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takers of the death of Christ. But it does not appear to me that this has any relation to the subject under consideration : for, even were every baptized person partaker of the death of Christ in the fullest sense, as inseparably connected with everlasting salvation, nothing could from this be inferred in respect of the immense multitudes of unbaptized people in the world.

All the elect people of God,' that is, as we have just seen, all who are admitted into the church of Christ, by the appointed form of baptism.'' • If the compilers of our liturgy meant to say this, why did they not say it, in clear and explicit terms? If - all that are admitted into the church of Christ' be “the elect people of God," then they are all • sanctified by the Holy Spirit,' without excepting the most profligate and impious persons to be found, not only in protestant churches, but in the church of Rome also : nay, every man who has been baptized, is so, however distinguished by abominable vices, or damnable heresies; for the

Holy Ghost sanctifies all the elect people of • God.” Few men, I should suppose, viewing this opinion in all its bearings, as breaking down all distinction between real and nominal Christians ; between the most eminent saints and the most atrocious murderers; will be disposed to accede to it. Surely the “elect of God, holy and beloved ;" those “ whom God hath chosen in Christ before “ the foundation of the world;” “ the elect ac“cording to the foreknowledge of God the Fa

Ref. 272.-See Catechism, Answer to the Question, What • dost thou chiefly learn in these articles of thy belief?

VOL. VIII.

tion, received in baptism, and liable to be lost again, be made to accord with the apostle's words? “ He hath chosen us in Christ before the founda“ tion of the world, that we should be holy, and “ without blame before him in love:” “God

“ hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation, .“ through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of

“ the truth; whereunto he hath called you by our " gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord “ Jesus Christ.”! Or to the words of our Article: . God has decreed by his counsel, secret to us, to

deliver from curse and damnation those whom he hath chosen in Christ outof mankind; and to • bring them by Christ to everlasting salvation, as ‘vessels of honour.' Can a baptismal election, such as is described in the quotation, be the election here spoken of ?-Universal or general redemption implies something more, than that every baptized person should have encouragement to seek forgiveness, through the propitiation of the death of Christ ; for this all men, to whom any report of the gospel comes, equally possess : but it implies much less, than that every unbaptized person is actually interested in that propitiation in the same manner as all true believers are.-It has been observed, that the offices of our Church go upon the supposition that men are what they profess to be : the profession made in baptism by adults, if sincere, actually proves them partakers of the death of Christ: and the profession made by parents and sponsors at the baptism of infants, in their name and stead, is taken as the profession, of the infants.; and so they are spoken of as par

'Eph. i. 4. 2 Thess. ii. 13, 14.

takers of the death of Christ. But it does not appear to me that this has any relation to the subject under consideration : for, even were every baptized person partaker of the death of Christ in the fullest sense, as inseparably connected with everlasting salvation, nothing could from this be inferred in respect of the immense multitudes of unbaptized people in the world.

All the elect people of God,' that is, as we have 'just seen, all who are admitted into the church

of Christ, by the appointed form of baptism.' · If the compilers of our liturgy meant to say this, why did they not say it, in clear and explicit terms? If all that are admitted into the church of Christ' be “ the elect people of God," then they are all

sanctified by the Holy Spirit, without excepting the most profligate and impious persons to be found, not only in protestant churches, but in the church of Rome also : nay, every man who has been baptized, is so, however distinguished by abominable vices, or damnable heresies; for the "Holy Ghost sanctifies all the elect people of * God.” Few men, I should suppose, viewing this opinion in all its bearings, as breaking down all distinction between real and nominal Christians ; between the most eminent saints and the most atrocious murderers; will be disposed to accede to it. Surely the “ elect of God, holy and beloved ;" those “ whom God hath chosen in Christ before “ the foundation of the world ; " “ the elect ac“cording to the foreknowledge of God the Fa

Ref. 272.-See Catechism, Answer to the Question, What • dost thou chiefly learn in these articles of thy belief?

Vol. VIII.

" ther, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto “ obedience, and sprinkling of the blood of Christ;” are a distinct company from the heterogeneous mass who have been admitted into the church

by the appointed form of baptism!'—'Wherefore they, which be endued with so excellent a bene

fit of God,' (as that of being chosen in Christ rout of mankind,') · be called, according to God's

purpose, by his Spirit working in due season ; - they through grace obey the calling; they be `justified freely; they be made sons of God by 'adoption ; they be made like the image of his only begotten Son Jesus Christ; they walk religiously in good works; and at length, by God's mercy, they attain to everlasting felicity. Are these the same persons as the whole company of those who are baptized ?

"All the world' comprehends the whole cre*ation ; 'all mankind' is less extensive, and in'cludes only the rational part of the world; all * the elect’ is again more confined, and includes

only that part of mankind who are members of • the church of Christ.'!

There wants nothing in this passage but the word true, before 'members of the church of Christ,' to render it, according to our views, correct: but not all baptized persons, not all who profess and ' call themselves Christians,' are true members of

the church of Christ;' else why do we continually pray that they may be led into the way of • truth??? For all true members of the church of Christ, have been 'led into the way of truth.'

Ref. 272, 273. Prayer for all conditions of men.

“Although it has pleased God, in the unsearchable 'counsels of his wisdom, to bestow upon a peculiar people, chosen in Christ, the sanctifying 'influence of his Holy Spirit.'l

Here his Lordship grants the whole of what most of us request; and, as far as he is consistent with this concession, we concur in his doctrine of general redemption. Nay, we will not object to his calling it universal ; provided it be understood, that none ultimately share the eternal blessedness arising from it except those that are renewed by the Holy Spirit, ' who sanctifies all the elect people of God.

• This passage of our catechism proves incon' trovertibly that our church is not Calvinistic. “The Calvinist maintains that Christ redeemed only the elect, meaning only a small portion of Christians; but every member of our church is taught, before he takes upon himself his baptismal vow, that · Christ redeemed all mankind.' « The Calvinist says, I believe in God the Son,

who hath redeemed me and the elect people of • God: our catechumen says, “I believe in God the Son, who hath redeemed me and all mankind.' These two propositions cannot be reconciled, since the elect people of God' must be only a part of all mankind.'? " This passage proves incontrovertibly that our church' does not, with Calvin, and very many Calvinists, hold the doctrine of particular redemption, Yet Calvin himself allowed, that the redemption of the Saviour's death, being infinite, * Ref. 273.

Ref. 273, 274.,

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