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among favages : the truth is, in the state In this, as in every other relation of life, of childhood nothing can be more vehe. such as husband and wise, biothers and ment than their fondness for their young fifters, lovers, &c. they seem actuated by (for so I will call them for shortness) instinct alone, and are (I might almost but once out of that helpless state, all say) literally brutes. tenderness and attachment are at an end.

To the Authors of the British MAGAZINE. GENTLEMEN, I Have often observed that every man is ly pleasing in the contemplation of the

sufficiently discontented with his pre- annual renovation of spring : in this we fent circumstances to make him misera- feel delights surpassing all that wealth ble, and even at the happiest period of or honour can bestow, the return of his life, his imagitations are searching which is worthy to be withed for by for new objects, to gratify his insatiable the wife and good. thirst for pleasure, riches, and glory :

Can man forbear to join the general smile he fixes his hopes on the wings of time,

Of Nature? Can fierce passions vex his and wishes with eagerness for the arri

breaft, val of a certain zra, at which he promises

While ev'ry gale is peace, and ev'ry grove to himself the completion of his happi

Iz melody?

Thompson. ness. But alas ! how great is his chagrin at the arrival of this long wished for pe Man should place his fole hope and conriod, when he finds his most ardent ex fidence in the inexhaustible goodness of pectations melt away like madows be that Supreme Being, in whose power it fore the rising sun ? He grafps at substance, is, equally, to disperse content or miand is mocked with empty air. He then, fery, happiness or misfortunes: then recolle&ing, looks back with vain fore fall he be unacquainted with disappointrow on those happy days of which he ments, and with true philosophy know lost the enjoyment, by placing hopes in no other misery than vice, nor no other future, and imaginary plearures, which happiness than virtue. were never compleated.


H. M. L. There is, indeed, something exquisite : Sep. 5. 1761.

A Genealogical Account of Bentinck, Duke of Portland.

THE first of this noble family that on the prince's being able to bear the com1 settled in England was Mynheer Wil. bing of his head, obtained leave to remove liam Bentinck, who, having in his youth to another apartment, was seized with :he served William III. prince of Orange, fame disease; but recovered in time stadtholder of Holland, &c. as page of enough to accompany the ftadtholder to the honour, was afterwards promoted to the camp, where he was always nexs his perrank of gentleman of his bed-chamber; son as well as in the palace. He affifted in which quality he accompanied him, in in negotiating the marriage, which was 1670, to the English court, and in a visit to folemnized, on November 4th, 1677, bethe university of Oxford, where his highness tween bis mafter the prince of Orange, being honoured with the degree of doctor of and the lady Mary Stuart, eldest daughter civil law, he was compliinented also with of James duke of York; after whose acthe same title. Mr. Bentinck gave a very cellion to the throne, she was regarded as uncommon proof of dutiful regard for his heiress of his dominions, until the birth of master, by attending him, when fick of her brother the prince of Wales, in 1688. the small-pox, in 1675, for fixteen succes. When the stadtholder, after that event, five days and nights, in such a manner, refolved on his expedition to England, he that his highness never called on him employed Mr. Bentinck (who was without receiving an answer: 'and braving, thoroughly acquainted with his real moOsober, 1761,


sives tives and designs concerning that enter. Sth of August following, by dispersing the prize) to solicit, among other of his neigh- Irish, who occupied the defiles before Limebours, the concurrence of the elector of rick, facilitated the investing of that city, Brandenburg, whilft he himself maintain- the siege of which, however, his master was ed his correspondence with the English forced to relinquith. In the month of malcontents, about procuring redress of January, 1690-1, king Wiliam was ac. grievances, the calling of a free parlia- companied by the earl of Portland in that ment, an enquiry into the birth of the voyage to Holland which was like to have prince of Wales, &c. Mr. Bentinck, have proved very disastrous, by his majesty's ing brought a favourable answer from the eagerness to get ashore on his native land: court of Berlin, was employed to expedite for Williem being informed by a fisherman, the neceffary preparations for the intended on the 17th of that month, the day after embarkation; which he executed with he failed from Gravesend, that he was great fecrecy and dispatch, having in a few within a league and an half of the island of days collected, upon different pretences, Goree, went from the yacht with divers a fufficient number of transports for about perfons of distinction, among wbom was 130oc troops. He embarked in the same fri- his lordthip, into an open boat, in which gate with the stadtholder, and landed with they had not been long before they loft him at Torbay. When his master had ad- sight of the fleet, and were, for eighteen vanced to Windsor, he was waited on there hours, exposed to the inclemency of the by the earl of Fevertham, with a friendly weather, and a cempestuous fea, which ketter from king James : but his highness, thoroughly drenched them all before they instead of answering that letter (which landed next morning at Goree. His macontained proposals for an effectual accom- jesty having got such refreshment in a modation, and the prevention of divers fisherman's hut as the island afforded, re. subsequent inconveniences) ordered Mr. imbarked with his attendants on board Bentinck to arrest and disarm his lordihip, the same boat, and landing in the neighfor disbancing the English army without bourhood of MaenandNuys, proceeded orders, although his lordship had done so thence to the Hague. The earl of Portby the express command of his sovereign. land assisted in the conferences at the grand When the prince and princess of Orange congress held there by the confederates. were, on February 13, 1688-9, proclaim- William's convocating, presiding at, and ed king and queen of England, Mr. Ben- prescribing the measures of, that illustritinck, as he had always been next his ma- ous allembly, as king of Great-Britain, jesty's perfon, was declared groom of the shewed the importance of the British nadole, first lord of his bed-chamber, keeper tion to the princes and states on the of the privy-purfe, and member of the continent, as the sequel demonstrated privy-council: and on the gth of April, how fatal those continental connexions 1689, two days before their coronation, are to Britain. His lordship attended was enrolled among the English peerage, king William in the campaigns of that and by the titles of baron Cirencester, viscount the four succeeding summers in Flanders: Woodstock, and earl of Portland. He en- and on his return from the latter, in 1695 joyed a greater thare of his master's favour obtained, from his master, a grant of a than any person at .court : and had the great part of the demesnes belonging to command of the Dutch regiment of horse. the principality of Wales : but the posterguards, which that prince had brought fors of those lands, which had been held with him to England, and always used as by royal tenure, difalaining to be vallals his life-guards, whether at home or to any of an inferior rank to a prince of abroad; but was, in 1698, obliged by the Wales, and the house of commons reparliament to send back with great re- monstrating against the grant, his lordluctance to Holland, as well as other thip was deprived of any expected benefit foreign forces, which he had also kept, thereof, by William's revoking the warcontrary to a promise in his declaration. rant. Ilowever, his majesty, as he had His lordfhip was with king William in Ire. in his answer to the address of the house Land, in 1690, where acting as lieutenant- of commons, promised to find some other general, he contributed towards obtain way of the wing his favour for the earl of jog the victory at the battle of the Boyne, Portland, transferred to him and his heirs, on the ift of July, that year; and on the the royai manour of Theobalds with its

park park and other appurtenances, and like. it on his heart, and seemed very defrous wise made him a present of one hundred to speak to him, but was so far spent that and thirty-five thousand acres of the estates he could not express any articulate found, forfeited in Ireland, by their owners ad- though his lips were seen to move, and hering to the interests of king James: his lordship applicd his ear to his mouth. but this last donation was, in 1699, with. After that event, lord Portland refided in other grants of the like nature, resumed, Holland, until the end of 1708, when he as exorbitant and p.ejudicial to the com- returned to his feat at Bulstrode, where mon-weal. His lordship, in 1696, at he died, on November 23, 1709, in the tended his master that summer during the 61st year of his age ; and was buried campaign in Flanders; and in the begin in the vault under the east window of ing of the next year received the enfigns of Henry VII's chapel in Westminster. By a knight of the garter. He likewise that his first lady, who was Anne, filter to Edyear, 1697, accompanied king William ward Villiers, earl of Jersey, his lordship to the field, and from the rank of lieute- had the following children, who lived to nant-general; was, on June 6th, in the the years of maturity, viz. Henry his son camp at Promel, promoted to that of ge- and successor : lady Mary, married first to neral of horse. On the 2d of August Algernoon earl of Erex, and afterwards following, during the tedious transactions to Sir Conyers d'Arcy, knight of the Bath, of the minifters of the belligerant powers, and only brother to the late earl of Holabout effecting a pacification, his lord derness : lady Anna-Margaretia, wife to thip and marshal Boufflers, the French ge Mynheer Duyvenvorde, a Dutch nobleman: neral, after having fix successive confe. Tady Frances-Williamina, married to Wilrences in fight of the two opposite armies, liam lord Byron : and lady Isabella, late adjusted, in a house in the suburbs of dutchefs of Kingston. His lord thip, on Halle, the principal articles of peace be- May 16, 1700, married Jane, fister to tween Britain and France, which was, on Henry Temple, viscount Palmerston, and the zoth of next month, formally conclud. widow of John lord Berkley of Stratton; ed at Ryswick. The earl of Portland and by her, had cwo sons and four daughwas, in January 1697-8, rent amballador ters, viz. William, one of the nobles of extraordinary to the court of France, and Holland : and Charles. Jolin, an officer in made his public entry into Paris, with a the Dutch service: lady Sophia, married to magnificence and pomp that astonished Henry late duke of Kent: lady Elizabeth, even the French nation. Upon his return the wife of Dr. Henry Egerton, late bishop from that embally, finding himself sup- of Hereford : lady Harriot, married to planted in his master's affection, by his James viscount Limerick : and lady Barcountryman Arnold Joost van Keppel, bara, the wife of William Codolphin, earl of Albemarle, he refigned his places, Esq. and could not be prevailed on by his ma Henry Bentinck, second earl, and first jerty to re-accept any of them. How duke of Portland, on June gth, 1704, marever, he accompanied king William to ried lady Elizabeth Noel, eldest daughter, Holland in July that year, where he ar. and one of the co-heiresses of Wriotheslyfifted in negotiating the first treaty of par- Baptist, earl of Gainsborough, with whom cition; and likewise figned the second he had, among other posiellions, the moiety treaty of that denomination, concluded at of the lordMip of Titchfield, in Hampshire, London on the 21st of February 1700-4, and the manfion-house of that lordfhip, for which he was impeached by the house where he refided till his father's death. of commons: but fome disputes arising be. He served for the town of Southampton, in tween the peers and that house, the pro- the 611 British parliament, which met on secution against his lordship, and the others O&tober 23d, 1707 ; and at the election of concerned in that negotiation, was dropt the next parliament, which convened on in June following. The earl of Portland November 18th, 1708, was returned both was the last person whom king William, for the county and town of Southampton. a few minutes before his death, on the In 1710, he purchased the command of the 8th of March, 1701-2, enquired for, and first troop or horse-guards, from the be-, on his lordship's arrival, his majesty grasp. fore-mentioned earl of Albemarle: and on ed his hand most affectionately, and laid July 6th, 1716, was created anarquis of

X X X 3


Titchfield, and duke of Portland, by mas viscount Weymouth, and appointed Geoige I. who likewise appointed him one one of the ladies of the bed-chamber to of the lords of the bed-chamber. His queen Charlotte ; lady Henrietta, who was Grace was, on September 9th, 1721, con- one of the young ladies that supported the fitoted captain general, and governor of train of queen Charlotte, at the folemnizaJamaica, and died in that island, on July tion of her marriage, at St. James's, Sep4th, 1925, in the 45th year of his age, tember 8th, 1761: William-Henry, maruniversally esteemed for his humanity apd quis of Titchfield, born April 14th, 1738: a fability. His corpse was inrerred in and lord Edward. Charles, born March 3d, Weltminster-Abbey. By his lady, who 1744. His Grace was initalled knight of died on March 19th, 1736-7, his Grace the Garter, at Windsor, April 2ift, 1741; had seven children, who survived their pa- and is also fellow of the royal society, and rents, viz, William, now duke of Portland; prendent of the Lying-in-hospital for mar. lord George, a colonel of foot, who died ried women, in Brownlow-ftreet, LongMarch 20, 1759; lady Anne, married to Acre, Londoo. lieutenant-colonel Daniel Paul; lady JA- Armoria! Bearings. Azure, a cross mobella, the wife of Henry Monk, Eiq; of line, argent. the kingdom of Ireland; and lady Ame- Crest.. Out of a marquis's coronet, prolia, married to Jacob Arrant van Wa'enar, per, two armis counter, embowed, and vefta Dutch noblesnan.

ed, guies; gloved, or; and holding each an William, the present duke of Portland, oft ich feather, argent. was born March ist, 1708-9, and on July Supporters. 'Two lions double quevée; Inth, 1754, married lady Margaret-Caven- the dexter, proper, the other, sable. di Hirley, only daughter and beir of Ed. Motto. Craignez bonte.----Dread shame, ward, carl of Oxford and earl Mortimer, by Chief Seats. Bulltrode, in Buckinghamw.o. he has istue, lady Elizabeth-Caven- mire; Welbeck, in Nottinghamshire ; and dih, married, May 22d, 1759, to Tho- Privy-Gardens, Westminster,

A Geraine and Particular Account of the late Engagement between the Bellona

and Courageux, &c.

TTTHoever confiders the late a&tion be- sum of money belonging to the mer.

tween the Bellona and Courageux, chants. For the first three or four days with zil the circumstances attending it, the wind, though extremely moderate, will, I believe, be sensible that no affair continued favourable for England. During 'has happend either in this or the pre- , all this time Captain Faulkner was heard cudir war where.n the supericrity of frequently to express his wishes in the F.;!: conduct and courage over that of most earnest manner, that it might turn the French has mewn itself so evident, against him ; so that for some days be and so uncontroverted. This sufficient might be obliged to ply to windward, ly appears from the vast, nay almost in between Vigo and Cape Finisterre, in eredible, d sproportion between the killed which latitudes rome French ships were and wounded on both tides, and the da about that time expected to fall in with mige done to the respective ships during the land ; for it should seem that having the short time the engagement Jarted, as already been out longer than he intended, we learn from the extremely modest ac. he could not venture to cruize for them count, which cape. Faulkner liimself has on purpose. There is a latin proverb, For. thougit p:oper to give of that great ac. tuna favet fortibus, Fortune favours the tion. But, in order to set this in a ftill brave; and perhaps it never was more fuller light, I flatter myself the following fully verified than on this occafion ; for particulars, the truth of which may be every thing succeeded according to the depended on, will not be unacceptable to fondeft defires and wishes of this gallant the public.

conmander. On Thursday evening, a On Monday, the 10th of August, the little off Vigo, the wind veered about to Bellona and Brilliant failed from the river the Northward, and both ships were Tagus, having on board a considerable obliged to trim their fails Marp, and ply


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