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Republic of Letters, and to intro. wit is sold by the yard, and a jourduce into this my native country neyman-author paid like a journeythat universal taste' spoken of by man-taylor. I fall do my best to Monf. de Voltaire ; whom, by the promote any measure that may conbye, I resemble in every respect, ex. tribute to bring this about, and recept being poffefTed' of an ample store a golden age in the learned fortune : but this circumstance I world, not inferior to the brilliant look upon as a trifle, since the true reign of queen Anne, which was poet is (to use the words of an eni- rendered illustrious by the never-tonent poet) supremely blest in his be too much admired Pope, Swift, Muse, and, like the true adept, en- Addison, Rowe, Congreve, Steel, joys all things, without having any Prior, cum multis aliis.

Gentlemen, I have the honour of You cannot but be sensible, gen- subscribing myself your most obetlemen, that a reformation in lite- dient humble servant and reader, rature was never more necessary Vinegar-yard, Ap. than at the present juncture, when 1 4, 1761. John TRIPLET.

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DErhaps there has not been a sub- experience frequently extorted from T ject more universally treated of, them plaintive confessions of the conand less understood, than the Provi- trary; and thus were they obliged dence of God, and his superinten- to muster up all the reason they were dance over the creation. It has been masters of, in support of what that the theme of philosophers and poets experience would not countenance. ever since they knew to write, or But their arguments in defence of even to think, as being an inquiry this (as well as all other errors) will which highly concerned men, and by no means stand the test of a strict deservedly engaged their attention. ' examination; which plainly exposes But whatever noble ideas the more to view the weak foundations on ancient writers might entertain of which they stood. To instance, in the being and attributes of God in one of the most plausible; “ If the general, it is certain their notions of providence of God (says Simplicius) his providence were too contracted, takes care of the whole creation, it and must contradict the reason and necessarily extends to the parts of it observation of him who could carry also; for if they are neglected, the his researches into the general laws of whole will fall to ruin." This argunature, and take the whole system of ment, at first sight, seems to have the world at once into his view. How some Mew of reason in it, as well as fondly did they receive, and how te. ingenuity; but it serves rather to , naciously did they retain, the opinion amuse the inattentive than satisfy of rewards and punishments, happi. the curious : for a little reflection ness and misery, pursuing the heel of will inform us, that the same conthe just and unjust, even in this life; fined notions which suggested their aud this, notwithttanding common ideas of Providence, conducted Sim

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plicius in the thread of his argu- power and influence of such a body ment, and so prejudiced his under- as the sun, on which depends the distanding, that, though he had inge- rection of a glorious chorus of planuity to urge this reason, he had nets, all subject to his impulse, whose not at the same time perfpicuity beautiful order and regularity, in geenough to see the fallacy of it. Butneral, fufficiently proclaim their great where experience and reason refused and provident Creator and Preserver. to go hand in hand, it is obvious These are the laws of the celestial there must be fome latent error, choir, and it is natural to conclude, which was left for succeeding gene that the same great Lawgiver enactrations to discover and correct e d the fame general laws on earth,

How much more exalted thoughts even if we wanted other reasons to do the deeper researches of the pre- confirm the supposition. It is unbefent age furnish us with in this point, coming the order of Nature to suffer bolder in its discoveries of truth, as general laws to clash, for the sake of well as in impiety! By the esta- one, or even a thousand individuays.. blished excellent system of philofo- When the loose mountain trembles from phy we are taught, that God acts Shall gravitation cease if you go by [on high, by " universal, not by partial laws,” Or some old temple, nodding to its fall, and consequently that “ all partial For Chartres' head reserve the hanging wall? evil is universal good.” 'Tis mad- These are ends by no means adeness to suppose that the Deity would quate to or deserving of such means; fuperfede the general laws, which for what pilot would not throw a few himself had established at the crea- overboard to ease the vessel, and save tion, upon every trivial account; the greater part? melius eft perire unum which none but the most important quam unitatem. This doctrine is not occasions can require, such as the an exclusion of Providence; but, on Sacred Writings afford us, where we the contrary, furnishes the judicious find frequent attestations of particu- man with more exalted ideas of the lar Providences, which are not ap- Creator's wisdom and care, when he plicable to our times, when such considers what a small proportion this Providences, and the occasions which body of his, nay, the whole earth, on required them, have ceased. Let us which millions of such move, bears carry our view to another part of the to the immense whole, and that God creation, and we shall see no such prefers the well-being of the general thing happen in the world of astro. fyftem before that of particulars. Let nomy, which discovers no fupernatu- it be our consolation that we have anral interposition to hinder the action otber world to rectify these inequaliof the planets on the bodies of each ties, which if we take into one view other. Providence is concerned in a with this, there will be sufficient rea. more important sphere of action, the son for us to suspend our complaints.

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A Genealogical Account of MANNERS, Duke of RUTLAND. T HE family of Manners is one and probably took its denomination

1 of the most antient and ho- from the village of Mannor in the nourable houses in Great Britain, bifhopric of Durham. We find them

April 1761.

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of consequence immediately after surviving male issue. John's eldest the Conquest, settled in the north of son and beir, Roger, was a great England, wardens of the marches, traveller, an intimate friend of the conservators of truce, and principal- famous earl of Essex, and married ly concerned in all the expeditions the daughter and heiress of Sir, Phito Scotland. Sir Robert de Man- lip Sidney; but dying without issue, ners had no finall mare in the vic- was succeeded in the earldom by his tory obtained over the Scots near brother Francis. This nobleman Durham, where their king David was also a great traveller, and much was taken prisoner. Sir Robert respected by king James. He left Manners, in the fourth year of no children, and therefore was sucRichard III. married Eleanor, eldest ceeded by the third brother, Sir filier and coheir of Edmund Lord George Manners; who dying likeRoos, with whom he poliefied the wile without issue, the earldom of antient seat of Belvoir-castle, built Rutland, with the other titles, deby Robert de Todenei, a Norman volved on John Manners of Netherbaron, who came over with Wil. Haddon, Efq; fon and heir of Sir liam the Conqueror : by this mar-. George Manners, son and heir of riage he likewise enjoyed Helmesley Sir John Manners, second son of or Hámlake callle in Yorkshire, and Thomas the first earl of Rutland. Orston castle in the county of Not- It was John, the grandson of this tingham, with divers other manors noble earl, whom queen Anne and lands belonging to Lord Roos, created marquis of Granby and duke lineally descended from that of Wil- of Rutland, in consideration of his liain Lord Roos of Hamlake, who own great merits, and the services food competitor with Bruce and of his ancestors to the nation. Baliol for the kingdom of Scotland, His grace the present duke ot being great grandson of Robert Rutland is grandson of this nobleLord Roos and his wife Isabel, man, and father to the marquis of daughter of William king of Scot. Granby. land. George Manners, the son of It is observable of this antient this marriage, inherited the title of and honourable house of Manners, Lord Roos after the decease of his that it has been always famous for mother, and cfpoufed the daughter loyalty, fidelity, valour, affability, of Sir Thomas St. Leger and Anne generosity, and old English hospitadutchess of Exerer, filter to king lity, without one intervening blank Edward IV. so that in the issue of or blemish. this marriage the blood royal of John, the present duke of Rut. England an: Scotland were nited. land, born in the year 1696, was, The eldest son, Thomas, was created after his father's decease, constiearl of Rurland by Henry VIII. and tuted lord lieutenant of the county was very intiruinental in quelling of Leicester, infailed knight of the the two insurrections in Lincoln faire Garter, sworn of the privy council, and Yorkshije. Jolin, the second and made chancellor of the dutchy fon of this first earl, was ancestor of ot Lancalter, in the reign of George The present duke of Rusland, his 1. He carried the sceptre with the alder brother having died, without cross at the coronation of George

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II.

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