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An Account of feveral Infults received by the Subjects of Great Britain fron
i bofe of Spain, since the Commencement of the present W.ar with France; is a Letter from. 4. Merchant, lately arrived from, Spain, to 4 Perfora of Distinction.
that I have no occafton to cominent far. N the perusal, in the public papers, ther upon them; but refer you to Rolt's
of a letter from a right honourable Antigallican's letters, so lately published. person to ---- in the city, b could not help II His majesty's Mip the Experiment epochaing at that part, where he says, was charodi off the coast of Spain, by the " And this founded on what Spain had al. Telemachus privateer, of near double ber ready done, not on what that court may force : but by the gallant behaviour of farther, intend to do." I make no doubt, captain Strachan and his crew, the French that a certain person has a long time were almost all cut to pieces when the fmothered his resentment against that Telemachus struck, and captain Strachan court, for reasons best known to himself; 'stood: afterwards for the Spanithi coaft, but now, to use his own emphatic ex- when he sent his boat with his master and preffion on another occafion, . The four men afhore to land some of the Spanish measure being full," that just re. prisoners, and bring him off fome necefsentment has been Mewn by him in a man- Taries. The boat was immediately dener becoming the minister of the people, taipçd, and the officer and crew thrown That juft resentment only wanted to be into prison ;. tite governor alledging, that as firmly supported, as it was reasonably the Prench Tip was an illegal capture, exerted, to have accomplished all the ends though me came off from the land where of the present war, by punishing all our the lay at an anchors and purfoed, and enemies; and that Spain long has been, is, firits engaged the Experiment. The maf · and still may be, an inadious enemy to us, ter is but a few weeks ago returned tiere admits of no doubt : or if it should, let the from his long imprisonment. Thus the following facts, among many others, as Spaniards lave dealt with a Britifht man naked and plain as they are incontestibly of war, as well as with a British priva. true, and can be authenticated, give a full teer. Is this insult to the Brisith flag te proof to the enemies of our late minifter, be borne, when that flag awes the whole of the conduct of the Spaniards towards world? Great-Britain, even from the very com. IV. About June, 1760, the Saltath mencement of the present war against 'Noop of war chased, an fhore a French France.
row-boat á few leagues to the eastward I. I thall first mention the affair of St. of Almeria bay, and some time after ike Lucar, a Spanish port, about seven leagues took a French cow-boat off Mahon, and from Cadiz. There were eleven fail of put a midnipman and fourteen men on Englila vessels in that harbour, who sailed board, and some time in the following out with Spanish pilots on board, and at month came to anchor in that bay.' Thie the mouth of that river, between the two Spaniards detained her, and made the men necks of land, and in Moal water, they prisoners : upon which the captain of the were followed by a French privateer, and Saltach, finding his prize not come out, brought back. Great application was sent his boat with the mafter and five men, made by the late Sir Benjamin Keene to to know the reason; who, on coming the court of Madrid, but to no purpose ; on shore, were threatened by the Spanih whey were deemed good prizes, altho soldiers to be fired at, unless they hauled taken within the land,
their boat afhore to a port a quarter of a 11. The next was the affair of the An- mile from thence, which they refused te tigallican, and her prize the Penthievre ; do; infifting, as Britif subjects, they had and the treatment the late Sir Benj. Keene, a right to Spanish protection; whereupon our then ambatlador at Madrid, received they reized the boat's crew, (as well as the on that occasion, are facis fo'well known, prize) and put them in the common pri. and so recent in the minds of every one, fan, whicre the maker wat . ftruck and
abufed by the soldiers, and all the reft ured ceptacle and asylum for those piratical with great cruelty, and refused the use of French row-boats. An English vefsel was pen, ink, and paper. The Saltach was brought in there by a French privateer, not able to get her mon, to the number of taken clofe in with the Spanish shore. Sir nineteen, who are now there. The Edward Hawke with his feet then lay Spaniards sent the master of a Catalan in Gibraltar-bay, and sent to the Spanish bark to prison, for carrying a mer governor to demand the restoration of Lage from one of the prisoners to Gib. that ship, which the governor haughtily raltar.
refused, but admiral Hawke, with a true y. Very lately the Speedwell cutter, British spirit, like what was formerly donc commanded by lieutenant Alen, was by admiral Blake, fent his boats manned chased into the harbour of Vigo by the and armed to cut out the English ihip, res Achilles, a French man of war, and there unjustly taken, which they bravely ettected made a prize of by her. Mr. Allen has from under their forts, and carried her been tried at Spithead for lowing this ma- to Gibraltar ; but the Spaniards fired all jetty's cutter, and honourably acquitted; the time, and killed about igo Englim. but the court declared their opinion, that This ford Tyrawley, the late governor She was an illegal prize, and taken con- of Gibraltar, and Sir Edward Hawke, rom trary to the law of nations.
monstrated Itrongly by our ambassador to Vi. In Cadiz, where I was a whole the court of Madrid; but to no effect. year during this war, were many French I can mention many other circumstan. privateers, manned and fitted out by Spa- ces, relative to Spanish pride, cruelty, bare niards, built under the windows of the barity, piracy, and partiality, but these I govemor's houre, where they lay; and in have collected from well-known authorihis fight, when any English vetfel railed ties änd ftubborn facts, so well known to out of the harbour, would follow instant. a great and worthy man, that he could ly and bring her in ; though, on the con- with the greatest justice say, and especialtrary, if any French Tip thould fail out, ly now, when our marine is in so good a no Englith ship of war dared to follow her, Tate, " And this founded on what Spain or fail out of the harbour in less than has already done, not on whät that court twenty-four hours'; and the garrison guns may farther intend to do." were always ready to protect a French His majesty's consuls at Madrid, Cadiz, thip
Ferrol, Seville, and Carihagena, have VII. In the harbour of Vigo, about proved the whole. Allour ministers know three months ago, there were upwards of it; and yet only one has had the spirit to thirty French row-boats; in which thirty mew'a juft resentment against a perfidious boats there were not above thirty French nation, who, under a pretension of observmen, one in each boar, and the rest of the ing the laws of neutrality, have violated crews all Spaniards, and these fitted out the law of nations, and broke through the by the Spaniards there, and at St. John spirit of all treaties sublifting between them de Luz.
and us. If the Spaniards have acted with VIII,' At Cabaretta, a small town on this perfidy, ay, and a great deal of cruelty the Spanish coast, in the Gur of Gibraltar, besides, towards us, we have certainly a where is a castle and some few guns, are right to redress, either by negociations or always a fleet of French row-boats at force. They have despised all our negoanchor under these guns, I dare ray ciations, and bullied us almost into tacitur. with not one Frenchman on board, nity, while there was a prospect of uniting mostly Spaniards and Genoere, but fitted their marine force to that of France: but out by Spaniards, who, in a piratical man as the French fleet is now almost as much ner, watch and seize all English vessels annihilated by us, as that of Spain was in which pass without convoy, or happen to the days of Elizabeth, why Mould we be be becalmed. This is greatly detrimental intimidated at the found of a Spanish fleet? to our garrison at Gibraltar, as many of or why not, with a fleet of our own, those vessels are generaHy bound there more than treble their force, immediately from Ireland, &c. with provifions. ruth upon them, and obtain by the law of
IX. Alguziers, a Spanish garrison op- arms, that justice and satisfaction, which polite to Gibraltar, has cver been a re- the Spaniards have shamefully denied us
Y yy 2
ty all the force of ministerial application? I with such prosperity to Old England, The force of the Spanish marine is well that I hope the Spaniards will yet be chas. known here to some persons, if not to tiled for their infolence, injustice, and bar. 'others : Mr. R--., a mip builder, who bari:y ; for, particularly in the affair of has left the king of Spain's service, is now the Antigallican, the Spaniards have frung in England, and can give the necessary in- us a bone, which the Englith mastiff can. formation ; at least he has given it to me. not grind.
A Proposal for promoting Matrimony, and for rendering the Marriage-State
happy. TT seems there has been a tax lately im- the young men be.--- According to the
pored in Sweden upon celibacy..--- custom of almoft every nation upon earth, Don't you think the promoting of mar- and most properly, the women are to be Lage is as much wanting in this kingdom, courted; if then they are virtuous and at this time, as in any place upon the pruden', the young men will quickly globe? --- I will then venture to propose a know that virtue and prudence only can method, which will, I hope, be effe&tual obtain the conquest, and they would soon in some time, and agreeable to both sexes... become the fashion.--- See then what woSuppore then,
men could do ; they have it in their First, That as no true virtue or real power to reform all the young men of goodness can be without religion, every the age, and what have they to answer young girl, at the age of fourteen years, for, if they lose a moment in setting about Nould be able to give a tolerable goud it ? An unaffected look of displeasure or a.count of the religion the was educated disapprobation from a virtuous woman, in; and that they never miss the Sacrament will awe the greatest profligate that ever in the parish church, if they can possibly lived.--.“ So awful goodness is." * attend it.
I would venture to answer with my Secondly, That at the same age they life, that if what I have here proposed was Mould be also well versed in the history but pursued for five years, we should have of their own country, as also to have some fifty marriages for one we have now; and, knowledge of upiversal history.
as the number of inhabitants are the riches Thirdly, That no girl, from the age of of a trading nation, a very few years nine years, until the age of twenty, Tould would make us an industrious thriving wear either shift or cap that Me did not people. make, or help to make herself,
It is said there was once a nation, who Fourthly, That for the same time they banilled all the women, and that, in a thould neither eat of pudding or pye, un- very short time after, the men let their til they could completely make both well, beards and nails grow to such a length, or at least one of them.
and became such filthy creatures, that they Fifthly, That they should never handle were rather brutes than of the human a card until twenty years of age, or if species, and quickly called the pretty crea. never after, the better.
tures home. Sixebly, That upon its appearing that It is well known, that whenever the re. arv young lady is so educated, and really nowned Julius Cæsar would carry any ruiftress of these several qualifications, they great event, he first took care to secure the fall be considered as equal to gool. in her good will and inclination of the ladies, and fortune.
he was then sure to carry his point with the There is not any thing more certain, men. than that as the young women are, so will
THE knowledge of history enables the Pliny, invented the cbiaro oscuro, or dispo
1 poet not only to paint characters, fition of light and shade among the an.but also to describe magnificent and in- cients, and excelled all his cotemporaries .teresting scenes of battle and adventure ; in the chromatique, or art of colouring, not that the poet or painter ought to be This great artist being employed to draw restrained to the letter of historical truth. a perfect beauty in the character of Helen, History represents what has really happen- to be placed in the temple of Juno, cul. .ed in nature : the other arts exhibit what led out five of the most bcautiful damsels might have happened, with such exaggera- the city could produce, and selecting what tion of circumstance and feature, as may be was excellent in each, combined them in deemed an improvement on nature : but one picture, according to the predisposithis exaggeration must not be carried be- tion of his fancy, so that it done forth an yond the bounds of probability; and there, amazing model of perfection *. In like generally speaking, the knowledge of his manner, every man of genius, regulated by tory will ascertain. It would be extreme true talte, entertains in his imagination .ly difficult, if not impossible, to find a an ideal beauty, conceived and cultivated man actually exifting, whose proportions as an improvement upon nature; and this fhould answer to those of the Greek statue, we refer to the article of Invention. It is distinguisaed by the name of the Apollo the business of art to imitate nature, but of Belvedere ; or to produce a woman not with a servile pencil; and to chuse fimilar in proportion of parts to the other those attitudes artd difpofitions only, which celebrated plece, called the Venus de Medicis; are beautiful and engaging. With this there ore, it may be truly affirmed, that viewwe must avoid all disagreeable prospects they are not conformable to the real tan- of nature, which excite the ideas of abdard of nature : nevertheless, every artist horence and disgust; for example, a pain. will own that they are the very archetypes ter would not find his account in exhi itof grace, elegance, and symmetry; and ing the resemblance of a dead carcase half every judging eye mult behold them with consumed by vermin, or of swine wallowadmiration, as improvements on the lines ing in ordure, or of a beggar jousing him. and lincaments of nature. The truth is, felf on a dung-hill, though these scenes che sculptor or tatuary composed the vå- should be painted never so naturally, and rious proportions in nature, from a great all the world must allow that the scenes number of different subjects, every indivi- were taken from nature; because the dual of which he found imperfect or de merit of the imitation would be greatly fective in some one particular, though over-balanced by the vile choice of the beautiful in all the rest; and from these artist. There are, nevertheless, many ob ervations, corroborated by taste and scenes of horror, which please in the judgment, he formed an ideal pattern ac- representation, from a certain interesting cording to which his idea was modelled, greatness, which we fall endeavour ip and produced in execution. Every body explain, when we come to consider the knows the story of Zeuxis, the famous sublime. Were we to judge every producpainter of Heraclea, who, according to tion by the rigorous rules of nature, we
• Præbete quæso, inquit, ex iftis virginibus formofiflimas, dum pingo id quod polli. citus sum vobis, ut mutum in fimulacrum ex animali exemplo veritas transferatur. llle autem quinque delegit. Neque enim putavit omnia quz quærere ad venuftatem, uno in corpore fe reperire poffe ; ideo quod nihil fimplici in genere omnibus ex partibus perfectum natura expolivit. Cic. Lib. 2. de Inv. cap. 1.
hould reject the Iliad of Homer, the nature, the pleasure then will cease, be
Eneid of Virgil, and every celebrated cause the minness or imitation no longer sagedy of antiquity and the present times; appears. Ariftotle says, that all poetry and because there is no such thing in nature, music is imitation, whether epic, tragic, as a Hector or Turnus talking in hexame- or comic, whether vacal or inftrumental, ter; or an Othello in biank-verse: we from the pipe or the lyre. He observes, fhould condemo the Hercules of Sophocles, that in man there is a propensity to imiand the Miler of Moliere, because we tate even from his infancy ; that the first never knew a hero so strong as the one, perceptions of the mind are acquired by or a wretch so sordid as the other. But imitation; and foems to think that the pleaif we consider poetry as an elevation of Sure derived from imitation is the gratificanatural dialogue, as a delightful vehicle for Lion of an appetite implanted by nature. We conveying the noblest sentiments of heroism mould rather think the pleasure it cives. and patrior virtue, to regale the sense with arises from the mind's contemplacing that the sounds of musical expression, while the excellency of art, which thus rivals nature, farcy is ravished with inchanting images, and seems to vie with her in creating such and the heart warmed to rapture and ex- a Atriking resemblance of her works. taly; we must allow that poetry is a per- Thus the arts may be juftly termed imifection to which nature would gladly tative, even in the article of invention : afpire; and that though it surpasses, it for, in forming a character, contriving an does not deviate from her, provided the incident, and describing a foene, he must characters are marked with propriety, and Aill keep nature in view, and refer every sustained with genius. Characters, there. particular of his invention to ber ftandard; fore, both in poetry and painting, may be atberwise bis production will be deftitate a little overcharged or exaggerated with of truth and probability, without which out offering violence to natore ; nay, they the beauties of imitation cannot fubfift. It muft be exaggerated in order to be strik will be a monster of incongruity, such as ing; and to preserve the idea of imitation, Horace alludes to, in the beginning of from whence the reader and spectator de his epistle to the Pisos. rive in many instances their chief delight. Humano capiti cervicem pictor equinam If we meet a common acquaintance in Jungere fi velit, & varias inducere plumas the Areet, we see him without emotion; Un dique collatis membris ; ut turpiter but Mould we chance to spy his portrait
atrum well executed, we are ftruck with plear. Delinat in pilcem, molier formofa fuperne! ing admiration. In this case the pleasure
Spectatum admisli, risum teneatis amici. arifes intirely from the imitation. We
Suppose a painter to a human head every day hear unmoved the natives of
Should join a horse's neck, and wildlyfpread Ireland and Sco:land speaking their o.vn
The various plumage of the feather'd kind, dialects ; but, mould an Englishman
O'er limbs of different beasts absurdly join'd; inimick either, we are apt to burst out
Or if he gave to view a beauteous maid, into a loud laugh of applause, being sura
Above the waist with every charm array'd; prired and tickled by the imitation alone ;
Should a foul fith her lower parts unfold ; thougli, at the same time, we cannot but
Would you not laugh such piąures to bealiow that the imitation is imperfect. We are more affected by reading Shake
hold ? Spear's description of Dover cliit, and
The magazine of nature supplies all Olway's picture of the old hag, than we those images which compose the most mhould be, were we actually placed on the
beautiful imitations. This the artist exafummit of the one, or met in reality mines occasionally, as he would consult a with such a beldame as the other ; be
collection of masterly sketches ; and (e. caure in reading these descriptions, we lecting particulars for his purpose, minrefer to our own experience, and perceive gles the ideas with a kind of enthusiasm, with surprise the juriness of the imitations. or Ti Seror, which is that gift of heaven Bit if it is to close as to be mistaken for we call genius, and finally produces such
• Εσοποι's και ή της τραγωδίας ποίησις, έτι δε κωμωδία και η διθυραμβοποιητική, και i ntensy tha54 xi 2-328151x6, KOK TOYZarouow tomt Juuas ik to tyle.