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of your nature, and your numberless transgressions by thought and word and deed of the righteous laws of your God? Have you fled for salvation to Christ, through whom alone man is to be saved? Have you taken him for your Lord and Master? Are old things j>qfled away, and all things become new? Has the Grace of the Spirit of Christ transformed you into a new creature (s) f Do you pray for the continued influence of that Spirit to enable you to shew yourself a sincere servant of the Lord Jesus? Do you humbly submit your imaginations and desires to his gospel? Do you strive to love what he commands you to love, and cheerfully to renounce what he "forbids? Follow him now, that he may acknowledge you hereafter. If you are not one of his faithful followers on earth; he will deny you and cast you out at the great day. Love Him with your whole heart, humbly and stedfastly serve Him here; and he will own you before aflsembled angels, and receive you for ever into glory.

{*) z Cor. Y. 17.'

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Go to now, ye that say: “To-day, or to-morrow, we will go into such a City, and con“tinue there a Year, and buy and sell, and “get Gain.” Whereaf ye know not whatshall be on the Morrow. For what is your Life? It is even a Vapour, that appeareth for a little Time, and then vanisheth away. For that ye ought to say: “If the Lord will, we “shall live and do this or that.” But now ye rejoice in your Boastings : all such Rejoicing is Evil. Therefore to him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not ; to him it is Sin.

HE Scriptures abound with admonitions calculated to undeceive mankind respecting the importance and the natural effects of wealth. If riches increase, faith the warn

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5sg--voiceof the Old Testament; set not your heart upon them. Let not the rich man glory in his riches; he that trusleth in his riches shall fall. He that trufteth in the abundance os his riches,frengtheneth himself in his wickedness. Give me not riches; lefl I be full, and de?iy thee, and Jay, who is the Lord (a) P In the New Testament, the awful exclamation of our Saviour, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom es God (b), would of itself be sufficient, after the most ample deductions which could be required on account of the peculiarity of the occasion on which it was uttered, to establish by the sanction of his immediate authority the antecedent declarations of prophets, and the subsequent testimony of apostles, concerning the destructive influence of the idol of mankind. That the love os money is the root of all evil; that there is no degree, no species,, of criminality to which the thirst of gold may not prove a successful incentive; that they who •will be rich, they who are resolved on the accumulation of possessions, fall into temptation and a snare, and into ?nany foolish and hurtful lusls which drown men in destruction and perdition: that, while some have coveted

(a) Psaim Ixii. 10. Jer. ix. 23. Prov. xi. 28. Ps. ]ii. 7. -Prov. txx. 8, 9. {b) Mark, x. 23.

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after wealth, they have erred from the faiifcf^ and pierced themselves through with many sorrows, they have apostatized from Christianity and overwhelmed themselves with fe^ . morse, anguish, and despair: this is the recorded result of the judgement and experience of St. Paul (£.). But among the sacred wife' ters there is no one more frequent or more0 energetic than St. James in denunciationsv against transgressors, whom riches plunge into i enormities. The two leading sources of evifj'3 which are represented in the inspired writings as derived from the influence of riches over the heart, are worldly-mindedness, and self-dependence. Against these fortresses of guilt, sometimes battered separately, some<; times assailed in the fame onset, the sacred'' artillery of Scripture is unremittingly directed.

In the verses immediately under your consideration the apostle points the vehemence of his attack against self-dependence. Go to, now, ye that fay, "'To-day or to morrow we will ** go into such a city, and continue there a years . ** and buy and sell, and get gain? Whereas, ye know not what foall be on the morrow. For what is your life? It is even a vapour that ashpeareth for a little time, and then vani/betb

+ (e) I Tim. vi. o, to.

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away. For that ye ought to fay: If the Lord wiU,we Jhall do this or that. But now ye re~ joice in your baa/tings; all such rejoicing is evil. Therefore to him that kuowctb do do good, and doeth it not; to him it is fin.

These words comprehend several lessons highly important in themselves, and closely connected with each other. My intention .is to set them before you in order; and to apply them, one by one, under the blessing of God, to your edification. ., :,: -. . ;.

f. Go to now, ye that fayj " Torday, or to"morrow, we will go into such a city; jtndcon-r "tinue there a year, and buy and fellt and "get again." In, this passage St. James directs his reproof against that disposition so common among men, to^form distant and presumptuous plans. Did you know nothing more concerning human life than is to be collected from the ordinary language which resounds in our dwellings and our streets; you might conclude that every circumstance in this world is capable of being fixed and settled beforehand by us almost, if not altogether, to a certainty. You hear men expressing their purposes respecting their future proceedings iu terms, which scarcely admit the supposition that there can be any doubt whether the

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