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to f wrath. 20. For the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God. 21. Wherefore * lay apart all fiU thiness, and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive witij b meekness the engrafted 1 word^ which is able to sa«(| your fouls. 22. But be yek doers of the word, and no( hearers only, 1 deceiving your own selves. 23. For if*j riy be a m hearer of the word, and not a doer, he £ Hke unto a man beholding his natural face in a glafil 24. For he beholdeth himself, and goeth his way, aJ straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was. 2fl But whoso " looketh into the perfect 0 law of liberty, aal continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man fliall be v bleiled in hit * deed £Or, doing}. 26. If any man among you seem m be religious, and q bridleth not his tongue, but deceia


. :■

Voice is known by multitude of 0 tjam- !*•
Words. Ecclesiasticus 1. 29. Be P + Joh. 13.17. If ye knowthew
not an Hypocrite in the Sight of things, happy are ye ifye m
Men; and- tnjte good heed what them.

thouspeake/t. 5 -f 'Pftl. 34. T}.'Keep m

T Eccl. 7. 9. See on Eph. Tongue from Evil, and thy Lips fraM 4. 26. speaking Guile, t Psol. 39 '• •

2i. 6 t, Col. 3. 8. f 1 Fet. a. laid I, will take heed to my Wa^ 1. See on Rom. 6. 4. > that Isin not with myTongue: I vm

.h Psal. 25. 9. The Meek wiD heiokeep my Mouth with a Bridfl guide m Judgment: and the:Meek while the Wicked is before md will he teach his Way. Prov.10.11,13,20,21. The Mouther

1 Eph. 1. 13. In whom also ye a righteous Man is a Well of Lift/ trusted, after that ye" heard the —In the Lips of him that tatfl Word of Truth, the Gospel ot your 15 Understanding, Wisdom is feraai* Salvation.— — The Tongue of the Just is fl

22: k f Luk. ir. 2&. t Rom. 2. choice Silver.— The Lipsoftlwrj 13. See on Mat. 7, 21, 24. „ - > Righteous feed many. Prov. ifl ? See on Rom. 16.18. 7. The Lips of the Wife difpam

23. m + Luk. 6.47, &c. Who ^Knowledge.— Ecclcsiasticus 14. ra soever cometh to me, and hcareth Blessed~is the Man that hj:b we rny sayings, and doth them, I will Jtipt with his Mouth.— Ecclcfiasti. ftewycru to whom he is like. He cus/9. 16*. There is one that JUm is like a . Man which built an peth in his Speech, but not from hit House, and digged deep, and laid 25 Heart; and who is he that K*r| the Foundation upon a Rock, &c. not offended with his Tongue? Eon Sees Jam.-2.14, &c. clesiasticus 25. 8. Well is him thJL

'2*r. » t 2 Cor. 3-:»8. We all dweUeth with a Wife of Under* ■with' open Face, beholding as in a standing, and that hath- mtJliffti Glass the Glory of the Lord, are 30 with biTfingue-- Mat. 15.^ changed into the fame Image,from Not that which goeth into the Glory .to Glory, even as by'the Mouth defileth a Man: but rbrt spirit of the Lord. vbu'i

h his own heart, this mans religion is vain. 27. Pure •ligion, and undefined before God and the Father, is this,

0 r visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, d to s keep himself unspotted from the world.

C H A P. II.

1 If Y Brethren, have not the faith of our Lord JeVI sus Christ the a Lord of glory, with b respect of rfons. 2. For it there come unto your (1) assembly a


iich cmeth out of the Month, this was sick, and ye vis ted me: I was

With a Man. Those things which in Prison, and ye came iinto me;

"id out of the Mouth, come forth '.' S I Joh. j. 18. See onjoh.

>m the Heart, and they defile 17. Ij.

■Man. Jam. 3. 2, 5,&c. — If J . CHAP. II.

t Man offend not in Word, the 1. * "." 1 Cor. .2. 8j —Had diey

ne is a perfect Man, and able al- known it, they would slot- have

to bridle the whole Body.—> crucified the Lord-os Glory. ••>-." hold how great a Matter a little b f Lev. 19. 15. —Thou-shalt

e kindleth. And the Tongue is a 10 not respeff the Person of the Poor, 1, * World of Iniquity, &c. nor honour the Person of the 1 Pet. 3. 10. He that will love Mighty: but in Righteousness shale

fe, and see good Days,' let him thou judgethy Neighbour, t Deiit. '»>» his Tongue Jrim evil, and his 1.17. Ye shall not respiB Perfonsia J' that they speak no guile. 15 Judgment, but you shall hear thg

!7- r Exod. 22. 22, &c. Ye shall Small as well as.the Great; you

ttstilf any Widow, or Fatherless shall not be afraid of the Face of

ild. Deut. 24.17. Thou shalt Man, for the Judgment is Gods.—

I pervert the Judgment of the t Deut. 16. 19. Thou, shalt not anger, nor of the Fatherless, 20 wrest Judgment, thou (halt not re

r take a Widows Raiment to speB Persons, neither take a'Gistt

dge. Deut. 27. 19. Cursed be fora Gift doth blind the Eyes of

that perverteth the Judgment of the Wife, and pervert the Words

Stranger, Fatherless, and Widow: of the Righteous, t Prov. 24. 23. [allthe People shall say, Amen. 25 —It is not good to have refpeB'of

1.68. 5. A Father of the Father- Persons in Judgment. Ecdesiasticus

,and A Judge of the Widows, is 42. 1. —Accept no Person- to sia

Jin his holy Habitation. Isa. 1. thereby, t Mac. 22. 16. —Thou

—•Relieve the Oppressed; judge regardest not the Person of Men. Fatherless, plead for the Widow.1® Jude ver. 16. —Having Mens Per

:h. 7.10. Oppress not the Widow, sons in Admiration because of Ad

she Fatherless,the Stranger, nor vantage.

Poor.— 7 Mat. 25. 36*. —I

1) The Word translated Assembly, is in the Greek, Synagogue, which, in New-Testament, stands not only for a Place of Publick Worjkip, but aCo/wtaf Judicature. And the Circumstances here mentioned deterie it to this Sense. As, First, We are here forbidden to have respeB to sons; that is,in Matters of Controversie about the Rights of Men, must shew favour neither to Rich nor Poor, but judge according to


man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in _also a poor man, in vile raiment • 3. And ye h?.ve respect: to him that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him j Sit thou here in a good place } and say to the poor, Stand thou there, or lit here under my footstool: 4. Are ye not then partial in your selves, and are become judges of evil thoughts? 5. Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the c poor of this world d rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath 'promised to them that love him? 6. But ye hart f despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, arjj

* draw you before the judgment-ieats? 7. Do not they


y. e tJoh.7.48. See on 1 Cor. 6. f f 1 Cor. »i. 22: Wta j. 26. also the Note there. have ye not Houses to eat »nik

d f 1 Tim. 6. 18. f Rev. 2. 9. drink in? or despise ye m See on Luk. 12.51. Church of God, and jhxmc t hem

r f Exod. 20. 6. f 1 Sam. 2. 5 have not ?— 30. t Prov. 8. 17. t Mat- 5- 3- 8 *•" Jam 5- 6"- Ye have See on Jam. i. ia.

Truth and Justice. In other Cases, refyeEl to Persons is a Duty, as I Sears from Rom. 13. 7. Render Honour to whom honour is due. Seen The mention of a Footstool, Ver. 3. determines this Place to this Se for Footstools are proper to great Men, to Princes Thrones, am Seats where Judges'fit. Thirdly, The Fault they are charged with, 4. shews that this whole Passage is to be understood in this Sense, nalfl ly, that they were partial, and become Judges of evil Thoughts; for rb gay Attire of the rich Man, and the sine outward Appearance he mail inclined them to favour his Cause, while the poor Man was opprefs'd* the Account of his Poverty and mean Appearance. Add to this,ft Whitby cites a Canon of the Jews, by which it was provided, 'Tf^

* when the Rich and Poor have a Suit together in their Consistories, eit 'both must sit, or both must ftand, to avoid all Marks of Parr*! Those who would see a fuller Account of the Interpretation here [ may consult Mr. KcttlewelCs Treatise of the Holy Sacrament, Part. Chap. 4.'

But though this Passage relates to publick Courts, yet thnsmocht evident from the Reason and Nature of Things, and a Duty which <M ftianCharity lays upon the Rich, namely,to provide in Churches forpob lick Worship, decent Places to accommodate the Poor for hearing ^ Word of God, and performing other Parts of Religious Worship. IM often, with Concern,observed, that, in great Congregations, i'omehi" been by the Croud made uneasie, and almost ready to faint, who mil's have been received into Seats which had few, and sometimes nont I all in them. The Souls of the Poor are as precious in the Sight rfG^ as the Souls of the Rich, and the Poor are obliged to attend the po> lick Worfliip, and therefore ought to be provided for in ■ respect.

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aspheme that worthy name by the which ye are called? . It ye fulfil the royal law, according to the scripture, Thou ihalt love thy neighbour as thy self, ye do rell. 9. But if ye have 1 respect to persons, ye commit By aud are convinced of the law as transgressors. 10. "or whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet (i)ofpad in one pint, k he is guilty of all', n. For* he that jud s_Or, that law which saidj, Do not commit 1 adultery, |id also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adul&y, yet if vthou ldll, thou art become a transgressor of


eumed and killed the Just; and he 9. 1 See on Ver. 1. oth not resist you. 10. k t Deut. 27.16. f Mat. y. B. b f Lev. 19.18. + Mat. 22. 19. See on Gal. 3. 10. . f Rom. 13.9. V Gal. 6. 2. See 11. 1 See on Mat. 5. 27. Joh. 13. 34.?

(1) The Meaning of the Apostle xannot be, that he who breaks one the Laws of God is as great a Sinner, and liable to as grertPunijbmcnt, he who shall break many, or all the Divine Laws; but his Meaning that he who wilfully and purposely breaks one of the Laws of God, ""{set and rebels against the .Authority of God, by which the whole was made. The Apostle here, probably, intends to oppose thac jple which was commonly taught by thejewisli Doctors, and which fear has infected many Christians, namely, that if a Man was but care~ul to keep some of the greater Precepts of the Law, he might, without incurring sod's displeasure, break the rest. The Precepts which many of the Jews ac:ounted the greatest, were some of these: The Law of the Sabbath, :he Law of Sacrificing, and the Law oiTfthes. For these might be observed without doing Violence to their sinful Lusts, and corrupt Passions, hich to bring.Men to, and to prevail with them to practise universal Hnefs, are the great Things aimed at by all Religion. When therefore Jeres come to our Lord with this §lue(tion, Which is the first and t Commandment? He answers them with greac Wisdom, telling m, the Love of God, and the Love of our Neighbour, were the great \m an dm ems The Practice of which includes and takes in every Duty owe to Cod, and every Duty we owe to our Neighbour. How exait (fier therefore they might be in keeping the Sabbath, or doing whatever ilfc they accounted the great Commandment, this could never excuse them for their Injustice in Favouring the Rich, and Oppressing the Poor, or for the Neglect of any Duty commanded by God, or the Commission of any Sin forbidden by him; for every Part of the Law was enacted by the fame Authority. A wife and good Christian will not oppose the Means of Religionjro the End, he will not set up one Part of Religion against another; but he will lay a stress upon every Duty in Proportion to its subserviency to the great End of Religion, universal Holiness of fc?-"art and Life, and practise every one in its proper Time and Place. The Apprehensions he has of the Goodness, Wisdom, and Love of God, makes him conclude, that external Duties would not have been required, had they not been highly subservient to promote the internal. \.)

the law. 12. So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the ro law of liberty. 13. For he shall have n judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy ^ and ° mercy * rejoiceth [Or, glorieth~] against judgment. 14. What doth it p profit, my brethren, though a man fay he hath faith, and have not works? can faitfc iave him? 15. If a brother or sister be naked, and q destitute of daily food-, 16. And r one of you lay unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed, and filled: notwithstand^ ing ye give them not those things which are needful to the1 body j what doth it profit? 17. Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being * alone QGr. by it self}. 18. Yea, a man may fay, Thou hast faith, and I have works: sliew me thy faith (1) without thy works, and s I will sliew thee, my faith by my works. 19. Thou believest that there ft 11 one God \ thou dost well: the a devils also believe and' tremble. 20. But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead? 21. Was not Abraham our fathers * justified by works, c when' he had offered Isaac his fonj upon the altar? 22. * Seest thou. s_Or, thou fecjl~\ how faittt wrought with his works, and by works was faith made


32. m tjam. i-2 J- 14- p t Mat. 7. 16. Every one

13. nt Mat. 6". 15. If ye for- that heareth these sayings of mine,

give not Men their Trespasses, and doth them mt, shall be likened

neither will your Father forgive unto a foolish Man, which built his

your Trespasses, t Mat. 18. 3 5. So 5 House upon the Sand. \ J;

likewise shall my heavenly Father do 1. 23.

also unto you, if ye from your 15. q Sec on Luk.j. 11.

Hearts forgive not everyone his 16. r See on 1 Joh. 3.18.

Brother their Trespasses, t Mat. . 18. s ".' Jram. 3. 13. 25.41,41, «£v.— Depart from me io 19. " See on Mar. 12.29.

ye cursed into everlasting Fire, a | Mar. 1. 24. Let us */«.

prepared for the Devil and his An- what have we to do with thee,

gels. For I was an hungred, and thou Jesus of Nazareth ? art thou

ye gave me no Meat: I was thirsty, come to destroy us? I bit* tkt and ye gave me no drink, &c. See 15 who thou art, the holy one of Goi

on Mat. 5. 7. Mar. 5. 7. <— What have I to do

0 t 1 Joh. 4. 17, 18. Herein is with thee, Jesus, thou Son of

our love made perfect, that we most high-Sod?—

may have boldness in the Day of 21. b See the Notes en Rom.r Judgment: because as he is, so are 2o Rom'. 3. 28. and the Authors there

we in this World. There is no referr'd to, and on Rom. 4. 4.

fear in Love; but perfect love c f Gen. 22. 9, 12. Si

casteth out fear.— Heb. 11. 17.

(1) t Some Copies resd, by thy Works.

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