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i they remain such, partake of these holy mysteriesp, or be admitted thereunto q.
Chap. XXX. Of Church Censures.'
THE Lord Jesus, as King and Head of his church, hath therein appointed a government in the hand of churchciiicers, distinct from the civil magistrate a.
VIII.p i Cor.xi. 27, 28. (See in man obey not oar word by this e
letter/,) v. 29. For he thateateth pistie, note that man, and have no
and drinketh unworthily, eateth and company with him, that he may be
drinketh damnation to himself, not ashamed, v. ij. Yet count him not
discerning the Lord's body. 2 Cor. as an enemy, but admonish him as a
vi. 14. Be ye not unequally yoked a brother. Mat. vii. 6. Give not that
together with unbelievers: for what which is holy unto the dogs, neither
fellowship hath unrighteousness with cast ye your pearls before swine, lest
unrighteousness? and what comraw- they trample them under their feet,
r.ion hath light with darkness? v. and turn again and rent you,
1And what concord hath Christ I. a Isa. ix. 6. For unto us a child
with Belial? or what part hath he is born, unto us a son is given, and
that believeth with an infidel? v. the government (hall be upon hi«
16, What agreement hath die shoulder: and his name (hall be
temple of God with idols? for ye called, Wonderful, Counsellor, The
are the temple of the living God; mighty God, The everlasting Fa
as God hath said, 1 will dwell in ther, the Prince of Peace, v. 7. Of
them, and walk in them ; and I will the increase of his government and
be their God, and they shall be my peace, there (hall be no end, upon
people. the throne of David, and upon his
1) 1 Cor. v. 6. Your glorying is kingdom, to order it, and to estanot good: Know ye not that a little biilh it with judgment and with julciveu leaveneth the whole lump? (lice, from henceforth even forever: v. 7. Purge out therefore the old the zeal of the Lord of hosts will leaven, that ye may be a new lump perform this. 1 Tim. v. 17. Let the as ye are unleavened. For even Christ eldi rs that rule well, be counted our paflbver is sacificed for us. v. worthy of double honour, especially 13. But them that are without, God they who labour in the word and judgeth, therefore put away from doctrine. 1 Thess. v. 12. And we Mio.ig yourselves that wicked per- beseech ycu, brethren, to know Ion. 2 Their, iii. 6. Now we com- them who labour among you, and mand you, brethren, in the name are over you in the Lord, and ados our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye monifh yon. Actsxx. 17. And from withdraw yourselves from every Miletus* e sent to Ephesus, and calbi other that walketh disorderly, Jed the idlers of the church, v. 18, and oot after tin: tradition which he And when diey were conic to him, icc-ived of us. v. 14. And if any he
it To these officers the keys of the kingdom of heaven are committed, by virtue whereof they have power respectively to retain and remit sins, to stuit that kingdom against the impenitent, both by the word and censures; and to open it unto penitent sinners, by the ministry of the gospel, and by absolution from censures as occasion shall require b.
III. Church censures are necessary for the reclaiming and gaining of offending brethren, for deterring of others from the like offences, for purging out of that leaven which might infect the whole lump, for vindicating the honour of Christ and the holy profession of the gospel, and for preventing the wrath os Gad, which might justly fall upon the church, if they shoukl suffer his covenant, and the seals thereof, to be profaned by
he siid unto them. Ye know from
ever I have commanded you: and lo, 1 am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
II. b Mat, xvi. 19, And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou (halt bind on earth, shall be bound in heaven; and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth, shall be loosed in heaven. Mat. xviii. 17. And if he (lull neglect to hear them, tel) it unto the church: but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican, v. 18. Verily 1 fay unto you, Whatsoever ye (hall bind on earth, (hall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever ye (hall loose on earth, (hall be loosed in heaven, John xx. 21. Then said Jesus unto them again, Peace be unto you; as my Father hath sent me, even so fend I you. r.
22. And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and faith unto them. Receive ye the Holy Ghost, v.
23. Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained. 2 Cor. ii. 6. Sufficient to such a man is this punishment, which was indicted of many, v. 7. So that contrariwise, ye ought
ratlur notorious and obstinate offenders c.
IV. For the better attaining of these ends, the officers of the church are to proceed by admonition, suspension from the sacrament of the Lord's supper for a season, and by excommunicar^n from the church, according to the nature of the crime, and demerit of the person d.
Chat. XXXI. Of Synods and Councils.
FOR the better government and further edification of the
church, there ought to be such assemblieias are commonly called synods or councils a.
rather to forgive him, and comfort after the tradition which he receivhim, left perhaps such a one should ed of us. v. 14. And if any man be swallowed up with overmuch for- obey not our word by this epistle, row. v. 8. Wherefore I beseech you, note that man, and have no cornthat you would confirm your love pany widi him, that he may be atowards him, shamed, v. v 5. Yet count him not as
III. c (1 Cor. v. ch. throughout.) an enemy, but admonish him as a I Tim. v. 20. Them that fin, rebuke brother. 1 Cor, v. 4. In the name of before all, that otheis also may fear, our Lord Jesus Christ, when yc are Mat. vii. 6. Give not that which is gathered together, and my spirit, holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye with the power of the Lord jefus your pearls before swine, lest they Christ, v. 5. Tq deliver such an one tr.imple them under their feet, and unto Satan for the destruction of the turn again and rent you. 1 Tim. i. flesh, that the spirit may be saved 20. Of whom is Hyraeaeus and A- in the day of the Lord jefus. v. 13. lcxander, whom I have delivered TJut them that are without, God unto Satan, that they may learn not to judgeth. Therefore put away from blaspheme. (1 Cor. xi. 27. to the among yourselves that wicked per. end.) With jude 23. And others son. Mat. xviii. 17. And if he (hall save with fear, pulling them out of neglect to hear them, tell it ur/to the (ire : hating even the garments the church; but if he neglect to spotted by the flefli. hear the church j let him be unto
IV. 1 d Thess. v. 13. And we be- thee as an heathen man and a pubseech you, brethren, to know them lican. Tit. iii. 10. A man that is which labour among you, and are an heretic, after the first and stcord over you in the Lord, and admonish admouitinn, reject..
you. 2 Thess. iii. 6. Now we com 1. a Acts xv, 2. When therefore
mand you, brethren, in the name of Paul and Barnabas had no sma 11 dis
our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye with- fention and disputation with thrm,
draw yourselves from every brother they determined that Paul and Bir
Uiat walketh disorderly, and not aabas, and certain other of them,
It As magistrates may lawfully call a synod of ministers and other fit persons, to consult and advise with about matters of religion b: so, if magistrates be open enemies to the church, the ministers of Christ, of themselves, by virtue of their office; or they, with other fit persons upon delegation from their churches, may meet together in such assemblies c.
Ill,It belongethto synods and councils, ministerially to de- / termine controversies of faithTandTases of conlcience; to let down rules and directions"* r the better ordering of the public worship of God,and government of his church; to receive complaints in cafes of mal-administration, and authoritatively todetermiae the fame: which decrees and determinations, if consonant to the-wordof God, are to be received with reverence and submission, not only for their agreement with the word, but also for the power whereby they are made, as being an ordinance
should go up to Jerusalem unto the >?ostlis and elders about this ciuestion.v. 4./\nd when they were come to Jerusalem, they were received of the church, aud of the apostles and elden; and they declared all things ti;t God had done with them. r. 6. And the apostles and elders came together for to consider of this matttr.
II. b Isa. xlix. 2 3. And kings (hall lie thy nursing fathers, and their tjatens thy nursing mothers: they ball bow down to thee with their free toward the earth, and lick up the dust of thy feet, and thou shalt *kmv that I am the Lord: for they &»ll not be aihamed that wait /or 1 Tim,S.I. 1 exhort therefore, 'lut first of all supplications, prayintercessions, aud giving of tta-ikt be made for all men. v. 2. For kings, and for all that are in tmharity; rhat we may lead a quiet •od peaceable life in all godliness >nd honesty. (jChron. xix.8.to the *»•) (2 Chron. xxix. and xxx. throughout.) Mat. ii, 4. And
when he had gathered all the chief piicsts and scribes of the people together, he, demanded of tuem where Christ mould be born. v. c. And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judea: for thus it it written by the prophet. Prov. xi< 14. Where no counsel is, the people fall! but in tha multitude of counselors there is safety.
c Acts xv. 2, 4. (See in letter a.) v. 22. Then pleased it the apostles and elders, with the whole church, to fend chosen men of their own company to Antioch, with Paul and Barnabas; namely, Judas sirnamed Barfabas, and Silas, chief men among the brethien. v. 23. And wrote letters by them after this manner, The apostles, and elders, and brethren fend greeting unto the brethren who are of the Gentiles in Antioch, and Syria, and Cilicia, w. 25. It seemed good unto us, being assembled with one accord, to fend chosen men unto you with our be • loved Barnabas and Paul.
of God appointed thereunto in his word d.'
IV. All synods or councils since the apostles times, whether general or particular, may err, and many have erred: there
jit fore they are not to be made, the rule of faith or practice, but to be used as an help in both e.
V. Synods and councils are to handle or conclude nothing but that which is ecclesiastical: and are not to intermeddle with civil affairs, which cJhcern the commonwealth, unless by* way of humble petition, in cafes * xtraordinary; or by way of advice for satisfaction of conscience, if they be thereunto required by the civil magistrate f.
Chap. XXXII. Of the State of Men after death, and os the .Resurrection os the Dead.
THE Bodies of men, after death.return to dust, and see corruption a; but their souls (which neither die nor sleep,)
III. (/Actsxv. 1 j, 19, 24,27,28, 29, 30, 31. (See in the Bible.) Acts xvi. 4, And as they went thro' the cities, they delivered them the decrees for to keep, that were ordained of the apostles and ciders who were at Jerusalem, Mat. xviii. 17, And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it i,"to the church: but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican, v. 18. Verily I fay unto you, Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth, shall be bound in heaven: ar.d whatsoever you (hall loose on eirth, (hall be loosed in heaven, v.
19. Again I say unto you, that is two of you (hall agree on «arth as touching anv thing that they (hall ask, it shall b: done for them of my Father who is io heaven, v.
20. For where two or tiiree are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.
IV. t Eph. ii, 70, At.d are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, j\sus Christ h:n:self
being the chief corner stone. Acts xvii. H. These were more noble than those in Thestalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily,whether those things were so. 1 Cor. ii. 5. That your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, bu* in the power of God, 2 Cor. i. 24. Not for that we have dominion over your faith, but are helpers of your joy; for by faith ye stand.
V.yi.uke xii. 13. And one of the company said unto him, Mafter, speak to my brother, that he divide the inheritance with me. v. 14. And he said unto him, Man, who made me a judge, or a divider over you? john xviii. 46. Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world, if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants sight, that I fnould not be delivered to the Jews: bat r.ow is my kingdom not from hence.
I. a Gen. iii. 19, In the sweat of thy face