Imágenes de páginas

in which no Christian may intangle himself r.

Chap. XXIIJ. Of the civil Magistrate

f * OD, the supreme Lord and King of all the wdrld, hath \J ordained civil magistrates to be under him, over the people, for his own glory, and the public good; and, to this end, hath armed them with the power of the sword, for the defence and encouragement of diem that are good, and for the punishment of evil doers a.

. II. It is lawful for Christians to accept and execute the office •f a magistrate, when called thereunto b: in the managing ^wbereof, as they ought especially to maintain piety, justice and

- fcace, peace, according to the wholsome laws of each commonwealth 4 so, for that end, they may lawfully, now-under the Nerv* Testament, wage war upon just and ncessary occasions d.

r Mat. xix. 11. But he said unto them. All men cannot receive this faying, (are they to whom it is given, v. 12. For there are some eunuchs, who were so born from their mother's womb; and there are some eunuchs, who were made eunuchs of men: and there be eunuchs, who have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven's fake.: be that is able to receive it, let him receive it. 1 Cor. vii. a. Nevertheless, to avoid fornication, let every roan have his own wife, and let every woman have her own husband, v. 9. But if they cannot contain, let them marry: for it is better to marry than to burn. Eph. iv. 38. Let him that stole, (leal no more: but rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth. 1 Pet. iv. 2. That he no longer mould live the rest of hit time is the flesh, to the lusts of men, but to the will of God. 1 Cor. vii. 23. Ye are bought with a price, be sot ye the servants of men.

I. a Rom. xiii. 1. Let every foul be subject unto the higher powers, J«c there it no power but of God:

the powers that be, are ordained of ood, v. a. Whosoever therefore re(isteth the power, reststeth the ordinance of God: and they that resist, shall receive to themselves damnation, v. 3. For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou (halt have praise of the same< v. 4. For he it the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a execute wrath upon him that doth evil. 1 Pet. ii. 13. Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's fake: whether it be to the king as supreme, v. 14. Or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him, for the punishment of evil doers, and for the praise of then that do well.

II. b Prov. viii, if. By me kings reign, and princes decree justice, v. 16. By me princes rule, and nobles, even all the judges of the earth, Rom. xiii. 1, 2, 4. (See in letter a.)

Ia *Psal.

JIL The civil magistrate may not assume to himself the administration of the word and sacraments, or- the power of the? keys of the kingdom of heaven e: yet he hath authority, and it

. v , is

e Psal, ii. lo. Be wise now there- lius, a Centurion of the band called

fore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye the Italian band, v. 2. A devout man,

judges ot"the earth, v. 1 i. Serve the and one that feared God with all his

Lord with fear, and rejoice with house, who gave much alms to the

trembling, v. 12. Kiss the Son, led people, and-prayed to God alwny.

he be angry, aud ye perish from the Rev. xvii, 14. These shall make

way, when his wrath is kindled but war with the Lamb, and the Lamb

, a little; blessed are all they that put (hall overcome them: for he is

their trust in him. 1 Tim. ii. 2. For Lord of lords, and King of kings;

kings, and for all that are in autho- and they that are with him, are cal

. jity, that We may lead a quiet and led, and chosen, and faithful, v. 16V

peaceable life in all godliness and ho- And the ten horns which thoo law-

nesty. Psal. Ixxxii, 3. Defend the est upon the beast, these shall hate

poor and fatherless: do justice to the whore, and (hall make her deso-'

the afflicted and needy i v. '4. Deli- late\ and. naked, and shall eat hef

ver the poor and needy, rid them flesh, and burn her With sire, out ofthe hand of the wicked. 2 Sam. HI. e Chron. xxvi. 18. And the/ ■

XXiii. 3- Th« God of Israel said, the withstood Uzziah the king, and said

Rock of Israel spake to me, He that unto him, it appertained not unto»

ruleth overmen must be just, ruling thee, Uzziah, to burn incense unto*

in the fear of God. 1 Pec ii. '13. the Lord, but to the priests the sons* •

(See in letter *.) of Aaron, that are consecrated to

d Luke iii. 14. And the soldiers burn incense: go out of the sanctum

likewise -demanded of him, saying, ary, for thou hast trespassed: nei

And what shall we do? And he said ther shall it be for thine honour from'

unto them, Do violence to no man, the Lord nod. With Mat. xviii. 17.

neither accuse any falsly, and be con- And is he shall neglect to hfar them,

tent with your wages. Rom. xiii. 4. tell it unto the church; but if he

(Seelettera.) Mat. viii. 9. For I am neglect to hear the church, let him

a man under authority, having sol- be unto thee as an heathen man,

diers under met and I fay ro this and a publican. And Mat, xvi. to.1

mao, co, and he goeth: and to a- And I will give unto thee the keys

nother, Come, and he cometh: and of the kingdom of heaven, and

to my servant, Do this, and he doeth whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth,

it) v. 10. When Jesus heard it, he shall be bound in heaven: and what

matvelled, and said to them that soever thou shalt loose on earth, shall

kUywed, Verily, I say unto you, I he loosed in heaven. 1 Cor. xft.

havt not found so great faith, no not 28. And cod hath set some in tho

in Israel. Acts x, I. There was a church, first apostles, secondarily

emirin man in Gesaxea called Come- prophets, thirdly teachers,' after

* t*a< for the better effecting whereof, he hath power to call synods, to be present at them, and to provide that whatsoever is tranf> acted in them be according to the mind of God^.


that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues, v. 29. Are all apostles? are all prophets? are all teachers? are all workers of miracles? Epli. ivi ij. Ajid he gave some, apostles: and some, prophets: and some, evangeljlU; and some pastors and teachers; v. is. For the perfecting of the faints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ, i Cor. iv, i. Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God. v. 2, Moreover it is required in stewards, that a man be found faithful. Rom. x. IAnd how shall they preach, except they be seat i as it is written. How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things! Heb, v. 4. And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of cod, as was Aaron. - /"Ila. xlix. 23. Andkings shall be shy nursing fatheis, and their queens thy nursing mothers: they (hall bow down to thee with their face towards the earth, and lick up the dust of thy feet, and thou soak know that 1 am the Lord: for they (hall not be asoamed that wait for me. rial, exxii. 9. Because of the house of the Lord our cod, 1 will seek thy good. Ezra Tu, 23. Whatsoever is commanded by the Cod of heaven; let it be diligently done, for the house of the God of heaven: for why mould there be wrath against the realm of the king and bis sons. v. 25. And

thou, Ezra, after the wisdom of thy God, that is in thine hand, set magistrates and judges, who may judge all the people that are beyond the river, all such as know the laws of •thy God; and teach ye them that know them not. v. 26. And whosoever (hall not do the law of thy God, and the law of the king, Jet judgment be executed speedily upoa him, whether it be unto death, or to banishment, or to confiscation of goods, or to imprisonment, v. 27. Blessed be the Lord God of our fa. thers, who hath put such a thing as this in the king's heart, to beautify the house of the Lord which is in Jerusalem: v. 28. And hath extended mercy unto me, before the king, and his counsellers, and before all the king's mighty princes: and I was strengthened as the hand- of the Lord roy God was upon me, and I gathered together out of Israel chief men to go up with me. Lev, xxiv. 16. And he that blasphemetli the name of the Lord, he shall'surely be put to death, and all the'eongregaiion shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he blafphemeth the name of the Loid, so al I be put to death. Deut, xifi. j. And that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams, lhall be put to death (because he hath spoken to turn, you away from the Lord your Gt)id,''whq> brought you out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed you out of the house of bondage, to thrust thee out of the'Way which the Lord thy God

1 ] CQlM~


IV. It is the duty of people to pray-for magistrate* h, to ho.


commanded thee to walk in) se shalt Levitts, sad of the priests, and of thou put the evil away from the the chief of the fathers of Israel, midst of thee, v. 6. If thy brother for the judgment of the Lord, and the sen of thy mother, or (hy son, for controversies, when they retHrnor thy daughter, or the wife of thy ed, to Jerusalem, v. 9. And he bosom, or thy friend, which is as charged them, faying, Thus shall thine own soul, entice thee secretly ye do in the fear of the Lord, faithlaying, Let us go and serve other fully and with a perfect heart, v, gods, which thou hast not known, 10, And what cause soever shall thou nor thy fathers, v. 12. If thou come to you of your brethren that (hah hear fay in one of thy cities, dwell in their cities, between blood which the Lord thy cod bath given and blood, between law and com* fhee to dwell there, saying, 2 Kings inandment, statute} and judgments, xviii. 4. He removed the high pla- ye shall even warn them that they ces, and brake the images, and cut trespass not against the Lord, and down the groves, and brake in pie- se wrath come upon you, and upon, ces the brazen serpent that Mosts your brethren: this do, and ye shall bad made: for unto those days the not trespass, v. 11. And behold, Achildren of Israel did burn incense mariah the chief priest is over you in to it, and he called it Nehulhtan, all matters of the Lord: and Zeba(1 Chron. xiii. 1. to the 9. verse, diah the son of Ishmael, the ruler of 5 Kings xxiii, 1, to the 26. verse.) the house of judah, for all the king's 2 Chron. xxxiv. 33. Aud Josiah took matters : also the Levites (hall be o seaway all the abominations out of sicers before yon. Deal couragioufly, all the countries that pertained to and the Lord (hall be with the good, the children of Israel, and made all. (2Chron. xxix. and xxx. chapters.) that were present in Israel to serve, Mat, ii. 4. And when he had gaewen to serve the Lord their God. thered all the chief pritsts and scribes And all his days they departed not of the people together, he demandJrorrt following the Lord, the Cod ed of them where Christ should b© of their fathers. 2 Chron. xv, 13, born. v. j. And they said unto him, And they entred into a covenant, In Bethlehem of Jildah: for thus it to seek th* Lord God of their fa is written by the prophet, •hers, with all their heart and with IV, h 1 Tim.ii. 1. Iexhort therea1! their soul; v. j3, That whoso- fore,, that first of all supplications, ever would not seek the Lord Cod praycis, intercessions, and giving of it Israel, should be put to death, thanks be made for all men: v. 1. whether small or great, whether For kings, and for all that are in jR§n or woman, authority; that we may lead a quiet g % Chron. xix. 8. Moreover, in and peaceable life in all godliness ^•riiiy^mdid jtljo!haohiit fees tfce and honesty,

i 1 Pcu nour their persons i, to pay them tribute and other dues k, to obey their lawful commands, and to be subject to their authority for conicience sake /. Infidelity, or indifference in religion, doth not make void the magistrate's just and legal authority, nor free the people from their due obedience to him m: from which ecclesiastical persons are not exempted n; much less hath the pope

any power or jurisdiction over them m their dominious, any of their people; and least of all to deprive them <.

■i 1 17. Honour all men. Love the Brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the king.

< Rom. xiii. 6, For, for this cause pay ytiu tribute also; for they are Cud's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing, v. 7. Render therefore to all their due*, tribute to whom tribute is due, custom t J whom custom, fear to whom fear, honour to whom honour.

/Rom xiii. 5. Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also fttr conscience sake. Tit. v. 1. Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work.

m 1 Pet. ii. 13. Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's lake, whether it be to the king, as supreme, v. 14. Or unto governors, as unto them that are lent by him, for the punilhment of evil doers, and for the praise of them that do well. v. 16. As free, aod not using your liberty for a cloke of nviliciousness, but as the servants of Cod.

n Rom. xiii. 1. Let every foul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God; the powers that be, are ordained of God. 1 Kings ii. 3And the king put Beaaiah the son of Jehoiadah in his room over the host; and Zadok the {nest did the lung put in the room


7d;V. Ahr »r!» * ,¥nm
of Abuthar.

willin:: to do the Jews a pleasure,
answered Paul, and said, Wilt thou
go up to Jerusalem, and there be
judged of these things before me ?<
v. 10. Then said Paul, I stand at
Cesar's judgment-feat, where I
ought to be judged; to the Jews
have I done no wrong, as thou very
well knowtst. v. if. For if I be
an offender, or have committed any
thing worthy of death, I refuse not
to die; but if there be none of these
things whereof these accuse me, no
man may deliver me unto them,
I appeal unto Cesar. 3 Pet. ii. 1.
But there were false prophets also
among the people, even as there
(hall be false teachers among you,
who privily shall bring in damnable
heresies, even denying the Lord that
bought them, and bring upon them,
selves swift destruction, v. 10. But
chiefly them that walk after the flesh
in the lust of uncleanness, and de-
spise government, presumptuous are
they, (elf-willed; they are not afraid
to speak evil of dignities;..v»" n.
Whereas angels, who are greater ta
power and might, bring no raiting
accusation against them before the
Lord. Jude 8. Likewise also thVfe.
filthy dreamers defile the flesti* de-
spise dominion, and speak evpl; -ȣ
dignities, v. 9. Yet Michael, the
archangel, when contending wxii
the devil, he disputed about the
I 4 body

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