« AnteriorContinuar »
disguised like fatyrs, who not only morfels of antiquity. Tragedy and recited the praises of Bacchus, or comedy flowed from the same founsome other deity ; but interspersed tain, though their streains were their hymns with sarcastic jokes and soon divided. The same enteraltercation. Of this kind is the tainment, which, under'the name Cyclop of Euripides, in which Ulyf. of Tragedy, was rudely exhibited by fes is the principal actor. The Ro. clowns, for the prize of a goat, by mans also had their Atellanæ or in- some rural altar of Bacchus, alterludes of the same nature, so sumed the appellation of Comedy, called from the city of Atella, where when it was transferred into cities, they were first adied : but these and represented with a little more were highly polished in comparison decorum, in a cart of waggon, that of the original entertainment, which strolled fiom street to street, as the was altogether rude and indecent. name xwundice implies, being deIndeed the Cyclop itself, though rived from youn a street, and ady a composed by the accomplished Eu- poem. To this origin Horace alripides, abounds with such impu- ludes in these lines. rity, as ought not to appear on
Dicitur & plauftris vexifle poemata Tbespis, the stage of any, civilized nation.
Qui cenerent agerentque, peruncii fæcibus orci It is very remarkable that the
Thespis, inventor of dramatic art, Atellana, which were in effect tra
Convey'd his vagrant actors in a cart : ·gic comedies, grew into such esteem High o'er the crowd, the mimic tribe apamong the Romans, that the per- pear’d,
[besmear'd. formers in these pieces enjoyed fe. And play'd, and sung, with lees of wine veral privileges, which were re. Thefois is called the inventor of fused to the ordinary actors. They the dramatic art, because he raised we're not obliged to unmask like the
ike the subject from clownish altercathe other players, when their action tion to the character and exploits was disagreeable to the audience. of a
ence of some hero : he improved the They were admitted into the army,
language and versification, and reand enjoyed the privileges of free
Free lieved the chorus by the dialogue citizens, without incurring
This was the firft disgrace which was affixed to the
to the advance towards that consummacharacters of other actors *. The
.. tion of genius and art, which conpoet Laberius, who was of equeftrian ftitutes what is now called a per. order, being pressed by Julius Cæ
fect tragedy. The next great imfar 'to ad a part in his own per
prover was Æschylus, of whom the formance, complied with great re
same critic says. luctance, and complained of the dishonour he had incurred, in his
Poft bune, persona, Pallaque repertor benefie
febylus & modicis inftravit pulpita rignis, prologue preserved by Macrobius, Et decuit magnumque loqui, nirique Corberes. which is one of the most elegant
5 .* Cum artem ludicrain, scenamque totam probro ducerent, genus id hominum non modo honore civium reliquorum carere, sed etiam tribu moveri notatione cenforia yoluerunt. Cic. apud S. Aug. de Civit. Dei."
Then Æschylus a decent vizard used; theatre ; so that Sophocles, who fucBuilt a low stage ; the flowing robe dif-'ceeded Ælchylus, had but one step
fus'd : In language more sublime two actors rage,
to surmount in order to bring the And in the graceful buskin tread the stage. draina to perfection. Thus trageThe dialogue, which Thespis in.
dy was gradually detached from troduced, was called the Episode. its original institution, which was because it was an addition to the
entirely religious. The priests of former subject, namely the praises
Bacchus loudly complained of this of Bacchus ; fo that now tragedy
innovation, by means of the episode, consisted of two distinct parts, in
which was foreign to the iniention dependent of each other, the old
of the chorus, and hence arose the recitative. which was the Chorus. proverb of Nibil ad Dionysium ; nosung in honour of the gods; and
: and thing to the purpose. Plutarch the Episode, which turned upon the
himreif mentions the episode as a adventures of rome hero his perversion of tragedy, from the ho. Episode being found very agreeable TM
· nour of the Gods to the passions to the people, Æschylus, who lived ni me
of men : but, notwithstanding all about haif a century after Thespis, oppor
oppofition, the new tragedy fucstill improved the drama, united
ceeded to admiration ; because it the chorus to the episode, fo as
was found the most pleasing vehicle to make them both parts or mem- of conveying moral truths, of mebers of one fable ; multiplied the
liorating the heart; and extending actors, contrived the stage, and
the interests of humanity. introduced the decorations of the
(To be continued.]
A Genealogical Account of Brydges, Duke of Chandos.
ANtiquaries differ about the origin of Lafracoth, daughter to one of the kings of n the noble house of Chandos, whore Ireland. Which-ever of these be the cale, surname has been written differently, it ascertains the antiquity of a family • Brugge, Bruges, Brigge, Brydges, &c. eminent in the cabinet and field, and refome alledging that its founder was a na. nowned for munificence and hospita
tive of Bruges, alias Brugge, in Flanders, lity. · who accompanied the Norman conquer The first conspicuous person of it, on
or into England, A. D. 1066 ; and having record, was Sir Simon de Brugge, or assumed his surname from the place of Bruges, whose lands were, in 1265, conhis birth, conveyed it to his posterity : fiscated to the crown for his adherence whilst others are of opinion, that the to Simon Montfort, earl of Leicester, and furname was derived from the castle of the other barons in arms against Henry III. Brugge, in Shropshire, part of the vast and granted to Roger lord Clifford; but poffeffions granted to Roger de Mont. were restored, next year, by the Dictum gomery, earl of Arundel and Shrewsbury, de Kenilworth. He married the heiress of by his kinsman, the above-mentioned con. the family of Solers (whore lands have queror, whom he attended in his expedi- fince had the name of Bruge-Solers, or tion into England; and that the duke of 'Bridge-Solers) in Herefordshire, and by Chandos is lineally descended from Ar- 'her had four fons, John, Hugh, Giles, and nulph, a younger son of the said earl, Walter, and a daughter named Eleanor. and progenitor of the Carews, by his wife John, the eldest son, was the first nam.
ed of the two knights, returned for Here. Thomas Gates, and John Wellerborne, fodshire to, the parliament held by Ed, Esqrs. ward 11. at York, in 1322.
Thomas Brugge succeeded bis father at Sir Baldwin Brugge, his heir, married Coberley; served in parliament for GloeIsabel, fecond daughter of Sir Piers Gran- cestershire in 1460, and for Hereford. dison, grandson, by his mother, of John mire in 1472 ; and in 1488, was appointlord Tregoze; and by her had two foos, ed with William Berkley, earl of NottingSir Thomas and Sir John. This Sir John ham, and two other gentlemen, a comBrugge, a celebrated statesman and war- missioner of array for ibe county of Gloerior in the reigns of Henry V, and Henry ceer. He married Florence, daughter of ,VA. was succeeded about 1434, at Bruge- William Darrel of Littlecote, in Wiltthire, Solers, by his fon Thomas of Leye, in Esq; by whom he had three daughters, who Hereford thire, father, by Alice, daughter married, and three sons, viz. Sir Giles, his to Hugh Hacket, Erq; of Thomas Bridges, heir ; Sir Richard Bridges, seated at Shet. who, by Maud, daughter of Thomas Hen- ford in Berkhire, who was created knight borowe of Dymock, in Gloucestershire, of the Bath at the coronation of queen Efq; had feveral fons : of whom William, Mary, and wedded Jane, daughter of Sir The elder, marrying one of the co-heirs of William Spencer of Wormleighton, the William Ellington, of Ellington, in Wore duke of Marlborough's predeceffor, by cestershire, was the ancestor of those of whom he had two sons; and Henry. The his name, seared at Dymock and Efling- daughters were, Elizabeth, first espoused to ten; and Sir John, the second son, lord William Carrey, and after his decease, to mayor of London in 1522, by Agnes, Walter Rowden, Esqrs; Alice, the wife of daughter to Thomas Ayloff, of EfTex, Era; -... Chicheley, Esq; and Eleanor, wedwas the progenitor of the family seated at ded to Sir Thomas Pauncefoot. Weitham in Efex, and fatlier of Wini- Sir Giles Bruges, the eldest son, was - fride, mother to Thomas Sacksille, earl of knighted for his bravery at the battle of Dorter, and second wile of William, mar- Blackheath, June 22, 1496, against the quis of Winchester.
Cornish insurgents conducted by lord Sir Thomas Brugge, eldest son of, the Audeley; and was theriff of Gloucesterbefore-mentioned Sir Baldwin Brugge, mire in 1499. He died A. D, 1511, lear. wedded Alice, one of the co-heirs of Sir ing issue, three fons and four daughters, Thomas Berkley, of Coberley in Glouces- viz. Sir John Bruges, lord Chandos ; Thotershire, by his wife Elizabeth, eldest fifter mas Eiuges, who lest a contiderable for. and co-heir of the heroick Johin Chandos, tone to luis fon Henry Brydges, and daughlord Chandos, knight of the Garter, and ter Mary, the wife of ... Arnall, Ero; last heir-male of his martial house. By and William, to whom he bequeathed tis that lady Sir Thomas had two sons, Sir 'lands in Brakenborowe and Horton : UrGiles his heir; and Edward Bruges pro. fula, wedded to John Sydenham of Brimgprietor of Lone, and other manors in ton, in Somersetthire, Esqi Florence, Gloucesterbire, one of whose daughters espoused to Sir William Morgan of Southand co-heirs, líabel, was married to John, Wales; Catharine, the wife of Richard Second ron of Sir John Throgmorton of Poole, of Gloucestershire, Erg; and Anne, Coughton, predecellor of the Throckmor- married to Sir Rice Maníel of Margam, cans of Toriworib in Glouceitershire. in Glamorganinire.
, Sir Giles, the eldest son, whose surname Sir John Bruges; the eldest son, : id first is variously wrore, Bruges, Brigge, and lord Chandos of his surname, attended Brugge, was feated at Coberley, served the Henry VIII, in his military and pompous office of Periff of Cloucestershire, in 1430 parades in France and Flanders, and a and 1434, and was returned one of the every siege and action gave notable proofs Knights for that county, to the parliament of conduct and courage. For his behaaft mbled in 1455. He died A. D. 1467, viour, in 1513, at the redua ion of Terou. leaving issue by his wife Catharine, daugh- enne and Tournay, and the engagement . ter of James Clifford of Frampton, Esq; near Guinegaste, commonly called tbe and reliat of Anselm Guyse of Elmore, in battle of the Spurs, even when a youth, be Gloucestershire, Erg; an only son Thomas, received the honour of knighthood ; and anda daughter Cicely, successivelywedoled to 'alles the surrender of Boulogne, A. D.