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be severally addressed, to those who disregard or despise the grace of God, and to those who labour to obtain and to improve it.

I. The grace of Christ: is indispensably ne* pessary to salvation.

Is a long train of argument requisite to establish this proposition? Contemplate the picture which the Scriptures present of the cor, ruption of human nature; and of the consequences, in which that corruption by its own inherent tendencies would terminate. If the imagination of man s heart is evil from his youth; if the heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked; if in us, by nature, dwelleth no good thing; if -we are altogether gone out of the "way, altogether become abominable; so that by nature there is no one that feeketh after God, no one that is righteous, no not one : how is sanctification to be attained; how is destruction to be escaped?. How is the Ethiopian to change his skin, and the leopard his spots? How is the servant of sin^ to become the servant of holiness? How is the foul, groaning under the chains of the prince of darkness, to be restored to the glorious liberty of the children of God? How is the bosom which is the habitation of every impure thought, every unhallowed de? sire, to become the temple of the Holy Ghost? Will you answer, "By repentance; by faitk "in Christ; by perseverance in every good "work?" Be it so. Is repentance then, is faith, is perseverance in good works in your own power? Consult the Scriptures on each of these points. The Scriptures call upon every man every where to repent. But do they affirm, do they imply, that man can repent by his own strength ? Do they admit the possibility pf such a supposition ? What then is the import of the expressions of the prophet Jeremiah, expressions not less wisely than pioufly interwoven into the liturgy of our church'; Turn thou us unto thee, 0 J.œrd; and we Jhall be turned: turn thou me, 0 Lord; and I Jhall be turned: for thou art the Lord my God {a] f What is the import of the following passages in the writings of St. Luke and St. Paul ? God hatb exalted Jesus to be a Prince and a Saviour, to give repentance unto .srael. Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life. In meekness inslrucl those that oppose themselves if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth (b). Is it not clear that repentance is to be sought as a gift from God; as a gift through the grace of Jesus Christ? Enquire farther how the case

(a) Jerenru xxxi. 18. Lam. v. 21. {!;) Acts, v. 31. xi. 18. 2 Tim. ii. 25.

stands stands with respect to faith. Without faith it is impossible to please God. By faith a man is lo be jus if ed. Believe in the Lord Jesus Christy and thou shalt be saved {e).' But do the Scriptures describe faith as an attainment within the grasp of hu ran ability? What is the language of the Son of God? No'man can come to me except the Father who hath sent me draw him{d). What faith St. Luke? Apollos helped them much, which had believed through grace. The Lord opened the heart ofLydia, that she attended unto the things which were spoken of Paul, and was baptized (e). How speaks St. Paul? Faith is the fruit of the Spirit. No man can fay that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghofi. \To you, 0 Philippians, it is given to believe on Christ (f). Then with respect to practical holiness. Are Christian tempers and good works the produce of your own exertions ? Do you learn such imaginations from the Scriptures? It is God that worketh in you both ta will and to do. It is God who maketh you per-feel in every good work, to do his will, working * in you that which is well-pleasing in bis fight. Let us have grace whereby we may serve God acceptably. Righteousness, truth, love, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, meekness, tempo

(c) Heb. xi. 6. Rom. iii. 28. Gal. ii. 16. Acts, xvi. 31. (J) John, vi. 44. (e) Acts, xviii. 27. xvi. 1,4. (/) Gal. v. 2Z. 1 Cor. xii. 2. Philipp. i. 29.

ranee. ranceyare the fruits of the Spirit (g). It is thus that an examination into the natural state of the human heart, and an enquiry into the method by which the different graces of the Christian character are wrought in man, constrain us to ascribe every thing in us which is good, to God, the Author of every good and perfect gift. They constrain us to acknowledge, that as St. Paul, depressed and impeded by his thorn in the flesh, could be enabled to preach the gospel with success only by the grace of Christ: (o by that grace only can man, labouring under his natural corruption, be enabled to attain eternal fife. They constrain us to acknowledge as indispensably necessary to salvation that total change, which the Scriptures delineate under a variety of figurative expressions, essentially of the fame meaning, and calculated, partly to exemplify its magnitude and effect, partly to denote its supreme importance: a change which the word of God attributes exclusively to the sanctifying influence of the Holy Ghost purchased for us by the sacrifice of Jesus Christ. They constrain us to confess, that except a man be born of 'water avd of the Spirit; emblematically of water by baptism, and substantially of the Spirit by the renovation of his corrupt nature unto holiness j he cannot enter into the kingdom

(g) Philipp. ii. 13. Heb. xiii. Zi. xii. 28. GaJ. v. 2:, 23. £ph. v. 9.

If

of God (h). They constrain us to confess* that we must become new creatures (/'); that we must be transformed by the renewing of our mindsi that we must put off the old man, which is corrupt, and be renewed in the spirit of our minds; that we must put on the nens) man, .which after God is created in righteous ness and true holiness (k). They constrain us to confess, that if we are to be saved, we are to be saved by the Wishing of regeneration, and the renewing of the Holy Ghost (I). We are to be saved by receiving from the Spirit of God, not those extraordinary and now no'longer needed powers, which were requisite to enable the first preachers of Christanity to confirm the truth,of the new religion by the evidence of miraculous attestations: but that influence which in every age is no less necessary to the salvation of every Christian, than it was in primitive times to the salvation of the apostles; that influence which alone can enlighten the understanding, rectify the will, dispose us to repentance, establish us in faith, renew the heart unto godliness, supply strength to withstand temptation, inspire holy resolutions and ability to fulfil them, and sinally seal the stedfast servants of Christthroughcontinuancein faith, and in good works the fruits of faith, to eternal life*

(h) John, iii. 3. 5. (/) 2 Cor. v. 17. Gal. vJ. 15.

{i) Rom. xii. 2. Eph. iv. 23, 24, (/) Tit. iii. 5.

6 II. The

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