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hough the barbarity of the times prise Fredegonda : but she having did not allow his character to be got intimation of the design, escaped intirely free from rapacity and am- with some difficulty before their arbition.

val. His death intirely changed the [An. 576) Her husband Chilface of affairs. The siege of Tour- peric, in the mean time, assembling nay was raised with precipitation. his forces, attacked the Australians, The partizans of Chilperic seized over whom he obtained a compleat and imprisoned queen Brunehaut victory; then re-entering his capiand her children at Paris. The tal in triumph, placed a guard on young prince, however, was, by the his son Merovæus, whom he sufaddress of his father's general Gon- pected of carrying on a correspondebaud, delivered from confine- dence with Brunehaut. But a body of ment, conveyed to Metz, and placed his troops, which had penetrated inupon the throne of Australia. His to the Limosin, and ravaged the coun. mother queen Brunehaut was exiled try, being defeated by the Burgunto Rouen, and the two daughters dian troops, under the patrician were confined in Meaux. Chilperic Mummol, Chilperic discovered that reduced Touraine, and sent his third Merovæus had engaged the king of son Merovæus with another army Burgundy in the interest of the Auinto Poitou ; but this young prince stralians, and immediately gratified

quitted his command, and repair- his revenge upon him though he was - ing to Rouen, was married to Bru- his own son. He disinherited and im

nehaut, who still retained her beauty, prisoned him; ordered him to be shaand had captivated his heart while ved; compelled him to take the cowl; The remained a prisoner at Paris. and appointed a guard to convey him Chilperic no sooner learned these to the monastery of Anille in the tidings, than he set out for Rouen, country of Maine: but he escaped and surprised the lovers, who fled from his convoy, and took refuge to the church of St. Martin, which again in the church of St. Martin, was deemed an inviolable asylumn. where he found duke Gontram BoBut he confirming with an oath, an son, who had also fled to that asylumn assurance that he would do them no from the vengeance of Chilperic, inharm, they ventured to come forth, flamed by a suspicion that he had and were in appearance cordially re- killed his son Theodobert in the batceived by Chilperic. In a few days tle which that prince lost in Touhowever, he obliged the prince raine. Merovæus afterwards quitted to follow him to Soissons, and dread- the sanctuary, and repaired in priing the intrigues of Brunehaut, vate to the court of Australia, where he sent her back to her young fon Brunehaut would have protected the king of Australia. , ;

him, had her power been equal to Though she found herself ex- her inclination : but, in spite of all eluded from all share in the govern- her endeavours, the council ordered ment, by the establishment of a him to leave the kingdom immedi.

council of regency, he had address ately. Not knowing where to find fel enough to excite a war against Chil- refuge, he concealed himself in the

peric; and a body of torces were neighbourhood of Terouenne; but detached to Soissons in order to fur- was discovered and affallinated by Kk 2

the

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the emiffaries of Fredegonda, who ceived two mortal wounds, of which thus forwarded her scheme of rais- he instantly died; and the assallins ing her own son to the throne of escaped by favour of the darkness. Chilperic.

Historians have not been able to Clovis was now the only surviv- ascertain the cause of this affaflinaing son of queen Audovere, and him tion, which hath been variously imshe also entangled in the snare. On puted to the revenge of Brunehaut, pretence of his being engaged in a and the guilty terrors of his own conspiracy against his father, this queen Fredegonda: but both these young prince was confined in the allegations are unsupported by castle of Noisy, on the other fide proofs, or even by probability. of the Marne, where he was found Brunehaut was never accused of the Stabbed, with a dagger lying by him, murder in that age, even by her and his stepmother persuaded Chil- most bitter enemy Fredegonda ; nor peric that he had been his own exe. is it all likely that Fredegonda cutioner. One knows not whether would perpetrate a deed which must most to admire the weakness and have robbed her of all her influence; credulity of the husband, or the fa for her whole credit depended upon vage perfidy of the wife.

the personal ascendancy she had The difensions still continued to gained over her husband. It is rage among the three French prin- more reasonable to suppose that the ces. Sometimes the king of Bur- blow was struck by the arm or digundy protected his nephew the rection of some person whom Chilyoung monarch of Australia ; fome- peric had injured and oppressed : times he united with Chilperic a- for he was an arbitrary tyrant, gainst him. In regulating the suc- proud, merciless and unnatural. 'cession of Charibert the town of Nevertheless, he maintained a barMarseilles had been divided between barous splendour and magnificence, the kings of Burgundy and Austra- which dazzled the eyes of foreign fia; and this absurd partition was princes, ainong whom he was more the source of Perpetual quarrels. considered than either of his broThe place was surprised by both thers. He has been compared to a princes in their turns; taken and Nero for his cruelty ; but he like retaken : battles were fought, and wise resembled that monster in his -both armies alternately beaten and ridiculous vanity and self-conceit. victorious. Chilperic trimmed the He pretended by an ediêt of his own ballance, sometimes joining the vic- composing, to terminate the diffetor, sometimes supporting the van- rences between the orthodox cathoquilhed. At length he mediated a lics and the Arians. He invented [An. 584.) peace, on condition that four letters which he added to the Marseilles should remain still divid- alphabet ; but the world refused to ed, according to the intention of adopt them : he wrote several voCharibert.

Jumes on different subjects, includChilperic did not long survive this ing many pieces of poetry: but his pacification. One evening as he labours in verle as well as prose dismounted from his horse at the were held execrably dull, even in

castle of Chelbis, a hunting-feat that age of ignorance. . · about four leagues from Paris, he rea

[To be continued.]

To the Authors of the British MAGAZINE.

GENTLEMEN,
I JAVING observed in your Magazine for February, 1760, a quære, concerning a

M method of warming apartments of dwelling-houses, I send you inclosed rome account of Mr. Lyle's method of regulating the heat, motion, and purity of the air in dwelling-houses, hot-houses, &c. which was laid before the Edinburgh Society, for the encouragement of arts, sciences, manufa&tures, and agriculture, in the year 1756.

I am, &e.

T HIS paper, which contained a he proposed that the trunk of the tube

thort treatise on the subject, Mr. Mould pass between the grate of a chim

Lyle began with an introduction ney made for the purpose, and should make concerning health, and the necessity of hav- two or three spiral turnings, almoft in ing the apartments of dwelling-houses as contact with the fuel, and then pass up the healthful as poffible ; because those people back of the funnel, sending off branches who are most publicly useful to society, in its passage to different apartments; and and of the most delicate constitutions, are by this means the air could be warmed and generally obliged to live within doors. dried, when necessary, by making a fire Then he proceeded to give a sketch of the occasionally. theory of the weather in different climates, He preferred a tube of this kind of suband shewed that its changes occasioned the stance to all others, because it absorbs use of cloaths and dwelling-houses, &c. moisture, that the air might be dried in After having traced the arts of building, and its paffage ; and also, that there might be temperating the air in houses, from the no danger of communicating any noxious earliest ages to the present times, he en- effluvia to the air, which iron and other quired wherein they were still defective, metals, when hot, certainly do. and found that the present methods of He proposed also, that there might be temperating the air in houses, were incon- a small centrifugal bellows, moved after venient and frequently very hurtful. the manner of a jack, and fixed in the ex

To remedy these, he proposed that a ternal end of the trunk, to regulate the jointed tube, properly cemented at the motion of the air; and that there might joints, and supported by solid branches be shutters upon the opening of each fixed into the walls, and made after the branch into a room, whereby the whole same manner, and of the same kind and or any part of the air might be exclud. proportion of clay and fand which cruci ed. bles are made with, and of a proper size, This method of temperating the air, he according to the size of the house, should thought might be very healthful in dwel. pass from any part of the house where the ling-houses, and very advantageous for external air was purest, and should be di- plants in hot-houses; and besides, it would vided into branches, which were to open be very useful for faving fuel, and keep into every apartment; and that in the ing houses clean and healthy, when fa. opposite side of these apartments, there milies happen to be abroad, and particy. Thould also be a pipe or tube, to give vent larly so in libraries, courts, hospitals, and to the foul air, and consequently admission schools, &c. to the pure and temperate air through the All thefe things he considered very tube.

minutely, and shewed the advantages that In all places where the air is perpetu. this apparatus, (which would not be ex. ally too hot, he proposed that a part of the pensive, considering the saving of feuel.) trunk of this cube should be made of glass would have over stoves, ventilators, or any or lead, and mould either pass under other method hitherio known. As the ground, or make some turnings through gentleman is now in London, it is very cold-water, in order to cool the air. likely he would, with pleasure, give full

In all places again, where the air is some- directions to any one who chuses to make gimes temperate, and sometimes too cold, a trial of his contrivance.

HISTORY

HISTORY OF CANADA. [ Continued.]

Anno THIS treaty was very indiffe- the children home in triumph. The chris. 1654. I rently observed by the Indians tian Indians, alarmed at these horlilities, be.

of Agnier. During the war,' gan to take measures for their own security, the tribes of the upper cantons had been and detached successive parties to overawe obliged to pafs through their country, in the Iroquois of Agnier, who again sued order to traffic with the Dutch at Orange, for peace, and delred that father Le Moyne which is now New York; and this neces- might refide in their district. Their request fity produced a kind of dependance, which was granted; the millionary was well now that peace was re-established, entirely received; and two others set out for the ceased, because the upper tribes, instead of country of the Onondagas, in confequence travelling to Orange, were fupplied with of a deputation fent to invite them thither. necessaries by the French colonies. The They met with a favourable reception from Agniers took umbrage at this alteration, these Indians, who were not so ferocious and perhaps were stimulated to freth hof- as the Agniers ; at their firft arrival they tilities, by the intrigues of the Dutch tra- 'reared up a chapel, began to baptize, and ders. The first outrage they committed in a little time made a great number of was upon father Le Moyne the missionary, profelytes. who laboured in their conversion. In his At this period, an Indian nation calreturn to Montreal, accompanied by a ted the Eries, who inhabited the banks of train of Hurons, and Algonquins, in feve. the lake which ftill retains their name, ral canoes, they were fuddenly surrounded were entirely exterminated by the Iroby a party of the Iroquois, in canoes also, quois, with whom they had been long at who put every soul to the sword, but Le war; and the French of Canada began to Moyne, and one Onondaga Indian. The fear, that this fuccefs would increase the father was fettered as a prisoner of war; pride and ferocity of the victors : but the the other permitted to retire ; but this Ononadagas seemed to be fincerely disporfaithful savage refufed to quit the mission ed for a nearer connexion with the coloary, who had been committed to his charge pists of New-France, and actually dispatchby the ancients, or elders of his canton ; ed one of the miflionaries with a deputaand he threatened the Agniers with the tion, to defire Mr. Laufon the governor of resentment of their upper brethren. There Quebec would fend a good number of menaces had such a favourable effect for Frenchmen to refide among them. This the Jesuit, that he was set at liberty, and was an agreeable proposal to the governor, arrived in safety at Montreal, under the who forfaw the advantages that might acprotection of his conductor. The Agniers crue from such a settlement. He forthfill continued to make incursions on the with selected fifty men, and bestowed the other Indians, who were in alliance with command of them upon the Sieur Dupuys, the French, to insult the missionaries, and an officer of the garrison at Quebec. commit violences even in the French fet- Thefe, together with the fathers and the tlements. A Jefuit called John Liegois, Onondagan deputies, set out in the month was found murdered in the neighbourhood of May, 1656, having proper presents for of Syllery, the head separated from the the Indian chiefs, and fupply of provisions body, and the scalp taken away. An Al- fufficient to maintain them a whole year, gonquin woman belonging to that settle- without depending upon what the settlement, being one day in the field with her ment might produce. This enterprize husband and children, five Agniers sudden was so difagreeable to the canton of Agly appearing, seized the man, and tied him nier, that they levied four bundered men, hand and foot. The woman fnatching a and sent them in detached bodies, to inhatcher in despair, killed the chief at one tercept and cut off the French party comblow, and disabled the second, who ran to manded by Dupuys; but their aim mir. his amiftance ; the other three, astonished carried : yet they took and pillaged some and confounded at the prowess of this vi- ftraggling canoes, after having wounded rago, betook themselves to fight ; and the the men, to whom, by way of apology, unbinding her husband, brought him and they declared they had miftaken them for

Hurons, Hurops, or Algonquins. These nations conducted by the two French guides.to they still continued to harrass. On the Quebec, where they expressed a defire of back of this atchievement, they landed on being converted to the Christian religion, the ifland of Orleans, in the neighbour- dehring that some missionaries, and a good hood of Quebec, fell upon a number of number of Europeans, might accompany poor Hurons there fettled, murdered fix, them in their return. They met with a and carried off about fourscore men, wo very kind reception, and their proposal men, and children. Such was their info. was embraced. In the month of August lence, at this juncture, that in paffing by they set out on their return, accompanied Quebec, they obliged their prisoners to by chirty volunteers, the two missionaries fing the death fong opposite to the fort, by Dreuillettes, and Garreau, with brother way of defiance to Mr. Lauron the gover- Lewis le Boesme, who had been educated nor, who tamely bore the infult, without under the father Brebeuf, in the labours of taking any step for the deliverance of the Huron mission. The Europeans finde the captives. There being conducted to ing the Indians extremely savage and unthe canton of Agnier, some of them were disciplined, and having received certain adtortured and burned to death, and the rest vice, that a trong party of the Agniers distributed as flaves among the villages, watched their motions, in order to interMean while Mr. Dupuys pursued his tept them in their passage, refused to provoyage up the river, and falling in with ceed farther than Trois Rivieres: there fome canoes belonging to the Agniers, were no more than three who chose to run pillaxed them by way of reprisal, for the all risques, rather than forsake the missiondamage he had sustained by their last at- aries, whom no arguments or danger could tack. One evening, while he encamped dissuade from pursuing the voyage. The ashore, he heard the plaintive voice of a hu- Iroquois posted themselves in ambush, man creature, who came crawling forward near the place where the great river in great agony, and proved to be a young Outawawa disembogues itself into the St. Huron of those who were kidnapped from Laurence, and as the canoes passed, threw the ifle of Orleans. This poor creature in a full discharge of their musketry, which had fuftained the torture, and made his did great execution. Several persons in the escape from Agnier, with half the skin of foremost canoes were killed, many more his body fcorched, and ulcerated. He wounded, and father Garreau received a had travelled seventeen days through the shot in the back-bone ; in a word, he and woods, without any other nourishment all the survivors in the first fix canoes were than fome wild berries; and now appear. taken prisoners. The rest of the Outaed reduced almost to extremity. He was, wawas immediately landed, and attacked however, foon recruited by a potion which the enemy with great resolution; but were the Onondagas prepared ; and being sup- repulsed, and retreated to a rising ground, plied with provifions, continued his jour. where they threw up an intrenchment. ney to Quebec. Mr. Dupuys prosecuted This, however, they abandoned in the his voyage to the country of the Onon- night, leaving behind the two Jesuits, and dagas, who received him with extraordi- the three Frenchmen, who in the morning nary rejoicing; and now he began to pro- fell into the hands of the Iroquois. The jeet the building of a fort to overawe the chief of this detachment was born a Indians : but the whole wealth of Canada Dutchman of an Indian mother, had dirwas not at this time fufficient to defray the tinguished himself among the Iroquois warexpence, and the company of New France riors, and was known by the 'name of the neglected this, and every other opportunity Flemish bastard. He now professed great to extend their advantages.

concern for the misfortune of father GarImmediately after the defcent of the Ag- reau ; protesting he did not know that niers upon the isle of Orleans, two French- millionary was on board, when the firft men arrived at Quebec, at the head of thirty discharge was made: these profeffions, Outa wawa Indians, loaded with peltry, however, ill agreed wi:h their subsequent These were the wretched remains of a na- treatment of the father, whom they had tion dispersed by the Iroquois. They had stripped to the skin, and left agonifing with penetrated to the more fouthern parts of the pain of his wound, without offer of the continent, and settled on the banks of refrelhment or affinance. They thought the lake Michigan, from whence they were proper, nevertheless, to ferd him and the

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