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V. The moral law doth fsr ever bind all, as well justified persons as others, to the obedience rhereof b; and that not only in regard of the matter, contained in it, but also in respect of the authority of God the Creator who gave it £ Neither doth Christ in the gospel any way dissolve, but much strengthen this obligation k.
VI. Altho' true believers be not under the law as a covenant of works, to be thereby justified or condemned/; yet is it of
ffroy the law or the prophets i !am not come to destroy, but to fulfill With v. 38. Ye have heard, that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: v. 39. But I say unto you, that ye resist not evil: but whosoever (hall smite thee en the right cheek, turn to him the other also. 1 Cor. ix. 3. Say I these things as a man? or faith not the law the fame also i v. 9. For it is written in the law of Moses, Thon (halt not muzzle the mouth of the ox that treadeth out the corn: Doth Cod take care for oxen? v. 10. Or faith he it altogether for our fakes? for our fakes no doubt, this is written, that he that ploweth (halt plow in hope; and that he that threfneth in hope, fliould be partaker of his hope.
V. h Rom, xiii. 8, 9. (See above in letter b.) v. 10. Love worketh no ill to liis neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law. Eph. vi. 2. Honour thy father and mother, which is the first commandment with promise. 1 John ii. 3. And hereby do we know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. T. 4. He that faith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. v. 7. Brethren, I write no new commandment unto you, but an old commandment, which ye had from the beginning: the old
ment is the word which ye have heard from the beginning, v. 3. Again, a new commandment I write unto you, which thing is true in him and in you: because the datknefs is past, aBd the true light now fhineth. i James ii. 10,11• (See in letters) k Mat. Vi 17. (fee in letter £.) v. 18. For verily, I fay onto you. Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one title (hall in no wife pass from the law, till all be fulfilled, v, 19. Whosoever therefore (hall break one of these least commandments, and (hail teach men so, he (hall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do, and teach them, the (ame (hall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. James ii. 8. See in letter b before.) Rom.iii. 31. Do we then make void the law thro' faith ? God forbid : yea, we establish the law.
VI. /Rom.vi. 14. For fin (hall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace, cal. ii. t6. Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ; 1 that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not,by the works of the law: for by the works of the law (hail no flesh be justified. Cal. hi. 13. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curie for us: for it is written.
gteacufe.to them, as well as to others; in thar, as a rule of life, informing them of the will of God and their duty, it directs and binds them to walk accordingly m; discovering also the sinful pollutions of their nature, hearts and lives n; so as, ejeamjuhig thcmselws thereby, they may come to further conviction of humiliation for, and hatred against sin e; together with a clear* er sight of the need they have of Christ, and the perfection of his obedience p. it js likewise of use to the regenerate, to re•- , strain t©8 The Qmftfon of Faith. Chap! XIX.'
ten, Cursed is evety one that hangeth on a tree. Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of the time was come, .God sent forth his Son made of a woman, made under the law, v, 5. To redeem them that were under the Jaw. that we might receive the adoption of ions. Acts xiii. 39. And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from the which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses. Rom. viii, 1. There is therefore now no condemnation to them who are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
wRom. vii. 12. Wherefore the law is boly; and the commandment holy, and just and good. v. 22. For 1 delight in the law of Cod, after the inward man. v, 25. I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then, with the mind, 1 myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh, the law of fin. Psal. cxix. 4. Thou hast commanded us to keep thy precepts diligently, v. j. O that my ways were directed to keep thy statutes! v. 6. Then shall 1 not be ashamed, when I have respect unto all thy commandments! 1 Cor. vii. 19. Circumcision is nothing, and ancircumcifion is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of .God. Gal, v. 14, 16, 18, 19, 2p,
21,22,23. See in the Bible. n Row. J. What sluli we fay
then? Is the law fin? God forbid. Nay, I had nut known fin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law bud said, Thou shalt not covet, Rom. iii. 20. Therefore by the deeds of the law, there shall no flesh be justified in his fight: for by the law is the knowledge of fin.
0 James i. 23. For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like unto a man beholding his natural face in a glass: v. 24. For he beholdeth himself, and goeth bis way, and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was. v. 2$. But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a foigetful hearer, but a doer of the word, this man shall be blessed in his deed. Rom. vii. 9. For I was alive without the law once: but when the commandment came, fin revived, and I died. V, 14. For we know that the law is spiritual : but 1 am carnal, sold under fin. v. 24. O wretched man that 1 am, who shall deliver me from the body of this death i
p Gal. iii. 24. Wherefore the law was our school-master, to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. Rom, vii. 24. (See before, in the letter 0. v. 2 5. in setter T».) Rom. viii. 3. For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son, in. die likeness, of sinful flesh, and for sjn condemned sin in the flesh: v. 4. That the "righteousness of the law might be fulfill.:d in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
strain their corruption; in that it forbids sin q; and the threatening of it serve to shew what even their sins deserve, and what afflictions in this life they may expect far them, although freed from the curse thereof threatned in the lawr. The promises of it, in like manner, shew them God's approbation of obedience, and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereof/, altho' not as due to them by the law as a covenant of works /. So as a man's doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law encourageth ro the one, and deterreth from
the the other, is no evidence ot his being under the law, and not und«r grace v. .. .
q j.'.mes ii. 11. For be that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if tbou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law. Psal. cxix. 101.1 have refrained my feet from every evil way : that I may keep thy word. v. 104. Through thy precepts 1 get understanding: therefore 1 hate every false way. v. 128. Therefore I esteem all thy precepts concerning all things to be light; and 1 bate every false way.
r Ezra ix. 13. And after all that is come upon us for our evil deeds and for our great trespass, seeing that thou our God had punished us less than our iniquities deserve, and hart given us such deliverance as this; v. 141 Should we again break thy commandments, and join in affinity with the people of these abominations? wouldst not thou be angry with us. till thou hadll consumed us, so that there should be no remnant for escaping? Psal. Ixxxix.
30. If his children forsake my Jaw, and walk not in my judgments; v.
31, If they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments: v. 32. Then will 1 visit their transgression
with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes, v. 33. Nevertheless, my loving kindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. v. 34. My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips. ■
(/Lev. xxvi. to the 14. verse.) "With 2 Cor. vi. 1 6. And what agreement hath the temple of Cod with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their Cod, and they shall be my people. Eph. vii 2. Honour thy father and thy mother (which is the first commandment with promise.) v. 3. That it may be well wirh thee, and thou mayeft live long on the earth. Psal. xxxvii. 11. But the meek shall inherit the eatth; and shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace. With Mat. v. 5. Blessed are the meek, for they (hall inherit the eartj). Psal. xix. ii. Moreover, by them is thy servant warned; and in keeping os them there is a great reward.
/ Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that a man is net justified by the works of the law, bur by the faith of jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ that we might be justified by the faith of Cririlt, and not by the works of the laW; for by the works of the law shall 00 fles.i be justified. Luke xvii.
„ VII. Neither are the fore-mentioned uses of the law contrary to the grace of the gospel, but do sweetly comply with it V); the Spirit of Christ, subduing and enabling the will of njan to do that freely and cheerfully, which the will of God revealed in the law requireth to be done x.
Chap. XX. Us Christian Liberty, and Liberty of Conscience.
THE liberty which Christ hath purchased for believers under the gospel, consists in their freedom from the guilt of
10. So likewise ye, when ye shall v. 13. Keep thy tongue from evil,
hare done all those things which and thy lips from speaking guile, v.
«ie commanded you, say, We are 14. Depart from evil, and do good;
urproiitable servants : we have done seek peace, and pursue it. v. 1 $. The
ttut which was our duty to do. eyes of the Lord are upon the righ
•j Rom. vi. 12. Let not fin there- teous, and his ears are open unto
fore reign in your mortal body, that their cry. v. 16. The face of the
ye ihuiild ubsy it in the lulls there- Lord is against them that do evil,
of. v. 14, For (in (lull not have do- to cut off the remembrance of them
mir.ion over you: for ye aie not un- fiom the earth. Heb, xii. 38. Where
e'er ib; law, but under grace. 1 Pet. fore we receiving a kingdom which
i;i. 8. FinaiTy, be yz all of oue mind, cannot be moved, let us have grace,
having companion one of another, whereby we may serve Rod accept
love as brethren, be pitiful, be ably, with reverence and godly fear,
courteous, v. 9. Not rendering evil v. 29. For our God is a consuming
for evil, or railing for railing: but fire. . , ,
contrariwise, blessing: knowing that Vlt.tu Gal. iii, 2T. Is the law then
ye are thereunto called, that ye against the promises of God? God
should inherit a blessing, v. 10. forbid; for if there had been a raw
For he that will love life, and fee given wliich could have given life,
£Ood days, let him refrain his tongue verily righteousness should have
irorn eiil, and his lips that they been by the law.
chew evil, and do good; let him my Spirit within you, and cause you
seek peace and ensue ft.* v. 12. For to walk in my statutes, and ye shall
the eyes of the Lord are over the keep my judgments, and do them,
righteous, and his ears are open un- Heb. viii, 10. For this is the covenant
to their prayers; but the face of the that I will make with the house of
Lord is against them that do evil. Israel aster those days, faith the
With Psal. xxxiv. «2. What man is Lord; I will put my laws into their
he that de/ireth life, and loveth mind, and write them in their
nunj days, that he may see good 1 hearts; and I will be to them a God,
. •. ■ and * . ■ .' j fin, the condemning wrath of God, the curse of the moral law a; and in their being delivered from this present evil world, bondage to Satan and dominion of sin b, from the evil of afflictions, the sting of death, the victory of the grave, and everliiliirtg damnation c; as also in their free access to God d, and their yielding obedience onto him, not out of slavish fear, but a childlike love and willing mind e, all which were common also to be
ttftt they (ball be to me a psople. Withjer.xxxi. 53. Butthismallbe the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel, aster thole days, faith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts, and will be their God, amd they (hall be my people.
I. a Tit.ii. 14. Whog-ive himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himselfa peculiar people, Jealous of good works, r Thess. i. ro. And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even jesus who delivered us from the wrath to Come, Gal. iii. 13, Christ hath redeemed os from the curse of the Irw, being made a cui se for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree.
li dal. i. 4. Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of cod and our rather1. Col. i. 13. Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath' translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son. Acts jhevi. iS. To open their eyes, and A> turn them from daikness to light, and from the power of Satan unto c"od', that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them who are sanctified by faith that is id me. Rom. vi. 14.' For sin (hall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, bat un.der* grace.
e Rom. viii. a8, W« Jtnow that
all things work together for good, to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose. Psal, cxix. 7t.ltisgood for me that I have been afflicted: that I might learn thy statutes. 1 Cor. x v. 54. So when this corruptible (hall have put on incorrpu'ion, and this mortal (hall have put on immortality, then (hall be brought to puss the faying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory, v. 5$ O death', where is thy (ting? O grave, where is tby victory? v. 56. The* (ting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law. v. $7. But thanks be to cod who givsth us the victory, through our Loid Jesus Christ. Rom vf.i. r. There is therefore now no condemnation to them who are in Chrid jtfus, who walk not after the slelK, but after the Spirit.
rfRom.v. 1. Therefore beingjuftified by faith, We have peac? with God, through our Lord jesas Christ, v. 3. By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of cod.
/Rom. viii. 14. For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. r. 1 j. For ye haVd not received the Spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. 1 John iv. ifr. There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteih out fear: because seat hath torment: he that feaxeti is not made imrfect in love, /cal.