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in some measure, the severity of the sen- to his inspection, on purpose that he might tence, the bishop's daughter, Mrs. Morice, publish to the world (being a man of unwas permitted to attend her father in his blemished character, and well known in travels; and his son-in-law, Mr. Morice, the republic of letters) the scandalous falby virtue of the king's sign manual, bad fity of Oldmixon's assertion, that not the leave to correspond with him. On the least foundation for any doubts or surmises 18th of June, 1723, this eminent prelate, might remain. And this he hath effectu. having the day before taken leave of his ally done. friends, who, from the time of passing the On the 15th day of February, 1731, bill against him, to the day of his depar. bishop Atterbury departed this lise, at ture, had free access to him in the Tower, Paris. His body was brought over to embarked on board the Aldborough man England, and interred the 12th of May of war, and landed the Friday following following, in Westminster Abbey. His at Calais. The first thing he heard of, funeral was perforined in a very private was, that the lord Bolingbroke, having manner, attended only by his son-in-law, obtained his pardon, was just arrived there Mr. Morice, and his two chaplains, Dr. in his way to England : upon which the Savage and Dr. Moore. Upon the urn, bithop merrily said: “Then I am exchanged,” which contained his bowels, was inscribFrom Calais he went to Brussels; and ed, In bac urna depofiti funt cineres Francisci afterwards to Paris, where he refided till Atterburi, Epifcopi Roffenfis. his death; softening the rigours of his Bithop Atterbury's sermons are extant exile by study, and conversation with in four volumes in octavo : those conlearned men, and by a constant epifto- tained in the two first were publithed by lary correspondence with the most emi. himself, and dedicated to his great patron nent scholars, particularly with M. Thi- Sir Jonathan Trelawny, bishop of Wine riot, an ingenious French gentleman, for chester; those in the two last were publishwhom he had a great esteem, and who has ed after his death, by Dr. Thomas Moore, obliged the public with some of the his lordship's chaplain. These were all the bishop's original letters, which are chiefly bishop would ever suffer to be committed criticisms on several French authors to the public inspection ; and therefore all About a year before his death, he publish the rest were, according to his orders, burnt ed a vindication of himself, bishop Smal. by his son-in-law and executor. His ridge, and Dr. Aldrich, from a charge epistolatory correspondence with Mr. brought against them by Oldmixon, of Pope, is extant in the collection of that having altered and interpolated the copy poet's letters. Among many which parof lord Clarendon's history of the civil sed between the bishop and that gentlewars. This he proved to be a most in- man, for whom he had the highest friendfolent attack, and without the least foun- tip and esteem, is the following, dated dation. And as to the part which Old from the Tower, April 10th 1723, about mixon particularly pointed out to have a month before his trial came on. been altered by them (which was the ap “Dear Sir, plication of what was said of Cinna to the “I thank you for all the instances of character of Hampden) this hath been your friendship, both before and fince my again refuted by the Rev. Dr. Birch, secre- misfortunes. A little time will compleat tary to the royal society, who hath de. them, and separate you and me for ever. clared that he saw this very pattage in lord But in what part of the world soever I am, Clarendon's own hand writing, in the I will live mindful of your fincere kindoriginal manuscript, which was submitted ness to me; and will please myself with
the bishop, and for the nature of his punishment, which was always looked upon in this light: if he was guilty, it was too mild ; and if innocent, too severe. That the government had certain grounds to proceed upon, seems to have been darkly hinted at in Dr. Gibson's circular letter to the clergy, mentioned in the beginning of this, Tecond part of the bishop's Ilse."
* On the 15th of June, 1724, died Dr. Sacheverel, and by his will bequeathed a legacy of five hundred pounds to the bishop of Rochester, in testimony of his friendAhip and gratitude, June, 1961, . Oo
the thought, that I fill live in your esteem and wherever the church was concerned, and affection as much as ever I did ; and he used too much zeal, which often burthat no accidents of life, no distance of ried him beyond proper lengths, To relate time or place, will alter you in that respect, one instance : he suspended the curate of It never can me, who have loved and Gravesend, Mr. Gibbin, for allowing the valued you ever fince I knew you, and use of the church of that place, to the Thall not fail to do it when I am not al- chaplain of the Dutch troops (who came lowed to tell you so; as the case will soon over here according to treaty, at the time be. Give my faithful services to Dr. Ar: the plot was first discovered) to preach in burthnot, and thanks for what he sent one day. He certainly must have conme, which was much to the purpose, if ceived a dislike to Mr. Gibbin, on some any thing can be faid to be to the pur- prior occasion ; otherwise, it is not easy pore, in a case that is already determined. to account for this severity. “The proLet him know, my defence will be such, fanation of the church by the Dutch Prefthat neither my friends need bluth for byterian worship," (the bishop's words) me, nor will my enemies have great occa- could not be the role occasion of this profion of triumph, though sure of the vic- ceeding. The inhabitants of Gravesend tory. I shall want his advice before I go were much oifended; they subscribed a abroad, in many things. But I question sum to Mr. Gibbin, more than double the whether I hall be permitted to see him, income of his church; and the king gave or any body, but such as are absolutely him the rectory or Northfleet. He was a necessary towards the dispatch of my pious man, and of an excellent character, private affairs. If ro, God bless you both! and died in 1752. To recurn to the bishop: And may no part of the ill fortune that he was a most tender father. His letter to attends me, ever pursue either of you? I Mr. Pope, on the death of his daughter, is know not but I may call upon you at my a proof of his extreme affection, and grief hearing, to say somewhat about my way for her loss. He was nicely scrupulous of of spending my time at the deanry, which his honour, and could not bear to be acdid not seem calculated towards manag- counted of a mercenary difpofition. Nei. ing plots and conspiracies. But of that I ther would he dispose of preferments in thall consider----You and I have spent his gift to any of his relations, so afraid many hours together upon much pleasan. was he left the world mould think he ter subjects; and that I may preserve the blindly bestowed them, without any other old custom, Imall cot part with you consideration than that of aggrandifing now, till I have closed this letter, with his own family. Of this we have a rethree lines of Milton, which you will, I markable example, in his refusal of the know, readily, and not without some de. arch-deaconry of Rochester, to his elder gree of concern, apply to your ever affec. brother Lewis Atterbury, tho' ro greatly tionate,
Frar, Roffinfis.” . importuned by him. He was satisfied his “Some natura! tears he dropt, but wip'd
brother was not difficient in point of them foon :
merit or abilities; but he thought it inThe world was all before him, where to
decent, that the elder brother ihould be
in an inferior station in the same fec, unchufe His place of rest, and Providence bis
der the younger brother, who was bishop
and head of it: so that he collated the guide."
duke of Chandos's brother, Dr. Brydges, As to bishop Atterbury's character : he to this benefice; and assured his brother, was not without failings and defects. He that he would endeavour to procure him certainly was too stiff and arbitrary in his fome good dignity in the church, with manner; and, as in his temper he was which in quality of bishop of Rochester, naturally ambitious, and had probably be- he had no connection or intereft ; « Such fore the death of the queen cherished some (says he) as you and I, and all the world aspiring views, his disapprintment by her mould agree, is every way proper for death was so much the greater, and might you." make him less able to bear any rebuke, or whether the bishop was, or was not the least affront, with moderation. He concerned in the conspiracy, is not in our was likewise in some respect imperious; power to decide ; and if we could de
clare clare our sentiments, they would be no. value upon lis eloquence." in his fermons, thing more than an opinion only. Besides, however, he is not only every way unexas we prosess che utmost impartiality, we ceprionable, but highly to be commendwould lo conduct ourselves as to offend no ed. Exactness of method, and justness of one, since we are of no other party than thought, weighty arguments, judicious rethe party of truth and justice. It has been fiections, and unaffected piety, adorned said, that if Dr. Atterbury was guilty, he with the softest and sweetest eloquence, was one of those tories who are said to run through the whole; and denote him be drove, by the violent perfecutions the celebrated preacher he was, and not against that party, into Jacobitism; and undeserving the following commendation return to their former principles as soon given him by his friend: “With what as that violence ceases. But whether this applause bas he often preached before the be the true state of the case : whether he people, the magistrates, the clergy, the was actually concerned in the plot from senate, and the court! How often has he principle, rather than forced into it; or charmed the ears of the late queen Mary, lastly, whether he was absolutely inno. now with God; and with what address cent; are the various opinions, which did he administer consolation to her fifter have so greatly divided the world, and queen Anne, almost oppressed and overprobably may ever continue to do so. come by her late affliction, for the prince
Now let us hear what his cotempora- of Denmark, her royal husband." The ries said of him. His learned friend bishop truth is, his talent as a preacher was so Smalridge, in the speech he made, when excellent and remarkable, tbat ir may not he presented him to the upper house of improperly be said, he owed his preferconvocation, stiled him, “A man, who ment to the pulpit, nor any hard matter was well acquainted with all parts of lite- to trace him through his writings to his rature, long and successfully exercised in several promotions in the church. We most arts and studies, and most accom- mall conclude his character as a preacher, plished in those sciences which admit of with the encomium bestowed upon him the greatest perfection." In his contro. by the author of thé Tatler ; who, having verfial writings, he was sometimes too se observed that the English clergy too mucha vere upon his adversary, and dealt rather neglect the art of speaking, makes a partoo much in satire and inve&tive : but ticular exception to dean Atterbury, (for this his friend imputes more to the na- he had advanced no higher in the church tural fervor of his wit, than to any bit at that time) “who, (says he) has fo parterness of temper, or prepenfe malice. ticular a regard to his congregation, that “ Be there then room left (continues he) he commits to his memory what he has for pardon, for praise, for gratitude. If to say to them; and has so soft and gracesome sharp, warm, and free expressionis ful a behaviour, that it must attract your have fallen from him, a good natured attention. His perfon (continues this aureader will not ascribe them to resent- thor) it is to be confessed, is no small rement, envy, or arrogance; but either to commendation ; but he is to be highly a natural warmth of difpofition, or per- commended for not losing that advantage, haps to a passion very excufable in a and adding to the propriety of speech, foldier, who is fighting for all that is (which might pass the criticisin of Lonnear and dear to us, the rights and privi- ginus) an action that would have been leges of be convocations) and a son, who approved by Demosthenes. He has a peendeavours to rescue his mother (the culiar force in his way, and has many of cburcb) from injury and violence. But if his audience, who could not be intelligent many and great beauties shine in luis hearers of his discourse, were there not writings; if he has treated of things, in explanation as well as grace in his acthemselves difficult, so as to make them tions. This art of his is used with the useful, and entertaining; if he has con most exact and honest skill. He never firmed thein by the ftrongest arguments; attempts your passions, till he has conif he has imprinted them in the minds of vinced your reason. All the objections, luis readers, by a purity and perfpicuity of which you can form, are laid open and ftile; let the learned give due applaufe to dispersed, before he uses the least vehehis learning, and the cloquenc fet a juft mence in his fermon; but when he thinks
he has your head, he very soon wins greatest parts and abilities, by whom he your heart, and never pretends to shew the was always highly respected. His friendbeauty of holiness, cill he has convinced thips were warm and lasting, and uninyou of the truth of it."
terrupted ; and though by no means deTo conclude, his correspondence was void of many failings, and however the eagerly cultivated by the learned, by moral and political part of his character, whom he was almost adored. His con- may have been represented by the oppofite versation was admirably engaging, sen- parties, according to their different views fible, and agreeable, as he could descant and tempers, it is universally agreed, that with great judgment and precision upon he was a man of great learning, and unevery subject. His acquaintance was very common abilities, a fine writer, and a most large and extensive, and with men of the excellent preacher.
The HISTORY of BANOU RASSID. "An Oriental Tale.
D ANOU Rallid, the son of Abdal- to gratify their inclinations. Zeinabi pro
Moal, was born in the territories posed to her lover, to fly with him to
of Cabul. In his early youth, he Delly, the capital of Indostan, and her had been treated with the utmost severity lover received the proposal with a tranf. by his father, whom he had never offend- port of joy, not easy to be expreffed. They ed ; and being at last tired of his cruelty, foon found means to effect their purpose; repaired to the city of Agra, where he had and Zeinabi having taken care to provide no means of supporting life, but by be- berself with jewels and gold, to a considecoming servant to a merchant, who em- rable value, they procured a convenient ployed him in carrying burthens. Thus habitation in the capital of Delly, and did one state of distress succeed to an- soon after their arrival, the Iman joined other, and Banou Raffid, who had been their hands. before made unhappy by domestic griev. They lived for some time in a ftate ances, now suffered almost as much by of felicity, not to be equalled; but the the drudgery to which he was condemned; angel of death called Zeinabi out of this he, however, preferred his present to his world, and Banou Rallid remained informer condition, as the rigour of his fa- consolable for her loss. Whilft he conther made a much greater impression up. tinued plunged in the deepeft despair, he on him, than the difficulties which he had received advice from Cabul, that his fato struggle with amongst strangers, which ther had paid the debt of nature, and left to him appeared more supportable, be- him inheriter of all his wealth. He im. cause he expected them. His state of fer-mediately repaired thither, and took porvitude did not, however, last long : the session of his estate. But notwithstand. beauteous Zeinabi, daughter to the mer. ing his opulence, he found himself more chant with whom he lived, beheld him unhappy than when reduced to the conwith the eyes of affection, the pitied his dition of a nave. The idea of his belov. Sufferings, and her pity was son convert- ed Zeinabi, every moment recurred to his ed into love ; for Badou Rafid, though memory, and rendered all his enjoyments reduced to the condition of a flave, was tasteless and infipid. The sage Barud in personal beauty equal to the noblest beheld his sufferings with compassion, and youths of Agra, and had something in- as he had by a long course of study, made genuous and striking in his countenance, himself perfe&tly master of all the secrets notwithstanding his mean appearance, of nature, and could cure the diseases of and the servile employment in which he the mind as well as those of the body; was engaged. After several secret inter. he presented him with a potion, whose views, the passion of Banou Rafid and efficacy was such, that it immediately obZeinabi became mutual, and rose to such literated the memory of all past misfor. a degree of force, that they were both tunes. Banou Rallid being thus freed equally disposed to run any risk, in order from the painful recollection of an irree
trievable trievable loss, applied himself entirely to ture, as to render the person who took it the improvement of his estate. He caus- insensible of all present grievances. Ba. ed a sumptuous palace to be erected, and nou Rassid being now restored to a peremployed the ablest architects of Cabul fect tranquility of mind, applied bimself in the building of it ; but an earthquake to the study of the sciences, and found in foon after happening at Cabul, this superb the pursuit of knowledge, a satisfaction edifice was swallowed up, and Banou superior to all the gratifications of sense. Raffid greatly regretted the pains and ex. But when advanced in years, he was pence which it had occafioned him. His seized with the dread of death ; and tho' revenues, however, being considerable, he entirely secure from suffering by the reresolved to have recourse to other plea- collection of part misfortunes, and undirsures, and accordingly caused bis haram turbed by the present, he was rendered to be filled with the brightest beauties, compleatly unhappy by looking forward which could be purchased for gold. But to futurity, and the prospect of death imBanou Raflid, whose mind was endowed bittered all the enjoyments of his life. with sentiment, could find no satisfaction As he had twice experienced the effects of in the mercenary carefses of his mistrelles. Barud's skill, he had recourse to him a Their embraces roon disgusted him, and third time; but the sage gave him to unhe was seized with a languor, which ren- derstand, that tho' he had remedies againte dered life almost insupportable. To past and present evils, he could never banith forrow, he had next recourse to device any against the future, and that the flowing bowl, and past whole nights death was a tribute to nature, which in the company of debauchees, in noise, every mortal was doomed to pay. Balaughter, and folly.
nou Raffid, having received this answer, These revellings were followed by threw himself upon his couch in dispair, diseases, and Banou Raffid, after having and falling soon after into a profound lingered a long time, at last recovered his neep; the angel Gabriel appeared to him, health ; but as he had tried every sort of and addrefled him thus : “Omortal! thou pleasure, and found by experience, that hart dedicated thy whole life to the purall enjoyments are productive of pain, suit of vain pleasures, or of sciences equal. in proportion as they are exquisite, he ly vain; it is now time for you to apply resolved for the future to lead a regular your heart to wisdom." The old man was life, yet still he found himself unhappy; so affected with this exhortation, that he his attachment to his affairs increasing consecrated the remainder of his days to with his temperance and fobriety. The devotion, and at last joyfully met that fage Barud was again touched by his dif- hour, the expectation of which had betress, and presented Banou Raflid with fore filled him with terror. another potion, which was of such a na
ALL the children of the Whidanese, eidest son inherits not only his effects, n both male and female are circum- but also his women ; with whom, from cised. Whence they derived this custom, that day, he lives in quality of husband, none of them can tell. Their usual an- His own mother is excepted : she is now swer is, they had it from their ancestors. her own mistress, has a house appointed There is no place where greater respect is her, and a certain fortune for her sublic Mewn by children to their parents, than tence. This custom prevails as well in the at Whidah. They never address them but royal palace as among the people. on their knees. The younger brothers The extraordinary industry with which pay great respect to the elder. On a de. the Whidanese apply to commerce and ficiency in this duty, they are punished by agriculture, does not destroy their taste for a fine, imposed at the plea!ure of the bro. pleasure. They will frequently hazard ther, By the death of the father, the all they are worth at gaming. When