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present with horror and astonish- down dead : the latter met with the ment: “ The man, whose bones punishment due to his crime, being He here, was murdered by the traitor impaled alive. Mouaffac, and the villain Aly, his' This surprising event amazed the associate, who, by that cruel deed, vulgar, whilst the sages of Casmire poflefled themselves of the treasure received from it new conviction, of the too credulous Rusvanschad. that all the evil which happens in the Oh, Solyman, revenge his death!” world is superintended by an overThe fultan immediately ordered ruling Providence, whole ways are Mouaffac and Aly to be seized; but not to be traced by thort-lighted the former, having taken poison as mortals. soon as he heard the voice, dropt
COMPENDIOUS HISTORY OF FRANCE. [Continued.]
[An. 49;-) NLovis, having em- his kingdom from behind, extended
U braced the christian his dominions, and augmented his religion, concluded a firm peace power, he listened to the proposals with his great rival, Alaric, king of of his queen's uncle, Gondegisile, the Goths, which was effected by who reigned at Geneva, over a linall the mediation of Theodoric, king of territory allotted to him by Gondethe Oftrogoths, an aged monarch, baud, king of Burgundy; who, as renowned for his wisdom and hu- we have already observed, had demanity. This treaty was in a little stroyed his other two brothers, Gontime succeeded by a coalition of the domar and Chilperic, which last was fubje&s of Clovis with the Arborici, the father of Clotilda: Gondegisile, inhabiting that country which is discontented with the small portion now called Brabant, and the bishop- which Gondebaud suffered him to ric of Liege. These people, who enjoy, solicited Clovis to make war were also Christians, acknowledged upon that prince; and offered to the dominion of Clovis;, and the become his tributary, provided he Roman garrisons, on that extremity would assist him in obtaining porof Gaul, surrendered their stations session of the kingdom of Burgundy. and fortresses on a capitulation, im- Clovis embraced the proposal, and porting, that they mould live ac- began to make preparations. Goncording to their own laws and cuf-, debaud suspected his design was to toms; and, in case of a war, be al- invade Burgundy: but he enterlowed to carry their own ensigns. tained no distrust of his brother
Thus the Rbine, from its mouth Gondegisile, whose asistance he deas far up as Strasbourg, and all the, manded. Accordingly, as soon as country contained between this ri- Clovis entered Burgundy, the two ver, the sea, the Loire, Bretagne, brothers joined their forces near and the kingdom of Burgundy, ac- Dijon, and advanced, each at the knowledged the sway of Clovis. head of his own army, to give battle Having, by this acquisition, secured to the invader. The charge was
given given on the banks of the Ousche, a gan, very Nowly, to put his troops finall river that runs into the Saone. in motion. While Clovis attacked the Burgun- [An. 500.] Clovis, with his usual dians in front with great fury, Gon- impetuofity, invaded the dominions degisile fell unexpectedly on their of Gondebaud, whom he defeated Aank. They were immediately rout-, after a very obstinate dispute, and ed with great flaughter; and Gonde- immediately reduced a good number baud, with the remains of his army, of towns to his obedience. The hardly made shift to efeape to Avig- Ostrogoths, hearing of this success, non, wbither he was purfued by the advanced with redoubled' expedition, victor. After a vigorous defence, and claimed their share of the conhe obtained a capitulation, by which quest, which he gave up without he agreed to pay a perpetual tri- hesitation. bute; and consented that Gonde Gondebaud being once more gifile should retain poffeffion of humbled into submission, the king Vienne, and several other places, of the Franks resolved to execute a which had surrendered to him after more important plan, which he had the battle.
long in secret projected; namely, a Clovis, having rendered the Bur- war against Alaric, king of the gundians tributary, left five thou. Goths, at whose great power and sand Franks with Gondegisile, to credit he could not help repining. aslift in maintaining his conquests, They were nearly of the same age; and then returned to his own domi- and as Clovis excelled the other nions. His back was no sooner princes in the art of war, fo Alaric turned than the perfidious Gonde- furpassed them all in prudence, mobaud, forgetting the treaty he had deration, and managing the reins of signed, asembled a body of troops, government, so as to render his surprised Vienne, murdered Gonde- 'people happy, and preserve the gifile at the altar, made the five tranquillity of his kingdom. These Thoufand Franks prisoners, and sent two kings beheld each other with them as a trophy to Alaric, and the eyes of emulation and jealousy, gave Clovis to understand that he even while they maintained the apwould pay no tribute. Clovis, lup- pearance of friendship. Several em. pofing that he depended upon re- baflies passed between them, and ceiving assistance from Alaric, they had a personal interview in an thought proper to counterballance island of the Loire, near Amboise. this auxiliary, by engaging in a They were both wise enough to see league, offensive and defensive, with each other's drift; and each, while Theodoric, king of the Oitrogoths, he strove to amuse his rival with who was a crafty prince, and would professions of friendlip and esteem, have been extremely sorry to see was privately employed in taking Clovis in poffeffion of Burgundy. measures for a rupture. At length, Neverthelefs, he stipulated that what. Clovis having received intelligence ever conquests might be made, even that Alaric treated underhand with before the two armies joined, Mould Theodoric, and in the mean time be divided between them; and be had set on foot military prepara
tions, in order to invade the king. pital of Alaric, which was obliged dom of the Franks, resolved to an- to surrender. Then he took Anticipate his purpose. He forthwith gouleme ; and, sending his army formed a considerable army, and, into France, repaired in person to entering Poitou, was met by Alaric Tours, where he gave audience to in the plain of Vouille. Both ar- the ambassadors of Anaftafius, emmies being ranged in order of battle, peror of the East, who sent him the the two kings, in riding along the marks and ornaments of the patriranks to encourage their men, hap- cian and consular dignity. The pened to meet in the front of the emperor's chief aim, in this embarline, and immediately rushed to the fy, was to foment the war against encounter with great fury, while the Goths, that Theodoric, king of their respective armies waited in Italy, might have work enough filent fuspence the issue of this re- upon his hands, to divert him from markable combat. After a violent any designs upon the Empire, in contest, in which they redoubled which he had lately committed their blows with equal vigour, Clo- some hostilities. Clovis, having dirvis made one thrust at his antogo- missed these ambassadors very well nift, which penetrated his armour, satisfied with the success of their and proved mortal. Alaric fell dead negotiation, removed to Paris, where from his horse. His army forthwith he fixed the capital of his kingdom. gave way, and were slaughtered His army, however, having laid without mercy.
fiege to Arles, were defeated by (An. 507.) The victor immediate- Theodoric, and obliged to relinquish ly detached his eldest son, Theodo- all the conquests they had made in ric, with a choice body to improve Provence and Languedoc, of which the advantage he had gained, by the other Theodoric afterwards got extending his conquests. Accord- poffeffion. Gondebaud recovered ingly that young prince proceeded the places he had lost in Burgundy; with great rapidity of success be. and a treaty of peace was concluded tween the Dordogne, the Garonne, between the Franks and the Ostroand the Rhone. He subdued the goths, on condition that Theodoric countries of Albi, Rouvergne, and mould retain all his conquests. Auvergne, and invested Carcassione; [An. 508.] Clovis, being at peace but was obliged to raise the siege by in this quarter, turned his arms Theodoric, king of Italy, who march- against Bretagne, then called Braed in person to the relief of the tannia Armorica, which he subdued ; place, at the head of a numerous and from this period the sovereign army. In the mean time his father of that country was obliged to lay took pofseflion of Touraine, Poitou, aside his regal title, and be content Limousin, Perigord, Xaintonge, with that of count. Clovis likeand all Angoumois, except Angou wise abolished the appellation of leme, which was secured by a strong king among the Alemanni, whose garison of Visigoths. He reduced chiefs afterwards assumed the name Bourdeaux, where he passed the of dukes. Indeed, the greatest part winter ; and opened the campaign of those petry princes he cruelly with the siege of Tholouse, the ca. and perfidiously duftroyed. Some
he butchered with his own hand, the crimes he had committed. This and others he caused to be barbar- is an easy way of quieting the con- . ously murdered, under different pre- sciences of kings, and an encoutences. His ambition increased with ragement for them to indulge their his age, and he seemed to become most brutal passions. more savage from success. His (An. 511.] In the year 511, imgreat view was to render himself mediately after this council, Clovis absolute master of all Gaul, and he died at Paris, about the age of fortyscrupled not to sacrifice every con- five, and was buried in the church fideration to this predominant de- of St. Peter and St. Paul, now called fire. While a Pagan, he had been St. Genevieve, which he himself had admired and beloved for the softness built. In this age of barbarism alof his manners, and the humanity most all the princes in Europe were of his disposition : fince he became little better than savage beasts of a Christian, he was dreaded and de- prey, let loose upon mankind. The tested as a monster of cruelty. He king was a lawless ruffian, and his compounded with the priests for subjects were the most abject and these crimes and barbarities, by miserable faves. Clovis possessed a building churches and founding good natural capacity; was politic, monasteries. He assembled a coun- for the times, brave, and entercil of his bishops at Orleans, the prising; and in a more enlightened first held in Gaul under the domi- age, had his talents been cultivated, nion of the Franks, in order to estan and his nature humanized, he might blith some points of ecclesiastical have been ranked among the numdiscipline, and reform the morals ber of illustrious princes : but his of his people. Two and thirty mind being overshadowed by the prelates assisted on this occasion, darkest ignorance, and his faculty and among these several persons of reason little exercised, he acquirwho were afterwards fainted. They ed but few ideas, and pursued an obtained every thing they desired of uninformed luft of power and doClovis, for the advantage of their minion, with all the violence of laseveral churches; and, in return for vage ferocity, these favours, absolved him of all
[To be continued.]
A Confolatory ADDRESS to a Sick Perfon.
UTOW sad a spectacle does the suffer without murmuring. We suf
I condition in which you ap. ficiently maiter our nature, when pear offer to my sight! What emo. we keep our murmuring within tions do I feel! How much do your bounds. fufferings affe&t me! But why this I laugh at the pride of a Stoick, obftinate filence? Wherefore do you who, though in pain and anguishi, carry your constancy so far as to strives to preserve his serenity of endeavour to suppress your groans ? countenance; and who, amidst all Full of a vain prepofseflion, you his fighs and groans, has the prethink that a true philosopher should sumption to rell us, that pain is not
an evil. I am but too sensible, that sures us, that there is no life after the invisible springs of the machine, this, and that the soul perishes with though the soul be of divine origin, the body. The greatest of these unite it to the body. When the soul philosophers maintains, that the feels any anxiety or inquietude, the form of beings changes alone; and body consumes away, and partakes that matter, for ever infinite, active, of its pain: if the body be attack and compleat, constantly circulates ed with diseases, the soul is no longer in the universe. capable of pleasure; but languishes, Plato, and other antient philoand bears its share of misery. ' fophers, are of opinion, that a just
Nothing can be more erroneous sentence prepares great enjoyments than the opinion of the vulgar con- for us in the Elysian Fields, or great cerning evil. Man suffers no real sufferings in Tartarus. This opi. evil but bodily pain: exile, obscure nion the antients might embrace birth, contempt, and oppression, are through a motive of self-love, as it all imaginary evils.
freed them from the dread of anniAll the philosophers of antiquity hilation; but Christians, who have have, in vain, used their utmost en. obtained the fullest assurance of a deavours to explain the nature of future state, should look forward to death. One has exerted himself to it in all their afflictions, as the hopes prove, that souls are for ever paff- of a happy immortality are more ing from one body to another : a than sufficient to counterballance second, in order to secure men from all temporary sufferings. the dread of divine vengeance, af
The HISTORY of PHILOCLES and PANTHE A.
To the Authors of the British Magazine. GENTLEMEN,
of which nobody will call in ques. THE celebrated duke de la tion.
1 Rochfoucault has discovered, Philocles, a young gentleman of in his moral Reflections, a profound a considerable fortune, 'and remark• knowledge of the human heart; able for his personal beauty, was but none of his maxims appear to distinguished from most of his age me to be more just than the fols and condition by a lingular turn of lowing:
character. He looked upon love as “ Absence may extinguish weak a passion fo dangerous, that he paffions; but it adds new force to formed a resolution to shun every the strong ; just as the wind which woman that had inspired him with puts out a little fire, makes a great a growing passion. It was customaone burn with double fury.” ry with him to argue in this man
Thę juftness of this observation ner: Pleasure resembles fire; at a will appear evidently from the fol- certain distance it warms us; but lowing story, the truth of which I we cannot make a near approach can vouch for, and the probability without being burned.