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futed fenefchal of Aquitain, and sent am- and honourable commission of admiral of basador to Philip V, king of France, with the navy in the cinque-ports, and all full powers to treat with him concerning other ports and places from the mouth of that dutchy. In 1318, he was again no the river Thames westward; was prominated fenefchal of Aquitain, and at the moted to the dignity of earl of Salisbury ; same time appointed governor of the isle was honoured with the office of earl-mar of Oleron, with an allowance of 5000l. fal of England; and acknowledged and He died about two years after lie had crowned king of Man, by his sovereign been vested with these offices, leaving Edward III. in consideration of his grandthree sons and six daughters, by his wife mother's descent above-specified. He died Elizabeth; daughter of Sir Peter de Mont- in the forty-third year of his age, on Janufort of Beaudesert, in Warwickshire. Wil ary 30, 1344, of a fever, occasioned by liam, the eldest son, succeeded his father, exerting himself too much at a tournament and was afterwards created earl of Salis. held at Windsor, to celebrate the institubury. Simon, the second son, was pro- tion of the garter, the origin of which moted to the bishopric of Worcester, from noble order is ascribed by some authors, whence he was translated to that of Ely. to an incident which happened at a visit Sir Edward Montagu, the third son, ligna- king Edward III. made to the countess of lized himself very early in a military capa- Salisbury, after the defence of the castle of city, by defending the castle of Werk Werk before-mentioned, to which her again at an army of Scots, in 1342, and lady thip’s resolution and bounty had much afterwards by his other exploits in the contributed. By his said counters, who service of Edward II), He married Alice, was Catharine, daughter to lord Grandi, daughter and co- heir of Thomas of Bro- son, and who survived her husband about therton, earl of Norfolk, second son of six years, his lordship had two sons, viz, Edward I. and by her had a daughter William, his heir in the earldom, and John, named Toan, married to William de Uf- whose son succeeded to that honour, ford, eart of Suffolk. The daughters of and four daughters. The latter were, William lord Montagu, were, Alice, the Sibyll, the wife of Edmund, son of Ed. wife of -----Auberie ; Mary, wedded to Sir, mund Fitz-Alan, earl of Arundel ; Phi. ---- Cogan ; Elizabeth, prioress of Halli-, lippa, of Roger Mortimer, earl of March ; well; Hawire, married to Sir ---- Bavent; Elizabeth, of Giles, lord Badlesmere ; and Maud, abbess of Barking, and Isabel, a Agnes, affianced to John, son and heir of nun there.

John lord Grey of Deffrencloyt. William, third lord Montagu, and first William, earl of Salisbury, the eldest son, earl of Salisbury, in the year 1327 ac- was born on the 25th of June, 1329, and companied Edward III. in an expedition having shared in the glories and dangers against the Scots, wherein his majesty nar- of the wars carried on by Edward III, and rowly escaped being taken in his camp Richard II. both by sea and land, died near Stanhope-park, by lord Douglas. He without surviving issue in June 1397, was also, two years after, in the retinue leaving his estate and titles to the eldest son of that prince, when he went to do ho- of his deceased younger brother Sir John. mage to the king of France at Amiens. This John Montagu diftinguished himIn 1330, he was one of the principal per- self as a statesman and soldier, in the reigns sons concerned in seizing Roger Mortie of Edward III. and Richard II. He marmer, earl of March, ar Notingham, and ried Margaret, daughter and heir of Thofor his zeal in that business, obtained a mas lord Monthermer, the eldest son of great part of that nobleman's vast estate. Ralph, earl of Gloucester and Hereford, So well qualified was his lordship for the by Joan of Acres, daughter of Edward I. offices of the cabinet and field, that there By that lady, in whose right he became was scarce an embassy or negotiation, but lord Monthermer, he had three fons, viz. what he was employed in, nor an action Sir John, who succeeded his uncle the where he had not a considerable com- carl of Salisbury ; Thomas, dean of Sarum; mand. Neither were his services unre- Richard; and Simon, the progenitor of the warded; for besides grants of divers lands dukes of Montagu and Manchester. He and castles, with particular privileges, mi- had also three daughters, who took the litary governments, and pecuniary gifts veil. or annuities, he enjoyed the lucrative Sir John Montagu, who became earl of November, 1761,



Salisbury by the death of his uncle eart daughter of William Dudley, Esq; died William, displayed his talents in several September 5, 1517. political and military capacities, in the His eldest son, John, dying without issue, reigns of Edward ifI. and Richard 11. and was succeeded by his brother Sir Edward in 1400, was beheaded at Cirencester, Montagu, alternately chief-justice of the without form of trial, for a conspiracy King's-Bench and Common-Pleas, in the against Henry IV. in favour of the deposed reign's of Henry VIII, and Edward VI. king Richard. By his wife Maud, daugh- who both appointed him of their privyter of Sir Adam Francis, he had two sons, council. Having alisted in drawing up Thomas, afterwards earl of Salisbury, and the act transferring the crown to lady Richard, who died without issue. His Jane Grey, he was, at the acceffion of lady likewise bore him three daughters, queen Mary, removed from his public em, viz. Anne, first married to Sir Richard ployments, and confined a short time in Hankford, by whom he had a daughter, the Tower, and after his releasement from the wife of Thomas Butler, earl of Ore thence lived unmolested until his death, mond; 2dly, to Sir John Fitz-Lewes, by which happened on February 10, 1556. whom she had Elizabeth, espoused to Sir By his first wife Elizabeth, daughter of John Wingfield, by whom she had thirteen William Lane, Erg; he had three fons, children, eight of whom were knights; who died young, and three daughters, viz. and 3dly, to John Holland duke of Exeter, Dowse, the wife of Sir Edward Watson, to whom the bore a fon : Mary, wife of ancestor of the marquis of Rockingham; William, lord Ferrers of Groby: and Eli- Anne, married to John Rouse, Esq; and zabeth, married to Robert lord Willough. Amy, to George Lynce, Esq. His second by of Eresby,

wife was daughter of George Kirkham, Thomas, earl of Salisbury, performed Esq; but brought him no children. By such exploits in the wars of Henry V. and his third lady, Hellen, daughter of John Henry VI. that he is celebrated in the Roper, Erq; he had five sons, viz. Sir EdEnglish annals, as one of the most re.' ward; Roger of Brigstock, who died withnowned heroes of his time. He was kil- out issue ; Simon, who married Christian, led at the famous fiege of Orleans, in daughter of -... Wastlin, Erg; Thomas 1428, about the fortieth year of his age. of Stivecley, in Huntingdonshire; and Wil. By Eleanor his wife, fister and co-heir of liam of Oakley, whe died a batchelor, Edmund Holland, earl of Kent, he left an aged 73. By the same lady he had fix only daughter, Alice, who carried the earl. daughters, viz. Elizabeth, firft married dom of Salisbury to her husband Richard to Richard Cave, Esq; son and heir of Nevil, eldest son of Ralph, earl of Weft. Sir Thomas Cave of Stanford, and aftermoreland.

wards to William Markham, Erg; Eleanor, The principal male branch of this fa- the wife of George Tirrel, Erg; Isabel, mily being extinct by the death of the married to Bryan Larcelles, Esq; Mary, above-mentioned earl Thomas, we now wedded to William Watts, Esq; Margaret, return to Simon, younger son of Sir John the wife of Robert Wood, Esq; and Agass, Montagu, by Margaret Monthermer, and, the wife of John Lane, Esq. as above-related, brother to Sir John Mon Sir Edward, the eldest son, was elected tagu, who succeeded his uncle William one of the knights for Northamptonshire, in the earldom. The said Simon, by Elin in the first parliament called by queen - zabeth, daughter of William Houghton, Elizabeth, and was high-sheriff for that

Erq; had Thomas his son and heir, who county in 1969, He died on the 26th by Christian, daughter of Thomas Barret, of January, 1602, leaving fix fons by his Erq; left a son, john, who by Alice, wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir James daughter of William Holcot, Erq; had Harrington of Exton, in Rutlandshire, William his heir, who by Margaret, daugh Sir Edward, the eldest son, was, in ter of Christopher Beuling, Esq; was fa. June 1620, created lord Montagu of ther of Richard Montagu.

Boughton, and from him descended the The raid Richard, who refided at Hem- late duke of Montagu. ington, in Northamptonshire, by Agnes, Sir Walter, the second son, died without daughter of William Snelling, Erq; left iflue. issue, Thomas his son and heir, who leavé Sir Henry, the third son, was the firft äng two sons sohn and William, by 'Agnes, earl of Manchester, of whom ingre folly,



after giving some account of his other Sir Lewis Manfel of Margam; and zdly, brothers,

· to Sir Edward Seabright of Besford'; and Sir Charles Montagu, the fourth son, Lucy was the wife of Hugh Hare, lord was seated in the parish of Barking, in Colrain. By his wife Anne, daughter and Effex, and by his wife Mary, daughter of co-heir of William Wincot, Erg; and Sir William Whitmore, had three daugh- widow of Sir Edward Holiday, alderman ters and co-heirs, married to lord Hatton, of London, he had no isfye. His third lord North, and Sir Edward Bythe. , wife, Margaret, daughter of John Crouch,

James Montagu, the fifth son, from the Esq; bore him two sons, viz. George, anmastership of Sidney-college, in Cam- cestor of the earl of Halifax, and Sidney, bridge, was, by king James I. promoted who died unmarried; beldes a daughter, to be dean of the royal chapel, and after- Susan, wedded to George lord Chandos, wards dean of Worcester, In 1608, he Edward, second earl of Manchester, in was preferred to the fee of Bath and his youth waited on Charles, prince of Wells, and in 1617, translated to that of Wales, in Spain, and was one of the Winchester, keeping the place of dean of knights created at his coronation. He the royal chapel, after his successive pre- was soon afterwards elected one of the ferments to his bishoprics. He died on members for Huntingdonshire, which July 20, 1618, with the character of a county he also represented in three other pious divine, and an upright privy-coun- parliaments, all his majesty called him

by writ to the house of peers, by the Sidney Montagu, the youngest son, was title of baron Kimbolton, in bis father's the ancestor of the earl of Sandwich. life-time. As he had been drawn into

Sir Henry Montagu, the first earl of the rebellion against king Charles I, he Manchester, and before-mentioned third no sooner perceived the fatal effects of son of Sir Edward Montagu, studied the the measures he had concurred in, than law in the Middle-temple, and was one he expressed a real concern for the parts of the representatives for Higham-Ferrers, he had acted ; embracing every opportu. in the forty-third of queen Elizabeth. In nity to facilitate the grand project, exthe first year of James I. he received the pected from the conduct of general Monk, honour of knighthood, and was elected which his excellency had resolved on in recorder, of London, and one of its re- Scotland, and communicated in that presentatives in the parliament convened kingdom to Sir John Granville, after. 'in 1604. He was appointed lord-chief- wards earl of Bath, and Sir Ewen Ca. justice of the King's-Bench in 1616, got meran of Lochiel : and when his excelthe lord-treasurer's staff, and was created lency accomplished it in the reftoration lord Montagu of Kimbolton, and viscount of king Charles II, his lordship congra. Mandeville, in 1620. When he resigned rulated his majefty, in the name of the the office of lord-treasurer, he was consti- peers, on his auspicious return to his native tuted lord-president of the council, in kingdom. He was appointed a privy-counwhich place he was continued by Charles I. sellor, a lord of the bedchamber, and who created him earl of Manchester. in lord chamberlain of the bou sold. He -1627 he was appointed lord-privy seal, was was also honoured with the garter; and kept that poft till his death, November restored to the chancellorthip of the 7, 1642. His lordfhip married three university of Cambridge, from which he wives, by, the first of whom, Catharine, had been ejected by Cromwell's infuence daughter of William Spencer, Esq; a de. in 1651; and received occafional marks scendant of one of the dukes of Marl- of royal favour, until he died on May borough's ancestors, he had four fons, viz. 5, 1671, aged 69. His lordihip married Edward his successor ; Walter, who be. five wives, but had iffue orly by two, came a famous clergyman in the church viz. Anne, his second wife, daughter of of Rome ; James, progenitor of a family Robert Rich. earl of Warwick ; and in Wiltshire; and Henry, master of Saint Eirex, his third wise, daughter of Sir Catharine's near the Tower, who died Thomas Cheek. By the first of thefa without iffue. By the same lady his lord ladies, be bad Robert, his heir.; Frances, fhip had also two daughters, whereof Eli- the wife of Henry, son of the celebrated zabeth, the eldest, was first married to Dr. Robert Saunderfon, bithop of Lin.


coln; and Anne, married to Robert until September, 1701, when that court Rich, earl of Warwick and Holland, countenanced the followers of king fama The issue of the third marriage were fix proclaiming his son, and treating him as sons, who died young ; and two daugh- king of England. Upon that occafios, ters, Efex, married to Henry Ingram, his lordship had orders to return without viscount Irvin ; and Lucy.

taking leave ; and, in January, 1702, Robert, third earl of Manchester, when king William granted him the secretary a commoner, was returned one of the of state's seals, of which he was deprived knights for the county of Huntingdon, on queen Anne's acceffion. In 1907, be to the parliament, which voted the re- went, in quality of ambasador extraorturn of Charles II. and was one of the dinary, to the courts of Vienna, Teris, members deputed to wait on his majesty and the republic of Venice, into which at the Hague, with their dutiful invita- latter city he made a fplendid cat. tion. At that king's coronation, he After his return to England in 1703, de was one of the supporters of his majesty's led a retired life until the acceffion of train. He likewise served for Hunting. George I. who constituted him lord bed. don shire, in the parliament which met tenant and custos rotulorum of Hunting. in May, 1661, and, at his accession to donthire (as he had been in the reigns of the peerage, was gentleman of his ma- king William and queen Anne) a mem jesty's bedchamber. His lordship died ber of the privy-council, one of the geoat Montpelier, in March, 1682; and tlemen of his bedchamber, and on by his lady, who was Anne, daughter of April 30, 1719, created him doke of Sir Christopher Yelverton, ancestor of Manchester, which preferment his grace the earl of Sussex, he left issue three did not long enjoy, being deprived therefons, viz. Charles, his heir ; Robert and of by death, on January 20, 1723. By Heneage, who died unmarried : and four his dutchess, Dodington, one of the two daughters, viz. Anne, married to James co-heiresses of Robert Grevile, late lord Howard, earl of Suffolk ; Elizabeth, the Brook, he had two sons, William, late wife of Sir James Montagu, chief-baron duke of Manchester, and Robert, now of the Exchequer ; Catharine, wedded to duke of Manchester ; and four daughters, Samuel Edwin, son and heir of Sir lady Anne, who died unmarried, ladies Humphry Edwin, alderman of London ; Dodington and Elizabeth, unmarried; and and Eleanor, who died unmarried. lady Charlotte, married to Pattee Byne,

Charles, fourth earl, and first duke of late viscount Torrington, Manchester, at king James II.'s corona. William, duke of Manchester, was lord tion, had the honour to serve the queen lieutenant and custos rotulorum of Heaas carver. He entered early into the tingdonshire, a lord of the bed-chamber, schemes of the prince of Orange, and captain of the yeomen of the guard, and was one of the few Englishmen, who knight of the garter. At the coronation were acquainted with his real views con- of George II. he bore the golden spors cerning the projected expedition into for the earl of Suflex, between the dukes England. When his highness landed, of Montagu and Kent. He wedded, in the earl of Manchester raised some horse April, 1723, lady Isabella, the eldest of in Huntingdonshire ; and, in the conven- the two daughters, and fince coheirs, of tion, voted for the vacancy of the throne, John duke of Montagu : but died, in and the filling it with the prince and 1739, aged 39, without issue ; and her princess of Orange, at whose coronation grace was afterwards married to Edward he carried St. Edward's staff. In 1690, Huffey, of the kingdom of Ireland, Era; he was present with his master at the now Sir Edward Hoffey, knight of the battle of Boyne, and his miscarriage at Bath. Limerick. In 1693, he was constituted Robert, duke of Manchester, the twen. captain of the yeomen of the guard ; and ty-third in paternal descent from Drogo in 1697, was sent ambassador extraor- the founder of his family, when a com. dinary to Venice. Upon his return from moner, 'was, in 1734, elected one of the that republick, next year, he was admitted "knights for Huntingdonshire, being then of king William's privy-council. In 1699, vice-chamberlain to queen Caroline. On he was declared ambassador extraordinary his accession to the peerage, be was conto the court of France, where he refided Atituted lord-lieutenant and custos rotu.


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