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dantly from the following history, had most probably obliterated his which is founded on tact, and which former pasion. We are generally too many will, from their own ex- inclined to believe what we fear, as perience, allow to be probable. well as what we wish. This dis

A gentleman, who in person and courfe made a deep impression upon accomplishments had but few equals, the mind of Aspasia, and the could paid his addresses to a young lady of not help entertaining some suspicion great beauty, and a considerable for- of the fidelity of her lover. She, tune, named Aspasia ; who was by however, endeavoured to account for an indulgent father left to her own his negligence the best she could, discretion in the choice of a husband, imputing it to his grief, or some after he had vainly exerted all his perplexity arising from his affairs ; eloquence to persuade her to marry and when her father made new apMr. Richmore, an elderly gentle- plication in behalf of Mr. Richmore, man, who had no other claim to the she rejected it with the greatest conpreference but that of being porn stancy and resolution. sessed of a much more ample fortune It is time for us now to return to than his rival. Philander, whose Philander, who, after having closed passion for Aspasia was sincere, was the eyes of his dying father, and redistinguished by her in a manner ceived his benediction, took poft for equal to his merits; and the comple- London, impatient to rejoin his dear tion of their happiness seemed to Aspasia. In his way he was stopped draw nigh, when an unforeseen ac- by an unforeseen accident: a young cident interrupted it.

lady, who was travelling that road, Philander's father being at the being attacked by a highwayman, point of death, he was obliged to he flew to rescue her, and took parquit his mistress, and go to a remote ticular care of her at the inn to part of the kingdom. Nothing could which they repaired. Aspasia, whose be more tender than their parting: anxiety was grown insupportable, they both swore eternal love, and took a resolution to go in quest of their protestations were equally sin. her lover; and departed from her cere on both sides. But lovers are father's house, accompanied only by never in a state of security, till Hy. her waiting-woman. They happenmen has united them by an indisa ed to lodge that night at the same soluble union. The father of Aspa- house with Philander and the young sia, who did not care openly to lady abovementioned. Aspasia, havthwart the inclinations of his daugh. ing seen Philander conduct her to a ter, had recourse to fraud and arti- room, conceived the strongest suspi. fice to alienate her affections from cions of his fidelity; and upon makPhilander. He found means to in- ing inquiry of the maid, who attercept all her lover's letters but the tended her, concerning the persons first; and when he perceived the that she had seen, the ignorant girl anxiety which this occasioned in his told her, that it was a gentleman daughter, he artfully insinuated that and his lady; and that she believed Philander was prone to inconftancy, they had travelled a great way, for like most young men; and that ab. they seemed to be very much fasence, and perhaps a new mistress, tigued. This intelligence was suf.

ficient ficient to confirm all her father had" and made it appear, that the lady, before insinuated to her. She im. whom he had affifted, was so far mediately returned to London, and from being his wife, that he had told her father, that, as she was ful- been married three years before. ly convinced of Philander's fallhood, This he did by producing letters she was ready to give her hand to which he had received, both from Mr. Richmore, if he persevered in her and her husband, to thank him his former resolution. Her father, for the assistance he had afforded' overjoyed at her compliance, took her. Her life, which was unhappy no notice of her elopement; and a before, was rendered compleatly few days after her fate was united miserable by this convi&ion of her for ever to that of Mr. Richmore. rashness; and she must remain a

It is easy to conjecture, that the deplorable example of the folly of received but little satisfa&tion from forming precipitate resolutions, till her marriage: but her misery was a broken heart puts an end to it. foon after greatly increased, when . . . I am, &c. .. ' Philander fully exculpated himself, ii .

PHILALETHES.

REFLECTIONS upon the HEART OF MAN.

THERE is not a greater ob. What is the reason that we meet.

ftacle to the pleasures of men, with so many excellent lessons of than the violent desire which excites virtue, and so few examples of the them to seize all that offer : nothing practice of it? Why do those, who leads more certainly to misery than think it so amiable, discover fo little a resolution to indulge one's self in regard for it? This is a contradic.. every sort of pleasure. An indiffe. tion which the greatest philosophers rence for pleasure secures us from a would find it hard to reconcile. variety of inquietudes; and, in our Certain it is, that the vainest hope . present state of probation, man that can enter into the heart of Tould aspire to no higher happiness man is, that he can divest himself than an exemption from pain. Phi. of all his weaknesses. In this respect, losophy annuses us with hopes of the stoicks were the most presumpfelicity ; but it deceives us: the most tuous of mortals. Nothing, indeed, it can do is to make us wise. The can be more astonishing than to world cannot afford us an example meet with fo ryany weaknefles and of a person who has persevered in infirmities in the same being, that wisdoin for a long time. The ex- makes so many noble, sublime, and ample of Solomon himself is suffi- just reflections. It is hardly posible cient to convince us of this truth. to conceive, how man should unite It is not easy to determine what is views fo extended, to a life so fort the greatest weakness of human na- and, liimited, and the inordinate defure; but certainly pride is the most fire of prying into things intirely universal. Self-interest holds the useless, to a profound igoorance of next place, and it is evident that is what is molt important. . derives its fource from self-love. Opinion is the most powerful January 1761.

cause

cause which determines man, and virtue, arifes, from the little esteem the most prolific source of all his er- sewn it by the world. rors and illusions: all men are To form a juft estimate of human agreed in this point, and yet no virtues, we should be able to pene. man can raise himself above opi- trate the human heart, in order to nion.

discover the motive from which eveThe charms of virtne would be ry action takes its rise. Virtue convery powerful, if the charms of vice fifts intirely in the motive, and not did not appear more so; and of all in the external acts; though a cele-, the attractions which render vice con. brated author has laid it down as a tagious, the fortune that accompa- maxim, that the motives of the best nies, it appears to be the most dan- actions will not bear a scrutiny. gerous. The greatest obstruction to .

CONSIDER ATIONS on the Deaths of SOCRAT E s and

CATO. .

TT is a just observation of the that he had always approved of the 1 younger Pliny, that those are not laws of his country, and, since he always the greatest actions which had been condemned by them, was are attended with the most extensive in duty bound to undergo the pureputation, and most loudly cele- nishment they prescribed. But his brated by the voice of fame. There innocence he constantly maintained; cannot be a stronger proof of the and his ftaying to suffer death, whilft reasonableness of this affertion, than he knew himself void of crime, may the great renown which both So. be looked upon as conspiring with crates and Cato acquired by their his enemies to his own destruction, deaths: yet these, to a person void of It seems therefore highly probable, partiality, and free from narrow that the desire of signalizing him. prejudices to antiquity, will appear self by a glorious death was the moin a light very different from that tive by which he was actuated ; and in which they are generally viewed. if so, his phrenzy must appear equal

It has been justly observed, con to that of Empedocles, who leapt cerning Socrates, by a modern au- into one of the volcanos of Ærna, thor, that he was not put to death in order to immortalize his name. for asserting the unity of the God- His action may indeed be accounted head; but for having, very indif- for in a different manner, and that creetly, made himself enemies a from his own principles. In his apo. mongst persons poffeffed of great logy he declares human life to be credit and infuence; and it is no so wretched a state, that the philoless true, that his death was rather sopher, though he does not chuse to an effect of obftinacy, or vain-glory, lay violent hands upon himfelf, is than a proof of heroism. It is well ready to embrace the first opportuknown, that means were offered nity of quitring to undesirable a fituhim to make his escape out of pri. ation. But a man that rushes upon fon, which he rejected, alledging, death, when he has it in his power

to

to preserve his life, can be consider. Cæsar ; and he would, by so doing, ed in no other light than that of a have had as just a claim to the glosuicide : for if he who gives a sword rious name of patriot, as by restorto one who he knows has an in- ing the commonwealth. But such tention to kill, is as much guilty of influence had a falle notion of ho. murder as he whose arın perpetrates nour upon his mind, that he put an the crime, the man that exposes end to his life when his country himself to be put to death by others, had most occasion for it. is as properly a suicide as he that Suicide, the practice of which čies by his own hand. Thus, in was frequent among the Stoicks, is whatever point of view we consider warmly pleaded for by Seneca, who this a&ion, it must appear altoge- represents it as an effect of the highther undeserving of the high enco. eft fortitude and magnanimity; yet miums which have been lavified it is self-evident that it had its source upon it, both by ancients and mo- in vanity, and that they had recourse deras. If we ascribe it to vain. to it because it enabled them to put glory, it must appear contemptible an end to the drama, when they and ridiculous. If we ascribe it to could no longer shine upon this subdisguft of life, it must appear cow. lunary frage. ardly and mean-spirited; and the It is hoped, that such considera greateft admirers of this philosopher tions as these may help to undeceive will find it hard to assign any other young persons, who, led away by motive for his throwing away a life, the force of prejudice, are liable to which he might have saved.

form erroneous opinions both of Cato's putting an end to his life, characters and a&ions. has been represented as an extraor. Nothing, indeed, can be a stronger dinary inftance of heroism, and a instance of the contradictions so freproof that he could not bear to fur- quently discoverable in human afvive the liberty of his country ; but fairs, than that the deaths of So. was, in reality, the effect of a ftoical crates and Cato should be so often pride, which made it insupportable represented to them as glorious and to him to acknowledge a superior.' praise-worthy, when, exclusive of

Cun&ta terrarum fuba&ta fræter atro- the arguments that might be alcem animum Catonis.

ledged against them from the sug“ Cæsar had conquered all the gestions of reason, they are altogeworld ; but could not fubdue the ther inconsistent with the fuirit of haughty fool of Cato." Hor. the religion we profess. An intire

This conduct, however, appears acquiescence in the will of God is fo far from deserving praise, that it the basis of Christianity; whereas will hardly admit of an excuse. he that deprives himself or life afThough he could not preserve the serts a claim to independency, and liberty of his country, he might renounces his allegiance to the So. have been serviceable to it, in check vereign of the universe. ing and mitigating the tyranny of

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HISTORY OF CANADA. [Continued.] M R. de Montmagny had nothing his officers, and all the principal inW 1 to object to such reasonable habitants of the colony; and the observations. He expressed his ap- deputies of the Iroquois, being five probation of what the Indian had in number, were, at their own rea said, and observed, in his turn, that quest, seated on a matt at his feet, a peace with the Iroquois would be, in order to fhew their respect for at least, as advantageous to the na- Ononthio, whom they ever dignified tion of Hurons as to the French with the appellation of father. The colony. In the mean time, father Algonquins, Mountaineers, Attikade Brebeuf having profeffed an nacquis, and other Indian tribes, cager desire to return to his church, stood opposite to the governor; but from whence he had come down the the Hurons mixed with the French. river to Quebec, upon the most The middle space was lest unoccupresling occasion, he supplied him pied, that they might have room to and two new missionaries with a perform their evolutions; for there guard, or escorte, for his protection. conferences are a kind of comedies, Thus secured, they arrived in safety where many sensible remarks are among the Hurons; who, being af- made, with a thousand ridiculous fembled in council, refolved to send gesticulations. The Iroquois had the two prisoners to the French go- brought along with them seventeen vernor. He had already released great belts of Wampum t, and hung the other, whom the Algonquins them in order upon a string, stretchhad put into his hands. The ed between two poles, which they cantons of the Iroquois, in order to had fixed for the purpose. The premanifest their inclination to peace, vious ceremony being adjusted, the fent back to him the Frenchman, orator of the cantons rose, and precalled La Couture, who had accom- senting one of the belts of Wampanied father Jogues in his captivity; pum to Mr. de Montmagny, exand with him came deputies from pressed himself to this effect : the cantons, vested with full powers “ Ononthio, give ear unto my to treat, and even conclude a paci. words: all the nations of the Irofication.

quois speak through my lips. My As soon as Mr. de Montmagny heart is a stranger to evil thoughts, understood they were arrived at and all my designs are righteous. Trois Rivieres, he went thither, and We desire to forget our war-long, gave them audience in the fort, the and learn the songs of joy and area of which was covered with peace.” sail-cloth, by way of doing them So saying, he began to sing, and the greater honour. ' He himself sat his colleagues joined in the chorus, in an elbow-chair, furrounded by by pronouncing the interjection be!

W'ampum is a kind of bead, formed of hells, and strung in rows, so as 10 form te belt. Every belt is considered as a new subject, on whicke eke orater is *70 dijpley his eloquentce.

be !

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