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A Journal of the late Voyage to Stade, when the Rt. Hon. Lord Anson went for
Aug. 6,"1761. Thursday. some of us walked, and calling at a house THE yachts and smaller thips rendez- for refreshment, met with a fine venera.
voused at Harwich ; the ships of the ble old Dane, who feeling the approaches line lay within sight of Harwich at Oozely of death, spoke with such dignity of relia Bay.
gious duties, as affected us all. A GerAug. 7, Friday. Lord Anson arrived man baron, who was accidentally in comat Harwich, and in the evening made the pany, in the overflowing of his honeft signal for failing.
heart, gave him a patriarchal blefing; and Aug. 8, Saturday. Lord Anson in the the whole scene from first to last might be Royal Charlotte, with the other yachts, termed a glorious lecture in divinity. From came up, and the ships fell into the fol- hence we went by land carriage to Aliena, lowing order of failing by his command. in what they called a waggon, consisting of y A N.
two hurdles, the sides of which are closed
at bottom, and open about 3 feet at Hazard, 18 guns.
top. Two fat a-breaft upon a board, Lynx, 18 gưns, Tartar, 32 guns,
with their feer in a wedge, and their boRoyal Charlotte.
dies leaning most agreeably over the Winchester, 50 guns, Notingham,6o guns,
wheels, the Dutchman smoaking his pipe, Other yachts.
and driving over everything, as ruts, posts, Minerva, 32 guns.
&c. without any sort of concern. HowLarboard.' R E A R. Starboard.
do ever we got safe to Altena, and saw the Aug. 9, Sunday. Squally stormy winds memorable curiosity in Natural Philosofrom one o'clock in the morning, phy, mentioned in their history, of frogs blowing direct on the Yarmouth sands. living in the trees. They are a sort of Towards noon the wind ceased, and the small, green, transparent frogs, and will fieet stogd more out. The admiral threw clamber up the body of the trees, whenever out the Winchester's signal to chace to the they chance to fall off. The Jews here N. E. where she met with the Baltick make the place extremely nasty. Phe feet, and returned to her station.
houses have all their gable-ends to the Aug. 10, Monday. The Winchester took street ; and the poorer fort consists but of the Hazard in tow, which had lost her one large room, and in such the poorer foretop and maintopgallant-masts in the Germans and Danes live with their cows, storm. .
horses, pigs, &c. The churches are all of Aug, 13, Tbursday, Made Halegoland. them" tawdry. Here we heard that the
Aug. 14, Friday. The Nottingham, Danes paid such respect to the memory of Winchester, Tartar, and Minerva anchor- their late queen, that they took off their ed at the Red Buoy, about 7 leagues from hats to her fasue, which stands in the Cuxhaven, and the smaller vessels pro- Exchange at Copenhagen. Hera I canceeded to the Elbe, which has two chan- not help mentioning a drole story told nels, a North and a South. The North me by the man of the inn. 'One Mr. Elbe has black rand, the South Elbe white Croker, reader of the Temple church in sand: no large ships can go up the North London, who was then at Altena, had Elbe, for at ebb there is but 12 feet brought over an Azimuth compass of water.
a new, useful, and curious invention, and Aug. 15, Saturday. The yachts came having made several discoveries, in magup to Stade, and a messenger was dispatch- netisın, when he came to this place ened to the princess, whose route was fixed quired for the professor of Natural Philo. so that she was to make her public entry' fophy, as they have a sort of university at Stade on Saturday the 22d of August. here, in order to communicate, or receive During this week a few of us, who were further lights upon that fubject. The not wanted at the thips, took a trip 'upman of the inn went with him to the prothe river Elbe, the Khores of which (but feffor's house, the footman opened the especially the Danish shore) have many door and called his master. Mr. Croker agreeable and romantic views. Here addressed him in Latin, told him he was September, 176
a master of arts of Oxford, who had been hogsheads, and we tarted wines of the fol industrious in pursuit of some paris of lowing dates out of these immense cuns : Natural Philosophy, and desired the fa- of 1724...of 1712....of 1684....of 1666.... vour of some little conversation with him. of 1644...of 1614; in the last of which The prosessor asked him how long he we drank the Flore at Stadt Hamburg, ftayed at Altena. He replied, Only that, and all agreed it was the best'; that of day. Upon which he told him, that the 1684 caine the nearest to it in goodness. professor of Natural Philosophy was gone Here we amused ourselves, and our furlow out, and would not be at home there two being almost out, dropped down the days.' A very clear way of hiding ignc- river, which is taken'excellent care of, rance. From hence we went in a skiff to and numbers of buoys placed at the HamHarburgh, a fortress given up to the burgher's expence, one of which with its French at the Conventica, and retaken apparatus cost above 60 1. by prince Ferdinand in four days; nor Aug. 22, Saturday. In the afternoon could it poflibly hold our long, let who the queen elect made her entry with fix would defend it, as there is a long hill en coaches and fix, and a guard of 30 horse tirely commands every part of it. The in green. All the cannon on the walls churches here too are tawdry, adorned were fired, bells, tho' bad ones rung, and with crucifixes and wax candles in abun. at night very pretty illuminations. At the dance, like Roman Catholic churches. We queen's entry the town militia were drawn returned from Harburgh, and as we palled up; but sure even London militia men the river, saw the dominions of several are not half ro unhandy. The comman. states ftrangely intermixed. Sometimes der was in doubt whether his men ought. we were on Hanoverian ground, the next to ground or moulder their firelocks, moment on the Prutian, then on Danish, and gave several contradictory orders, then in Hamburgher, and soon on Hano. The queen therefore was received by. verian again. We then went to Ham-, them, half one way and half the other. burgh, and the first light that presented There was a very beautiful triumphal arch itself after paling the gates, and taking erected at the end of the street, with pret. . a walk round the fortifications of that ty emblems and Latin mottos, which I did opulent city, was a boy crying grafshop- not understand ; but was told they were pers in little paper cages like doll's hou. prettily conceived. The queen-elect has fe's for a penny a-piece.' These the ioha- fine eyes, teeth, and hair, and an open bitants buy up, and at night if they ftun and most sensible 'countenance, you with their chiriping, it is ungenteel Aug. 23. The queen-elect rested at to take any notice ; but sure they are the Stade this Sunday. most disagreeable singing birds in the uni- Aug. 24, Monday. At half an hour verse. Here we met with the politest en- after nine, a very fine morning, the queen tertainment both from the town and fac- set out from Stade, upon which the garritory ; saw the burgomaster Greeve's most son fired above 120 cannon : in about an amazing collestion of pictures; one head hour's time the fort in the Creek saluted valued at 700 guineas, and the Syndic her: as did che Hanoverian man of war, Kleseker's no leis surprizing collection of At half past ten she came in fight in the maps : the very catalogue of which, with Admiralty barge, with the royal standard his judicious obfervations upon them, of England Aying in the bow, preceded by makes a large quarto. Their coaches are lord Anson's barge with the union flag in drawn into their halls upon a large flight her bow. The Royal Charlotte yacht was of steps by machinery a: the top of the dressed up in all the different colours of all house. Their phyfician's fee is but a nations to receive her; and the moment mark. Their soldiers are extremely neat, the came on board, they were down in but their streets dirty and horridly paved. an instant, and the royal Ntandard was Their theatre is tolerable, and their actors hoisted on the maintopmaft-head ; the indifferently good; but their stage Nopes anchor of hope, or admiralty flag, on the up like the ridge of a howe, and must be foretopmast-head, and the union on the as diuicult to tread as ihe quarter-deck mizentopmart-head, and made the finest in a gale of wind. We went to the Rath right I ever saw. The Lynx now hoisted Keller, or Council Cellar, where were re- the admiral's flag, and gave the signal, veral veiles that held above a hundred on which all the dips faluted with a royal
salute of 21 guns each. The queen nobly Aug. 28, Friday. Sailed at five in the said, “Can I be worthy all these ho- morning, joined the large mips at eleven, nours !' and Thewed me was so in reality, who falured the royal yacht, and the NotThis was said to diaw tears of joy from cingham hoisted the admiral's fag. the dutchess of Ancaster, to whom and Ang. 29, Saturday. Blew a storm to the dutchess of Hamilton, when they were N. W. all night, and greatest part of the introduced and were kneeling to kiss her day. Few of the ships but what received hand, me as nobly said, "She hoped some damage. The Royal Charlotte outfriendship might take place of ceremony failed us all. It grew calmer towards between them ;' and faluted them. When night. che queen was got on board, the wind be. Aug. 30, Sunday. Fine weather, light gan to blow fremher. The yacht lay at gales, The queen was not at all affected anchor all that day. The queen's second with the storm, but bore the sea like a trubrother, a very fine youth, was with her ly Bri ish queen : kept on as good a course in the Royal Charlotte.
as the wind would permit this and the * Aug. 25, Tuejday. Sailed about nine in two following days. the morning, came down to Glukstadt, a Sept, 2, Wednesday. Blew very hard all Danish fort, which did not falute us : we the morning; in the evening at eight law were about to lie-by, but kept on till ninc Flamborough-head, and stood again out to at night, and then anchored.
rea, an E. S. E. course. Aug. 26, Wednesday. Weighed and Sep. 3, Thursday, Fine breezes in the failed at four in the morning, were salut- morning, and a hard squall in the evening. ed by Ritzburtle and Cuxhaven at eight, Sep. 5, Saturday. Stood in to the land which we returned. The prince went on again, and in the afternoon parted comThore, and we were pushing out to the pany with the large ships. Red Buoy, but the wind being dire&tly in Sepr. 6, Sunday. The admiral arrived our teeth, the admiral very judiciously re. at Harwich. The queen was extremely turned to anchor in Cuxhaven road, and well the entire voyage ; but the dutchefres there came on a very severe gale with of Ancaster and Hamilton were said to be fqualls.
very much out of order. The rest your Aug. 27, Thursday. Thursday, lay at papers will inform you of. Your's, anchor, strong gales at N. W.
The Address of the Lord-Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons of the City of Lon
don, to the King, on their Majefties Nuptials.
RE pleased, molt gracious Sovereign, to and above all, by her own most eminent D accept the cordial and refpectful con-, virtues and amiable endowments, was gratulations of your majesty's ever dutiful mort worthy to engage your majesty's and loyal subjects, the lord mayor, alder- esteem and affection, and to mare the men, and commons of the city of London, honours of the British crown. in common-council assembled, on the We adore the Divine Goodness, that has solemnation of your majesty's most in all your majesty's other conduct, ro auspicious nuptials.
more particularly in a choice of the Warmly interested from every motive highest importance to your majesty and of gratitude, as well as duty, in whatever your kingdoms, hath so vilbly guided and can affect your royal mind, we enjoy the inspired your royal breast; a choice highest satisfaction in the completion of which we thankfully acknowledge the our wishes, by your majesty's happy union strongest and most acceptable proof of with a princess of the most exaited merit... your majesty's paternal attention to ima princess, who by her descent from an prove the happiness and security of your illufious lineage, (respectable for their firm people, and to render the same stable and and constant 2eal for the Protestant reli.. permanent to pofterity. gion, and dear to us for their particular May the same Providence long preserve attachment to your majesty's royal house) your majesty and your royal consort to
enjoy the fruits of this blefred marriage, the fame time to congratulate your majer. in an uninterrupted course of conjugal ty's most happy nuptials with a monarch, felicity, and in a numerous offspring, re- whose early wisdom, fortitude, and piety, sembling their illustrious parents in every add luftre to the diadem he wears, and public as well as private virtue ; and may render him the darling as well as father of the Imperial crown of these realms be his people. vorn with undiminished lustre by their We do, with that honest warmth and descendants, till cime thall be no more. fincerity which charasterize the B.itith naTo which Address bis Majesty was plea
tion, humbly assure your majesty, that as
the many virtues and amiable endowments sed to return this most gracious answer.
which your majesty posieltes in To eminent "I thank you most heartily for your duti- a degree, cannot fail to bless our beloved ful and affectionate address. This fresh fovereign with every domestic happiness, mark of your attachment to my person, so will they ever endear your majesty to a and particularly the warm sentiments of people, not more diftinguished for their joy and rasisfaction, which you express love of liberty and their country, than for on the happy choice I have made of a their inviolable loyalty and gratitude to queen for my confort, are most pleasing those princes from whom they derive proto me, · The city of London may always tection and prosperity. depend on my unceasing care for their Long may your majesty live to Mare welfare and prosperity."
the felicity you are formed to inspire: and They were all received very graciously, may your majesty prove the happy moand had the honour to kiss his majesty's ther of a race of princes, to transmit the hand.
glories of this distinguished reign to the
latest of our pofterity. The Address of the Lord- mayor, &c. of London, to the Queen,
To which address her majesty was pleased
to return this most gracious answer. Mis Gracious Queen,
“ I thank you for your kind congratula. W E his majesty's ever dutiful and loyal tions, ro full of duty to the king, and af.
fubjects, the lord-mayor, aldermen, fection to me. My warmest wishes will and commns of the city of London, in ever attend this great city." common-council assembled, bumby beg T hey had all the lionour to kiss her maleave to express, in your royal presence, jesty's hand.' the exceeding great joy we feel at your T hey afterwards addressed her royal majesty's fale arrival, ro ardently withed highness the princess dowager of Wales, for, and so impatiently expected ; and at and were most graciously received.
The Address of the Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars, of the Univerfiry of Cam.
brige, to his Majesty, on their Majesties Nuptials.
M. Gracious Sovereign,
loyal subjects, the chancellor, mar ters, and fuholars, of your university of Cambridge, feel the warmest sentiments of joy and affection, in offering our congra. tulations to your majesty, on this most auspicious and happy occasion. We cannot but ascribe it to a principle of the most tender regard for your people, lo confpicuous in every part of your majesty's conduct, that your majesty should turn your earliest thoughts to a matter so highly enteresting to the happiness of your
kingdoms, and so necessary to make chat happiness permanent to posterity. Your choice of a princess for your consort, endowed with such virtues, and diftinguished for such personal accomplishments, as will add lustre to a throne, while they alleviate the cares of it, gives the surest prospect of domestic happiness to your majesty, and of universal satisfaction to your loyal and af. fectionate people.
'As her majesty's illustrious line has thewn its invariable zeal for the proteftant cause, we have the firmest hopes, under God, that this alliance will perpetuate to
us the most valuable blessings, which a race ment, are extremely acceptable to me; and of British kings, immediately descended can never be more so, than upon the prefrom your majesty, can secure to Britons; sent occasion; which, I trust, will be as the free exercise of their holy religion, and conducive to the happiness of my people, the full enjoyment of their civil rights. as it is to my own.
That wonderful series of providenţial Y ou may always depend upon my proevents, which has appeared in the happy tection and favour." progress of your majesty's arms, affects us. They were moft gracionsly receiv'd; and with the greatest joy; and cannot fail to had the honour to kiss his majesty's hand. excite our devout acknowledgments unto him, who is the God of armies. As these The Address of tbe University of Cambridge, successes render your majesty's reign truly glorious, and your kingdoms universally
Po the Queen. respectable; so the particular impression they must make on your enemies, by their May is, please your Majefity, feeling the weight of British power, and TO accept from the university of Camseeing the hand of heaven in support of bridge, ever zealous to express their your cause, will dispose them, we hope, to duty to his majesty's royal person and taconcur with your majesty, in the defirable mily, their most fincere congratulations on work of establishing a lasting peace in this joyful occasion, which gives them the every quarter of the world; and we, as great satisfaction of seeing the domestic particularly bound by our office and cha- happiness of their most gracious fovereign, racter, shall not cease to implore the Great improved by an alliance with a princess of Disposer of all events, that he would gra such distinguished virtues and accomplishciousy assist your majesty's truly Christian ments, and opens the faireft prospect to all disposition, and earneft endeavours for that his majesty's subjects, that the various purpose.
. blessings, which they enjoy under bis au- ! We gratefully acknowledge your ma. spicious reign, will be continued, and fe.' jesty's regard for and protection of those cured to their pofterity. ancient seats of learning, which your royal Long may your majesty possess the affec. progenitors so amply endowed, and so ge- tions of that people, whom your presence nerously encouraged ; and we most hum. has filled with such uncommon joy; and bly entreat your majesty's gracious accep. may heaven vouchsafe fo to bless your tance of these our faithful assurances of royal nuptials, that, from this happy union, our affectionate and zealous attachment a race of princes may arise, who, endowed to your majesty's royal person and go-, with the same hereditary virtues, and eduvernment; of our constant attention to cated in the same generous principles, for answer the good ends of our institution, the support of the protestant cause, may by infilling into the minds of the youth, transmit the renown of British monarchs, placed under our care and inspection, such and the liberties of the British nation, principles of religion and loyalty, as may entire and uninterrupted to remoteft make them dutiful subjects to your ma. ages. jefty, and useful members of the commu
The Queen's most gracious Answer.
. nity: and our most earnest petitions Tall : be offered at the throne of Grace, that God “I return you my thanks for this mark of would grant your majesty a long and your duty to the king, and affection to glorious reign over us, as the sum of our me, and I feel moft fenfibly your kind wishes for the public prosperity, and the congratulations." surest means of happiness to your
They were receiv'd most graciously, and people.
had the honour to kiss her majesty's hand.
They also presented an address to her To which address his majesty was pleased
royal highness the princess Dowager of to give this most gracious answer.
Wales, and met with a moft gracious room “The repeated assurances of your zeal, and affection, for my person and govern