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neration of mankindur. So death paffed upon all nen. By Adam's transgression every man has been subjected to the sentence, Duft thou art, and unto duft salt thou return. But God is a God of mercy. Where fin abounded, he decreed that grace + should much more abound. He decreed that the ruin brought on the human race by the prince of evil spirits who animated the serpent; by Satan, the father of lies, who was thus a murderer from the beginning, fhould not be without hope and without end. He decreed that by à being of that very nature which the Devil had degraded and fubdued; by a descendent; according to the flesh, from those miserable sinners, whom he now triumphantly led capțive at his will; the loss of man fhould be regained, the great Enemy fhould in his turn be vanquished and hurled into perdition. He decreed, that the seed of the woman should bruise the ferpent's head. He decreed, that, as by man came death, by man should also come the resurrection of the dead; that as in Adam all die, even fo in Chriftball all be made alive. Christ undertook the office of mercy and reconciliation. He undertook, though without sin, to be made in the likeness of sinful flelh; to lay down his life on the cross, there to accomplish by his meritorious, fufferings

an atonement sufficient for the fins of the whole world ; there openly to triumph over the principalities and powers of darkness; there to destroy the empire of Satan, and to set free the prisoners of the tomb. I will ranfom them, he cried, from the power of the grave : I will redeem them from death. O death! I will be thy plague. Ograve! I will be thy destruction (c). Was the dominion acquired through Adam by death universal ? Só also is the redemption from death purchased by Jesus Christ. There hall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjujt. The dead, small and great, ihall stand before God. All that are in the graves shall bear the voice of ? the Son of God; and shall come forth: they that have done good, unto the resurreštion of life ; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation (d).

But every man in his own order. Chrift, the first fruits : afterwards, they that are Cbriff's, at his coming.

The apostle, having evinced, in the preceding verses, the universality of the resurrection both of the righteous and of the wicked, is solicitous to win the hearts no less than the understandings of the Corinthians to a wil

(c) Hof. xiii. 14. (d) AĞs, xxiv. 15. Rev. xx. 12. John, V. 25. 28, 29.

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ling acceptation of the doctrine of a future life. Hence, throughout the subsequent part of the chapter he directs their attention almost exclusively to circumstances, which pertain to the resurrection of the just. Christ had already fulfilled the prophecies, which had declared that He should be the first who fhould rise from the dead. He had ascended, into Heaven, and had entered into His glory. He had already presented himself before the throne of God as the intercessor, the fores, runner, and the representative, of his faints. In their due time, and in their appointed ! order, he will receive them from the east and from the west, from the north and from the south, into the kingdom prepared for them, through his covenanted atonement, from the foundation of the world. . When the Lord himself shall descend from Heaven, with a fhout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God; the dead in Christ shall rise first. And then shall the righteous who remain alive at that aweful hour be caught up together with them to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall they all be for ever with the Lord (e).

Tben cometh the end, when He shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Fa

(e) 1 Thess. iv. 15–17. Vol. I. DI :


ther : when He shall bave put down all rule, and all authority and power. For He must reign, till He hath put all enemies under his feet. The last enemy that fall be destroyed is death : for He bath put all things under his feet. But when He faith, all things are put under Him; it is manifest that he is accepted, which did put all things under Him. And when all things shall be fubdued unto Him; then shall the Son also himself be subject unto Him that put all things under Him, that God may be all in all.

|Because He, who was the Son of God, vouchfafed to become the Son of man; because He who thought it not robbery to be equal with God, He who in the beginning was with God and was God, took upon Him. felf the form of a fervant, and humbled Himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross : therefore God hath highly exalted Him. As a partaker of the everlasting Godhead, our Saviour could not be exalted. But in His assumed nature as man, in His character as Mediator, He was capable of being exalted and glorified: Tby throne, O God, faith the Father unto the Son, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a fceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. Thou hast loved righteousness, and bated iniquity: therefore God, even thy God, is . - 4


hath quointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows (f). “ O Thou who art a par" taker of the sovereign and eternal Godis head; Thou who, when Thou shalt become * incarnate in human nature, shalt completely ** fulfil my righteous law by the Spirit which “ shall be poured upon Thee without mean "" sure: as Man fhalt Thou be raised unto si glory foreign and unknown to the nature « which Thou shalt have assumed, unto a “ throne of everlasting righteousness.” To Christ, as man, hath His Almighty Father given a name which is above every name; that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in Heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord. He hath set Christ, as man, at His own right hand in Heaven, far above all principality and power and might and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but in that which is to come: and hath put all things, Himself excepted, under His feet. All power is given unto Christ in Heaven and in earth. And He must reign, His separate and mediatorial kingdom must continue, until He shall have put down all rule and all authority and power,

(f) Hebr. i. 5. 83 g. D da



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