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act, intitled, “ An act for the relief of in- “Resolved, that the thanks of this court folvent debtors," in respect of the inconve- be given to the right hon, William Pitt, nience arising from the compulsive clause, for the many great and eminent services by which a door has been opened to the rendered this nation during the time he fo greatest frauds and perjuries; and if con- ably filled the high and important office tinued, must become the destruction of all of one of his majesty's principal secretaries private credit, so effential to the support of state, and to perpetuate their gratefu! of a trading people.

sense of his merits, who by the vigour of von "That you concur and promote all ne- his mind had not only roused the antieni

cessary measures for establifhing good cco. fpirit of this nation, from that pufillanimous nomy in the distribution of the national state, to which it had been reduced; but, treasure ; and for that purpose, that you by his integrity and steadiness uniting us endeavour to have a committee appointed, at home, had carried its reputation in in order to enquire into any abuses, which arms and commerce to a heighc unknown may have arisen in the application of it, before, by our trade accompanying our and to prevent any frauds or illicit prac- conquests in every quarter of the globe. tices in the management thereof.

“ Therefore the city of London, ever “ That you entertain just sentiments of stedfast in their loyalty to their king, and the importance of the conquests made this attentive to the honour and prosperity of war by the British arms, at the expence of their country, cannot but lament the naso much blood and treasure, and that you tional lors of so able, so faithful a miniwill, to the utmost of your power and abj. fer at this critical conjun&ure." lities, oppose all attempts for giving up This morning came on the trial of John such places as may tend to lessen our pre. Perrot, a bankrupt, for concealing part of sent security, or by restoring the naval his effects, and, after a hearing of upwards power of France, render us fubject to fresh of fix hours, he was found guilty. hoftilities from that natural enemy; par. This night the house of Mr. Wilson, ticularly, that the role and exclufive right of Stepney church-yard, was broke open, of our acquisitions in North America, and and stript of all the best furniture, wear. the firheries, be preserved to us.

ing apparel, &c. to the value of upwards “ As the present happy extinction of of 2001. Mr. Wilson and his family were parties, the harmony and unanimity of all at their house in Goodman's-fields. The his majesty's subjects, their zeal and affec. rogues were in no burry, as they drank tion to their native king, and the great tea, and some bottles of wine, and fastened increase of commerce, are most convincing the fore-door before they left the house. proofs to us of this nation's ability still

MONDAY, Oct. 26. to carry on, and vigorously prosecute the Richard Parrot, for the murder of his present just and necessary war; it is our wife, by cutting out her tongue, and Hefter delire that you concur in giving his ma. Rowdon, for the murder of her bastard. jesty such supplies, as shall enable him to child, were both executed at Tyburn. pursue all those measures, which may pro. After they had hung the usual time, their mote the true inte: eft of his kingdoms, and bodies were taken down; Parrot was place him above the menaces of any power carried to Hounslow-Heath, in order to that may pretend to give laws, or prescribe be hung in chains, and Heiter Rowdon Jimits, to the policy and interests of this was carried to Surgeons-Hall for dilec. nation : but as it is apparent, that our tion. enemies flatter themselves with the hopes

WEDNESDAY, October 28. ' of exhautting our strength by the immense The Right Rev. Dr. Thomas Hayter, expence, in which we are at present bishop of London, was enthroned and inengaged, we therefore require you in the stalled with the usual ceremonies in Si. further prosecution of this war, to support Paul's cathedral; and after Divine service, Such measures as may fruitrate those ex- they all returned to the chapter-house, pectations, yet to act with the utmont vir where his lord chip being feated, the rehpour in the reduction of their remaining dentiaries, prebendaries, minor canons, colonies, so as to obtain a safe and honour. vicar's choral, organist, and vergers, acable peace."

knowledged their canonical obedience to The following are the thanks returred his lordship, according to custom. to the hon. Mr. Pilo.

Tic following is an account of the ad nber


of ships of war of the line in Spain, viz. As soon as the lord mayor is landed ać Al Ferrol 16, at Cadiz 12, at Carthagena 8, Westminster, the companies barges are to at Alicant 6, at Malaga 6 ; in all 48. return, in the same order, to the temple, These were built by English builders; the and land and begin the procession, so as rest of their navy is said to be worm- all the companies may be clear of the eaten, and rotten in their docks; and that Temple gate before the lord mayor lands. of these 48, they are not now able to

EAST-INDIIS. man completely 20.

The following is a letter from an officer THURSDAY, O&t. 39. .

in the British forces under major John At a common council held at Guildhall, Carnack, dated, Camp at Guya, Feb. 7. the town clerk reported his having waited 1761. on the right honourable William Pitt, « I can say very little to you about with their resolution of thanks, to which any thing in this country but our exploits he had been pleased to return the follow- in war, having been constantly in the ing answer :

field within twelve months paft, and “Mr. Pitt requests of Sir James Hodges, am now about 400 miles from Bengal. that he will be so good to represent him, « On the 15th of January, we had a in the most respe&tful manner, to the lord most decisive battle with the Mogul's mayor, aldermen, and commons of the troops, confisting of about 80,000 men, city of London, in common council al- and headed by a prince of the empire. sembled, and express his high sense of the Our army consisted of 300 Europeans, signal honour, which they have been plea- 2500 Seapoys, 12 pieces of cannon, and sed to confer on him, by their condescend. about 20,000 black troops. ing and favourable resolution of the 22d of “The engagement begun about eleven October; an honour which he receives o'clock, and before two we were masters with true reverence and gratitude; not of the field of battle, all the French can. without confufion at his own small deserv. non, and some baggage. Our prisoners ings, while he views with exultation the confist of a great number of black troops, universal public fpirit diffused through an about 70 or 80 French foldiers, and reven united people, and the matchless intre- French officers ; among these lart is M. pidity of the British failors and soldiers, Law, whom I had the honour to take conducted by officers juftly famed through and present to the Major. We continued all the quarters of the world : to this con- pursuing them close, for several days after currence of national virtue, graciously pro- the battle, in which time we gained tected by the throne, all the national pror- several advantages. Two days ago the perities (under the favour of heaven) have prince surrendered himself to the probeen owing; and it will ever be remem- tection of the Major, and is now in our bered to the glory of the city of London, camp. He is treated with a great deal that through the whole course of this ar- of refpe&t by the Major, and it is said duous war, that great seat of commerce is to have an allowance of 1000 roupees has generously set the illustrious example per day. He appears in all the pomp of of steady zeal for the dignity of the crown, an Eastern monarch, though in his looks and of unrhaken firmaels and magnani- there is a great deal of dejected dignity. mity."

He is expected to set out for Patna in s By order of the lord mayor and court few days." of aldermen of London, the several

AMERICA. barges are to be rowed from the Three The last advices from the continent of Cranes to Westminster on Lord mayor's America, confirm, that there had been a day, in the following order, (being ac meeting of the chiefs of the Delawars, cording to the seniority of their compa: and Six Nation Indians, with some of nies,) viz.

our governors, to ratify the treaties subi Stationers, 8 Merc. Taylors, fisting between them and us; but it ap2 Apothecaries, 9 Skinners,

pears, that, after our people thought 3 Tallow-Chand. 10 Goldimiibs. every thing was amicably agreed on, the 4. Coopers, 11 Filhmongers, chief of the Delawars made a demand of S Brewers, 12 Drapers,

a tract of country, which is settled by 6 Vintners, 13 Grocers,

our people, but which the latter say they 7 Ironmongers, & Cloth workers. have purchased : on the other hand, the The city barge is to close the proceflion,

lodians Indians infift it was a frauduleot bargain; John Stone, Esq; of Chippendam, to and that they were deceived in the length Muis Wilkins. of ground, and will never give up their The Earl of Inchiquin, to Miss Moore. pretensions to it.

1 -.--- Carrington, Erq; to Miss HarFrom Fort Augusta we learn, that on' court, niece of Lord Montacute. the zift ult. Old Cæfar arrived at the John Paterson, Erq; member for Lud. camp, with a talk 'to coionel Grant from garthall, to Mrs. Hope. Qucanostota, suing for peace; and on the 23d Cæsar let off with the colonel's an

DEATHS. fwer; be expected to be at Hywalice in

William Hulle, Esg; at Stone, near five days, were the headmen and war. Gravelend. riors of the Cherokees were to meet him.

Jonathan Parry, Esq; at Brentford. They are allowed thirteen days from the

Benj. Griffin, Esq; at Marlow, Bucks. 23d to come down to settle preliminaries.

· Sieur Henry John Boudan, a Dutch ada

miral. BIRTHS. The Lady of Lord Farnham, of a son.

Mrs. Southwell, reli&t of Edward SouthThe Lady of Merrick Burrel, Esq; of a well, Elq; of Wilbeth castle. daughter.

· Mr. Samuel Ballard, bookseller, LittleThe lady of Sir Samuel Fludyer, Bart. of Britain. . a fon.

John Standley, Erq; of Boxworth, CamThe Lady of the Earl of Shaftesbury, of bridgeshire. 4 fon.

Mr. Gerard Hulme, formerly coachman The Lady of Lord Sondes, of a fon. to William III. The Lady of the Hon. Col. Brudenell. James Thornton, Esq; of Netherwitton. Lady Viscounters Dillon, of a daughter. Arthur Stanhope, Efq; at Leeds. Lady Elizabeth Waldegrave, of a dauga

Miss Abercrombie, daughter of General

Abercrombie. ter. MARRIAGES.

Right Hon. Lord Rae, at Durness. Thomas Quince, Esg; at Alliborne, near

George Wicks, of Thurston, Esq; sudChichester, to Miss Maria Curl.'

Thomas Harrison, Erg; to Miss Buck The Lady of Thomas Tovey, Esq; in ting of Stockport, in Durham.

child-bed. : John Tredway, of Ludlow, Esq; to Miss

... troto Miss Sir Richard Lloyd, one of the barons of Polly Simpson.

the Exchequcr. Dr. Maralgueyrat, to Mrs, Booty, of James Pottlethwayt, Esq; in HattonBury.

Gaiden. Count Buow, to the Countess of Kil- ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTI, mmseg.

Mr. John Warren, Rec. Leverington, George Wilson, of Harboitle, in Nor.

with Rec. Teversham, Cambridge. thumberland, aged 105 years, to Lilley

Mr. Gibfon, Vic. Bedfont and Heston, Forbes, aged 42 ; being his fourth wife. in Middlelex He danced with the bride after dinner, and

Mr. William Huddesford, Vic. Tachwith most of the ladies present, with the brook. Warwick. vivacity of a man of forty.

Rizhi Rev. Dr. John Ewer, bishop of Tho. Brigitock, Esq; to Miss Davies.

Llandaff, to hold with that bihoprie, the Hon. Tho. Clifford, Efq; to Miss Aston.

Canonry of St. George's chapel, Windsor, Benj. Hopkins, Esq; to Mirs Skinner.

with Rec. Bedwers, in. Munn outhshire, The Rev. Mr. Beat, to Miss Jones, of

and Rec. Eldetley in Berks, and the chapel Weston, Shropshire.

of Ruddray in Llandafi. The Rev. Mi, Smalridge, to miss

Mr. Willey, Rcc. Regworth, Leicesterth. Capper. Sir James Lowther, Bart, to the Right

Mr. Prebendary Hard, Vic, Norton.

Mr. Prebendary Jackson, Reclor Dod. Hon. Lady Mary Stuart, eldest daugliter of larton. th: Earl of Bute.

Mr. Prebendary Mainwaring, Redor Tho. Barítow, Esq; to Miss Banaman.

Wett. Kirby. Rev. Mr. Bradav, of Bridgewater

Mr. Hinckman, Vicar St. Ofwaid. square, to Miss Worlley.


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IR FRANCIS BACON, licity of making a right judgment of merit knight, baron Verulam, was so charmed with his sense and behaviscount St. Alban, and viour, that the often used to call him her lord high chancellor of young lord-keeper t. At the age of

England, in the reign of twelve years, he was sent to the university y king James I. the glory of Cambridge, and entered of Trinity-Col. and ornament of his age and nation, was lege, under Dr. Whitgift, afterwards archthe son of Sir Nicholas Bacon, lord-keeper bishop of Canterbury. An uncommon of the Great Seal, by his second wife Anne, diligence and application under the direc. one of the daughters of Sir Anthony tion of so able and careful a tutor, added Cooke, tutor to king Edward VI. a lady to the extreme quickness of his natural remarkably diftinguished for her piety, parts, caused him to make a most surprising prudence, and learning. He was born at progress in his studies. Before he was sixYork-house, in the Strand, on the 22d of teen, he had not only run through the whole January, 1961, and gave early proofs of a circle of the liberal arts, as they were then noble and surprising genius, which his taught, but even at that time began to parents took the utmost care to cultivate perceive those imperfections in the reigning and encourage. Even in his very tender philosophy, which he afterwards so effecyears his parts were so remarkably fine, tually exposed, and thereby not only over. that persons of the greatest worth and dig. turned that tyranny which prevented the nity delighted in his conversation; and progress of true knowledge, but laid the queen Elizabeth, who had the peculiar fe. foundation of that free and useful philoso.


• See his life, page 673, Vol. I. December Mag. 1760.

+ The queen one day asked him, when a perfect child, how old he was ? He replied, two years younger than ber majesty's bappy reign. This pretty and well turned compliment pleased her majesty exceedingly, November, 1761.


4 B

phy which has opened a way to so many better acquainted with the country; fomegreat and glorious discoveries.

times residing at Poitiers, and making When Mr. Bacon began his studies, such observations upon men and things Aristotle was in effect the pope in phi- as opportunities would allow ; and at the lofophy. The lectures in private col. same time applying himself not only to leges and public schools were generally such studies as were agreeable to his inexpositions upon his text, which was re- clination, but to those likewise for which vered as sublime and supernatural. It his father had more particularly fent bim was therefore a very singular happiness thither. And this appears from a very for a young gentleman to see farther into ingenious and elegant performance, of his, Nature than the celebrated philosopher containing A succin&t View of the State of at whose feet he was placed. He took Europe at that time, written when the author distaste betimes at the vulgar scenes of was but nineteen. But while he was natural philosophy : not that he despised thus improving his talents abroad, his Aristotle : he owned what was excellent fortune received a very unhappy check in him ; but in his inquiries into nature, at home, by the unexpected death of his he proceeded not upon his principles. father Sir Nicholas Bacon, who having Use and custom might have reconciled the amply provided for all his other children, old method to him, as it had done to had put bye a confiderable sum for this his others, but he began the work anew, and youngest, which he intended to lay out in laid the foundation of philosophic theory the purchase of lands, and then settle them in numerous experiments. He afterwards on him ; but before he could meet with told Dr. Rawley his chaplain, that his ex. a proper one. he died; and the money ceptions against Aristotle were not found being undisposed of by Sir Nicholas, it ed upon the worthlessness of the author, went amongst all his children, and fo bs to whom he would ever ascribe all high that means our author had but a small attributes, but for the unfruitfulness of part for his mare ; which proviog but a the way, being a philosopher (as his narrow provision, he found himself obliglordship expressed it) fit only for dispura. ed to return to England, and to think of tions and contentions, but barren of the some profession that might increase his forproduct of works for the benefit of the tune. On his arrival in his native counlife of men; in which mind he continued try, he applied himself to the study of the to his dying day.

I common law, and for that purpose entered The lord-keeper, discovering in his son himself of the honourable society of Gray's. such a ripeness of judgment and discre. Inn; where, by his affability, deport. tion, resolved to send him, vi ung as he was, ment, and extraordinary talents, he proto France, that he might:improve himself cured the affection of all the members. in the knowledge of the world *, under He was so pleased with his situation, that Sir Amias Powlet, the queen's ambaffa- be erected there a very elegant structure, dor at Paris ; as capable and honest a mi- which was afterwards commonly called nister as any that age produced. He so the lord chancellor Bacon's lodgings; and gained the confidence and eftecin of Sir occasionally inhabited in it through the Amias, by his excellent behaviour, that greatest part of his life. he entrusted bim with a conmidion of im- . He spent his time, during.che first years portance to queen Elizabeth, which re- of, his refidence in this place in very hard quired both secrecy and dispatch. He study'; not confining himself entirely to came over to England, performed it with the law, wbich, however, he made suffi. such applause, as gained both him and the ciently his care, but indulging his extentive ambassador great credits anri returning to genius in 'the free contemplation of the Paris, made several exeursions into the whole circle of science. Here he framed French provinces, that he might be the the plan of his great philosophical work ;

The lord-keeper must have had an extraordinary opinion of his son's abilities and discretion ; otherwise, it is difficult to reconcile this ftep with his known prudence and wisdom; for how little our youth of quality, who vigt foreign countres, when very young, are wont to profit either in taste, wisdom, or morals, experience but too plainly shews.

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