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* to be carnally minded s_Gr. the minding of the flesh"}, is k death; but* to be spiritually minded s_Gr. the minding of thefpiriQy is life and peace: 7. Because * the carnal mind f_Gr. the minding of the flejli^ is 1 enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, m neither indeed can be. 8. So then they that are in the(i) flesh, cannot please God. 9. But ye are not in the flesti, but in the Spirit, if so be that the (2) Spirit of God n -dwell in you. Kow if any man have not

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6. k + Rom. 6. 21.. t Gal. 6*. w hich is in you ? which ye have of 8. See on Rom <j. u God.— 3 Cor. 6. 16. What A

7. 1 Jam. 4. 4. Ye Adulterers greement hath the Temple of God and Adulrerefles, know ye not with'Idols? for ye are the Temple that the Friendship of the World 5 of the living God; as God hath is Enmity with God? whosoever said,I will dwell in them, and walk therefore will be a Friend of the in them; and I will be their God, World, is the Enemy of God. and they shall be my People. Eph.

1,1 f 1 Cor. a. 14. The natural 2.21,22. In whom all the BuildMan receiveth not the things ofI0ing fitly framed together, groweth the Spirit of God: for they are unto an holy Temple in the Lord: foolistinel's unto him; neither can In whom you also are builded tohe know them, because they are gether for an habitation of God spiritually discerned. through the Spirit. 1 Tim. 3. Ij.

9. n + 1 Cor. 3. 16, 17. Know j y That thou may ft know how thou ye not that ye are the Temple ofGod, oughtest to behave thy self in the and that the Spirit of God dweUeth House- of God, which is the Church in you. If any Man defile, the Tern- of the living God.— Heb. 3. 6, pie of God, him shall God destroy: Christ, as a Son over his own House: for the Temple of God is holy, which 20 whose House are we.—- 1 Pet. 2. 5. Temple are ye. t 'Cor. 6. 19. Ye also as lively Stones, are built What, know ye not that your Bo- up a spiritual House.— 1 Joh. 3.24. dy is the Temple of the holy Ghoff, He

0) The Word Flesh here, is net to be understood in a proper Sense, but in a figurative one. For it does not stand for a natural Body, but it denotes a worldly, canal Life, and the being in a corrupt State and Condition. When therefore the Apostle fays, that such cannot please God, and in the former Verse, that the carnal Mind neither is.nor can be subject to the Law of God, his meaning is not, that this is utterly impossible, but that it is impossible so long as it continues to be carnal. An evil Tree, while it continues evil, cannot bring forth good Fruit; bur if the fame Tree by Pruning, Grafting, or any other Method of Cultivation, is made a good Tree, it will then bring forth good Fruit. And that a wicked Man may become a good' Man, is manifest from the Exhortations to die unto Sin, to crucifie the Flefl> to put off the old Man, &c. and from the Promises of Assistance and Reward, and the Threats of Punishment, to prevail with him so to be: if ye live after the Flejh, &c. Ver. i 3.

(2) That God affords the AJJifiance of his holy Spirit in some Degree to all Men; that he enlightens the Minds of all Christians, being ready to affif! and enable them to perform such an Obedience as he will graciously accept and reward, is the plain Doctrine of the New-Testament. Did

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the ° Spirit of Christ, he is none ot his. 10. And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin ^ but the Spirit is life, because of righteousness, n. But if the Spirit of him that p railed up Jesus from the dead, dwell in you-, he that raised up Christ from the dead, shall also q quicken your mortal bodies, * by his. Spirit s_Or, because os his Spirit*] that dwelleth in you. 12. Therefore, brethren, we are debters, not to the rlesli, to live after the flesh. 13. For if ye r live after the flesli, ye shall die: but if ye s through the Spirit

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He that keepeth his Command- to my Salvation, through yout*

ments, daelleth in him, and he in Prayer, and the supply of the Spirit

him: and hereby we know that of Jesus Cbritf. si Pet. I. is.

he abideth in us, by the Spirit which Searching what, or what manner of

he hath given us. i Joh. 4. 13. 5 Time the Spirit of Chriff which

Hereby know we that me dwell in was in them did fignifie.—

him, and he in us, because he hath 11. '•' See on Acts 2. 24.

given useshis Spirit. q t Eph. 2. 5. Even when we

0 t Joh. 3. 34. —God giveth not were dead in Sins, hath quickned the Spirit by measure unto him. 10 us together with Christ, t Rom.

"t Gal. 4. 6. Because ye are Sons, 6.4. t 1 Cor. 6. 14. | a Cor. 4.

God hath sent forth the Spirit of 14. See on Acts 2. 24.

his Sen into your Hearts.— t Phil. 13. r See on Gal. 6. 8.

1.19. I know that this shall turn s See on 1. Pet. 1. 22.

the DtvSl put it into the Heart of Judas to betray his Lord and Master? Does he inspire his Servants and Notaries, suggesting Evil and Wickedness to them? Can we then doubt, whether the holy Spirit puts good Motions into our Minds, inspiring us with good Thoughts and Desires? But besides this common Grace, it is manifest from this Text, and the References set under it, that sincere and true Christians have the special Presence and Residence of the holy Spirit vouchsafed to them, expressed here by his dwelling and abiding in them, which can import nothing less than a, con* titmal Influence and Assistance, and that he is in them a powerful Principle of spiritual Life, enabling them to resist Temptations, and to despise all the Allurements and Reproaches of the World, and patiently to bear the AffliRions which their being the faithful Servants of God exposes them to, and even to rejoice in them. By the gracious Influences of the holy Spirit, they are enabled to grow in Grace, and to become still more and more like unto God> rejembling him in all his imitable Perfections. The Sense hereof may not at all times be the fame; it may be interrupted by Application to Buli* ness, which cur present Condition makes nectssary, and a Duty ; of the M'Wmay be clouded by Melancholy; not to insist on the Kttitn advanced by many spiritual Persons, that God, sometimes by Way of Tryal, some* times by Way of Punishment, conceals, as it were, himself from the Soul.

In the Acts of the Apostles, and other Places of the New-Testament, by this Expression, The Gift of the holy GhoSt, or Spirit, is meant his extraordina* 7 and miraculous Gifts, whereby the Apostles and first Christians were effectually enabled to plant and propagate the Christian Religion. Ste on ASs 5. 31.

do amortifiethe deeds of the body, ye shall live. 14. For as many as are b led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. 15.For ye have c not received the spirit of bondage again d to fear} but ye have received the e Spirit of adoption) whereby we cry, Abba, Father. 16. (1) The Spirit it self * beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children

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S tEph. 4. 22. That ye put of t Mar. 14. 36*. He said, Alba, Faconcerning the former Conversed- tbsr, all things are possible unto on, the old Man, which is corrupt thee.— Luk. i 2. 32.Fearnot little according to the deceitful Lusts. Flock; for it is your Fathers good t Col. i. y. Mmifie therefore your 5 Pleasure to give you the Kingdom. Members which are upon the Job. 1. 12. sAs many as received Earth; Fornication, Undeanniss, in- him, to them gave he Power to berordinate Affection, evil Concupi- come the Sons of God.—Gal. 3» 26. icence, and Covetousness, which is Ye are all the Children of God by. Idolatry. 10 Faith in Jesus Christ. Gal. 4. 5,6.

>4. h + Gal. 5. 18. If ye are led That we might receive the Adoption by the Spirit, ye are not under the of Sons. And because ye are Sons-, Law. God hath sent forth the Spirit of

1 j. c t 1 Cor. Si 12. Now we his Son into your Hearts, crying, have received not the Spirit of the 15 Ab fa, Father. Eph. 1. j. Having World, but the Spirit which is of predestinated us unto the Adoption God; that we might know the of Children by Jesus Christ himthings that are freely given to us self.— 1 Joh. 3. 1. Behold, what of God. manner of Love the Father hath

d f 2 Tim. 1.7. God hath not 20 bestowed upon us, that we should given us the Spirit of Fear; but of be called the Sons of God.— Power, and of Love, and of a found 16. f f 2 Cor. 1. 22. Who hath Mind. also sealedus, and given the earnest

e f Isa. 56. 5. Unto them will I of the Spirit in our Hearts, f 2 give in mine House, and within 25 Cor. 5. $. —Who also hath given my Walls, a Place, and a Name us the earnest of the Spirit. -| Eph better than of Sons and ofDaughters.—• 1.

(1) Possibly Almighty God may, by a Voice or Whisper of the holy Spirit, give to some Persons, and in some extraordinary Cases, an assurance that thev are his Children. But such a Testimony of the Spirit is nor, that I know of, promised in Scripture, and therefore is not to be expected by us. The best Evidence of our having the Spirit, and of our being the Children of God, is bringing forth the Fruits of the Spirit in cur Lives and Conversations, without which all other Pretences are Fruitless and vain. The Advancing such Opinions as put People in Expectation of the Spirit's speaking to them, may be of dangerous Consequence; for good Men not finding any such Voice, may be apt to fall into Despair; and it may expose others to Presumption, and the Delusion of the evil Spirit. That the Apostle does not here encourage any such Expectation is manifest, because such a Testimony would be the immediate Testimony of the Spirit alone; whereas the Witness the Apostle speaks of, is a Witness concurring with our Spirits, that is, our Minds and Consciences, which have therefore a Share in giving of it. See Bishop Bull's English Works Pag. Uzy&c.

of God. 17. And e if children, then heirs; h heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ: if so be that we 'suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together. 18. For I reckon that the k sufferings of this present time, are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us. 10. For the earnest ' expectation of the (1) Crea

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1.13,14. — In whom also after that 4. 13. Bat rejoice 111 as much as

ye believed, ye were sealed with ye are Partakers of Chrifls Sufferings;

that holy Spirit of Promise, which is that when his Glory shall be reveal

the earnest of our Inheritance, until ed, ye may be glad with exceeding

the Redemption of the purchased 5 Jay. 1 Pet. j. 10. The God of all

Possession, unto the Praise of his Grace, who hath called us unto his

Glory, f Eph. 4. 30. Grieve not eternal Glory by Christ Jesus, after

the holy Spirit- of God, whereby ye thatye havefuffered awhile,maVeyo\x

are sealed unto the Day of Jledem- perfect, stablifh, strengthen, settle ption. ioyou. ijoh. 3. 2. Beloved, now

17. * Gal. 4. 7. Wherefore thou are we the Sons of God, and it doth -art no more a Servant, but a Son; not yet appear what we shall be: but. and isa So», then an Heir of God we know that when he shall appear, through Christ. we shall be like him; for we shall

h 7 Acts 26. 18. —That they j j see him as he is. may receive Forgiveness of Sins, 19 ' Isa. 65s. 17. Behold, I create

zni. Inheritance among them that are new Heavens, and a new Earth.— sanctified, by Faith that is in me. Isa. 66. 22. As the new Heavens,

'+2 Tim. 2.11,12. '.' Phil. 1. and the new Earth, which I will 28. See on Acts 14. 22: 20 make, shall remain before me, faith

18. k Mat. y. 11, 12. Blessed are the Lord; so shall your Seed and ye, when Men shall revile you, and your Name remain. Acts 3. 21, persecute you.— Rejoice and be Whom the Heaven must receive, exceeding glad: for great h your until the Times of Restitution of all Reward in Heaven, f5 Cor. 4. 17. 2. Things, which God hath spoken by Our light dfpiflion, which is but the Mouth of all his holy Prophets, fir * Moment, worketh forus afar since the World began, t 2 Pet. more exceeding and eternal Weight of 3. 13. Nevertheless, we according G/57. + i Pet. 1. 6, 7. Wherein ye to his Promise, look for new Hear greatly rejoice, though now for a 3o vens, and new Earth, wherein fiafin (if need be) ye are in Heavi- dwelleth Righteousness, f ijoh. nelsthroughmanifoldTemptations. 3.2. The Words under Ver. 18. That the trial of your Faith being Rev. 2r. 1, 27. I saw a new Heaven, much more precious than of Gold and a new Earth.— And there shall that perisheth, though it be tried 3 J in no wise enter into it any thing with V\re,might be found unto Praise, that defileth, neither whatsoever itid Honour, and Glory, at the Ap- worketh Abomination, ormaketh pearing of Jesus Christ, t 1 Pet. a Lie—*

Ci) I once intended to have put a Note on this difficult Passage, wh:ch reaches to tlie End of the 23d Verse; but finding it would take up more; Room than I could spare, 1 ihall refer the Reader to the second Vol. of T5r. tightsoot's Works, p«g. 359, 1089, 1148. See likewise Dr. Wbithf'oa these Verses.

ture waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God. 20. For the Creature was made m iubjectr-to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope: 2.1. Because the creature it self also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption, into the glorious liberty ofthe children oi'God. 22. For we know that* the whole creation s_Or, every creature"] " groneth, and travaileth in pain together until now: 23. And not only they, but our selves also, which have the "first fruits of the Spirit, even p we our selves grone within our selves^ waiting for the q adoption, to wit, the r redemption of our body. 24. For we are laved by hope: But 5 hope that is seen, is not hope: for what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for? 25. But if we hope for that we fee not, then do we with patience wait for it. 16. (1) Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we "know not what we mould pray for as we.

ought:

TM 10. Gen. 3. 17. Unto Adam is from Heaven.- For we that are lie said, Because thou hast heark- in this Tabernacle do grone, being ened unto the Voice of thy Wife, burdened; not for that we would andhast eaten of the Tree of which be unclothed, but clothed upon, 1 commanded thee, faying, Thou y that mortality might be swallowed shalt not eat of it, Cursed is the up of Life.

Ground for thy fake; in Sorrow "5 V Luk. ao. 36. Neither can

ihalt thou eat of it all the Days of they die any more; for they are thy Life. Isa. 24. 5, 6. The Earth equal to the Angels, and are the also is defiled under the Inhabitants IO Children of God, being the Chilthereof: because they have trans- dren of the Resurrection. gressed the Laws, changed the Or- '*Cuk„ ai. 28; When these

finance, broken the everlasting things begin to come to pass, then Covenant. Therefore hath the" look up, and lift up your Heads; Curse devoured the Earth, and they j - for your Redemption draweth nigh, that dwell therein are desolate. — '.' Eph. 4. 3.0. The Words under

52. "Vjer. 12. 11. They have Ver. 16. made it [my pleasant Portion] de- 24.S f 2 Cor. e. 7. f Heb. 11.

soJate, and being desolate, it mourn- 1. See on Joh. so. 29. ith unto me.— 20 26. u t Mat. 20.3.2. Jesus an

33. ° V Eph, i. 14. The Words swered and snd, Ye know mot what under Ver. 16. ye ask.— t Jam. 4. 3. Ye ask,and

P t 2 Cor. 5.2,4. For in this we receive not, because ye ask amiss, grone earnestly, desiring to be do- rhac ye may consume it on your thed upon with our House which 2j Lusts.

(1) This Verse has considerable Difficulties in it. The Reader may

find an Explication thereof in Dr. Ctagct's Discourse of the Operations of

the holy Spirit, Tart I. Chap. V. Sect. 6. Also Part II. p. 46\ &c. He has

proved that it cannot be inferred from this Place that the holy Spirit

■ assists Christians in offering extempore Prayers.

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