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transient is human grandeur, and so fiuc, peachment of lord Halifax, as well as of tuating is the public favour, more especi- the earls of Portland and Orford, and the ally in the times when merit is over- lord Somers, who all Thared the same whelmed in the rage of parties, that lord fate, was to hurt the reputation of these Halifax, nctwithstanding all his services, noblemen ; for they were well sensible was in the parliament, which met the 6th that it would produce nothing in the house of February this year, attacked by the of lords, where the oppogte interest prehouse of commons, who addressed his ma- dominated. The lords were incensed at jelty to remove him from his presence and this Atep of the commons, and addressed council, and afterwards impeached him of the king that he would not pass any cenhigh crimes and misdemeanors, in six are sure upon the accused lords, until they ticles. He was taxed with possessing a should be tried, and judgment given acgrant in Ireland, without paying the pro- cording to the usage of parliament. At duce of it into the exchequer of that king- length the commons not appearing against dom, according to the law lately enacted them, the impeachments were dismissed concerning those grants: with enjoying for want of prosecution. And thus endanother grant out of the forest of Dean, ed this affair, in the course of which the to the waste of the timber and the preju- commcns certainly acted from motives of dice of the navy: with being at one and faction and revenge ; for nothing could the same time auditor of the exchequer, as be more unjust, frivolous, and partial, well as chancellor, under-treasurer, and than the charge exhibited in the articles of first commissioner, places that were in- impeachment, their anticipating address confiftent, and ought to have been a check to the king, and their affected delay in on each other: and with having advised the prosecution; and so it was esteemed the two treaties of partition. He answer- by the nation in general. cd, that his grant in Ireland was of debts He continued in king William's favour and sums of money, not within the act till the death of that prince: but not long concerning confiscated eitates : that all he after the accession of queen Anne, his had ever received from it did not exceed name was left out of the privy council; four hundred pounds, which he had been and in the queen's first parliament, in the advised by counsel, before he received it, year 1702, he was once more attacked by he might juftly cake; but if he was bound the house of commons, who voted him to repay it, he said a common action would guilty of a breach of trust, in the execulie against him ; though every man was not tion of his office of auditor, in not trans
to be impeached, who did not discharge mitting the impressed rolls half yearly · his debts at the very day of payment. He to the king's remembrancer, and addres
observed, that as his grant in the forest of red her majesty to give directions to the Dean extended to weedings only, it could attorney-general for his prosecution, and occafion no waste of timber, nor preju. the promised to comply with their request. dice to the navy: that the auditor's place But this was foon afterwrds. dropt by orwas held by another person, until he ob- der of the queen and council; the house tained the king's leave of religning those of lords having before resolved, that in the treasury ; which he had since done, Charles lord Halifax had performed the and that it was procured with that in- duty of his office, and that he had not tent: that he never saw the first treaty of been guilty of any neglect or breach of partition, 'nor was his advice asked upon trust whatsoever. This proceeding of the the subject: that he had never heard of lords was pronounced uurparliamentary by the second but once before it was con- the lower-house, and at length a fierce cluded, and then he spoke his sentiments fame of discord arose between them, and freely, and made many objections to it. they manifested their mutual animogty in The design of the commons in this in- speeches, votes, resolutions, and confe
his means, he has easily obtained ours. Wherefore, as we are always inclined to comply with the frequent wishes of our good subjects, we willingly, and with all chearful. ness, call tiv: to the bouse of peers, whom the commons, by a public vote for his emia bent services, bave proncunced deferving of our royal favour. Now know ye, &c."
sences, till the queen interposed, and by a would fecond him ; but no one else speakmetlage to the lords desired they would ing on that fide, the lord Halifax stood up dispatch the national business. Notwith and said, That he having moved for that ftanding which, the dispute continued day's debate, it might be expected he without any hopes of accommodation for thould speak to it: he therefore told the a long time alter, till both parties were house that the act of security in Scotland wearied, and so it dropped.
was only a national thing, wholly foreign He constantly opposed, and was greatly to church affairs; that it was passed only instrumental in defeating, the attempts of to prevent immediate war, which the the house of commons upon the occasion- Scots seemed to have resolved on; and al conformity-bill; and in 1704 he wrote that if iba: should happen, England, howan answer to Mr. Bromley's speech upon ever, was well able to defend itself, as it that subject. Before the rising of the par. had done in former times ; but that at liament, he made the first proposal for the present there was no reason for fearing an union of England and Scotland; and up- amicable issue of that difference. As to on the return of the writs for a new par. the houfe of Hanover, he said, that was a diament, which met September the roth, danger but of eight days standing; for 1705, was received into her majesty's fa. he durft say, a fortnight ago, nobody made vour, and recalled to his seat at the council, the absence of the princess Sophia' a danger board. He likewise attended her majesty to the church. And as for her absence to Cambridge, and was there created doc- upon the queen's death, that was now lo tor of laws.
well provided for by the acts for lords In the parliament that met September justices, that he thought no evil could pof. the 6th this year, he made the first tibly happen to the church before her armotion for the famous enquiry into the rival.-----As to the occasional bill, to what danger of the church. The queen was he had before told the house on this subpresent in the house to hear the debates, ject, he added, that soon after the accefwhich were opened by the earl of Ro- fion of king William to the crown, the cry chester. After a proper preface of re of the church's danger was begun, and gard to the queen's presence, the earl ob. continued all his reign, but on what served that the fear of the church's grounds he could not know : that upon danger arose from three causes: the act her majesty's happy accession, the comof security in Scotland; the heir of the plaint had no vent given to it for some house of Hanover not being rent for over; time; but that when she was pleased to and the not passing the occañonal bill. make some alterations, it was immediateUpon the first, the earl said, the Presby. Jy revived, grew clamorous, and had ever terian church in Scotland was established fince continued sn : he concluded then, that without a toleration for the Episcopalians. the church was in no manner of danger. That to arm these people, was to give After many more arguments to the fame them a power to invade England; where purpose, his lordship fat down, and then they had a powerful party for their ensued very long and violent debates, friends, who never wanted will to destroy which ended in a declaration, that the the church. Secondly, That he thought church was in a moft safe and flourishing the heir to the crown ought to be pre- condition ; which was submitted to the fent among us, in order to be fully ac- queen in an address of both houses, wherequainted with us and our constitution, in it was adjudged, that whoever went and thereby be enabled to prevent any, about to suggest or infinuate that the evil designs upon the church and state. church was in danger under her majesty's And thirdly, that the occasional bill was adminiftration, was an enemy to the in itself so reasonable, and the church's queen, the church, and the kingdom ; and request in it so small, that the industry lord Halifax closed the whole proceedings in oppoging it gave the greater grounds with a very high encontium upon the then for suspicion. When the earl of Rochel- ministry *. As the attempt to bring over ter had ended, the house was filent a quar- the next heir was particolarly disagree. ter of an hour, expecting somebody able to her majefty, this lord's oppofing
The lord Godolphin, the duke of Marlborough, and the earl of Sunderland.
it in her presence, confirmed him much to the house of peers as duke of Cam. in her favour for the present.
, bridge. In consequence of this conduet, In 1706, he first moved for appointing he found himself, upon the decease of the commiffioners to treat of the union with queen, appointed one of the regency duScotland, and was himself appointed one ring her succeñor's absence from his kingof the commissioners for that purpose; doms; and as foon as his majesty king wherein he first projected the equivalent, George 1. had taken poffeffion of his without which that falutary incorpora. throne, he was created earl of Halifax, tion of the two kingdoms had apparently and installed knight of the garter : and never been accomplished. This equiva having obtained a grant of the reversion lent amounting to near four hundred of the auditor's place for his nephew thousand pounds, was to be applied for George Montague, Erg; he himself was a the use of the Scottish nation in a par- second time appointed first commissioner ticular manner; though it is well known of the treasury. These accumulated hothat the chief use made of it was the nours he enjoyed but a very short time, distributing it among the leading men of for while he appeared to be in a very vigo. that nation, as an equivalent for the rous (tate of health, he was suddenly taken power and interest employed by them in ill on the 15th of May, 1715, at the house getting the act patled by their country of the Dutch ambassador; and his dir: men. As soon as the act for naturalizing temper increasing with great violence, put the house of Hanover, and securing the a period to his life the 19th of the same succession in the Protestant line, was paf- month. During his mort illness, he was sed, lord Halifax was pitched upon to carry attended by Dr. Shadwell, principal phy. it, together with the enfigns of the order fician to the king, and Dr, Seigerthall, his of the garter, to the electoral prince, and majetty's German physician, who conwas received there, and treated with extra fulting also with Sir Richard Blackmore, ordinary splendor and magnificence. man and Dr. Mead, agreed all in their opi
In 1707 he obtained a decree in the nion that his disorder was a pleurisy : but, house of lords, confirming his right to the upon opening his body, it was found to auditor's place against the claim of the be an inflammation of the lungs. On the marquis of Caermarthen. In 1709 he 26th his corpse was conducted from the gave his vote for the sentence which palled Jerufalem chamber, and interred in geneagainst Dr. Henry Sacheverell, and the ral Monk's vault, in Henry VIIch's chapel, following year he wrote seasonable quef- adjoining to Westminster-abbey, pursuant tions concering a new parliament: and to his own request, where a handsome this was the last struggle of his lordship plain monument is erected according to and the Whig party, to retrieve the loss of his directions, with an inscription in Latin their power, which was then departing. He to his memory. now saw himself, on this great change in He not only had a great mare of polite the ministry, again out of the royal favour; and useful learning himself, but was likehowever, he found means to defeat an at wise a general patron and Mæcenas to tempt made by the new ministry, to re others, who in any degree poffefTed it *. fume all king William's grants, and there. Mr. Addison has remarked the familiar in his own, of crown-lands, &c. During genius of his poetry: the rest of this reign, he strenuoufly oppo
“How negligently graceful he unreins sed the terms of the peace of Utrecht, and
His verse, and writes in loose familiar struggled upon all occasions to support the
strains." honour and interest of the duke of Marlborough. He was very warm and zealous of this particular bis lordship himself was in securing the Hanover succession, which not ignorant, as evidently appears from he thought to be in some danger; and in these lines of his : 1714 projected the scheme which succeed. “I know my compass, and my muse's fize, ed, of procuring a writ to call the electoral She loves to sport and play, but dares not prince (our late sovereign king George II.)
* Namely, such as Stepney, Congreve, Addison, Prior, Pope, Stecle, Sir Isaac News ton, Dr. Halley, and many others.
nature, which was in a manner interwoven Idly affects in this familiar way,
in his very frame, and which was a contiIn eafy numbers loosely to convey, ( What mutual friendship would at distance
nual source of general benevolence and
kindnesses to all that had the least claim to say."
it, and made him very much difike and We find many dedications, by different
oppose all violent measures in either party. authors, of their works to him, with
ks to him. with This amiable quality, joined to his wic very great elogims, in particular by Sir and learning, and the elegance of his Richard Steele, and Mr. Tickell : but we manner, made him to be almost adored by must not search fos his real character in
every body. After the death of his lady these species of compoñtion, which are
he continued single to his death, being feldom looked upon as a true mirror of disappointed in his views of a second the patron, but ruch a one as best suits marriage to a lady of great birth and with the views and intentions of the fortune. But this was less regretted, as client. That he was a consummate stater.
confummate stater. he had cast his eyes upon the celebrated man, enterprizing, and indefatigable in
Mrs. Barton, niece of Sir Isaac Newton, politics, sufficiently appears from his life,
and the widow of one Colonel Barton, and his conduct in those scenes he was
to be superintendant of his domestic engaged in. These qualities he certainly
affairs. This gentlewoman was a reigning poffeffed in a very eminent degree. By
toast, young, beautiful, and gay, so that his diligence he carried many points as.
Me did not escape censure, though very tended with extraordinary difficulties, and undelervedly, lince we are well allured by his perseverance happily brought them
she was a woman of strict honour and to à conclufion. The recoinage of the
virtue. It is certain the was in every money, the general fund, the supporting
particular very agreeable to his lordship ; the credit of the bank, the raising so vast
and he gave her a sincere testimony of it a sum by exchequer notes, in all which he
in his will, by which he bequeathed to was the original projector, as well as the
her his rangership, and lodge of Bulhy great fare he had in the union of the
Park, his manor of Apscourt in Surry, two kingdoms, will perpecuate his name
and a legacy of several thousand pounds, to pofterity with the highest lionour. But
together with many other valuable effects. it must not be dissembled that he has not
In a word, he was justly the admiration escaped censure, for playing the courtier
and esteem of his own age, and so he too much to king William; especially in
will ever be of pofterity. His executor two points: first, by his endeavours to
and residuary legatee was his nephew bring the house of commons into that
George Montague of Horton, Esq; son to king's measures, for keeping on foot more
his eldest brother Edward, and then memStanding forces, after the conclusion of the
ber of parliament for Northampton; who, peace of Ryswick, than the stated establish- by virtue of king William's patent, sucment; and secondly, for the interest he ceeded to the title of baron Halifax ; and made among them, for the continuance of was afterwards created also earl of Halihis majesty's Dutch blue-guards; tho',
fax. He was the father of the present whoever is acquainted with the nature of
noble earl, George Montague Durk, earl a court, must be sensible that a minister and baron Halifax, now lord-lieutenant will be often obliged, in order to keep in of Ireland, to whom his country is so favour with his prince, both to speak and
much indebted for the establishment of act diametrically opposite to his own in
the new colony of Nova Scotia, the preclinations and intentions, but we do not sent flourishing condition of which is take upon us to say that this was the
entirely owing to his lordship's genecase here. But what he is chiefly to be rosity, and unwearied attention to its admired for, was that true English good welfare.
HISTORY .of Aouce the Peasant. An Oriental Tale. IN the reign of Quoutbeddin, king of hardest labour, found it scarce posible to F Aad, there lived near that city a poor support himself. One day, as he was quite pealant named 'Aouge, who, with the overpowered with bearing fardles, he
threw himself upon the ground, and utter- pleasure in consoling mortals in distress; ed the following exclamation : “ Where that they had caused him to be conveyed fore was I sent into the world where I can thither by inchantment; and that he should never hope for happiness. Thirty eight reside there till he had forgot all his cares. years have I lived in conftant labour and Aouge, rejoiced hereat, returned thanks distress, and have every night prayed to with a fervour which teftified the transGod, and his holy prophet Mahomet, to port of his heart; and soon after several take me out of this vale of misery; yet still courtiers entered, who having been inI live, though life is become altogether in- fructed by the king, faluted him, and gave supportable." Quoutbeddin, who was hunt. him to understand, that they had been, ing, happened just at that time to pass by like him, delivered from their afflictions, with his vifier and courtiers, and was so by the kindness of the benevolent fairies; ftruck by the pathetic tone wherewith they whereupon a conversation ensued, in which were pronounced, that he sopt to listen all present discovered equal joy and satirto them. Aouge was so oppressed with faction, and soon after they fat down to grief, that he never once perceived the a repast, consisting of viands of the moft king or his retinue, but continued to in- exquifite flavour, and a desert of the most voke the angel of death, and lament his delicious fruits. They drank the richest hard lot in terms as strong as the former.' wines of the East, which were presented Being at tength quite exhausted with lar- to them in golden goblets set with dia. fitude and hunger, the king rode on a little monds, by deautiful youths richly attired. farther with his retinue, having ordered During the repast, their ears were delightone of his pages to present him with a' ed by a concert so harmonious, that it posion of bueng, which the peasant very raised the soul to heaven; and when it thankfully accepted ; and having drank was grown late, they retired to their it with the utmott greediness, wasimmedi- apartments with the utmost ferenity of ately seized with a profound neep. Such mind. is the effect of this liquor, that it immedi- This life of pleasure was varied and ately benumbs the faculties, and generally heightened by the most exquisite contriv. causes those who take it to sleep, without ances to gratify the fensés; and new amufe. dreaming, for twenty-four hours. Quout- ments daily invented to prevent that fabeddin then caused some of his retinue to tiety, which arises from a repetition of carry him to his palace, and lodge him in the fame enjoyments, But Aouge, who a magnificent apartment, which was done carried in his breast an enemy to peace, accordingly. Great was the surprize of was at length tormented by the reflection, Nouge to find himself, when he awaked, that he must sometime or other be de. lying upon a velvet fopha, washed, per- prived of all this happiness by death, and fumed, and clad in a rich robe, which carried his impiety so far, as to renounce sparkled with the richest jewels of Gol- in his heart the paradise which the holy conda. At first he thought himself in a prophet promises to the faithful, and with dream ; but two musicians, the ableft of to refide for ever in this seat of terrestrial Aad, having touched instruments which bliss. His former gaiety almoft entirely uttered a most exquisite harmony, bis at- forsook him, and his mirth was forced tention was farther roured; and his sure and constrained ; which the courtiers obprize greatly increased, when he beheld, serving, informed king Qooutbeddin there. feated upon several rophas round him, of. Whereupon the monarch dire&ted Circassian damsels, with whore beauty he them to give Aouge a second potion of was dazzled to such a degree, that he took bueng, and cloathing him in his former them to be Houris of Paradise, and habit, carry him to the place where he thought himself already arrived in that had been found. The peasant, upon waking, happy place. He immediately returned was surprized to find himself in his forthanks to Alla and his holy prophet Ma- mer condition, and the comparison of his homer, for having at length delivered transitory happiness with his present ini. him from all his afflictions. Whereupon fery made him so frantic, that he ran to one of the damsels, the luftre of, whore the top of an hill which overlooked a beauty furpafled that of the rest, informed neighbouring pool, ar.d was just going to him ibat he was still upon carth; that precipitare himself therein, when a lion, they were benevolent fairies who took a which rulhcd upon him from the oppo-