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of the meadows, the richness of the fields, populous, that one single village contains and the multitude of houses, with a dimp. as many inhabitants as several entire petling stream, murmuring down a declivin ty kingdoms on the coast of Guinea; ty to the sea, form the most delightful and yet they stand so close, that one is profpe&t fancy can pi&ture to itself. amazed how the most fertile land on Every inch of ground is converted into earth can supply the number of people use, except those places destined by nature contained in so small a compafs. The for pleasure, where the woods spring up whole kingdom may be compared to a spontaneously in the most exquisite rural great city, divided by gardens, lawns, and fimplicity. A perpetual spring and au- groves, and, in a word, is a true image of tumn succeed each other. No sooner has what the poets have sung of the Elysian the husbandman cat his corn, than he fields. There are great markets in all again plows and sows the ground. Yet, the provinces, and much trade carried on is it not worn out: the next crop puts every where. That with naves is the forth with the same vigour as the former, greatest, from whence the coast takes its as if nature here were inexhaustible. Cer- name. tain it is, the kingdom of Whidah is so

A Genealogical Account of Hamilton, Duke of Brandon.

T HIS nobleman, who is the of that kingdom. He was after

1 first duke of Scotland, de- wards nominated a second time, scends by the father from the illur. lord-commissioner to the Scottish para trious family of Douglas. Wil- liament; appointed one of the ex. liam earl of Selkirk, son of William traordinary lords of session, and one the first marquis of Douglas, by his of the lords of the treasury, and second wife, lady Mary Gordon, . died in the year 1694, in the palace espoused Anne dutchess of Hamil- of Holy-rood-house, Edinburgh. ton, daughter of James duke of By Anne his dutchess, he had Hamilton, who was beheaded by seven fons, namely James earl of Oliver Cromwell, for his attach- Arran, who succeeded to his title ment to his sovereign Charles I. and fortune, lord William, who died The earl of Selkirk, on his mar- a batchelor in France, Charles earl riage, adopted the surname of the of Selkirk, John earl of Ruthergling dutchess. He was raised to the George earl of Orkney, lord Baril, dignity of duke of Hamilton, by and lord Archibald.--- The eldest, letters patent, dated September 20, James earl of Arran, was educated 1660, immediately after the resto- at the university of Glasgow, and ration; and afterwads installed travelled for improvement. He knight of the garter. He declared, was appointed by Charles If. one for the prince of Orange at the re- of the gentlemen of his bed-chamvolution, was chosen president of ber, and afterwards sent as envoy the convention of estates of Scot- extraordinary to congratulate Lewis Land; and when that convention XIV. of France on the birth of became a parliament, he fat as Philip, duke of Anjou, who in the high commissioner; being also ap- sequel ascended the throne of Spaina pointed lord-president of the privy. During his residence in France, council, and lord high admiral he served two campaigns as aid du June 1761.


camp to the French king, in which palatine of Lancaster, cuftos rocapacity 'he acquitted himself with tulorum for the same county, rangreat reputation. He was con- ger of her majesty's forests there, tinued in the quality of envoy ex- admiral of the sea-coasts, and that traordinary to the French count, same year he was sworn one of by king James II. who at his re- her privy-council. turn, made him knight of the thistle, In 1711, he was created a peer master of the ward-robe, and co. of Great Britain, by the title of

lonel of a regiment of horse. Tho' duke of Brandon, in Com. Suff. and · he did not approve of that prince's baron of Duttont, in Com. Cest. by conduct, he continued with him to letter's patent, specifying, that his the last with unshaken loyalty. On ancestors had greatly recommended the arrival of the prince of Orange, themselves to her majesty's royal he declared his opinion that the predecessors of most glorious niemisconduct of his sovereign was mory, by the nobleness of their not sufficient to dissolve the ties of birth, eminent services, their imhis allegiance. At a meeting of the spotted loyalty even unto death, Scottish peers in London, at this and also proximity of blood : that critical juncture, he strenuously op- the present duke of Hamilon trod posed the motion for addressing the in the steps of his moft noble famiprince of Orange, to assume the ly, and by his virtue, unshaken confceptre of Scotland; but proposed stancy, and fidelity, had continued to call back king James, and that to illustrate that affinity, by which the grievances of the nation might he was related to her majesty's royal · be redressed by a free parliament. lincage.

After this revolution, he retired In 1712, on the death of earl from public business; and was twice Rivers, he was constituted' masterfent to the Tower, on suspicion of general of the ordnance, and elecholding a correspondence with the ted one of the knights companions: court of St. Germain's.

of the most noble order of the garIn the year 1697, the dutchefs ter; so that he wore at one time the his mother, made a surrender of her orders of the garter and thistle. At titles in his favour ; and he was by the peace of Utrecht, he was appatent created duke of Hamilton, pointed ambassador extraordinary with precedency in the same man- to the court of France ; but before ner, as if he had succeeded to the he set out for that kingdom, he fell title by his mother's death.' in a duel with Charles lord Mohun,

In the year 1708, he was taken in- whom he killed upon the spot, Ke to custody and brought to London, himself dying in a few minutes, not on suspicion of favouring the intend. without suspicion of foul play from ed descent of the pretender ; but he lord Mohun's second, Mr. Macartwas soon admitted to bail, and ac. ney. A proclamation was issued, quired a considerable share of queen offering a reward of five hụndred Anne's favour.

pounds for apprehending this man; In the year 1710, the appointed and the dutchefs promiféd a fur.. him lord-lieutenant of the county ther recompence of three hundred


pounds. The peers of North Bri- Cochran, daughter to the earl of tain joined in an address to the Dundonald, by whom he had one queen, desiring her majesty would son, who succeeded him in title please to write to all the kings and and estate. His second dutchefs was ftates that were in alliance with Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of her, not to shelter the infamous Thomas Strangeways of Melburgaffaffin ; but, if in their power, ap. Sandford, in the county of Darset, prehend and send him over to Efq; but she had no iffae. He Great-Britain, that he might be afterwards espoused Elizabeth, brought to public justice. He re- daughter and heir of Edward tired to Hanover, from whence he Spencer of Rendlestium, in Suffolk, returned with king George I. stood Efq; by whom he had lord Archi. his trial at the Old-Baily, where he bald, born at Edinburgh in the was acquitted, and died a general year 1740. His grace dying in in the service. Such was the fate 1743, at Bath, was succeeded by his of James duke of Hamilton, an ac- eldest son James, duke of Hainilton complished nobleman, who had up- and Brandon, who espoused Elizaon all occasions, and with uncom- beth, second daughter of Tohn mon abüities, vigorously supported Gunning, Esq; by whom he had what he took to be the true in- two sons, and one daughter. He terest and honour of his native died in the year 1758, and was fuccountry.

ceeded by his eldest fon George, an By his first 'wife, lady Anne infant, now duke of Hamilton and Spencer, daughter to Robert earl of Brandon, and baron of Dutton. Sunderland, he had two daughters, Armorial Bearings. Quarterly, who died young. His second wife first and fourth, gules, tlaree cinque Elizabeth Gerard, daughter and sole foils, ermine; second and third, heir to Digby, lord Gerard of Brom- argent, a ship having her fails fure ley, brought him a considerable led, sable. estate in Lancashire and Stafford- Creft. Or, an oak fructed, pro. thire, and several sons and daugh- per, having a frame-law, transverseters, viz. lady Elizabeth and lady ly fixed in the body of the first. Catherine, who died young; James, Supporters. Two antelopes, ar. who succeeded him ; lady Charlotte; gent, armed and gorged with du. lord William ; lady Charlotte, mar- cal coronets, or, chains affixed to ried to Charles Edwin, Erqs lady to the coronets, and their hoofs of Susan, married to Anthony Keck, the second. Esq; and lord Anne. His successor, Morto. Through. James duke of Brandon and Hamil- Chief Sears. At Hamilton, in ton, was installed a knight of the the county of Lanerk; and Kenneil thistle, and appointed gentleman in the shire of Sterling, both in of the bed-chamber to king George North-Britain. 4. He first married lady Anne


To tbe Authors of the BRITISH MAGAZINE.


A Mongst the few authors who the conversations that pass between 11 have united humour with ge- them, breathe the true spirit of Lu. nius, learning, and knowledge of cian. The pencil of an Hogarth human nature, none hold a more could not hare drawn figures more distinguished rank than Lucian and striking; yet if we can compare this the celebrated Dr. Swift. The lat- to that excellent dialogue of Luter appears to have taken the for- cian, called the Speculator, wherein mer as his model, and the hint of Menippus relates what had befallen Gulliver, which is universally allow- him in his journey to the shades, ed to be his master-piece, is evi- to confult Tiresias concerning the dently taken from Lucian's True happiest condition of human life; History; but in this work he has or to Simon the Misanthrope, which greatly surpassed his original, tho' so admirably displays the weakness the Greek author must be owned of one man, and the baseness of to be in the main greatly superior men in general ; we cannot hesito our countryman. He has sur- tate to give the preference to the passed all the antients and moderns, Greek. He has indeed represented in conveying the most serious less the human species in a very bad sons of morality, blended with the light, but he has not endeavoured moft exquisite pleasantry, and the to reduce man to a level with keeneft satire upon the foibles and brutes; nor do we, in his works, follies of mankind. But in most meet with any of those low and of the humorous works of Swift, disgusting images, which prove the chief design of the writer ap- some want of delicacy in the mopears to be the railing of a laugh. dern. We would by no means be He says himself, that they were in- thought to aim at depreciating the tended with a moral view to cure latter, whose beauties we admire, the vices of the mind; but it is the though we cannot avoid seeing his opinion of many judicious critics, defe&ts : but we are obliged to give that his fatire is carried to excess, the prefeļence to the former; and and by no means calculated to re. this preference will appear to be form the vicious. The Tale of a just, if it be taken into consideraTub, which contains great humour, tion, that Swift has been ofren haphas been thought by many, and pily imitated, where Lucian has perhaps not without reason, to be remained inimitable to this day; as hurtful to the cause of religion, as neither Monf. de Fontenelle, nor it puts subjects held sacred, in the any other modern, seems to have most ludicrous light. But if we perfectly hit off his manner. M. de consider it merely as a work of ge- Voltaire does but justice to our nius, we cannot deny it to be admi- countryman, when he declares, rable. There cannot be more per- that it is too sparing a praise of the fect caricaturas than the characters Dean to call him the English Raof Martin, Jack, and Peter ; and belais, Rabelais may be conside


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red as a buffoon amongst authors, model, but here he seems to be at whereas Swift instructs even in his least equal to his original; his, flights. As Lucian never wrote in poems being much more correct, verse, we shall not compare them and full as picturesque as those of with regard to this article. But it that celebrated poet. This appears must be indeed allowed, that there plainly from his Baucis and Phileis as much humour in the poetry mon, which by many critics is conof Swift as in his prose; it is evi.' fidered as his master-piece. dent that he took Butler for his


T HE religion of Freethinkers, but what is agreeable to their cor:

1 which makes so much noise rupt appetites, their unruly wills, in the world, and is every day en- and affections. The devil is their çrealing, is a production of our archbishop ; the dæmons that prea age, unknown to the ancients, and side over the several vices, their seems to be composed of the four bishops; the tavern is their church, religions now reigning :---and firit, and the coffee-house their chapel :

Of Paganism, from whence it their lent is the conversation of borrows the adoration of a multi- pious good people, and their pubtude of divinities; such as good cheer, lic penance, the hearing of a fergood wine, fine women, music, mon : their bible is a pack of cards, dancing, public diversions, gaming; the four kings of which supply the in fine, every thing that conveys place of our four Evangelists; the pleasure to the senses.

seven mortal fins are the moral Of Judaism, from which it derives virtues, and a declaration of love its hatred and aversion for all pious ferves them in room of confeffion : well disposed Christians, and the their pfalms are the new songs that turning their devotions into ridi- are sung at the public gardens, the cule.

playhouses, and the opera-house; Mahometanism has furnished it and their alms, the presents they with a paradise of voluptuous ban- make to pimps, bawds, and young queting houses, or taverns and whores; public worship fatigues bagnios, and taught its votaries to them, and evening prayers are an place their beatitude in terrestrial irreparable loss of time : a play bill pleasures. Lastly,

is their collect for the day: ga• Of Christianity, it preserves the zettes and chronicles are their epif. baptism ; as to all the other articles tles; and romances their gospels, of the Christian faith, the disciples their mouths are magazines of imof this religion look upon them as pertinent trifles; and their ears are pious frauds, invented to enslave the ever open to receive all absurd idle rights of the populace.

stories against the true religion and The numerous adherents to this its professors; the history of the Aourishing se& believe in nothing martyrs they esteem as a mere


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