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1 544, he was appointed governor of that of Parson's-green, and 2dly, to Thomas fortress, which he defended against a earl of Exeter; ....., the wife of Sir James French army in 1549, the 4th of Ed. Turville ; and Beatrice, espoused to Sir ward VI. soon after whose accellion, he Henry Poole of Soperton. had been rewarded with divers manors Grey, lord Chandos, in 1605, at the for his services, and elected knight of the creation of Charles duke of Yoik (aftergarter, by the name of Sir John a Bridges, wards Charles I.) was made knight of the in two fubfequent chapters of which or Bath. By his munificence and hospitality, der he is stiled Sir John a Bruges, and Sir he obtained such influence in GloucesterJohn Bruges. Espousing the cause of queen fire, and appeared with such fplendid reMary against the lady Jane Grey, he was tinues at the court of James I. (with gratified wich the manor and cattle of Sud. whom he was in great favour) that he Jey, in Gloucestershire, constituted gover- was commonly stiled the king of Cotswold. nor of the Tower of London, and created He married lady Anne, one of the colord Chandos of Sudley, by that princess, heirelies of Ferdinando, earl of Derby, on April 8, 1554, the first of her reign. and left by her, at his death, A, D. 1621, His lordship departed i his life on March 4, two sons, George and William, fucceffively 1556 7, and by Elizabeth, daughter of fords Chandos; and two daughters, ElizaEdmund, lord Grey of Wilton, was father beth, wedded to James, lord Audley, and of seven fons, viz. Edmund, bis heir; ea:1 of Caflehaven in Ireland, and Charles Brydges of Wiltington (now Wil the wife of ..... Tortefun, Erg. ton) castle in Hereford/hire, and continua. George, lord Chapdos, was a faithful for of the male line; Richard, Anthony, adherent to the cause of Charles I. for Henry, Giles, and Stephen ; and of three which he suffered greatly by imprisonment, daughters, viz. Catharine, married to Ed. decimations, &c. &c. when the usurping mund Sutton, lord Dudley ; Elizabeth, powers prevailed. He died of the smallwedded to John Tracy, progenitor of the pox, in 1655; and having had two wives, lord viscount Tracy; and Mary, the wise left two daughters by each of them, viz. of George Throgmorton, Esq.

Margaret, married to William Brownlow Edmund Bruges, lord Chandos, with his of Humby, Efq; Elizabeth, married to Edfather's peerage and estate, inherited his ward Herbert, lord Herbert of Chirbury, military virtues, which he displayed in the afterwards to William Obrien, earl of wars against France and Scotland; and for Inchiqueen in Ireland, and 3dly, to his bravery at tlie battle of Mursteburgh, Charles Lloward, loid lioward of Escrick; September 10, 1547, was dubbed a ban. Lucy, wedded to Adam Loftus, lord virneret. Queen Elizabeth created bim knight count Lisburn in heland; and Catharine. of the Garter, a few months before he died, His first lady was Susan, daughter to Henry in 1972, universally esteemed for his gene- earl of Manchester. His second was Jane, rohty and hospitality. By Dorothy, one daughter to John, carl of Rivers; who of the co-heirs of Edmund, lord Bray, he married, 2dly, George Pitts of Stratfieldleft two sons, Giles and William, fuccef fey, in Hants, Erq; and conveyed to him fively lords Chandos; and two daughters, Sudley-castle, and divers valuable manors, Catharine, married io William lord Sands, fettled on her by her first husband. and Eleanor, the wife of George Giffard, William, lord Chandos, leaving three of Chillington, in Stafford Mire, Efq. daughters, Mary, Frances, and Rebecca,

Giles, lord Chandos, married lady and no male iffue, the title reverted to Frances, daughter of Edward earl of Lin- the lieirs of the before mentioned Charles coln, by whom he was father of Eliza- Brydges, of Wilton-cafle, second son of beth, who died without issue, and Catha- Jolin, first lord Chandos of this house. rine, the great-great-grandmother of the This Charles Bridges was deputy-80present duke of Bedford; and dying A. D. vernor of the Tower, under his father, 1594, without lieira-malé, was succeeded and cup bearer to Philip II. king of Spain, by his brother,

the husband of queen Mary. In 1960, William, lord Chandos, who died in he assisted at the fiege of Leith in Sict7601, leaving by Mary, daughter of Sir land; and in 1990, was sheriff of the Owen Hopton, Grey Brydges, his fuccef- county of Hereford. By Jane, daughter for. He had likewise three daughters, viz. of Sir Edward Carne, of Wendy, in GlaPrane: s, Erst wedded to Sir Thomas Smith morganthire, he had three sons, Sir Giles,

4 N 2

his heir ; Tristram ; and Thomas, who the East India company's new charter, and left, at his death, in 1652, two daughters, for inspecting into other iniquitous pracDeborah and Catharine.

tices under king William's government. Sir Giles Brydges was sheriff of Here. In 1702, he was one of the commiftioners fordshire in 1625, and one of the repre- of enquiry into the public accounts ; in sentatives in parliament for that county, 1707, one of the council to George, prince when he was created, May 17, 1627, a of Denmark, lord high admiral of England; knight-baronet. He married Jane, daugh- and afterwards pay-mafter general of the ter of Sir James Scudamore, and by her army. He fucceeded to his father's title had three Tons, viz. Sir John, his fuc- of lord Chandos, o&. 16, 1714, and, on çesfor, Charles, and Giles ; and two the 19th, was created viscount Wilton, daughters, Jane, the wife of James Phips and earl of Carnarvon. In the next of Swallowfeld, Wilts, Elg; and Frances. menth, he had a grant of the reverfion of

Sir John Brydges, by Mary,role daughter the office of clerk of the banaper in Chanand heir of James Pearl, of Dewsa! and cery, io himself and two sons; and, on Acconbury, in Herefordfire, was the April 30, 1719, was dignified with the father of an only son,

titles of marquis of Carnarvon, and duke James, who succeeded to the title of of Chandos. In 1721, bis grace was his kiosman, William, lord Chandos, a eleded a governor of the charter-bouse, bovementioned, and took his feat in the confituted lord-lieutenant and custos rohouse of peers, Feb. 15, 1676-7. His talorum of the counties of Hereford and lordship, in 1680, was sent ambassador to Radnor; and admitted into the privy. Constantinople, where he readed several council. In 1720, he presided in the years with reputation and honour. . He York-building company, and, in 1723, married Elizabeth, eldest daughter and was appointed ranger of Eniield-chace. co-heiress of Sir Henry Bernard, an emin This magnificent peer was also chancellor nent Turkey-merchant; by whom he had of the university of St. Andrews, in Scottwenty-two children, of whom only eight land, when he died, August 9, 1944, at lived to the years of maturity, viz., his beautiful seat of Capnons, now no the princely duke of Chandos; the hon. more. By Mary, role daughter of Sir and rev. Henry Brydges, who, by Anna. Thomas Lake of Cannons, in Middlesex, bella, the daughter of ..... Atkins, Erg; he had tix sons, and two daughters; bu: was the father of two fons, Henry and only John, late marquis of Carnarvon, James, and of five daughters, whereof and lord Henry, the present duke of Annabella was wedded to colonel Inwood, Chandos, survived their mother, who of Stanmore, Middlesex, and Mary, to died A. D. 1712: after which his grace Simon Adeane, Erg; of Charlgrove, Ox- married Cassandra, fister to Thomas Wil. ford hire; and Francis, constituted, in 1702, loughby lord, Middleton, and Lydia-Careceiver-general of the duties on salt. The tharine van Hatten, reli&t of Sir Thomas surviving daughters were, Mary, the wife Daval; but had no iffue by either of of Theophilus Leigh, of Alderton, Glou- them. John, marquis of Carnarvon, who cestershire, Erq; Elizabeth, married to served in parliament for Steyning in Alexander Jacob, Esq; a cadet of Sir Hit Sussex, wedded lady Catharine, daughter debrand Jacob's family, and secondly to of Lionel Talmarh, earl of Dysart in Scotthe rev. Dr. Dawson, of Windsor; Emma, land; and by her was father of two wedded to Edmund Chamberlain, of Siow, daughters, viz. lady Catharine, married Gloucestershire, Esq; Anne, the spouse of to captain ..... Lyon of the horse-goards, Charles Walcote, of Walcote, Esq; in and after his decease to Charles Stanhope, Shropthire ; and Catharine, the wife of Esq; and lady Jane (pofthumous) the wife Brereton Bourchier, of Barnsley-court, of ..... Bridges, Elg; her kinsman. His Gloucestershire, Esq; and secondly, of Hen. lordsnip dying of the small-pox, A. D. Ty Perrot, of North-Leigh, Oxfordshire, 1727, aged 24, without male issue, bis

right of succession to his father's titles and James, lord and duke of Chandos, in eftate devolved to his brother, his father's life-time represented the city . Henry, the present duke of Chandos, of Hereford in several parliaments. In who, when marquis of Carnarvon, repre1695, he was one of the committee for sented the city of Hereford, and the boexamining Sir Thomas Cooke, concerning coughs of Steyning and Bithop's-castle.


In 1728, he was appointed first gentleman Anne Wells, who, dying in 1769, left him of the bed-chamber to Frederic, late a daughter, lady Augusta, torn October prince of Wales : to whom he was also 6, 1-48. master of the horse, in 1735, and groom Armorial Bearings. Argent, on a cross, of the stole, in 1742. On Jan. 12, fable, a leopard's head, or. 1731-2, he was elected knight of the Creft. On a wreach, the burt of an old Bath ; grand-master of the free and ac man, lide-facert, proper, wreathed about cepted masons, April 6, 1738 ; and high the temples, argent and azure, vefied paly Neward of Winchester, in 1754. His of the first and gules, and semi of roungrace, by Mary, eldest daughter of Charles dies counterchanged; the cape ermine ; lord Bruce, only son of Thomas late and, on his head, a cap, or, lined with earl of Aylesbury, had a daughter, lady white fur. Caroline, born March 29, 1729-30, and Supporters. Two otters, argent. wedded, March 17, 1755. to John Leigh, Dictio. Maintien le droit. Support the of Addlefthrape, in Gloucestershire, Esq; and right. James, marquis of Carnarvon, born De- Chief Sears. Wilton-carle, and Acconcember 27, 1731, who married, March bury, in Hereford lire ; Biddelden, in 22, 1753, Margaret, daughter and heiress Hampihire; and in Upper-Brookstreet, of John Nichol, of Southgate, Middlesex, London. Erg; His grace married, secondly, Mrs.


Anno Bron was succeeded as mayor of Having resolved to invade the dominions

673. I the place in Neustria, by Wara- of Thierri, le sent deputies to that prince, con, a nobleman of a mild and peaceable besecching him to restore to their eftate character, very unfit for managing such a and dignities, those exiles who had Aed to turbulent nation. His inactivity provoked his protection, and to redrefs certain grievthe resentment of his own fon Giflemar, ances of which his subjects in general who supplanted him in his office, and profe. complained. This remonftrance being cuted the war against Pepin with such con- treated with scorn and disdain, Pepin adduct and vigour, as would, in all probabi- vanced with his forces to the frontiers, and lity, have secured success, if death had not encamped at Tefre, a village on the Dau. interpored, and removed him at a very cri- mignon, between St. Quintin and Peronne. tical conjun&ure. His post devolved up. Finding Thierri pofted on the other fide of on his brother-in-law Bertaire, a man of the river, at the head of a nurnerous ara violent temper and haughty disposition, my, be resolved to supply with stratagem who treated the nobles with such insolence what he wanted in frengtli. He decampand indignity, that many retired into Au- ed in the night, and forced the river at a strafia, under the protection of Pepin, distance, leaving all the figns of a precipi. whom they entreated to carry the war in- tate flight;" and Thierri being informed to the territories of Thierri, from whom of his retreat in the morning, commandthey said the male administration of Ber. ed his army to pass the Daumignon, and taire had alienated the affections of his pursue the fugitives. But scarce had one people. Pepin was extremely well qua. half of his forces reached the bank, when lified for executing such an enterprise. Pepin appeared drawn up in order of Brave, courteous, sage, and politic, lie baitie upon the hills on the other fide; knew how to cover the most unbounded from whence he poured down upon the diambition, with the specious cloak of mo- vided troops of Neustria and Burgundy, deration. He was sometimes denominated whom, after a very desperate refiftance, Pepin "Legros, or Pepin the Jolly, fome he routed with great Naughter. Bertaire, times Pepin le Vieux, and sometimes Pepin the mayor of the palace, fell in the battle ; le Jeune, to diftinguish him from others but Thierri fed to Paris, whither he was of the same name ; but his chief appel. pursued by the victor, into whole hands lation was Pepin de Heristal, from a palace the inhabitants of that capital delivered so called, about three miles from Liege. him and all his treasure, Pepin treated

the the monarch with all the external marks created duke of Burgundy, the other apof respect, he allowed him to retain the pointed mayor of the palace to Childebert, trappings of royalty ; indulged him with Being divorced from his wife, he married all the pleasures of sensuality, as well as Alpade, who bore to him Charles, fur. with all tbe pageantry of pomp. He still named Martel, and Childebrand. Drogon enjoyed the title of king, appeared as such was warm and active, brave and liberal; at all public folemnities, and gave audi- but he died in the flower of his age. Grience, as usual, to foreign amballadors. But moalde was more mild in his character, all the power of the empire resided in humane, pious, and discreet. The fons of the hands of Pepin, and he entirely con the second marriage did not rise to any ducted the macbine of government, great eminence, during the life of their

[An. 692. From this æra we may facher. date the extin&ion of the Merovingian Childebert II, having wielded an ineffec. race ; for though some of that family sur- tual fceptre leventeen years, under the tuvived it, they were no other than the toiage of Pepin, quitted this life ; and his Thadows of authority. Pepin's admirable son was proclaimed king by the name of conduct evinced the extent of his capaci. Dagobert I. Grimoalde was appointed ty. He Itrengthened his own influence, mayor of the palace; but acted in every by recalling those who had been sent in thing according to his father's direction. to exile. He redrefled grievances, punish Pepin being seized with a dangerous dr ed oppressors, regulated the finances, dir order at Jutil, in the neighbourtcod or ciplined the troops, honoured the clergy, Herittal, those who' envied his greatness, and promulgated wholesome laws in the persuaded that he could not recover, regeneral assemblies, held commonly in the solved to take this opportunity of ruining beginning of March, at which the prelates his whole family. A conspiracy was for as well as the nobility affifted. On these oc med for this purpose, under the auspices cafions, Thierri was always present in of Rangaire, who with his own hand ai. the character of sovereizn, feated on his faslinated Grimoalde, while he was at bis throne, and surrounded by his officers; all devotion in the church of St. Lamiert, at proceedings had the sanction of his name; Liege. Pepio, liowever, recovered curie and all benefits were said to issue from trary to all expectation; touk ampie vene his favour. The great abilities and infu- geance on his enemies; and as a mark of ence of Pepin, who had no other tille but extraordinary affection for his murdered that of prince, and duke of the Franks, in- fon, appointed his only fun Theudoalde, hanced his character to such a degree mayor of the palace, though he was yes in among the nations, that the court of hio infancy. Soon after this tracfa&tion France was visited by ambassadors from Pepin died, after having managed the sens the Sclavonians, Huns, Lombards, by the of government for the space of eight and Greek emperor Justinian II, and even the twenty years. The administratich was Saracens of Arabia. Thierri dying about devolved to Theudoalde’s grand-mother. three years after the demise of his autho- Plectrude, who having been divorced trom rity, left by his wife Cothilda two sons, Pepin, was reconciled to him after the of whom Pepin proclaimed the eldest, by death of his second confort. She atfun.ed the name of Clovis III, at that time in the the direction of affuirs, as tutorers to ber tenth year of his age, and th.s young prince grand-child; and dreading oppontions bore the regal title about four years, du- from her son-in-law Charles Martel, comring which Pepin was employed in re- mitted him to prison. But she had net ducing the Frisons, and other barbarous weight enoug'i 10 over-balance the faction nations, who had refused to pay the trio of her husband's enemies, who now took bute in which they had formerly acquiera arms against her, on pretence of restoring ced. Clovis did not attain to the years of Dagcbeit to the uncontrouled (way en. discretion ; but was succeeded as nominal joyed by his progenitors. In this emner. king by his brother Childebert, whose lile gency, Plectrude had recourse to the aflir. was equally inactive and obfcure. Mean tance of the Australians, who being des while, Pepin humbled the Allemans and voted to her family, raised a formidab.e Bavarians; and carefully provided for bis army to support her in Auence. This, own family. By his first wile Plectrude, however, being defeated by Dagobert and he had Diogon and Grimoalde, the first Rainfroy, whom the nobility had elected


mayor of the palace, Plectrude retired with ravaged the country as far as Paris, and Theudoalde to. Cologne; bat her grand returned in triumph to Austrafia. His son did not long survive the battle. In next aim was to infinuate himself into the mean time, Charles Martel escaping the city of Cologne, by means of a nefrom prison, repaired to Australia, where gotiation with his step-mother Plectrude, the people received him as their duke ; whose person remained in his power, toand he collected a good number of troops gether with all his father's treasure, which from the scattered remains of the army The had secured. Then he raised to the which had been defeated. Dagobert was throne of Australia a titular king, whose employed in making peparations for driv- name was Clothaire, but how nearly reing Plectrude from Cologne, when his ex- lated to the royal family historians have pedition was frustrated by his death, and not explained. On the other hand, Chilhis crown devclved to his only lon, a child peric and Rainfroy, apprehenfive of the at the breast, surnamed Thierri of Chelles, growing power of Charles, engaged in alfrom the place of his nativity. Rainfroy liance with Eudes duke of Aquitaine, and his adherents having occasion for a who had in the course of these troubles, King of some , courage and capacity, set made himself master of all the territories aside Tbierri, and bringing from a convent which the Franks poffefsed on the other Daniel, the son of Childeric II. be!lowed fide of the Loire. Chilperic now promised upon him the crown, with the appellation to confirm him in poffeffion of these proof Chilperic. This prince, though an vinces, provided he would act conjunctly ecclesiastic, manifested great spirit and ad- with him against Charles Martel ; and this dress, All his efforts were directed against condition he willingly embraced, regarda Charles Martel, who inherited all the qua ing Charles as a very dangerous rival. Jities and ambition of his father, and had They had scarce joined their armies, by this time compromised all differences when they received intelligence that Mar. with his mother-in-law Plectrude. Chile tel bad advanced as far as Soissons, to give peric having secured the alliance of the them battle. They were disconcerted by Frisons, who levied an army to co-ope. his boldness, and expedition ; and being rate with him in the field, marched in per- afraid of hazarding an action, the forces son into Australia; while they gave baitie of Chilperic infenfbly melted away. to Charles Martel, and gained an advan- Charles barrassed them with continual tage over him. This check enabled Chil. Skirmishes, till perceiving that Eudes was peric to effect a junction with the con- greatly hampered in his fituation, he proquerors, and undertake the fiege of Co posed a treaty ; in consequence of which, logne. But Plectrude having gratified his Chilperic and all his treasures were fur'allies with a considerable sum of money, rendered into the hands of Martel, who

they retied to their own country, and the gave him an honourable reception. Clo. king was obliged to delitt. In his retreat, thaire dying at this juncture, he prohe was harrassed by the forces of Charles claimed the other king of Austrasia. He Martel, who at length, attacked bis camp bestowed upon Rainfroy the county of in the forest of Arden, and obtained a Anjou. He reduced all those nations vidory, which augmented his credit and who had endeavoured to shake off the reputation to such a degree, that he soon yoke of the Franks. He defeated the found himself at the head of an army suf- Suevians by sea, and the Frisons by land. ficient to act upon the offensive against bis He worsted the Allemaps in two succefenemies,

live battles, and gained five victories over (Ap. 717.] Thus reinforced, he march- the Saxons. These exploits were followed towards Cambray, where Chilperic and ed by the death of Chilperic, a prince of his mayor bad established their head-quar- such courage and capacity as would have ters; and a battle ensuing in the neighbour- ensured success against any competitor hood of Arias, both sides fought with of ordinary talents. upcommon obftinacy; till at length, victory declared tor Charles Martel, who

[To be continued.] made the best use of his good fortune ;


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