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Philocles, having made this deter- majesty of her person, soon excited mination, behaved in such a man- emotions in the breast of Philocles, ner to the ladies, that he soon ac- which, though much stronger than quired the reputation of a Daffodil, those which he had felt before, so as he did not appear to give any far bore a resemblance to them, preference to one above another. that he could easily perceive the However, as his indifference was traces of his former paffion, and owing to principle, and not consti- . therefore resolved to be upon his tution, it did not long continue. It guard. foon gave way to the prevailing He, however, could not imcharms of Florinda, and Philocles, mediately resolve to deprive himunknown to himself, behaved to her self of the pleasure of seeing and often in such a particular manner, converfing with Panthea, and every as drew upon her the envy of most new interview contributed to add of her female acquaintance, and new fuel to the flame of love, with was to her a matter of the highest which his heart now glowed, which triumph. Her joy, however, was throbbed in all his veins. Each soon turned into forrow, when she time he saw Panthea appeared to was informed that Philocles, was him the first; and it is highly progone to France, thinking the air of bable he would bave intirely forgot Paris might have efficacy enough to his resolution, had it not been for cure him of his love ; an opinion in a weakness which no man is intirely which he was not deceived.
free from. He could not stand the Philocles, after a few months re- ridicule of his circle of acquainfidence in that gay place, which tance, before whom he had ofren seems to be confecrated to pleasure, declared his intentions, and boasted and several intrigues with ladies of of his resolution to act in consefashion, whose sentiments agreed ex- quence. False Name had as much actly with his, and who considered influence over Philocles as over most love as a transient amusement, which men. He immediately resolved to should never be carried to a serious absent himself, and accordingly went attachment; returned to England, to Venice. But the image of his and heard, with the utmost indif- dear Panthea could not so easily be ference, that Florinda had in his effaced from his mind. Her ideabsence been married to a peer. haunted him both day and night ; This intelligence did not displease and this, with the sense of his own him, as he was now secure from her weakness, in sacrificing real happireproaches.
ness to the opinion of men unworthy Philocles, with 'a heart intirely of his esteem, had such an effect on disengaged, resumed his former him, that he was seized with a viocourse of life, and gave himself up lent fever. His life was almost de- . intirely to pleasure and dislipation. spaired of; and it is probable he But soon a first-rate beauty effected would not have recovered, had not i what one of an interior order could a resolution which he initantly formnot do. Panthea, the lustre of ed to return to England, and the whose eyes could be equalled by hope of seeing his beloved Panthea nothing but the gracefulness and again, contributed more to restore
his health than all the assistance of covery intirely to Panthea's visits. his phyficians. .
which were very frequent. Upon his return to England, Panthea, having thus discovered Panthea, who had taken offence at her heart, made no longer any difbis inconftancy, for some time de- ficulty to admit the addresses of chned seeing him; but being soon Philocles; and in a few months afafter informed that he was fallen terwards they were married. Phidangerously ill, her passion took locles is now become an example of the ascendant, and she went to see conftancy, and his attachment to bim. Philocles was in a short time Panthea is, equal to the ardour of restored to health, and owed his re- her affection for him. .
Confiderations upon the Deaths of LUCRETIA ana VIRGINI A. T HE force of prejudice appears rish with him than survive him. The
1 in nothing more strongly than action of Arria is likewise much more in the encomiums which have been noble, whose husband, Pætus, being lavished upon Lucretia, for laying condemned to death, plunged a dagviolent hands upon herself, and Vir- ger in her breast, and told him, with ginius, for killing his own daughter, a dying voice, “ Pætus, it is not These actions seem to derive all their painful.” But the death of Lucreria glory from the revolutions to which gave rise to a revolution, and is they gave rise, as the former occa- therefore become illustrious; tho', fioned the abolition of monarchy as St. Augustine juftly observes, it amongft the Romans, and the latter is only an instance of the weakness pat an end to the arbitrary power of of a woman, too folicitous about the Decemviri. But if we lay aside the opinion of the world. oar prepossessions for antiquity, and Virginius, in killing his daughter, Examine these actions without pre- to preserve her from falling a victim jadice, we cannot but acknowledge, to the lust of the decemvir Clauthat they are rather the effects of hu- dius, was guilty of the highest man weakness and obstinacy than of rashness; since he might certainly resolution and magnanimity. Lucre- have gained the people, already irtig, for fear of worldly censure, chose ritated against the tyrant, without rather to submit to the lewd desires *embruing his hands in his own of Tarquin, than have it thought blood. This action may indeed be that she had been stabbed in the em- extenuated, as Virginius flew his braces of a flave; which sufficiently daughter from a false principle of proves, that all her boasted virtue honour, and did it to preserve her was founded upon vanity, and too from what both he and the thought Ligh a value for the opinion of man- worse than death; namely, to prekind. The younger Pliny, with great serve her from violations: but tho'it reafon, prefers to this famed action may in some measure be excused, it that of a woman of low birth, whose should not sertainly be praised cr haband being seized with an in- admired. Carable disorder, chose rather to pe.
AG:A Genealogical Account of CAVENDISH, Duke of DEVONSHIRE,
T HIS name, taken from the tleman-usher to cardinal Wolfey,
I lordship of Cavendish, or whose life he wrote. After the death Caundish, in Suffolk, was assumed of that prelate, he was taken into by one of the family of Gernon, the service of Henry VIII, who apwhose ancestor came from Norman- pointed him treasurer of the chamdy with William the Conqueror, and ber, knighted, and admitted him one of whose descendants was earl into his privy-council. In the suc. of Chester.
ceeding reign of Edward VI. he obGeoffry de Gernon, of Moore- tained a grant of divers manors and hall in the Peak of Derby, was suc- lands belonging to diffolved priories ceeded by his son Roger, of Grim- and abbies in Derbyshire, Nottingston-hall in Suffolk, who, in the reign hamshire, Staffordshire, Dorsetshire, of Edward II. married the daughter Cornwal, Kent, and Ellex; and and heir of John Patton, lord of made a vast acquisition of fortune Cavendish, and his four sons assumed by marrying Elizabeth, daughter that furname. The eldest of these, of John Hardwick, of Hardwick in John Cavendish, became lord chief Derbyshire, widow of Robert Barley justice of the King's Bench in the of Barley, whose large estate was reign of Edward III. maintained the settled on her and her heirs. His fame office in that of Richard II. eldest son Henry died without issue; and was murdered by the mob in but William, his second son, was in the market-place of Bury; the in- the year 1605 advanced by king surgents being the inore exasperated James I. to the dignity of baron against him, as his fon John Caven-, Cavendish of Hardwick, and in the dilh, esquire of the body to king year 1618 created earl of DevonRichard II. was the person who dis. . Thire. He travelled, in his youth, patched Wat Tyler at Smithfield, under the tuition of the celebrated after he had been wounded by Wal., Thomas Hobbes, and diftinguilhed worth, mayor of London §. Of this himself above all his cotemporaries branch was William Cavendish, gen- by his fplendour and munificence ll.
§ From Roger, the second son of this Roger, was descended Thomas Cavendish, the celebrated navigator, whose mother was Mary, daughter of Thomas lord Went world of Nettlefied. This great seaman, in the reign of queen Elizabeth, passed through the Streights of Magellan into the South Sea, and was the fecond Englifoman that circled the terraqueous globe. ,
His third jon, Sir Charles, of Webeck-abbey in Nottinghamshire, had a son who was created duke of Newcastle ; but the title expired with this nobleman's only fon Henry duke of Newcastle, who distinguished himself eminently by his liberality, courage, and loyalty to his royal master, king Charles I. and when that prince's affairs were ruined, retired 10 the continent. He died at Welbeck in the eur 1691, leaving five daughters, his coheirs; namely, the lad; Elizabeth,