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* to be carnally minded (Gr. the minding of the flesh], is k death ; but * to be fpiritually minded [Gr. the minding of the spirit], is life and peace : 7. Because *the carnal mind (Gr. the minding of the flesh] is ' enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, m neither indeed can be. 8. So then they that are in the (1) flesh, cannot please God. 9. But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the (2) Spirit of God " dwell in you. Now if any man have not

the 6. k + Rom. 6. 21. + Gal. 6. which is in you? which ye have of 8. See on Rom s. 12

God. 2 Cor. 6. 16. What A. 17. Jam. 4. 4.' Ye Adulterers greement hath the Temple of God and Adulreresles, know ye not with Idols? for ye are the Temple that the Friendship of the World s of the living God; as God hath is Ermity with God ? whosoever said, I will dwellin them, and walk therefore will be a Friend of the in them; and I will be their God, World, is the Enemy of God. and they shall be my People. Eph.

t i Cor. 2. 14. The natural 2. 21, 22. In whom all the Build. Man receiveth not the things of 10 ing fitly framed together, groweth the Spirit of God : for they are unto an holy Temple in the Lord : foolishness unto him; neither can In whom you also are builded to. he know them, because they are gether for an habitation of God fpiritually diseerned.

through the Spirit. Tim. 3. 15. 9. " t i Cor. 3., 16, 17, Know 15 That thou mayft know how thou ye not that ye are the Temple of God, oughtest to behave thy self in the and that the Spirit of God dwelleth House of God, which is the Church in you. If any Man defile the Tem of the living God. Heb. 3. 6. ple of God, him Thall God destroy: Christ, as a Son over his own House: for the Temple of God is holy, which 20 whose House are we. Temple are ye.' t 1 Cor. 6. 19. Ye also as lively Stones, are built What, know ye not


Bo up a spiritual House - Joh. 3. 24. dy is the Temple of the holy Ghost,

He (1) The Word Flesh here, is nct to be understood in a proper Sense, but in a figurative one. For it does not stand for a natural Body, but it denotes a worldly, carnal Life, and the being in a corrupt State and Condition, When therefore the Apostle says, that such cannot please' God, and in the former Verse, that the carnal Mind neither is, nor can be subject to the Law of God, his meaning is not, that this is utterly impossible, but that it is impoflible so long as it continues to be carnal. An evil Tree, while it continues evil, cannot bring forth good Fruit; but if the same Tree by Pruning, Grafting, or any other Method of Cultivation, is made a good Tree, it will then bring forth good fruit. And that a wicked Man may become a good Man; is manifest from the Exhortations to die unto Sin, to crucific the Flesh to put off the old Man, &c. and from the Promises of Assistance and Reward, and the Threats of Punishment, to prevail with him fo to be : f Je live after the Flesh, &c. Ver. 13.

(2) That God affords the Alitance of his holy Spirit in some Degree to all'nicn; that he enlightens the Minds of all Christians, being ready to aslift and enable them to perform such an Obedience as he will graciously accept and reward, is the plain Doctrine of the New Testament. Did


į Pet. 2.5.

the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. 10. And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of fin; but the Spirit is life, because of righteousness. II. But if the Spirit of him that P raised up Jesus from the dead, dwell in you; he that raised

up Chrift from the dead, shall also 9 quicken your mortal bodies, * by his Spirit [Or, becau e of his Spirit] that dwelleth in you.

12. Therefore, brethren, we are debters, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh. 13. For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if yes through the Spirit

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do He that keepeth his Commanda to my Salvation, through your ments, dwelleth in him, and he in Prayer, and the supply of the Spirit him: and hereby we know that of Jesus Christ. ti Pet. I. II. he abideth in us, by the Spirit which Searching what, or what manner of he hath given us.

1 Joh. 4. 13. Š Time the spirit of Christ whick Hereby know we that we dwell in was in them did fignifie.him, and he in us, because he hath

P See on Acts 2. 24. given us of his Spirit.

9 + Eph. 2. 5. Even when we • † Joh. 3. 34. God giveth not were dead in Sins, hath quickned the Spirit by measure unto him. sous together with Christ. + Kom. # Gal. 4. 6. Because ye are Sons, 6.4. + 1 Cor. 6. 14.

† 2 Cor. 4. God hath sent forth the spirit of

See on Afts 2. 24. his Son into your Hearts.- † Phil. 13.

r See on Gal. 6. 8. 1.19

I know that this shall turn $ See on 1. Pet. 1. 22.



the Devil put it into the Heart of Judas to betray his Lord and Master ? Does he inspire his Servants and Vot aries, suggesting Evil and Wickedness to them? Can we then doubt, whether the holy Spirit puts good Motions into our Minds, inspiring us with good Thoughts and Delires ? But be. fides this common Grace, it is manifest from this Text, and the Referens ces fet under it, that fincere and true Christians have the special Presence and Residence of the holy Spirit vouchfafed to them, expressed here by his dwelling and abiding in them, which can import noching less than a cons tinual Influence and Asistance, and that he is in them a powerful Principle of Spiritual Life, enabling them to resist Temptations, and to despise all the ola lurements and Reproaches of the World, and patiently to bear the Aflictions which their being the faithful Servants of God exposes them to, and even to rejoice in them. By the gracious Influences of the holy Spirit, they are enabled to grow in Grace, and to become still more and more like unto God, resembling him in all his imitable Perfektions. The Sense hereof may not at all times be the fame; it may be interrupted by Application to Businefs, which our present Condition makes necessary, and a Duty; or the Mind may be clouded by Melancholy; not to insist on the Notion advanced by many spiritual Persons, that God, fometimes by way of Tryal, fomes times by Way of Punishment, conceals, as it were, himielf from the Soul.

In the acts of the Apostles, and other Places of the New Testament, by this Expression, The Gift of the holy Ghost, or Spirit, is meant his extraordinas ry and miraculous Gifts, whereby the Apostles and first Christians were effe&ually enabled to plant and propagate the Chriftian Religion. See on Ass 5. 320


do : mortifie the deeds of the body, ye shall live. 14. For as many as are 6 led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. 15.For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again d to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. 16. (1) The Spirit it self beareth witness with our fpirit, that we are the children

of † Eph. 4: 22. That ye put off † Mar. 14. 36. He said, Abba, Fan concerning the former Conversati ther, all things are possible unto on, the old Man, which is corrupc thee.- Luk. 12. 32.Fear not little according to the deceitful Luffs. Flock; for it is your Fathers good

Col. 3. 5. Mortifie therefore your s Pleasure to give you the Kingdom. Members which are upon the Joh. 1. 12. As many as received Earth; Fornication, Uncleanness, in- him, to them gave he power to be ordinate Affection, evil Concupi come the Sons of God.-Gal. 3. 26. scence, and Covetousness, which is Ye are all the Children of God by. Idolatry:

10 Faith in Jesus Christ. Gal. 4. 5,6. 14. Gal. 5. 18. If ye are led That we might receive the Adoption by the Spirit, ye are not under the of Sons. And because ye are Sons, Law.

God hath sent forth the Spirit of 15.

t i Cor. 2i 12. Now we his Son into your Hearts, crying, have received not the Spirit of the 15 Abba, Father. Eph. 1. 5. Having World, but the Spirit which is of predestinated us unto the Adoption God; that we might know the of Children by Jesus Christ himthings that are freely given to us self. - Joh. 3. 1. Behold, what of God.

manner of Love the Father hath d † 2 Tim. 1.7. God hath not 20 bestowed upon us, that we should given us the Spirit of Fear ; but of be called the Sons of God. Power, and of Love, and of a found

16. +2, Cor. s. 22. Who hath Mind.

also sealed us, and given the earnest : + Ifa. 56. 5. Unto them will I of the Spirit in our Hearts.. 2 give in mine Houfe, and within 25 Cor. 5.5. -Who also hath given my Walls, a Place, and a Name us the earnest of the Spirit. 1 Eph better than of sons and of Daughters.

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(1) Poflibly Almighty God may, by a Voice or Whisper of the holy Spirit, give to some Perfons, and in some extraordinary Cases, an afsurance that they are his Children. But such a Teftimony of the Spirit is not, that I know of, promised in Scripture, and therefore is not to be expeEted by us. The best Evidence of our having the Spirit, and of our being the Children of God, is bringing forth the Fruits of the Spirit in our Lives and Conversations, withour which all other Pretences are Fruitles and vain. The Advancing such Opinions as put People in Expectation of the Spirit's speaking to themi, may be of dangerous Consequence; for good Men not finding any such Voice, may be apt to fall into Despair; and it may expose others to Presumption, and the Delusion of the evil Spirit, That the Apostle does not here encourage any such Expectation is manifeft, because such a Teftimony would be the immediate Testimony of the Spirit alonewhereas the Witness the Apostle fpeaks of, is a Witness concurring with our Spirits, that is, our Minds and Consciences, which have therefore a Share in giving of it. See Bishop Bul's Englijb Works Pag. 882, c.

of God. 17. And if children, then heirs; ? heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Chrift: it to be that we i surfer with bim, that we may be also glorified together. 18. For I reckon that the * sufferings of this present time, are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed 19. For the earnest expe&tation of the (1) Crea


in us.

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1. 13, 14. -In whom also after that

4. 13. But rejoice in as much as ye believed, ye were sealed with ye are Partakers of Christs Sufferings ; that holy Spirit of Promise, which is that when his Glory shall be revealthe earnest of our Inheritance, until ed, ye may be glad with exceeding the_Redemption of the purchaled 5 7oy. Pet. s. 10. The God of all Possession, unto the Praise of his Grace, who hath called us unto his Glory. f Eph. 4. 30. Grieve not eternal Glory by Christ Jesus, after the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye that ye have suffered a while,makeyou are sealed unto the Day of Redem- perfect, ftablish, strengthen, fettle ption.

1o you.

1 Joh. 3. 2. Beloved, now 17.8 Gal. 4. 7. Wherefore thou are we the Sons of God, and it doch art no more a Servant, but a Son; not yet appear what we hall be: but and if a Son, then an Heir of God we know that when he shall appear, through Chrift.

we shall be like him; for we shall hi: A&ts 26. 18. —That they 15 see him as he is. may receive Forgiveness of Sins, 19 Isa. 65. 17. Behold, I create and Inheritance among them that are new Heavens, and a new, by Faith that is in me. Ifa. 66. 22. As the new Heavens,

it2 Tim. 2.11,12. : Phil. 1. and the new Earth, which I will 28. See on A&ts 14. 22:

20 make, shall remain before me, faith 18.

Mat. 5. 11, 12. Blessed are the Lord; fo fhall your Seed and ye, when Men shall revile you, and your Name remain. Afts 3. 21. persecute you.- Rejoice and be Whom the Heaven must receive, exceeding glad: for great is your until the Times of Reftitution of all Reward in Heaven. tz Cor. 4.,17.25 Things, which God hath ipoken by Our light Anlietion, which is but the Mouth of all his holy Prophers, for « Moment, worketh for us a far since the World began. + 2 Pet. more exceeding and eternal Weight of 3. 13. Nevertheless, we according Glory. t 1 Pet. 1. 6,7. Wherein ye to his Promise, look for new Heagreatly rejoice, though now for a 30 vens, and new Earth, wherein Season (if need be) ye are in Heavi dwelleth Righteousness. + 1 Joh. nessthrough manifold Temptations. 3. 2. The Words under Ver. 18. That the trial of your Faith being Rev. 21. 1, 27. I saw a new Heaven, much more precious than of Gold and a new Earih. And there hall that perisheth, though it be tried 35 in no wise enter into it any thing with Fire, might be found unto Praise, that defileth, neither whatsoever and Honour, and Glory, at the Ap workech Abomination, or maketh pearing of Jesus Chrift. t 1 Pet. a Lie

(1) I once intended to have put a Note on this difficult Passage, which reaches to the End of the 2;d Verfe; but finding it would take up more Room than I could spare, I thall refer the Reader to the fecond Vol. of Dr. Lightfoot's Works, pag. 359, 1089, 1148. See likewile Dr. Whitby on these Verses.

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ture waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God. 20. For the Creature was made m fubject to vanity, 110t willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope : 21. Because the creature it self also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption, into the glorious liberty of the children of God. 22. For we know that* the whole creation [Or, every creature] " groneth, and travaileth in pain together until now: 23. And not only they, but our felves allo, which have the ° first fruits of the Spirit, even P we our selves grone within our selves, waiting for the adoption, to mit, the redemption of our body. 24. For we are saved by hope: But 5 hope that is feen, is not hope : for what a man feeth, why doth he yet hope for? 25. But if we hope for that we fee not, then do we with patience wait for it. 26. (1) Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we.

ought: 11 20. Gen. 3. 17. Unto Adam is from Heaven: For we that are he said, Because thou hast heark in this Tabernacle do grone, being ened unto the Voice of thy Wife, burdened: not for that we would and hast eaten of the Tree of which be unclothed, but clothed upon, I cominanded thee, saying, Thou şthat mortality might be fwallowed Thalt not eat of it, Cursed is the Ground for thy fake; in Sorrow 'q.: Luk. 20. 36. Neither can Thalt thou eat of it all the Days of they die any more; for they are thy Life. Ifa. 24. 5, 6. The Earth equal to the Angels, and are the allo is defiled under the Inhabitants Children of God, being the Chilthereof: because they have trans dren of the Refurre&tion. greffed the Laws, changed the Or 1 *Luk. 21. 28. When these dinance, broken the everlasting things begin to come to pass, then Covenant. Therefore hath the look up, and lift up your Heads; Curse devoured the Earth, and they for your Redemption draweth nigh. that dwell therein are defolate. Eph. 4. 30. The Words under

22."; Jer. 12. 11. They have Ver. 16. made it (my pleasant Portion) de 24.5 + 2 Cor. 5.7. Heb. 11, solate, and being defolate, it mourn See on Joh, 20. 29. eth unto me.

26. ' + Mat. 20. 22. Jesus an23.0: Eph. 1. 14: The Words swered and fiid, Ye kxow not what under Ver. 16.

ye ask. - Jam. 4. 3. Ye ask, and p of 2 Cor. 5.2, 4. For in this we receive not, because ye ask amiss, grone earnestly, defiring to be cio that ye may consume it on your thed upon with our House which 25 Lujts.

up of Life.





(1) This Verfe has confiderable Difficulties in it. The Reader may find an Explication thereof in Dr. Claget's Discourse of the Operations of the holy Spirit, Part I. Chap. V. Sc. 6. Also Part II. p. 46, &c. He has praved that it cannot be inferred from this Place that the holy Spirit Silifts Chriftians in offering extempor: Prayers.

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