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V. Although it be a great sin to contemn or neglect this ordinance «, yet grace and salvation are. not so inseparately annexed unto it, as that no person can be regenerated or sated without it o,ox that all that are baptized are undoubtedly regenerated f. „ YJ, The efficacy of baptism is not tied to that moment cf time wherein it is administred q; yet notwithstanding, by the right use of this ordinance, the grace promised is not only offered, but really exhibited and conferred by the Holy Ghost, to


Lord our God shall call. And Rom. in bis arras, put his hands upon iv. n. And he received the sign of them, and blessed them. Luke xviii, cicomcision, a seal of the righteous- 1 j. And they brought unto htm alnessof the faith, which he had yet so infants, that he would touch being uncircumcifed: that he might them: but when his disciples saw it,, be the father of all them that "believe, they rebuked them, though they be not circumcised; V. n Lnke vii. 30. But the Phathat righteousness might be imputed risees and lawyers rejected the couaonto them also: v. 12, And the fa- scl of cod against themselves, being ther of circumcision to them, who not baptized of him. With Exod. arei.ot-of the circumcision only, but iv. 24. And it came to pass by the also walk in the steps of that faith way in the inn, that the Lord met of cur father Ah/aham, which he him, and sought to kill him. v. 25. had being yet uncircumcifed. 1 Cor, Then Zipporah took a sharp stone, vU. 14. For the unbelieving hus- and cut off the fereskin of her son, band is sanctified by the wife, and and cast it at his feet, and said, the unbelieving wife is sanctified by Surely a bloody husband art thoa to toe husband: else were your chiU me. vi 26. So he let him go: then dren nnclean: but now they are ho- she said, a bloody husband thou art, ly. Mat. xxviii. 19, Go ye there- because of the circumcision, fore and teach all nations, baptizing 0 Rom. iv. 11. (See in letter ».) them in the name of the Father, Acts x. 2, 4, 22, 31, 45;, 47. and of thd Son, and of the Holy /Acts viii. 13. Then Simon himohost. Mark x. 13. And they self believed also: and when lie was brought young children to him that baptized, he continaed with Philip, be should touch them; and his dis- and wordered, beholding the mtiaciples rebuked those that brought cles and signs which were done. v. them. v. 14, Rut when jesus saw 23. For 1 perceive that thou art in it, he was, much displeased, and the gall of bitterness, and in the kid unto them, Suffer the little bond of iniquity, children to ceme unto me, and for- VI. q John iii. j. Jesus answered them not: for os such is the ed. Verily, verily, I lay unto thee, kingdom of God. v. 1 j. Verily I Except a man be born of water and fay unto you, Whosoever shall not of the Spirit, he cannot enler imo receive the kingdom of God as a the kingdom of God. v. 8. The line child, he shall not enter there- windblown'*) where it listcth, and »« T. 16. And he took them up thou hearoit the sound thereof, but

K 4 canil such (whether of age or insants)as that grace bclongech unto.accordingto thecounselof God's own will, in his appointed timer.

VII. The sacrament of baptism is but once to be administm! »o »if r>erson/

CHAf. XAiX. Of the Lord's Supper.

OUR Lord Jesus, in the night wherein he was betrayed,, intlituted the sacrament of his body and blood, called the Lord's Supper, to be observed in his church unto the end of the world, for the perpetual remembrance of the sacrifice of himself in his death, the sealing all benefits thereof unto true believers, their spiritual nourishment apd growth in him, their farther engagement in and to all duties which they owe unto him; and to be a bond and pledge of their communion with him, and with each other, as members of his mystical body a.

II. In II. In this sacrament, Christ is not offered up to his Father, nor any real sacrifice made at all, for remission of sins of the quick or dead b; but only, a commemoration of that one offering up of himself,by himself, upon the cross, once for all; and a spiritual oblation of all possible praise unto God for the same~V; so that the popish sacrifice of the mass, a* they call it, is most abominably injurious to Christ's one only sacrifice, the alone propitiation for all the sins of the elect d.

canst not tell whence it cometli, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit.

r ca!, iii. 27. For as many of you, as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ. Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to bis mercy, he saved us by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghosl. E|'b, v. aj. Husbands, lore your wives, even as Christ alio loved the church, and gave himself for it; v. ?6, That lie might sanctify and cleanse it with the v/alhing of water by the word. Actsii. 38. Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesas Christ, for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost, v. 41. Then they that gladly teceived his word, were baptized t and the (ame day ihcre we'e added unto them above three thousand souk.

VII./Tit. iii. 5. (See in Jotter r.)

I. a t Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered onto you, That the Lord Jesus, the fame night in which he was betrayed, took bread: v. 24. And when he had given tuanks, lie brake it, and said. Take, eat; this h my body winch is broken for you, this do in remembrance of me. v.

After the fame manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. r. 26. Kor as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come. 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the body of Christ i The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Chrii'f? v. 17. For we being many, are one bread and one body: for we arc all jurtakers of that one bread, v. 2t. Yc cannot drink ihe cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils; ye cannot be


I1L The Lord Jesus hath, in this ordinance, appointed his ministers to declare his word of institution to the people, to pray, and bless the elements of bread and wine, and hereby to set them apart from a common to a holy use; and to take, and break the bread, to take the cup, and (they communicating also themselves) to give both to the communicants e; but to none


prtakers of the Lord's table, and us the table of devils. 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we all baptized ioto «ue body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be band or free; and have been all cade to drink into one spirit.

II. b Heb. ix, 22i And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission, v. 2 J. Nor yet that he' should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood <if others: v. 26. (For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world) but now once i°the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself, v. 28. So Christ was once offered to bear the fins of many, and unto those that look for him, (lull he appear the second time, Without I in, unto salvation.

f I Cor. xi. 24, 2;, 26. (See them >» letter </.) Mat. xxvi. 2<)i And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, »ad bleffid it, and brake it, and gave « to the disciples, and said, Take, W; thiaiimy body. v. And he

took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, laying, Drink ye all of it,

d Htb. vii. 23. And they truly were many priests, because they were not suffered to continue by reason of death 1 V. 24.But this man, because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood, v. 27. Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, fust for his own fins, and then for the peoples: for this he did once when hs offered up himself. Heb. x. 11. And every priest standeth daily ministering, and offering oftentimes the fame sacrifices, which can never take away fins: ». 12. But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for fins for ever, lat down on the right hand of God. v. 14. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified, v. 18. Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin.

ill. e Mat. xxvi. 26, 27. (^ee in letter c.) v. 28. For this is my blood of the new testament, which is faed for many for the remission of fins. And Mark xiv, 22. And as they did

eat. who are not then present in the congregation f.

IV. Private masses, or receiving this sacrament by a priest or any .other alone g, as likewise the denial of die cup to the people h, worshipping the elements, the lifting them up, or carrying them about for adoration, and the" resenting them for any pretended religious use, are all contrary to the nature of this sacrament, and to the institution of Christ i.

V. The outward elements in this sacrament, duly set apart to the uses ordained by Christ, have such relation to him crucified, as that truly, yet sacramentally only, they are sometimes called by the name of the things they represent, to wit, the bo*ly and blood of Christ k; albeit, in substance and nature, they still remain truly bread, and wine, as they were before /.

VL That

eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. v.

23. And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them; and they all dtankofit. v.

24. And he said unto them, This is my blood of the new testament, which is (hat for many. And Lulce xxii. 19. And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying. This is my body which is broken tor vou: this do in remsmbrance of me. v. 20. Likewise also the cup aster supper, saying. This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you. \Vith 1 Cor.xii. 23, 24, 25,26. (See nil in letter a.)

/"Acts xx. 7. And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart -on the morrow, and continued his sucech until mid-night. 1 Cor. xi. 20. When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's supper.

IV. g 1 Cor. x. 6. Now these •things were examples, to the intent we should not lust aster evil things as they also lusted.

h Mark xiv, 2;. (See rn letter c.) 1 Cor xi. 25/26. See letter a) v. 27. Wherefore, whosoever (hall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord unworthily, {hall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. v. 23. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup, v. 29. For he that eateth ar.d drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.

* Mat. xv. 9. But in vain they do woifliip me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.

V. i Mat. xxvi. 26. And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, ar.d blessed it, and brake it, and g;tve it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. v. 17. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and pare it to them, laying, Drink ye all of it: v. 28. For this is my blood of the new testament, which is 'bed for many for the remission of (ins.

/ 1 Cor. xi. 26. For asoftei a3 ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do (hew the Lord's death till he come. v. 27. Wherefore, whosoever shall eat this bread, and d;ick this

VI. That doctrine which maintains a change of the substance of bread' and wine, into the substance of Christ's body and blood (commonly called tranfubstantiation) by consecration of a priest, or by any other way, is repugnant, not to scripture alone, but even to common sense and reason; qverthroweth the nature of the sacrament, and hath been and is the cause of manifold superstitions, yea, of gross idolatries m.

VII. Worthy receivecs, outwardly partaking of the visible elements in this sacrament n, do thenalso inwardly by faith really and indeed, yet nor carnally and corporally but spiritually, receive and feed upon Christ cr ucilied, and all benefits of his death: the body and blood of Christ being then, not corporally or carnally, in it, or under the bread and wine; yet as really, but .spiritually, present to the faith of believers in that ordinance, as the elements themselves are to their outward senses o.

VIII. Altho' ignorant and wicked men receive the outward elements in this sacrament, yet they receive not the thing signified thereby; bur, by their unworthy coming thereunto, are guilty of the body and blood of the Lord, to their own damnation. "Wherefore ail ignorant and ungodly persons, as they are unfit to enjoy communion with him, so are they unworthy t>f the Lord'i table, and cannot without great sin against Christ, while


cap of the Lord unworthily, (hall be Aster the same manner also he took guilty of the body and blood of the the cup, whin he had supped, sayLord, v. 28. But let a man examine ino, This cup is the new testament himself, and so let him eat of that in my blood; this do ye, as oft as bread, and drink of that cup. Mat. ye drink it, in remembrance of me. xxvi. 29. But I fay unto you, I will v. 2A. (See letter /) Luke xxrr. 6. not drink henceforth of this fruit of He is not here, hut i3 risen: re memthe vine, until that day when I ber how he spake unto yon when he drink it new with you in my Fa- was yet in Galilee, v. 391 Behold my ther's kingdom. hands nnd my feet, that it is I my ■

VI. iu Acts.iii. 21. Whom the hea- self: handle me, and see, f;ralp:ven most receive, until the times of rit bath not fklh and bones, as ye restitution of all things, which God fee me have, hath spoken by the mouth of all his VII. n 1 Cor. xi. 28. (See in letholy prophets, since the world be- ter /.) * gan. With 1 Cor. xi. 24. And when 0 f Cor. x. tf>. The cup of blessing lie had given thanks, he brake it, which we bless, is it not the eomand said, Take, eat; this is my munion of the blood of Christ? the body, which is broken for you; this bread which we break, is it not the io in remembrance of me. v. 25. communion of the body of Christ?


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