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to affirm, is impious and blasphemous f. Nor doth their communion one with another, as saints, take away or infringe the title or property which each man hath in his gooiJs and possessions^.
Chap. XXVII. Of the Sacraments. ,
SACRAMENTS are holy signs and seals of the covenant of grace a, immediately instituted by God b, to represent
Christ Christ a*nd his benefits; and to confirm our interest in himc / as also to put a vilible difference between those that belong unto the church, and the rest of the worlds; and solemnly to engage them to the service of God in Christ, according to his word e.
III. /Co!, i. 18. And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the first born from the dead; that in all things he might have the pre-eminence, v. 19. Tor it pleased the Father that in him Ihould all fullness dwell. 1 Car. viii. 6. But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him •, and one Loid Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him. lfa. xlii. 8. I am the Lord, that is my name, and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images. 1 Tim. vi. 1 j. Which in his times he shall shew, who is the blessed and only Poteutate, the Kiog of kings, and Lord of lords, v. 16. Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto, whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen, Psal. xlv. 7. Thou lovest righteousness and barest wickedness : therefore cod, thy cod, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. Wi:h Heb. i. 8, But unto the Son he faith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever; a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom: v. 9. Thou hast Jov \\ righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore cod, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the
oil of gladness above thy fellows.
g Exod. xx. tj. Thou shalt not steal. Eph. iv. 28. Let him that' stole, steal no more: but rather let him labour, working with his hand* the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth. Acts v. 4. Whiles it remained, was it not thine own? and after it was fold, was it not in thine own power? why hast thou conceived this thing in thine heart ? thou haft not lied unto men, but unto Cod.
I. a Rom iv. 11. And he received the sign of circumcision, a sea! of the righteousness of the faith, which he had yet being uncircumcised, that he might be the father of all them that believe, tho' they be not circumcised ; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also. Cen. xvii. 7. And 1 will establish my covenant between me and thee, and thy seed after thee, in their generations, for an everlasting covenant; to be a God un'.o thee, and to thy feed after thee, v. 10. (See below in letter f.\ ■
b Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, i Cor xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto yon, That the Lord jesus, the fame night in which
he be was betrayed, took breadi
II. There is in every sacrament a spiritual relation, or sacramental union, between the sign and the thing signified; whence it comes to pass, that the names and effects of the one are attributed to the other/.
III. The : III. The grace which is exhibited in or by the sacraments rightly used, is not conferred by any power in them; neither doth the efficacy of a sacrament depend upon the piety or intention of him that doth administer it g, but upon the work of the Spirit b, and the word of institution, which contains, together with a precept authorising the use thereof, a promise of benefit to worthy receirers /.
e 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup df blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? the bread which we break, is it not ihe comrnuoion of the body of Christ? I Cor. xi. 2J. After the fame manner also he took the cup, when he bad supped, saying, This cup is the Mew Testament ia my blood : thi3 do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. yi a6. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do stiew the Lord's death till he come. * Gal. iii, 27. For as many of you as have been baptized intp Christ, have put on Christ. Gal. iii. 17. And this, 1 fay, That the covenaut that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the Jaw which was four hundred and thirty years after cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect,
4 Rom. xv. E. Now I say, That Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made unto the fathers. Exod. xii. 48. And when a strangar (hall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the Lord, let a!l his males be circumcised, and then let him come" near and keep it: and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for Bo uccircumcised person iliall eat
thereof. Gen, xx*iv. 14. And the* s.iid unto them, We cannot do this thing, to give our filter to one that is uncircumcised: for that were a reproach unto us.
e Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ, were baptized into his death ? v. 4. Therefore we are busied with him by baptism into death 1 that like as Christ was raisedupfrom lhe dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. 1 Cor. %■ i6> (See in letter c.) v. 21. Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils.
II./"Gen. xvii. 10. This is my covenant, which ye shall keep between me and you, and thy feed after thee; every man child among you shall be circumcised. Mat. xxvi. 27. And lie took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it unto them, faying, Drink ye all of it. v. 28. For this is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many for the remiilion of sins. Tit. iii. j. Not by works of 1 ighteousness, which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing os regeneration and renewing os the Holy Ghost.
K 2 JII.^Rom.
IV. There be only two sacraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the gospel, that is to fay, baptism and the supper of the Lord; neither of which may be dispensed by any but by a minister of the word lawfully ordained k,
V. The sacraments of the Old Testament, in regard of the spiritual things thereby signified and exhibited, were for substance, the same with those of the New /.
HI. g Rom. ii. 28. For he Is not a Jew, who is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is nutward in the flesh: v. 29. But he is a Jew, who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter, whose praise is not of men, but of God. 1 Pet. iiii 21. The like figure whareunto, even baptism, doth also now save us, (nut the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience towards God) by the resurrection of Jesu* Chiist.
h Matthi 11.1 indeed'baptize you with water unto repentance %. but he that cometh after me, is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear; he shall baptize you with she Holy Ghost, and with fire, 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Genijles, whether we be bond or free j and have been all made to drink into cne Spirit.
/ Mat. xxvi. 27, 28. See in letter /.) Mat xxviii. 19. (See in letter h.) r. 20. Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have
commanded you; aod lo, I am with you alway, even uato the end os the world. Amen.
IV. A Mat. xxriii. 19. Go ye. therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the pnrae of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Ifoly Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 20. When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's supper, v. 23. For 1 have received of the Lord, that which also 1 delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the fame night in which he was betrayed, took bread. 1 Cor.
iv. 1. Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God. Heb. v. 4. And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of Go.:, as Was Aaron.
V. / 1 Cor. x.i. Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all pafled through the sea; v. 2. And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud, and in the sea; v. 3. And did all eat the fame spiritual meat;
v. 4. And did all drink the same spiritual drink; (for they drank of
that Chap. XXVIII. Of Baptism.
BAPTISM is.a sacrament of the New Testament, ordained by Jesus Christ a, not only for the solemn admission of the party baptized into the visible church b; but also to be unto him a sign and seal of the covenant of grace c, of his in? grafting into Christ d, of regeneration e, of remission of (mss, and of his giving up unto God thro' Christ Jesus, to walk in newness of life g. Which sacrament is by Christ's own appointment to be continued in his church until the end of the world h.
11. The outward element to be used in this sacrament is water, wherewith the party is to be baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, by a minister of the gospel lawfully called thereunto /.
1IL Dipthat spiritual Rock that followed vi-. 5. For if we have been planted them; and that Rock was Christ.) together in the likeness of his death:
i. a Mat. xxviii. 19. (See letter k we lhall be also in the likeness of his of the foregoing chapter.)1 resurrection.
b 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by oneSpi- e Tit. iii. y. Not by works of rit are we all baptized into one body, righteousness which we have done, whether we be Jews or Gentiles,' but according to his mercy he laved whether we be bond or free; and us, by the washing of regeneration, have been ail made to drink iutp and renewing of the Holy Ghost. ,one Spirit. • /"Mark. i. 4. John did baptize in
f Rom. iv. 11. And he received the wilderness, and preach the baprhe sign of circumcision, a seal of tisra of repentance, for the remilliua the righteousness of the faith, which of sins.
be had yet being uncircumcised: g Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that that he might be the father of all so many of us as were baptized into them that believe, though they be Jesus Christ, were baptized into his *ot circumcised; that righteousness death? v. 4. Therefore we are btimight be imputed unto them also, ried with him by baptism into death; With Col. ii. 11. In whom also ye that like as Christ was raised U(> »'e circumcised wiih the circumci- from the dead by the glory of thi fw made without hands, in putting Father, even so we also ihouid Walk eff the body of the sins of the flelh, in newness of life, by the circumcision of Chlist. v. 12. b Mat. xxviii. 19. (See in letter k Bfiried with him in baptism, where- foregoing chapter.) v, 20. Teach» also ye are risen with him, thro' ing them to observe all things wh-tthe faith of the operation of God, soever 1 have commanded you: and *ho hath raised him from the dead, lo, I am with you alway, even uiito
rfG»l. hi, 27. For as many of the end of the world. Amen, you as have been baptized into II. / Mat. iii. ti.-l indeed b»pUirist. have oat an Christ. Ram. K 2 llie
III. Dipping of the person into the water is not necessary, but baptism is rightly admioistred by pouring or sprinkling water upon the person k.
IV. Not only those that do actually profess faith in and obedience unto Christ /, but also the infants of one or both believing parents, are to be baptized m.
tize you with water unto repentance; bat he that cometh after me, is mightier than I, whose (hoes 1 am not worthy to bear; he (hall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire. Jonn i. 33. And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou (halt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he who baptizeth with the Holy cholK Mat. xxviii. 19. (See in letter i foregoing chapter.) v. 20. (See in letter b.)
III. k Heb. ix, 10, 19, 20, 21, 22. Acts ii. 41. Then they that gladly received bis word, were baptized: and the fame day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.. Acts xvi. 33. And he took them in the fame hour of the nighr, and washed their stripes, and was baptized, he and all his straightway. Mark vii. 4, And when they come from the market, except they wash, they eat not. And many other things there be, which they have received to hold, as the washing of cups and pots, brazen vessels, and of tables.
IV. / Mark xvi. Ij. And he said unto them, Go ye into all tjie world, and preach ye the gospel to every creature, v. 16. Me that helievetli and is baptised, lhall be saved; but be that bclieveth not, shall he damned. Acts viii. 37. And Philip said, if thou believed with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he ar.f\mcd and said, I believe that -je
st] s Chiist is the "on of God. v. 38. And he commanded the chariot to stand still: and they went down both into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him.
m Gea. xvii. 7. And I will establish my covepant between me and thee, ard thy feed after thee, in their generations, for an everlasting covenant; ro.be a God unto thet, and to thy feed after thee. v. 9. Aud God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy se»d after thee, in. their generations. With cal. iii. 9. So then they who be ef faith, are blessed with faithful Abraham, v. 14. That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through jelus Christ; that we might teceiv; the promise of the Spirit through faith. And Co!.Jit. 11. In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the fins of the flesh, by the circumcifioo of Christ: v. 1Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with Mm through the faith of the operation of cod, who hath raised him from the dead. And Acts ii. 38. Then Peter said unto them, Repent and be baptized, every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the re mission of sins, and ye lhall receive the gift of the Holy chost. v. 39. For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that arc afar off, even a: many as the"