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He also informs their lordships, that on Pondicherry; and as that place was closely the ist of January, a violent storm of wind invested and blockaded by land and sea, coming on, he found it absolutely necef- and as, in that cafe, it was contrary to sary for the safety of his majesty's ships, the law of nations, for any neutral power to cut their cables and put to sea; where to give them any succour or relief, he had he parted company with the other ships of determined to seize any vefsel or boat that the squadron; and on the 4th returning should attempt to throw any provisions into into Pondicherry road, he had the misfors that place. tune to find bis majesty's fhip, duke of

Translation of an intercepted letter from geneAquitain had foundered about two leagues

ral Lally to Mr. Raymond, French refident to the southward, and the Sunderland about

at Pullicat, dared Pondicherry tbe 2d of two leagues to the northward of that place, and most of the crews perished.

January, 1761. The thips Newcastle and Queenborough, Mr. RAYMOND, with the Protector fireship, were drove on THE English squadron is po more, fir : shore, and loft, a little to the southward oft out of the twelve ships they had in Ariancopang, but the people were saved ; our road, seven are lost, crew and all ; as also the ordnance, and most of the the four others dismafted ; and it appears stores and provifions. Several of the o- there is no more than one frigate that hath ther ships suffered in the storm ; but with escaped : therefore don't lose an instant to the help of the masts, yards, and stores send us chelingoes upon chelingoes loaded saved from the wrecked ships, and the with rice : the Dutch have nothing to fear assistance of the squadron, they were, in now: befides (according to the rights of a very few days, completely fitted and put the nations) they are only to send us no in a proper state for service.

provisions themselves, and we are no That, having intercepted a letter from more blockaded up by sea. general Lally to M. Raymond, French re- The saving of Pondicherry hath been fident at Pullicat, a copy of which is in your power once already: if you miss hereafter added, the admiral immediately the present opportunity, it will be entirely dispatched circular letters to the Dutch and your fault : Don't forget also some small Danish settlements, to acquaint them, that chelingpes : offer great rewards : I expect notwithstanding the representations of ge- seventeen thousand moractoes within there neral Lally, he had eleven sail of his four days. In short, risque all, attempt Britannick majesty's Chips of the line, and all, force all, and send us some rice, two frigates, under his command, in con- should it be but half a garse at a time. dition for service, holding the blockade of



An Account of the taking the Iand Dominica, by the Forces under Lord

Rollo, and the Fleet commanded by Commodore Douglas.

Wbiteball, July 21, 1761.
I AST night capt. Douglas arrived with

the following letter from the right hon.
lord Rollo to the right hon. Mr. Secretary
Roseau in the island of Dominique, June 8,

1761. T Had the honour of writing to you on

the 3d instant from Guadaloupe ; and I then informed you of the resolution had taken to proceed directly to attack the island of Dominico, with the few North American troops which had arrived, and t!.e reinforcement furnithed by governor

Dalrymple, voder lieutenant governor Melville. I accordingly failed from the road of Basseterre, under the escort of commodore fir James Douglas, with four ships of the line, and some frigates, on his majesty's birth day, and arrived within a league of Roseau about noon on the 6th; when we judged it best to send a fummons to the inhabitants; to which, after recovering somewhat from their con{ternation, and having sent off two deputies, probably to amuse us, they returned a negative answer, manned their entrenchments and batteries at and above Roseay, and prepared to stand on their defence : I

therethereupon gave immediate orders for the I shall foon have the honour of transtroops to land : which was effecied very mitting to you, more particular accounts fpeedily, and in the best order, much of this inand; but muit intorm you in owing to the disposition of the boats, and the mean time, that as it was carried by position of the king's thips, very judiciously anault, I gave them no other terms than a directed by the commodore ; and agreeably protection, till his majesty's pleasure fiould to orders given, there was not one single be known, obliging them tirst to deliver cannon or musquet discharged till the ene- up all their arıns, and to swear allegiance my began to fire just bctore our landing. to his majesty. Five hundred of the in

Thé troops formed quickly on the beach, habitants, among which are the captains and while part 1oon after poffefied the and militia officers of the quarters, with town, the corps of grenadiers, confifting most of the principal planters, have deliof the companies of the 10urth and twenty vered up their arms, and (worn submilsecond regiments, commanded by colonel fion, for which I have granted them a Melville, seized a Hanking battery, and protection, till his majesty's further pleapart of an adjoining entrenchment which sure shall be known. The native Caraibs, had been abandoned. The enemy annoy- who inhabit a ruggid quarter on the winded us with some popping mulque try from ward part of the island, seem to like their behind trees and bushes, and fired from new masters, and are to deliver their arms time to time from their battery, overlook- in a body., ingtheirenirenchments, the town, andlhore.. I cannot conclude, without having the It was now pretty late, and it appeared to pleasure of assuring you, that the greatest me that the troops might be extremely har- harmony has sublisted between his majesraised and suffer even great loss, during the ty's squadron, and the troops under my night by the cannon and mufquetry of the command; and that I have experienced enemy, from the entrenchments overlook- the greatest zeal, and most chearful ruping the town; as also, that the enemy might port from the commodore, who also very be much reinforced before morning : and much favoured the attack, by a brisk and having an exceflive strong country in their well directed cannonade, As to the king's favour, with tour entrenchmentsbehind, and troops, I cannot enough applaud the coolabove each other, might make a great den ness and intrepidity with which they acted fence; I judged it beft therefore to order on the occasion. them to be immediately attacked by the gre. It is probable, that this will be delivernadiers, supported by the battalion troops, ed to you by captain Douglas, of bis ma. which was accordingly done, with so much jesty's fourth regiment, who dotwithorder, rapidity, and resolution, that the e- standing very bad health, came upon this nemy, with very little loss, were driven suc- service, and was present in the attack ; cessfully, in great confusion from all their but, being become much worse, now reentrenchments, from their batteries, and turns with my leave, to Guadaloupe. from the head quarter above it, where col. I

I am, &c. Rollo, Melvill immediately took post with the gre Admiralty-Office, July 21, 1761. nadiers. We took there M.'de Longprie, the French commandant ; their second offi- Captain Innis of bis majesty's fhip obe Aruncer, M. de la Couche, and some others, with del arrived bere last night, with the fola quantity of powder.

lowing account transmitted by commdcore for I lay myself at their advanced poft dur

ames Douglas to Mr. Clevland, dated on ing the night, having established a com

board the Dublin, in the road of Roseau, munication, by proper guards with the Dominique the 13th of June 1761. rest of the troops who potressed the town. On the 4th of June I failed from GauNext day I established my head quarters in v daloupe with the troops we had, for Roseau ; and have been fince much em- Dominique, with the Dublin, Belliqueux, ployed in receiving the oaths of submiffi- Sutherland and Montague, and on the 6th ‘on and surrender of arms from the neareft in the forenoon arrived off Roreau, when inhabitants, as well as in dispatching orders I sent a lieutenant on shore, accompanied for that effect to the distant quarters ; the by a land officer, with a manifesto, signed landing of military stores and provisions, by lord Rollo and myself, addrelled to the the quartering of the troops, and the pre- inhabitants and all others residing in the parations to occupy and entrench a defen- neutral inands of Dominique, which was Tible port, have been the chief objects of B b b 2 iny attention hitherto.

rea 3

read by the officer to the people in the colonel Melvill, at the head of the grenatown ; and soon after two of the inhabi- diers, with a surprizing alertness and intretants of most note came off in the boat pidiry, drove the enemy from their ento me, who seemed, upon the whole of trenchments and battery, with the loss their conversation, not to be difpleased at only of about eight men killed and woundour coming to take poffeffion of the island: ed, and made themselves masters of Robut in the afternoon, when they were leau, and the adjacent places of defence, put ashore, we found the people were in a time too short to be conceived from fpirited up by their governor, M. Long- the difficulty of the undertaking. The reprie, to stand upon their defence, and de- fiftance the enemy made, has put it in clared they had come to a determination our power to bring them to such terms as to defend themselves. Upon which I or we please, and they are flocking from all dered the thips to anchor as close in as parts of the island, to take the oaths of poflible, and the necessary dispositions allegiance to his majesty king George. were accordingly made for landing the M. Longprie is a prisoner with three otroops, which was effected about five in ther of the principal people. the evening, under cover of the shipping; It is with pleasure I assure their lordand notwithstanding the enemy had four ships of the good understanding rublifting entrenchments on the face of a fleep hill, between the officers and men of the navy with 2 nine pounders in the upper one, and army. lord Rollo at the head of his troops, and

A Description of the Neutral Illands.

DOMINICO, which fir James Doug. The enemy had five guns mounted at D las and lord Rollo have taken pof- Roseau, which served for a protection to fefsion of, is an island which lies midway their privateers, who Aed here when they between Guadaloupe and Martinico ; its were prest by any of our frigates, and length is from north to south about 25 if they found a market, fold their prizes miles, its breadth about 6 or 7 miles. without condemnation. Prince Rupert's bay lies to the northwest ; Their governor, Mons. Longprie, it is large, and convenient for wooding and acts under a commission from the governwatering. Admiral fir Chaloner Ogle stopt nor of Martinico. It is a valuable inland here, with all his fleet, in his way to Ca- in itself, and confiderable to us, on account thagena ; at this place also lord Cathcart, of its fituation and convenience for commander in chief of the land forces of watering our squadron upon that stathat expedition, died in his passage out. tion.

Roseau, towards the south-west of St. Lucia lies to the southward of the inand, is the chief settlement; here Martinico, about five or fix leagues. are three or four watering places, and as The French have taken open poffeffion of it lies within ten leagues of Martinico it; and have some companies of regulars might be a very convenient place for at a fort at a very fine harbour, under those ships stationed to the leeward two hills, called the sugar loaves; it is of that iland to wood and water at. more cultivated than Dominico ; it is said There are on the island about 700 men, there are 3000 men fit to bear arms. There able to bear arms, about 3000 white in. is a sort of poisonous snake on it, which is habitants, and about 7000 negroes. There not much heard of on any of the other are some of the Caribbee Indians towards Caribbee islands. It is not so long as Dothe windward side, but the French defpire minico, but better inhabited. them and keep them under. The whole St. Vincent lies about seven or eight island is well watered. The French cul- leagues fouth of St. Lucia ; it is of a cirtivated on it great quantities of coffee, co- cular form, excellently well watered, and a coa, and cotton. The soil in many places fine rich soil, sugar cane grows extremely is very rich, and would produce excellent well on it. The Caribbee Indians are pretty sugar cane ; but the French allow none numerous, but the French are too many to be planted there, or on St. Vincent's to have any thing to fear from them, it is of considerable extent, and its present on the south east fide, and are about 400. produce is coffee, cocoa, and tobacco. There are about thirty French turtlers ;

Tobago lies about forty leagues south but his majesty's fhip Arundel brought of Barbadoes ; its length from north east off twelve of them, took away all their to south-west is about twenty-seven miles, nets and canoes, and burnt their huts. It where broadest about ten miles over. is an excellent foil, and full of very fine There are a number of watering places wood fit for almost any use; plenty of and good bays; it is an excellent rendez fish and turtle are caught about the island. vous for our large ships in the hurricane Barbadoes has useless starving people season. The Caribbce Indians live chiefly enough to plant this,

A short Account of the House of MeckLENBOURG.

THIS is one of the most antient and Adolpbus-Frederic II. second son, by the

1 illustrious families in Germany, der- same marriage, to Adolpbus Frederic I. was cended from Genferic, king of the Van- chief of the branch of Strelitz and Mirrow, dals.

being born a posthumous child in the Yobn, prince of the Vandals, studied at the year 1658. Paris, about the year 1230, and acquired. The princess Charlotta of Mecklenbourgthe appellation of the Tbeologift, because Mirrow, our future queen, is daughter to he laboured in the conversion of the Li- the late Charles Louis Frederic, fon by the vonians. His son Henry accompanied third marriage, of Adolpbus-Frederic II, of St. Lewis in his expedition to Ægypt, Strelitz, where he was made prisoner, and distin- Jobn Albert II, duke of Mecklenbourg guished by the name of the Lion.

Guffrow, gave in 1635, his daughter som His grandson Henry espoused Margaret, pbia Elizabetb to Auguftus, duke of Brunf. daughter of Frederic duke of Brunswic. wickWolfembuttle.

Albert, son of Henry tbe Lion, married The illustrious family of Mecklenbourg the fifter of Magnus IV. king of Sweden. hath intermarried five or fix times with

His son Albert II. 'was elected king of the august house of Brunswick; it hath Sweden in the year 1363. The son of given a king to Sweden and another this Albert was king of Norway, and to Norway, a fister-in-law to the emperor took to wife the daughter of Waldemar, Sigismund, a queen to Pruffia, and now king of Denmark; and his daughter will afford a queen to England. Ricarda was married to John, brother to The city of Mecklenbourg was formerly the emperor Sigismund,

five leagues in circuit, and there the kings Henry, duke of Mecklenbourg, born in of the Obatrites refided; at present it is the year 1479, had by Ursula daughter to but an inconsiderable town. . the elector of Brandenbourg, Sopbia mar. The city of Schwerin is the residence of ried to the duke of Brunswick Lunen- the reigning dukes, and Butzow the place bourg.

where their dowagers refide. Adolpbus Frederic, born in the year 1588, Strelitz is the residence of the dukes of espoused Maria Catherine, daughter to that branch ; and Mirrow the habitation Julius Erneftus, duke of Brunswick. Foba of their dowagers. George, one of his sons, married in 3675, The branch of Gufrow is extinct, tho' Elizabetb Eleonora, daughter to Ant bony the town is very congdorable. , Ulric duke of Brunswick.

Befides there, there is Roftock, famous for Frederic, his son by a second marriage, its university bestowed his daughter Sopbia Louisa in marriage upon Frederic I. king of Pruffia.

An Account of New Books, Pamphlets, &c.

Tbe Modern Part of an Universal History, A Treatise on the Nature and Virtues of Bux.

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con Containing some fenfible remarks, and 1 tain the History of the German Em- a great shew of medical learning. pire, a subject equally important and inte

Original Poems and Translarions, by Francis resting

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