wish to go. It is exceedingly difficult. I went recently with a companion to preach in a certain village. Night overtook us before we could reach the place of our destination, and we got up into a tree to pass the night. It came on to rain and to blow dreadfully, and we were afraid of tigers and wild elephants, for we were in a desolate forest. (A tree is no certain security against wild beasts. The leopard, as large as an ordinary-sized calf, is in the constant habit of ascending the trunks of large trees in search of his prey; and the Karens think, but probably erroneously, that the tiger has the same habit. A Maulmein Chris. tian told me that he was travelling on one occasion, before his conversion, as this assistant was, with a single associate; and when they were overtaken in the darkness, they made little bamboo platforms, on which to sleep during the night, in the branches of a large tree, one on a lower main branch, and the other on an upper large branch. During the night the man on the lower branch was awakened by what he thought to be a tiger, but it was probably a leopard, creeping up the body of the tree above him. It had passed his branch, and was climbing up to where the other man slept. He called out: the man answered, and the leopard was still : not a claw moved. But the sleeping man could not rouse himself, and in a few seconds the leopard rushed up, seized the man in his sleep, and, jumping down with him, devoured him at the foot of the tree, regardless of all the noise the narrator could make above him. Our native preachers, travelling in small companies, are exposed to greater dangers from wild beasts than most people are aware. During my

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