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Clothaire. Clodoalde, the third, favour the country of Provence, and was privately conveyed from his all the other places he poffefsed on reach. In the sequel, he received this side the Alps, on condition that the tonsure, took orders, and gave they would affist him against the his name to the church and village emperor. They forthwith accepted of St. Cloud, at the distance of a his offer : all those provinces were few miles from Paris : thus the do- annexed to the French empire ; · minions of the murdered princes and Theodobert, in pursuance of were annexed to the kingdoms of the treaty, fent fix thousand aux. Paris and Soissons. L

i liaries to Italy, where they helped This same year was fata to Thi- Vitiges to recover Milan, which had erry, king of Australia, who died at been wrested from him by Belisarius, Metz, leaving behind him the cha- the emperor's general. . . racter of a bold warrior, and able (An, 535.] Next year, however, politician for the times, intirely de- this French monarch exhibited a restitute of principle and humanity. markable instance of perfidy towards He was, moreover, a sort of a le- ' his ally. He entered Italy at the giflators for he not only ordered a head of one hundred thousand bar. digest to be made of the laws of the barians, on pretence of succouring Franks, Almains, and Bavarians; Vitiges, whose army, under Vrayas, but he also altered and retrenched was encamped near Milan, in the some particular laws, in order to ac- 'neighbourhood of a body of Rocommodate them to certain new re- mans, whom Belisarius had posted at gulations established among his sub. Tortona. Theodobert having are jects. His son and succeffor Theo- rived at Pavia, where the Goths re. dobert joined his two uncles in their ceived him with the warmest demondesign upon Burgundy, which they ftrations of friendship and gratisubdued and divided among them. tude ; instead of joining Vitiges, fell felves; the unfortunate Godemar upon his army by surprize, routed having been taken and confined to it with great slaughter, expelled the a castle, where he ended his days. Romans from Tortona, ravaged all Immediately after this conquest, the Liguria, sacked and destroyed Geemperor Juftinian, having planned noa; then, like a true barbarian, the conquest of Italy, fent ambas- returned with his booty to his own sadors with rich presents to the three kingdom. He afterwards, in con. French kings, to prevail upon them junction with his two uncles, ofto join him in attacking the king. - fered succours to Vitiges, who was dom of the Ostrogoths; and they by this time besieged in Ravenna by closed with his proposals : but Vi. Belisarius, to whom, rather than tiges, a politic prince, who at that confide in the professions of the trai. time fat upon the throne of Italy, tor Theodobert, he surrendered at as the successor of Athalaric, de- discretion, and was conveyed to feated the purpose of this agree- Constantinople, where he finished ment. He not only bribed them his days amidst the tranquility of with much more valuable presents, - private life. but actually agreed to cede in their

[To be continued.]

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An. THE colony of Quebec was still of taking them at advantage. They were 1648. 1 inconsiderable, because more in- as vigilant, active, and irrefiftible, as the tent upon converting the Indians, than upon moft savage beasts of prey; and, like them, raising plantations, and extending the fur literally thirsted for the blood of their trade, which chiefly centered at Trois Ri. enemies. They surprised the Indian town vieres, and Tadoussac, to which places the of St. Joseph, where father Anthony Daniel northern Indians repaired with their skins, had fixed his mission. They massacred to exchange them for necessaries. As for man, woman, and child, without diftincthe Huron nation, among whom the mis- tion of sex or age. The father rushing in, fionaries had made a great number of prose- to the midst of the carnage, to baptize the lytes, they seemed to become more enervate, dying, was ftuck full of arrows; and as he and abandoned, to all the necessary maxims continued, notwithstanding, to perform his of defence, in proportion as they received apostolic function, at length Nain out-right: the gospel. One would imagine that the then like so many half familhed wolves, fathers and retainers of the million had they fell upon his body, wallowed in his persuaded them to neglect all worldly blood, mangled him in a horrible manner, means of safety, and commit themselves and consumed him to ashes, with the chapel entirely to the protection of Providence. he had raised. In vain those enthusiasts coveted the crown About this time, the commiffioners of martyrdom, and even died rejoicing in of the English colony settled in New-Eng. the midit of the most horrible tortures. In land, proposed to the council of Quebec vain they magnified every escape of an in- an alliance that should remain in full dividual, into a miraculous intervention of force, even though France and England the Almighty : the Indians could not help should be at variance. The French cobeing astonished, when they saw that lonifts would have willingly embraced the heaven did not protect the lives of its own proposal, on condition that the English immediate servants, in the very article of should join in their wars with the Iropreaching the gospel; why an Al-wise, quois : but this they rejected as an unreaand All-powerful Being, who created man, fonable demand, because they traded with and influenced every emotion of the hu- the Iroquois, and considered that nation as man heart, had not revealed himself in a security to their frontiers, against the ensuch a manner to the poor favages, as terprizes of all the Indians. The truth is, would have effectually secured their eternal neither France nor England could derive falvation, and spared those horrible tortures, much honour from any connexion with and instances of brutal affaffination, which such cruel and irreclaimable savages, whom were every day inflicted upon the prose- no precepts could enlighten, and no examsytes, and even the preachers of the faith, ple humanize. Their quarrel with the " Wherefore (Said they) did God Almighty Hurons must have been an insatiable apwork a miracle in favour of a poor in- petite sor blood, implanted in their nature; confiderable woman, bewildered in the for it does not appear that their resentment woods, and leave all the rest of the tribe was fed by fresh provocation and hoftito perish by cold and famine? Why did lities. The miserable Hurons lay overhe supersede the laws of nature, to save whelmed in the most unaccountable indoone wretched Indian profelyte, and give lence, and allowed themselves to be butchup a whole town to Naughter ; nay a ered, without making the least refiftance. whole people to extermination, although It does not appear that the French took great part of them professed the Chriftian any effectual steps, to rouse them from this faith; and all their enemies were the grosseft fatal lethargy, tho' they themselves were of all idolaters". Such was the reasoning of so much concerned in the preservation of ignorant savages, unacquainted with the their allies. philosophy of the Chriftian religion. In a In the spring of the year 1649, a body word, the Hurons were infatuated, and of Iroquois surprised the Indian 'town of the Iroquois implacable. The former re St. Ignatius, and massacred all the inhabimained in the most supine negligence, and tants, but three men, who had the good fecurity: the latter let Nip no opportunity, for une to escape, and gave the alarm at Marcb 1761,

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152
Clothaire. CY
was privately
His Majesty's Speech

British reach. Io

n, at a small distance mant was reconveyed to a hut, where, the tons

he women and chil- with the stroke of an hatchet, they village inimediately opened his skull, so as that part of the but the men stayed brain came out ; then they pulled out one ! The fathers Bre- of his eyes, and thrust a burning coal into

king here taken in the rocket. Their exultation over this . Tent of their offices, were put to miserable sacrifice was altogether extradeath with corments, the description of ordinary, because he severely felt the which is horrible to human nature. The tortures they inflicted, and from time to former, poffefsed of great fortitude, and time uttered such dismal thrieks, as would transported with joy at the prospect of mar- have filled any other of the human species, tyrdom, continued to preach with a loud but those Indians, with horror and remorse. and resolute voice, while they tortured him The Hurons, having suffered such calaon a scaffold, with the most excruciating mities from the incursions of the Iroquois, torments. In order to silence him effectual. abandoned all their villages in the neighly, they cut off his lower lip, and the extre- bourhood of St. Mary; some flying to the mity of his nose. They applied lighted woods, and others retiring for Melter among torches to different parts of his body; they

erent parts of his body; they other Indian nations. Those who remained at scorched off his gums, and thrust a red St. Mary's, being afraid of quitting their hot iron into his throat. In this con- habitation in quest of provision, as usual, dition he was found by Lallemant, who were afflicted with famine. The misionwas now brought upon the scaffold, en- aries proposed, that they should go closed in a sort of mail of fir bark, which and settle upon the isand Manitoualin. they intended to set on fire. This was a fituated in the northern part of the Lake young missionary of delicate nerves, whose Huron, very narrow, though forty leagues strength was not equal to his spirit. He in length; but the soil was fruitful, aboundthrew himself at the feet of Brebeuf, who ing with wild beasts, and there was plenty still maintained a composed and command of fish all round the coast. This falutary ing countenance, kissed his wounds, bath proposal was rejected by the Hurons, who ed them with a flood of tears, aand con- could not bear the thoughts of exiling jured him to redouble his prayers to God themselves so far from their native counAlmighty, that he might not be forsaken in try : but they transmigrated to the little this dreadful trial, by his patience and his island of St. Joseph, at a very small distance fairh, which he owned were almost ex- from that part of the continent where they hausted. This unfortunate fanatic, the dwelt before. Here they pitched their son of a good family, and but lately arriv. cabbins, and lived quietly during the sum. ed in Canada, was gradually roasted by mer: but as the ground produced very the favages, who kindled the combustibles little, and the fishery and hunting scarce that surrounded him ; but managed their any thing at all; provisions began to fail in barbarity in such a manner, that he con- the autumn, and, in a little time, there sumed by a now fire. In the mean time, miserable wretches were reduced to the they hung round the neck of Brebeuf a most shocking extremity of famine. “ They kind of collar of red hot hatchets, and even dug up putrified bodies from the poured boiling water on both their heads. grave, to appease their hunger. Mothers When they had undergone these torments devoured their own children, who died for for some time, the senior was scalped; then want of nourishment; and children made they thrust him through the body with a no scruple of feeding upon the bodies of lance, and drank the blood that flowed those, who had given them their being. from his wounds : finally, they opened This famine was attended with a contagihis breast, tore out his heart, and devoured ous distemper, which filled up the measure it with the most diabolical avidity. Lalle- of their woes. [To be continued.]

His Majesly's SPEECH, relating to the Judges, March 3, 1761.
My lords, and gentlemen,

In consequence of the act paffed in the I PON granting new commissions to reign of my late glorious predecessor king

the judges, the present state of their William the third, for settling the fuccefoffices fell naturally under consideration,

fon

hon to the crown in my family, their during their good behaviour, notwithstandcommissions have been made during their ing any fuch demise, as shall be most exgood behaviour : but, notwithstanding pedient. that vise provision, their offices have de Gentlemen of the house of commons, termined upon the demise of the crown, .I muft defire of you, in particular, that I or at the expiration of fx months after- may be enabled to grant and establish upwards, in every instance of that nature on the judges such salaries, as I shall think which has happened.

proper ; fo as to be absolutely secured to I look upon the independency and up- them during the continuance of their comrightness of the judges of the land as er- mifsions. sential to the impartial adminiftration of My lords and gentlemen, jostice ; as one of the best securities to the I have nothing to add, but my thanks rights and liberties of my loving subjects; for the great unanimity and application and as most conducive to the honour of the with which you have hitherto carried on crown: and I come now to recommend the public business ; and to defire you to this interesting object to the consideration proceed with the same good disposition, of parliament, in order that such farther and with such dispatch, that this session provision may be made for securing the may be foon brought to a happy conjudges in the enjoyment of their offices, clunon.

The SPEECH of the Right Hon. Arthur Onflow, Efq; on his taking leave

of the House of Commons.

TUST before the diffolution of the par- perform any services here, that are accerJliament, the honourable House of table to the house, I am sure I now re. Commons unanimously agreed, that thanks ceive the noblest reward for them, the should be given to the right hon. Arthur nobleft that any man can receive for any Onslow, Esq; Speaker, for his constant merit; far superior in my estimation to all and due attendance in the chair, during the other emoluments of this world. I the course of above thirty-three years, in owe every thing to this house; I not only five fucceffive parliaments; for the une owe to this house, that I am in this place, Maken integrity and steady impartiality but that I have had their constant support of bis conduct there ; and for the indefaci- in it; and to their good will and amift. gable pains he had, with uncommon abi- ance, their tenderness and indulgence tolities, constantly taken to promote the real wards me in my errors, it is that I have interest of his king and country, to main- been able to perform my duty here to any tain the honour and dignity of parlia- degree of approbation : thanks therefore ment, and to preserve inviolable the rights are not so much due to me for those ferand privileges of the Commons of Great vices, as to the house itself, who made Britain ; upon which Mr. Speaker made the them to be services to me. following speech to the house, viz. -- When I began my duty here, I set out

with a resolution and a promise to the "I was never under so great a diff. house to be impartial in every thing, and culty in my life to know what to say in to Mew my respect to every body: the this place, as I am at present....Indeed it first I know I have done, it is the only is almost too much for me....I can stand merit I can assume ; if I have failed in the against misfortunes and distreres ; I have other, it was unwillingly, it was inadvertfood against misfortunes and diftreffes; ently; and I ask pardon, most fincerely, and may do so again ; but I am not able to whomsoever it may have happened....I to stand this overflow of good will and can truly say the giving satisfaction to all, honour to me. It overpowers me; and has been my constant aim, my study, and had I all the strength of language, I could my pride. never express the full sentiments of my “And now, Sirs, I am to take my last heart on this occasion, of thanks and grad leave of you. It is I confess with regret, titude. 'If I have been happy enough to because the being within these walls has eyer been the chief pleasure of my life ; fignal mark of his royal favour on the right but my advanced age and infirmities, and hon. Arthur Onslow, Esq; their Speaker, some other reasons call for retirement and for his great and eminent services, his Ma. obscurity. There I shall spend the remain- jesty was pleased to give the following most der of my days; and shall only have power gracious answer, viz. to hope and to pray, and my hopes and “ THAT he had the justest sense of the prayers, my daily prayer will be for the long services and great merit of Mr. Oncontinuance of the constitution in general, Now, present Speaker of the House of and that the freedom, the dignity, and au. Commons; and had already taken the thority of this house may be perpetual-" same into consideration; and that he

ever

would do therein what should appear to When the address from the hon. House be most proper, agreeable to the desire of of Commons was presented to his Majesty, his faithful Commons,” that he would be pleased to confer some

His Majesty's molt gracious SPEECH to both Houses of Parliament, on

March 19, 1761.

My lords and gentlemen,

dominions, the support of my allies, and Cannot put an end to this session, the restoring of the public tranquility, I

without declaring my entire satisfaction trust in the Divine Providence, to give a in your proceedings during the course of happy iffue to our farther operations. it. The zeal you have fewn for the ho Gentlemen of the house of Commons, nour of my crown, as well as for my true I cannot sufficiently thank you for your interest, and that of your country, which unanimity and dispatch, in providing for are ever the same, is the clearest demon- the expences of my civil government, and stration of that duty and affection to my the honour and dignity of the crown : person and government, of which you so and I think myself as much obliged to unanimously assured me at your first meet you, for the prudent use, which in framing. Nothing could so much add to the ing that provision you have made of my pleasure which these considerations afford consent to leave my own hereditary reve. me, as that I am now able to acquaint nues to such disposition of parliament, as you with the great progress made of late by might beft conduce to the utility and sathe combined army in Germany, under the tisfaction of the public as for what more command of prince Ferdinand of Brunf- immediately concerns myself. wick. I formerly told you, that the nam in making my acknowledgements for ture of the war, in those parts, had kept the large and extensive supplies which you the campaign there ftill depending: and it have granted me this session, I am at a now appears, to the surprize of my ene- loss whether most to applaud your chearmięs, that the superior ability and indefati. fulness in giving, or your wisdom in progable activity of my general, and the spirit portioning them to the extraordinary ocand ardor of my officers and troops, have casions of the public, notwithstanding greatly profited of this perseverance, not- those uncommon burthens, which I hearwithstanding all the difficulties arising from tily regret. No care thall be wanting, on the season.

my part, to see them duly applied to the By your assistance, I have taken the best national ends for which you intended care to recruit that army in an effectual them. manner ; and have made such a disposition My lords and gentlemen, of my feet for next summer, as may The expiration of this parliament now most advantageously defend my kingdoms, drawing very near, I will forthwith give protect the commerce of my subjects, the necessary orders for calling a new one. maintain and extend our poffeffions and But I cannot take my leave of you, withacquisitions, and annoy the enemy. out returning my thanks for the many

As in all my measures I have nothing in eminent proofs you have given me of view but che security and felicity of my your fidelity and affection to my family

and

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