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and labour, acquired a moft vigorous con- fed him in the following terms. “Oh, prince! ftitution. His limbs were equally robust know that Hazikin is your fire; you have and active, and his aspiring mind was already dethroned himn. For this you are well suited to a body which seemed to be not to be blamed, as you were ignorant framed by nature for enterprize. Grow. that he was your father, and as that event ing weary of the mean occupations of a was predestined by the unalterable de. Thepherd, he left the place where he had cree of fate : but strive to preserve him been brought up, and, after having wan from the misfortune which now impends dered some time, was received at length over him, or the black angels Zoubanya, in the troops of the king of Deli. There and their chief Dabekh, will torment thee he foon diftinguished himself upon many for ever in the other world." Nourgehan, occasions; insomuch that he was promoted being equally surprised and terrified at to a considerable post, and acquitted him- 'receiving this information, went to the self so well, that every body concluded he king of Deli, and proftrating himself bewould in a short time arrive to the highest fore him, intreated him in the most pathemilitary dignities. The expectations he' tic terms to spare the captive prince. The had excited were not disappointed; for in vindi&tive monarch, notwithstanding his an engagement upon the borders of Deli, great esteem for Nourgehan, positively rehe saved the life of the king's son, and as fused to grant his request. This refusal a reward for so fignal a service, was invest. occasioned a struggle in the breast of Nour. ed with the command of his troops. He gehan, between gratitude and filial piety; went by the name of Calaf; and, notwith- but the latter soon surmounted the former, standing all the honours conferred upon and the prince, who was idolized by the him, Nill thought himself the son of the army, easily found means to make a party, poor peasant Haffan. A difference foon and having rescued his father, retired with arising between the king of Deli 'and the him to the capital of Gazna. The virking of Gazna, the former fent Nourge. tuous Nourgehan would have reinstated han, at the head of a puissant army, to in- his fire in his former dignity; but the old vade the territories of the latter ; and monarch, who was convinced by expeNourgehan, having defeated the troops of rience, that the decrees of fate are not to the king of Gazna, possessed himself of his be reversed, configned the reins of governcapital city, and having caused him to be ment to the abler hands of his son, and cast into irons, carried him captive to palled the rest of his life in tranquillity Deli. The king of Deli, who was greatly and retirement. Nourgehan long reigned irritated against him, formed the cruel re- over the people of Gazna in prosperity, solution to deprive him of fight, and de- and advanced the experienced Coja to the tain him prisoner for the remainder of his dignity of prime visir, in which important days. This inhuman purpose was just go- place he acquitted himself equally to the ing to be put in execution, when the Coja, satisfaction of the people, and of his lovewho had calculated the nativity of Nourge. reign. han entered, and taking him afide, addres

REFLEXIONS upon Human Misery, made by a Gentleman just re..

covered from a severe Fit of the Palfy.

L OW unhappy is the man who founds direful goddess Nemesis had prepared the II his hopes of future prosperity upon pit into which I fell, without even seeing the present hour, and suffers himself to be it open before me. As the strongest tree, Julled aneep by the deceitful zephir of when the severity of winter has destroyed fuccess! Never did adverse fortune appear the sap which supports it, mut fall and at a greater distance from me, and never drop its withered boughs upon the plain; did I form more flattering hopes of hap- in like manner when the force by which piness. Whilft I was plunged in these my body is sustained, subsides, and leaves pleasing reveries ; whilft my mind was my heated blood to govern one half of the filled with visionary scenes of felicity, the machine, the other half being quite over

whelmed,

whelmed, feels, that notwithstanding with fortitude and resolution ? Can you. the utmost efforts of my resolution, the who were a follower of Horace, and edua weakest half has always the ascendant, and cated from your early youth by the nymphs triumphs over the strongest. Death, whom of Parnassus, thus forgee their lessons, and I had often eagerly called upon, in com. weakly yield to sorrow? Can you then pliance with my wishes, came and placed still be ignorant that all the plagues which his frightful figure by my bed-fide; and issued from Pandora's box, have long fince the shocking appearance of his dismal re- taken poffeffion of the world? That the tinue greatly encreased a dreadful oppres. order of nature subjects both the monarch fion of spirits, which the want of Neep had in his purple, and the beggar in his rags, before rendered insupportable. What to their respective affictions; and that, frenzy pofTeffes you, O mortals! who, fa- notwithstanding all our pride, we weale voured by fortune, defire only to live and mortals are born to pay tribute to woe. fear nothing but death. Dignity and Could you be so unreasonable as to hope riches, notwithstanding all their allure that the fates, in spinning your thread of ments, are often the occasion of trouble life, should render its winter as flourisha and affliction to their pofleflors. To ge- ing as its spring? What is it that suggests to nerous souls, defirous of true happiness, you the hopes of an enjoyment not to be death itself is delightful. We complain of obtained, of an unheard privilege reserved death unjustly: let mortals dread it ever so for heaven, and never bestowed upon a much, warriors think it desirable when it mortal during his residence on earth? carries them off on a sudden ; but good When we receive that existence which heavens, how terrible it is, how shocking heaven thinks proper to confer upon us, to human nature, when its Now approaches we receive the sentence by which we are confume us day by day, when every hour condemned to suffer., Our body in vain brings with it new pangs, and makes us appeals from this rigid decree to its natural wish for death, whilst we fear to die ! The vigour; our soul being subordinate to it, pious christian, and the murderer who has and corroded by care, pays dearly foc forfeited his life to the laws of his coun- both. What fever can be more cruel than try, suffer equally when catched in the its mortal anxiety, when cruel fortune snares of death; its horrors spare the in- thwarts its schemes ? In every country, in nocent no more than the guilty, the suf every age grief accompanies it, nor quits fering is the same, and the ignominy makes it till the hour of death ; even in the midst all the difference.

of grandeur, the scepter and tbe diadem I approach the close of life, and my cannot secure it. What need I mention friends in vain endeavour to console me, by the torment, to which it is every day exgiving me hopes that I may still live to posed by imposture and malice, concealed enjoy many happy days. Oh! promise by smooth and specious discourse ? When vain! Oh brilliant light of heaven! of what the beholds hypocrisy and boldness triservice can the brightness of your beams be umph in their ill-got spoils, and her timid to me, when one half of me is already in innocence without resource, delivered dethe grave? Finish then your work; come fenceless into the power of affalsins ? If Oh friendly death, and diffolve the feeble then by laws firmly established, the foul, bands by which this frail system is kept and the body its rampart, have their pleatogether. By this stroke, which I implore, sures and their pains, their enjoyments suffer my body to pay its debt to na- and their sufferings distinct; is it not reature, and inspire my soul with that reso- sonable to expect that when two halves bear Jution which grief is generally destructive one common burden, the weakest hould of. Thus, amidst the shades of night I be the greatest sufferer, and that the body lay deftitute of repose, and my mind was bould pay for all the enjoyments of the disturbed by a thousand gloomy ideas, foul ? The consoling hope of a happier when a friendly voice on a sudden reached time to come should enable you to sur. my ear; it was the venerable fhade of Mil- mount your grief: it was the last cala. ton, which seemed to address me in terms mity which the enmity of your adverse like these. “What means, my friend, this star drew upon you ; endeavour to calm inquietude which overwhelms you? what your inquietude, Nemesis is satisfied, and purpose have all your studies answered, the debt paid." if they have not been able to inspire you

The Renewed Affe&tion, or the Return of Love.

To the Authors of the British MAGAZINE.

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GENTLIMEN, IT is an observation which has been ge- ed his addresles in as favourable a manner

nerally admitted as just, that the affeca as he could with tions, when once alienated from an object Philander, it is probable, never fufpe&t. to which they have attached themselves, ed that his new pafsion would carry him never return to it again, and that when the length it afterwards did; but by con. love is discontinued, it is always succeed- ftantly indulging, it grew to such a pitch, ed by a lasting hatred or indifference. that he proposed to Cleora, for so we That this rule is not without exceptions, snall call the merchant's daughter, to fly will appear from the following story, with her to some foreign country, assuring the truth of which I can vouch for, having her that the remainder of his life should been intimately acquainted with the per. be entirely devoted to her. This proposons who bore the chief part in the adven- fal she was as ready to accept as he was ture I am going to relate.

to make, and they foon found means to A gentleman, whose real name I Mall put their defign in execution. They chose for the present conceal under that of Vienna for their place of residence; and it Philander, fell deeply in love with a was a considerable time before Lavinia, lady of great beauty, whom give me whose distress is not to be described, could leave to call Lavinia. Their union discover the place to which her perfidious was opposed by the father of Lavinia; husband had retired. However, being at but as love is always fertile in ftrata. Iaft informed of it, the resolved to go in gems, Philander found means 'to obtain the quest of Philander, and endeavour by the consent of the old man, by a contrivance moft tender expoftulations to make him which can be justified only by the violence return to his duty. Cleora received inforof his patsion. He hired persons to at- mation of Lavinia's arrival at Vienna, betack the old gentleman upon the road, in fore it was known to her husband, and the disguise of highwaymen, and coming such was her jealous and fanguinary tem. to bis rescue, wlien he was trembling for per, that she immediately resolved to cause fear of immediate death, the father of her rival to be assassinated. Lavinia was Lavinia was fo transported with joy, that soon after attacked in the streets of Vienbe thought he could not sufficiently ex- na by two Neapolitans, who had been used press his gratitude, without making Phi- to the trade of cutting throats in their own lander his son-in-law. Philander and La- country. Philander happening just then vinia were shortly after married, and lived to pass by, soon put the ruffians to flight ; for some time in a state of fuch perfect but how great was his surprize when he felicity, that they were called by all that perceived that it was his once loved Lavi. knew them the happy couple. Lavinia nia, whom he had rescued from the murthought herself secure of the affection of derous blade of the bravos ! He took her husband; but inconstancy is natural to great care of her, and having procured her man. A Venetian merchant coming to a lodging at the house of a physician in London upon account of his mercantile the neighbourhood, visited her every day. affairs, took a house not far from that of He found his former passion return at every Philander. His daughter, who was one interview, and having at last received inof the most brilliant beauties of Italy, foon formation, that the assassins were employ. caught the eye of Philander, and his love ed by Cleora, resolved to abandon her for for Lavinia began to subside, tho' at first ever, as that wicked action had excited his he could hardly perceive it himself, and utmost indignation. Philander soon after was a long time unable to affign a caure returned to England with Lavinia, and for for the diminution of his passion. His the remainder of their days, they lived in new inclination, however, at last, entirely the most perfect amity. got the better of his conjugalaffection; and

I am, Gentlemen,-yours, &c. he found means to procure several inter

W. S. views with his new mifress, who receive

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INTRODUCTION

TO THE
STUDY of the BELLES LETTRES.'

CH A P. J.

on ignorance and conceit, takes por

session of the public. The acquifiUpon T A S T E.

tion of learning, the study of na

ture, is neglected as superRuous laA MIDST the frivolous pursuits bour, and the ben faculties of the n and pernicious disipations of mind

mind remain unexercised and indeed the prelent age, a respect for the unopened, by the power of thought qualities of the understanding still

and reflection. False taste will prevails to such a degree, that al

not only diffuse itself through all molt every individual pretends to our amusements, but even influence have a taste for the Belles Lettres. The

our moral and political conduct : spruce prentice sets up for a critic, for what is false taste, but want of and the puny beau piques himself perception to discern propriety and upon being a connoilleur. Without distinguish beauty. It has been ofalligning caules for this univerlal ten alledged, that taste is a natural ta. presumption, we shall proceed to lent, as independent of art as strong observe, that if it was attended with eyes, or a delicate sense of smelling; no other inconvenience than that of and, without all doubt, the princiexposing the pretender to the ridi- pal ingredient in the composition of cule of those few who can lift his taste is a natural sensibility, without pretensions, it might be unneceffary which it cannot exift: but it differs to undeceive the public, or to en- from the senses in this particular. deavour at the reformation of inno- that they are finished by nature; cent folly, productive of no evil. to whereas taste cannot be brought to the commonwealth. But in reality perfection, without proper cultivathis folly is productive of manifold tion: for taste pretends to judge not evils to the community. If the repl only of nature, but also of art: tation of rafte can be acquired with- and that judgment is founded in out the least assistance of literature, on observation and comparison. by reading modern poems, and see- What Horace has said of genius, is ing modern plays, what person will still more applicable to taste. . deny himself the pleasure of such an

outh caly qualification ? Hence the youth Natura

Natura fieret laudabile carmen, an arte,

Quæfitum eff. Ego nec ftudium fine divite vena, of both sexes are debauched to di.

Nec rude quid profit video ingenium : alterius fic -version, and seduced from much Altera poscit opem res, & conjurat amice. more profitable occupations, into

HOR. ART. POET. idle endeavours after literary fame; 'Tis long disputed whether poets claim and a superficial false taste, founded From art er reture their best right to fame; July 1761.

Y y

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But,

But, art, if not enrich'd by nature's vein, trary. Of two youths educated unAnd a rude genius of uncultur'd strain, der the same preceptor, instructed Are useless both; but, when in friendihip with the same care, and cultivated.

join'd, A mutual succour in each other find. with the lame aliduity, one thall

FRANCIS. not only comprehend, but even antiWe have seen genius shine without cij ate the lessons of his master, by the help of art : but talte must be dint of natural discernment; while cultivated by art, before it will pro- the other toils in vain to imbibe the duce agreeable fruit. This, how- lealt tincture of instruction. Such in. ever, we must still inculcate with deed is the distinction between genius Quintilian, that study, precept, and and Itupidity, which every man has observation, will nought avail, with- an opportunity of seeing among out the allistance of nature. ? his friends and acquaintance. Not Illud tamen imprimis teftandum eft; nibil præ

that we ought too hastily to decide cepta atque artes valere, rifi adjuvante upon the natural capacities of chil. natura.

dren, before we have maturely conYet, even tho' nature has done her fidered the peculiarity of disposition, part, by implanting the seeds of and the biass by which genius may tafte, great pains must be taken, be strangely warped from the comand great skill exerted, in raising mon path of education. A youth them to a proper pitch of vegetation. incapable of retaining one rule of The judicious tutor must gradually grammar, or of acquiring the least and tenderly unfold the mental fa. knowledge of the classics, may, ne. culties of the youth committed to vertheless, make great progress in his charge. He must cherith his de- mathematics; nay, he may have a licate perception; store his mind with strong genius for the mathematics, proper ideas; point out the different without being able to comprehend channels of observation ; teach him a demonstration of Euclid ; because to compare objects; to establish theli- his mind conceives in a peculiar mits of right and wrong; of truth and madner, and is to intent upon con. fallhood; to distinguish beauty from templating the object in one partitinsel, and grace from affectation. cular point of view, that it cannot In a word, to strengthen and im- perceive it in any other : we have prove by culture, experience, and known an instance of a boy, who instruction, those natural powers of while his master complained that he feeling and fagacity, which consti- had not capacity to comprehend the. tute the faculty called taste, and en. properties of a right-angled triangle, able the profeffor to enjoy the de- had actually, in private, by the power lights of the Belles Lettres. We can- of his genius, formed a mathematinot agree in opinion with those cal fyftein of his own, discovered who imagine that nature has been a series of curious theorems, and equally favourable to all men, in even applied his deductions to pracconfening upon them a fundamen- tical machines of surprising contal capacity, which may be im- struction. Besides, in the educa. proved to all the refinement of tion of youth, we ought to rememtaste and criticism. Every day's ex. ber, that some capacities are like perience convinces us of the con- the pyra præcocia; they soon blow,

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