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CANTON—YEH AND HIS CRUELTIES.
Fear not, for some will flourish,
And, though the tares abound,
Will the scattered grain be found.
Ere the shades of night come on;
And the labourer's work is done.
Though none thy love may own,
The wand'ring wind hath sown.
Or call thy labour vain?
Shall return to Him again.
Thy strength-in thy Master's might,
In the warmth of a Saviour's light.
In the damp, dark caverns low,
Nor healthful streamlets flow :
Is the young bud's earliest breath,
Bears in its beauty_“Death."
By life's disfiguring years,
May yet be soft from tears.
Let the whirlwind round thee sweep;
But another's hand may reap.
The seed burst from its tomb,
Or what be spared to bloom.
The ripened grain will find,
In the harvest sheaves may bind.
CANTON—YEH AND HIS CRUELTIES. Soon after the first act of hostility on the part of the English, the governor-general, Yeh, issued proclamations, offering rewards to all who would bring the heads of any foreigners to his office. This immediately aroused the cupidity of the worst portion of the community, and their victims were the unoffending seamen at Whampoa, or others in situations quite removed from actual hostilities. The bodies of seamen buried at Whampoa were even disinterred by these miscreants, aud their heads presented for the reward. A small postal steamer was boarded by a few unarmed persons, as passengers, who then smuggled arms on board in a basket, and rose on the captain and crew, killing them all, and taking
ONE OF THE “GREAT MULTITUDE,
SEPT. their heads to Yeh, who, by his atrocious proclamation, had encouraged such outrages.
But the murder of unoffending natives reflect much more upon the authorities. With a disregard of life which we might think they would avoid for the sake of their own cause, and to induce the people to cooperate with them, they have rather stimulated the soldiers to seize and destroy. Four or five hundred Chinese were employed by foreigners in and around the foreign factories, at the commencement of hostilities, all with the knowledge and consent of their own rulers. These were now looked upon as so many traitors, and obnoxious to punishment. Most of them got safely away into the country, the further from Canton the safer; but scores preferred to remain with their employers, assured that they were safer than with their relatives. Men were stationed to guard the factories, by the English admiral, and though Chinese could pass out, beyond the lines, they must have a ticket, as evidence of their character, before they could return inside. It is within bounds to say, that a hundred natives were arrested merely because they were seen passing in and out by their countrymen, and I suppose all such have been decapitated. One evening I sent a lad to the house of a Missionary, about two miles distant. He had no ticket, nor any thing foreign on his person; nor had he lived in the factories, nor did he go from them; but when he told the street guard where he was going—so it is inferred-and where he was sent from, they arrested him, and next day his head was cut off. A cooly, who was seen landing a Chinese table on the opposite side of the river, and coming in the direction of the factories, was seized, and executed in a few hours. The boat-women, carrying passengers ashore from steamers, were seized and murdered by liers-in-wait, who said they were acting under the sanction of Government; which, in fact, had made itself responsible for such horrid deeds, by the rewards and proclamations it had issued. If these acts could have been of the least avail in the general contest with the English, they might be accounted for ; but as it is, they can only be ascribed to the cruelty and cupidity of the emissaries of the Government. If there was a chance of getting a few dollars from a poor man, by arresting him on a charge of connexion with foreigners, no feeling of pity, no regard for himself or his family, no sense of justice towards an innocent man, had the least weight, but he was taken before the tribunals, and in most cases executed. It may be stated, however, that doubtless many of these unhappy persons were seized, and lost their lives, without the knowledge of the higher officers; for, in such times of disorder, many take advantage of the opportunity, and wreak their private vengeance. Macao, January 1857.
[" Journal of Missions” (Boston, U.S.), June 1857. ONE OF THE “GREAT MULTITUDE, WHICH NO MAN CAN
NUMBER.” The “great multitude” is being gathered in, from all ranks and all nations. Various agencies and instrumentalities are being employed for this purpose; and amongst others, the Jerusalem Diocesan Schools, as appears from the following encouraging fact, communicated by the Bishop
“ An Abyssinian youth, who had been four years in the Diocesan
105 School, but who had been forced to leave it by bad health, has been quietly residing at the Abyssinian convent, and is now not expected to live till this evening. He was known to very few, but was always considered a quiet, serious lad. Now that his end is approaching, he is very full of joy, relying simply on the merits of Christ, and desiring to be with his Saviour. Each day he repeats to his nurse, a pious woman, *I am dying, and have nothing-nothing-nothing to bring with me; but Christ has done all for me, and is all to me. God will receive me for His merits' sake. He often repeats favourite hymns-especially the following
Not all the blood of beasts
On Jewish altars slain.' and
• Rock of Ages, cleft for me,
Let me hide myself in Tbee.' “ The other day, Mrs. Palmer, the schoolmaster's wife, visited him. He at once asked her to sing this latter hymn to him, and, when she had finished, said emphatically, Nothing in my hand I bring. Simply to the cross I cling.' "The cross of Christ is the ground of all my hope and joy.'”
Even while writing the above, the Bishop received intelligence of the boy's death from the Rev. Mr. Valentiner, who was with him to the last, and “ declared," the letter continues, “his full confidence that the dear boy died in Jesus,' having scarcely ever seen such evidence of a living faith. A few moments before he expired, he was asked whether it was in Abyssinia he had learned to know Christ as his Saviour. O no,' he replied: 'it is Mr. Palmer who has led me to Christ, where I have found peace and salvation.'”
This may well be called the “first-fruits of the Gentiles.” The Jewish “ first-fruits” have been already gathered. Witness that interesting anecdote related by Bishop Gobat, at the last Annual Meeting, of the aged Jew, brought to the knowledge of Christ by means of his daughter, a child of not more than ten years old, attending the Diocesan school, who, to the consternation of the Rabbis, and the delight of the Christians, died, openly professing that he “ died in the faith of Jesus of Nazareth.”
" You may imagine,” the Bishop continues, “what encouragement this is to us all who take such interest in these schools; but this is not all. We have other signs that God blesses us. A young Abyssinian Falasha (i.e. Jew), about fourteen to fifteen years of age--at first, wild and wilful, but now his behaviour is not only good, but he-is so convinced of the truth of the gospel that he earnestly desires to be baptized. We trust the work is begun in him. Another boy, an Arab, was examined the other day by Mr. Koelle, of the Church Missionary Society, who at once decided to take him as his dragoman and teacher; and this, too, after he had in vain sought for such a person at Beyroot. We trust that this lad, too, is deeply impressed with the truth of Holy Scriptore, with which, intellectually, he is thoroughly acquainted."
[Fourth Annual Report of the Jerusalem Diocesan Missionary Fund.
THE KAREN MISSION. We have occasionally introduced into the pages of the “Gleaner" notices of the interesting Karen Mission, and more particularly with
SEPT reference to the native pastor, Sau Quala, and his labours at Tounghoo and its vicinity, where, during the last three years, there have been as many as 3000 adult converts. This district has been recently visited by the American Missionary, the Rev. Dr. Mason, and the results of his observations will be found in the following communication from him, dated Jan. 15, 1857—
I left Shwagyen for Tounghoo by land with two elephants, and reached the borders of the province on the 2d of January. When the Christians heard of my arrival, twenty men started to meet me, and cut a road for my elephants, the bamboo scrub being quite impassable in the interior. I had taken the road to another village, the inhabitants of the village connected with Shwagyen having volunteered their services to prepare the way before me; while the chief and his followers of a third village, were busied at the same time in clearing a path for me to their hamlet. Missing both these parties, I proceeded onwards to the village of Khupghai. The road being exceedingly difficult-mountains so steep, that places for the feet of the elephants to step in had sometimes to be dug in their sides, and gorges so narrow that the animals could scarcely turn aside and pick a practicable track among the rocks with which they were filled-it was not until the morning of the third day we reached the place of our destination. The first night I slept on the top of a paddy crib in an old field, a thousand feet above the plains seen in the distance; and darkness overtook us on the evening of the second day, when the natives proposed to encamp out again; but having no tent, and the north wind at this season blowing very keen over the hills, I refused, determined to go to the village, if we travelled till midnight: so on we went, up and down, down and up again, with a beautiful moon peeping now and then through the trees. We were in a deep dell, when the path required us to ascend a precipitous mountain side; but on turning the heads of our elephants, through weariness they positively refused to go, and, when goaded by their drivers, they made the forest resound with their bellowing, but not a foot onward would they raise. I had to acknowledge myself fairly beaten, and the next best thing to be done was to find the nearest dry spot on which we could spread ourselves down, for in these glens the ground is frequently very wet. After retracing our steps a few hundred yards, I called to a man on foot to feel if the ground were dry in the areca-palm grove through which we were passing, when my attention was arrested by the figure of a stranger in the shade. He an. nounced himself a Christian, and urged us to come and spend the night at his house, which was about a quarter of a mile from the road, on a little hill with a gentle ascent, and the only difficulty in the way, a deep stream, he said he could overcome by leading us to a practicable ford. It appeared that he heard the tinkling of the bells that hang to the necks of the elephants, and, the report having reached him that I was somewhere in the jungles, he came down with his son after us, to see if it were not the teacher. His hospitable home was reached about ten o'clock, where the most comfortable place in it was spread down with inats for my reception. When we bad dined — for we had not stopped before from early dawn-I announced prayers, and the only daughter of my host, a pretty girl of sixteen, brought forward a New Testament and hymn. book, joining with her sweet voice in the praise of God. Fancy my 1857.7 OPENINGS FOR USEFULNESS AT CONSTANTINOPLE. 107 emotions ! Three years ago not a soul in these jungles had heard of the Saviour, when it was my privilege to be first to proclaim His precious name. Now, the first house I am led to enter, in the field of my charge, is furnished with a family Bible and hymn-book, whose owners prize them as a precious treasure, just as the old covenanters did. Surely it is the Lord's doings, and is wonderful in our eyes.
Before we could reach Khupghai next morning, the news had reached the village that the teacher had come; and the hill sides were covered with men, women, and children, who had come out to meet him, each anxious to seize his hand before he could descend from the elephant. In one corner of their very neat meeting-house was a place matted off for my sleeping-room, and curtained all around with new Burmese silk, such as the wealthier Karens purchase for their best dresses. My Karen guide wore a lower garment, for which he paid twenty-five rupees, and above it a Shan jacket of considerable value. The native preacher here I found well provided for by the church, without requiring aid from any other sources.
The next evening found me at Kholu, in the midst of some of the grandest alpine scenery I ever gazed on. It stands on the mountain side, one or two thousand feet above Yan Creek at the base ; and, looking across the valley, mountains are seen piled on mountains as far as the eye can reach, with forms as varied as the pictures of the kaleidoscope. But by far the most delightful part of the prospect to me is, that, while standing in that Christian village, three other Christian villages are visible on the mountain sides beyond. From one, where I observed the smoke curling in a little nook, we could not be distant more than four or five miles in a direct line across the valley, yet I was told it would be as much as my elephants could do to reach it by travelling all day. On the mountain range where I stood, which bounds the valley on the south, are six Christian villages, and on the northern range are no less than fifteen. When I look around me, I find myself in a Christian country, raised up as if by magic from the darkness of heathenism in three brief years.
AMERICAN TESTIMONY TO THE OPENINGS FOR USEFULNESS
AT CONSTANTINOPLE. The city and suburbs of Constantinople alone present to us a great field, in a state of much forwardness for the harvest, and yet very inadequately supplied with labourers. One of our native brethren, in speaking of this field recently, remarked, with as much truth as poetry, that “ Constantinople was like a broad piece of ground full of springs, and wherever any one dug down to a little depth, he was sure to find water." We have only to open our mouths to preach in any quarter of this city where Armenians are found, and men are ready to come and hear. There are Samatia, and Eyoob, and several other quarters, in each of which there is a people ready prepared for us; but we are not prepared for them. They invite us to come and teach them the gospel, that alone giveth life; but we dare not go. The certainty of succeeding deters us ; for we find that we must learn to fear prosperity, more than almost any thing else. ...
To show you the state of things in the Armenian community here, I will state, that recently one of our Protestant brethren had some busi