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felf, by entering into a long and for the lords had granted him four days to mal defence, determined to depart from send such confession and submission as his strat delign ; to submit an answer in lordship intended to make." According. writing only to the house of peers; and ly he sent a full and particular for the rest, to throw biinfelf entirely confeffion and submission; in Ap. 30, upon their mercy.

which he acknowledged in a 1621. • This he dick by an' humble submission, very explicit manner a great which he entreated and prevailed with the many, but mitigated and foftened others, prince of Wales, (afterwards king Charles of the charges ; and so once more threw 1.) to present to the peers. This piece is himself upon the mercy and compassion much esteemed for its style and strength of his judges. The conclusion was in the of expreffion; and Mews, that even in following submissive prayer : « This des the depth of misfortunes, he was able to claration I have made to your lord Tips command his thoughts and Bis pen, and with a sincere mind ; humbiy craving, to deliver himself with great force and that if there thould be any mistake, your freedom. He renounced all justification lordships will impute it to want of meof himfelf, and sued for no other favour, mory, and not to any defire of mine to " but that his penitent Tubmttiion might obfcure truth or palliate any thing ; for be his fentence ; and the loss of the real I do now again confers, that in points bis punishment." The lords were not ra- charged upon me, though they thould be tisfied with this general confeflion. The taken as myself have declared them, there report of the committee of the upper is a great deal of corruption and negled, hoofe, containing the colleclion of his for which I am heartily foriy, and submit corruptions and the proofs, being read, myself to the judgment, grace, and mercy, they fent Mr. Baron Denham, and the of the court. . Concerning the inatters attorney-general Sir Thomas Coventry, to themselves, I will use no extenuation; the lord St. Alban, with this message only it may please your lordships, out of from their lord thips, " that he, the lord your nobleness, to call your eyes of comchancellor, confeffed not any particular patlion upon my person and estate. 1 bribe or corruption, nor thewed how he was never noted for an avaritious man, heard the charge thereof; and the con- and the apostle saith, That covetousness is féffion, such as it was, was afterwards the root of all evil. I hope also that your softened and extenuated in the same run. lordships do the rather find me in the million : therefore their fordships had" state of grace, for that in all these pár. sent him a particular of the charge against ticulars, there are few or none which are him, and expected his answer with all not almost two years old ; whereas thote convenient expedition." The lord chan- ' that have an habit of corruption, do com. cellor replied, "he would return the lordsmonly wax worse : ro that it hath plealed an answer, with all fpeed." But this God to prepare me by precedent degrees" not satisfying them, they sent again, by of amendment to my present penitency; the same persons, a fecond message, de- and for my estate, it is so mean and poor, firing to know directly and presently ; that my care is now chiefly to satisfy my “- whether his lord Mhip would make his debts. And so, fearing I have troubled your confeffion, or fiand upon his defence ?" lordships too long, I shall conclude with He said, “ be Thould make no manner of an humble suit unto you, That if your defence to the charge, but meant to ac- lord (hips proceed to sentence, your fenknowledge corruption, and to make a tence may not be heavy to my ruin, but particular confeffion to every poing, and gracious, and mixed with mercy; and not after that an humble submission: but he only ro, but that you would be noble iocraved liberty, that where the charge was tercessors for me to his majesty, likewise. more fult than he found the truth of the for bis grace and favour," fact, he might make declaration of the The whole confeflion, submission, and truth in such particulars; the charge be- prayer, being read, the lords deputed the ing brief, and not containing all circum- earl of Pembroke, (lord-chamberlain) the Stances." The fame messengers returned earl of Arundel, the earl of Southampto the chancellor, to let him know, “that ton, the bishop of Durham, the bishop of


Winchester, the bishop of Litchfield and burgefies, of the commons house of Coventry, the lord Wentworth, the lord parliament, having made complaints Cromwell, the lord Sheffield, the lord unto your lordthips, of many exorbiNorth, the Lord Chandos, and the lord tant offences of bribery and corruption Hunsdon, to wait on the lord viscount committed by the lord chancellor, underSt. Alban. They did; and thewing him ftand that your lordships are ready to the confeflion, told him, “ the house did give judgment upon him for the fame : conceive it to be an ingenuous and full wherefore I, their speaker, in their name, confeflion," and demanded of him, “ if it do humbly demand and pray judgment was his own hand which appeared to be against him, the said lord chancellor, as subscribed to the same, and whether he the nature of his offence and demerits do would ftand firm to it, or not ?" Unto require.” The lord chief justice answered, which the lord chancellor answered, “ My “Mr. speaker, upon complaint of the lord, it is my act, my hand, my heart, commons against the viscount St. Alban, I beseech your lordships to be merciful to lord chancellor, this court hath thereby, a broken reed." This answer being re and by his own confeflion, found him ported to the house of peers, it was agreed guilty of the crimes and corruptions comby them to move his majesty to requeżer plained of by the commons, and of fundry the seal. The prince of Wales, at their other crimes and corruptions of the like request, attended by the above lords and nature. And therefore this high court some others, waited on the king with the having first summoned him to attend, lord's entreaty. The seal was thereupon and having his excuse of not attending, fequeftered, and a new commission award- by reason of infirmity and fickness, which ed to the lord chief justice of England, he protested was not feigned, or else be to execute the office of chancellor and would most willingly have attended, (peaker of the house of lords. Next day, doth nevertheless think fit to proceed to the lord viscount St. Alban delivered up judgment. Therefore, this bigh court the great seal with much decency, and doth adjudge, that Sir Francis Bacon, the highest tokens of gratitude to the king knight, baron Verulam, and viscount St. for the many favours his majesty had Alban, late lord high chancellor of Eng. conferred upon him, and with the utmost land, Thall undergo fine and ransom of forrow and contrition for his own abuses forty thousand pounds; that he shall be of those acts of his sovereign's kindness. imprisoned in the Tower during the

The gentleman ulher and serjeant at king's pleasure; that he shall be for arms were sent to require the presence of ever incapable of any office or employ. the lord St. Alban in the house of lords. ment in the state or commonwealth; But this he excused himself from, on ac. and that he shall never fit in parliacount of sickness; 'profefling, that other. ment, or come within the verge of the wile, he would willingly have attended court.” Such was the iflue of this them. The commons being come to the great affair, and such the severe sentence bar of the house of peers, Sir Thomas passed upon this noble person ; leaving Richardson, their speaker, delivered him- him of his honours only the bare titles.

relf in the following manner: and even these he is said to have saved May 3. “ The knights, citizens, and by the tenderness of the bishops.

*** Tbe Life of Lord Chancellor Baron must be extended to another Number ; which, we doubt not, the candid Reader will excufe, when he cone fiders that no Article in the whole Province of Biography contains greater Va. riety, nor affords more Ariking Infiances of the Power and Wiakness of the Ho. man Mind.


09090909900000000000000000000 SIR LAUNCELOT GREAVES. [Concluded.]

CHAPTER the last. had wisely avoided the impending

storm, by retiring to the continent, Which, it is to be, hoped, will be, 02 more accounts than one, agreeable to

on pretence of travelling for im

provement. the reader.

Sir Launcelot was not now ro CIR Launcelot having vindicated inuch of a knight-errant, as to leave w the liberty, confirmed the safe- Aurelia to the care of Providence, ty, and secured the heart of his and pursue the traitors to the farcharming Aurelia, now found lei. theft extremities of the earth. He sure to unravel the conspiracy which pra&tised a much more easy, certain, had been executed against his per- and effectual method of revenge, by fon; and with that view commenced instituting a process against them, a law-suit against the owner of the which, after writs of capias, alias, house where he and his mistress had & pluries, had been repeated, fubbeen separately .confined. Mr. jected them both to outlawry. Mr. Shackle was, notwithstanding all the Sycamore and his friend being thus submissions and atonement which he deprived of the benefit of the law, offered to make, either in private by their own neglect, would likeor in public, indicted on the statute wise have forfeited their goods and of kidnapping, tried, convicted, pu- chattels to the king, had not they nished by a severe fine, and fand made such submissions as appeased ing in the pillory. A judicial writ the wrathof Sir Launcelot and Capt. ad inquirendum being executed, the Crowe; then they ventured to reprisons of his inquisition were laid turn, and by dint of interest obtainopen, and several innocent captives ed a reversal of the outlawry. But enlarged.

this grace they did not enjoy, till In the course of Shackle's trial, long after our adventurer was hapit appeared that the knight's con- pily established in life. finement was a scheine executed by While the knight waited impahis rival Mr. Sycamore, according tintly for the expiration of Aurelia's to the device of his counsellor Daw- minority, and, in the mean time, dle, who, by this contrivance, had consoled himself with the imperfect reconciled himself to his patron, af- happiness arising from her converter having deserted him in the day ration, and those indulgences which of battle. Our hero was so incen- the most unbleinished virtue could sed at the discovery of Sycamore's bestow ; Capt. Crowe projected antreachery and ingratitude, that he other plan of vengeance against the went in quest of him inmediately, conjurer, whose lying oracles had to take vengeance on his perfon, coft hin such a world of vexation. accompanied by Capt. Crowe, who The truth is, the captain began to wanted to ballance accounts with be tired of idleness, and undertook Mr. Dawdle. But those gentlemen this adventure to keep his hand in December 1761.

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use. He imparted his design to fuge left, but a great many particuCrabthaw, who had likewise suffer- lar reasons for avoiding an explanaed in spirit from the predictions of tion with the justice, like the man the said offender, and was extreme- between the devil and the deep sea, ly well disposed to aslift in punish- of two evils chose the leaft; and ing the false prophet. He now beckoning to the captain, called him took it for granted that he hould not by his name. Crowe, thus addressed, be hanged for stealing a horse ; and replied with a “ Hilloah!” and thought it very hard to pay so much looking towards the place from money for a deceitful prophecy, whence he was hailed, at once rewhich, in all likelihood, would never cognized the negromancer. Withbe fulfilled.

out farther hesitation he sprang Aduated by these motives, they across the street, and collaring Alset out together for the house of bumazar, exclaimed, “Aha! old consultation; but they found it shut boy; is the wind in that corner? up and abandoned, and; upon in — I thought we should grapple quiry in the neighbourhood, learn- one day now will I bring ed that the conjurer had moved you up by the head, tho' all the dehis quarters that very day on which vils in hell were blowing abaft the the captain had recourse to his art. beam.” This was actually the case : he knew The bailiff seeing his prisoner so the fate of Sir Launcelot would soon roughly handled before, and at the come to light, and he did not chuse same time assaulted behind by to wait the consequence. He had Crabshaw, who cried, “ Shew me other motives for decamping. Ile a liar, and I'll shew you a thiefhad run a score at the public house, who is to be hanged now?"-I say, which he had no mind to discharge, the bailiff, fearing he mould lose and wanted to disengage himself. the benefit of his job, began to put from his female affociate, who knew on his contentious face, and, detoo much of his affiirs, to be kept claring the doctor was his prisoner, at her proper distance. All these swore he could not surrender him, purposes he had answered, by re- without a warrant from the lord treating foftly without beat of drum, chief justice. The whole groupe adwhile bis Sybil was abroad running journing into the.parlour, the condonni prty for his devouring. He jurer desired to know of Crowe, had not, however, taken his mea- whether Sir Launcelot was found? fures focuinningly, but that this old being answered, " Ey, ey, safe hag discovered bis new lodgings, and enough to see you made fast in the in revenge, gare information to the bilboes, brother;" he told the cap. publican. This creditor took out tain he had something of confea writ accordingly ; and the bailiff quence to communicate for his ad. had jufi secured his perfon as Capt. vantage; and proposed that Crowe Crowe and Timothy Crabíhaw and Crabshaw should bail the acchanced to pass by the door in their tion, which lay only for a debt of way home:vards, through an obscure three rounds.. street near the Seven Dials.

Crow stormed, andCrabshaw grinThe conjurer having no subter. ned at this modeft proposal: but

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when they understood that they could where my circumstances obliged me only be bound for his appearance, to tive in disguise. In the character and reflected that they needed not of a conjurer, I was consulted by part with him, until his body should your follower Crowe, and your be surrendered unto justice, they'[quire Crabshaw. I did little or consented to give bail; and the bond nothing but eccho back the intellibeing executed, conveyed him di- gence they brought me, except rectly to the house of our adventurer. prognosticating thatCrabshaw would The boisterous Crowe introduced be hanged; a prediction to which I him to Sir Launcelot with such an found myself so irresistibly impelled, abrupt, unconnected detail of his that I am persuaded it was the real offence, as the knight could not un effect of inspiration-I am now arderstand without Timothy's annota- rested for a paultry sum of money; tions. These were followed by some and, moreover, liable to be sent to question's put to the conjurer, who Bridewell as an impostor--let those laying aside his black gown, and answer for my conduct, whose cruplucking off his white beard, exhi- elty and infolence have driven me bited to the astonished spectators, to the necessity of using such subterthe very individual countenance of fuges—I have been oppressed and the empirical politician Ferret, who persecuted by the government for had played our hero such a slippery speaking truth -- your omnipotent trick after the electioneering adven- laws have reconciled contradi&ions. ture.

That which is acknowleged to be " I perceive (said he) you are truth in fact is construed falfhood preparing to expoftulate, and up- in law; and great reason we have braid me for having given a false to boast of a conftitution founded information against you to the coun. on the basis of absurdity . But, try justice. I look upon mankind waving these remarks, I own I am to be in a state of nature, a truth unwilling to be either imprisoned which Hobbes hath stumbled upon for debt, or punished for imposture by accident. I think every man has -I know how far to depend upon a right to avail himself of his talents, generosity, and what is called beneeven at the expence of his fellow- volence; words to amuse the weakcreatures; just as we see the filh, minded-I build upon a surer hotand other animals of the creation, tom--I will bargain for your asliftdevouring one another.-I found ance it is in my power to put the justice but one degree removed twelve thousand pounds in the from ideotism, and knowing that he pocket of Samuel Crowe, that there would commit some blunder in the sea-rufian, who by his good-will execution of his office, which would would hang me to the yard's lay him at your mercy, I contrived arm " to make his folly the instrument of There he was interrupted by my escape-1 was dismissed with- the seaman. “ Damn your rat's out being obliged to sign the infor- eyes! none of your--hang thee! mation I had given; and you took fish my topmafts ! if the rope was ample vengeance for his tyranny and fairly reeved, and the tackle found, impertinence. I came to London, d'ye fee--" Mr. Clarke, who was

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