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As the fashionable humour. of and plaguing every one he meets to making verses in Horace's days is hear him reciting them. This picone of the chief supports of our ture is pushed to an agreeable exanalysis of the Epistle under confi- travagance, and has, according to deration, the insertion of so long a our way of analising the Epistle, its passage, to prove it, will be the more great use. The moral the poet is readily pardoned.
too well-bred to add; but leaves it The poet proceeds to lay before to his pupil himself to find it out, his pupil a third consideration, to and apply it. It may be supposed deter him from continuing his close to stand thus : “ You yourself, if application to poetry ; to wit, that, you indulge an inordinate passion as he is a man of high rank and for making verses, may, in a great fortune, he runs the risk of being a measure, fall into the same ridicule ; dupe to Aatterers and sycophants, which how it will become the son of who will not fail to make court to Piso, and the heir of a consular fahim, by applauding his verses in the mily, I leave to the world and yourmost artful, and at the same time in self to think.” It is with great the most passionate and seemingly judgment and art the poet concludes zealous manner; insomuch that it the Epistle with this stroke: what will be almost impossible for him to is said last generally makes the deepdistinguish between truth and false- eft impression, other circumstances hood, sincerity and adulation. This being equal. But this being, in its part of the Epistle is so high wrought, own nature, very likely to have great that it furnishes a strong presump- influence on a young nobleman, it tion to confirm my opinion of its is cunningly placed at the end of the principal drift. The following fimile performance, for the pupil to chew is admirable, ver. 431.
his cud upon.
This is the substance of the rea. Ut qui condueti plorant in funere dicunt,
sons, which induce me to think that Et faciunt prope plura dolentibus ex animo, Derisor vero plus laudatore, movetur.
one great motive to the poet, for
writing the celebrated Epistle, if not As hirelings, paid for their funeral tear, Outweep the sorrows of a friend sincere;
the principal one, was to take an So the false raptures of a flatterer's art, opportunity of giving falutary ad. • Exceed the praises of an honest heart. vice to young Piso, and diffuade him
FRANCIS. from a too eager and close applicaHe concludes this part of his ad.
tion to poetry. I Mall collect them monition with an interesting reflec
into a narrower compass, that you tion; to wit, that though the effects may
hafa may have a succinct view of them of battery with respect to verfe placed nearer one another, which making, may appear trilir.g, yet
vet may perhaps recommend them more they may lead into serious mischiefs: to your favour and approbation.
The Epistle is inscribed to Piso bæ nugæ seria ducent
the father, and his two sons. The Sa mala derijum jeme exceptumque jourgette father, a man of consular dignity,
The poet concludes the Epistle whose eminence and worth were with an humorous picture of a con- sufficient to justify our poet in unceited poet, full of his own verses, dertaking and publishing such ą.
to the father and youelled, learned and in
work, either to illustrate the splen- monly fets forth the drift and indor, or promote the interest of his tention of a discourse. family. To the father and younger It hath been objected, by a very son nothing particular is addressed, learned and ingenious friend of except a short compliment, already mine, “ that, in his opinion, an taken notice of, in four or five words advice of this delicate and home-felt in the beginning, and an hint or nature, might be more properly and two, near the end, that the father effe&tually suggested in private, than was a good judge of poetical com- in a work calculated and in all proposition :
bability intended for the public inQuamvis & voce paterna fingeris ad re&tum.-
This obje&tion may, I think, bę In meti ; descendat judicis aures, .
set aside by the following considera. Et patris & noftras.--
tions. Perhaps, and most likely, Whereas the elder son is personally private admonition to young Piso fingled out, and spoke to in no less had been first tried in vain. Perthan 110 lines, which are all em- haps the Epistle was not published ployed, directly or indireály, with till long after it was written ; but a view to the end above mentioned; kept as a curiosity in the family, to and are, in a remarkable manner, whom it was inscribed, for the behighly laboured, even so as to con- nefit of which it was penned. These tain something very like sophistry, suppositions are natural enough, and in order to gain his point.
far from being strained. But, heThe character of Horace, who sides, the poet, in the Epistle, hath was remarkably indolent, but at the so managed matters, that Piso's chasame time highly sensible of the racter cannot fuffer by his treatcharms of friendship, seems very ment there, especially if he was much to favour our opinion; it then very young, which, for aught being scarce probable, that he would we know to the contrary, was the have undertook so laborious a talk, case. And to be sure Horace would merely to correct and form the taste not thew his poem to any, much of the town with respect to drama- less publish it to the world, without tic poetry, unless he had been spurred Piso the father's consent, who was a on by a collateral incentive.—The man of great sense. To come still multiplicity of the precepts, general closer; either young Piso was more and particular, and the bulk they addicted to the study of poetry than take up, to wit, above three fourths Horace approved of, or he was nor. of the performance, are no objec- If he was not, then the poet was tion to our analysis; but rather an guilty of an egregious impropriety, argument for it, as they serve to in giving him, singled out, and disa cover the author's design on Piso, tinguished from his younger broobliquely contribute to promote it, ther, (O major juvenum) laboured inrand are artfully interspersed with structions, which he needed not. To pallages préparatory towards it. fuppose this, were an absurdity. If
The dissuasive address to Piso con- he was too deeply smitten with this cludes the whole, and hath perfe&tly passion, which is scarce to be doubtthe air of a peroration, which com- ed, is there not wholsome advice,
fet off with great learning, wit, to my own way of thinking as to humour, delicacy, and energy, and be convinced, that the celebrated profecuted to a considerable length, Epistle, viewed in this light, appears for a work of that kind, offered to have more beauty, more variety, him, concluding the whole with an and more of the peculiar characteartful stroke, in order to dissuade ristic of our poet, to wit, the polite him from giving way to the ca. vafrities, or craftiness, than in any coethes ? And is not this to be other; and this consideration chiefly reckoned, at least, one strong motive confirms me in maintaining the anafor writing the poem, if not the lyfis now delivered. principal one?
I reinain, dear Sir, yours, &c. Upon the whole, I am so partial
The FORCE of NATURAL AFFECTION.
To the Authors of the British MAGAZINE: Gentlemen,
by his wife, who had imbibed all the THE power of natural affection extravagant notions of her husband.
is so well known, that it is un. But they were both equally mortinecessary to introduce the following fied and disappointed to find, that story with any general reflections Theodosius was obftinately bent aupon it, as the events which it con- gainit the match. His mother heretains are of so interesting a nature, upon formed a fufpicion that his that they cannot fail to engage the heart was pre-engaged ; and this attention of every reader that is not was soon after turned into certainty, destitute of the virtues of humanity.' by her intercepting a letter addressed
An old gentleman of an antient by Theodofius to Sylvia, a young family, and poffefied of a large estate, woman of extraordinary beauty and whom I shall for the present call great accomplishments, who, being Gloriofus, as his greatest foible con- the daughter of a merchant to whom fifted in valuing himself too much Gloriosus had particular obligations, upon the nobility of his ancestors, had been by him entertained, when an extravagant notion which he had her father, on account of the perimproved by a long residence in Spain, plexed Itate of his affairs, was obliged had a son, pofleffed of every amiable to quit the kingdom. It appeared quality, whom I shall beg leave to from this letter, that Theodosius had call by the name of Theodofius. As been for fome time past privately Gloriosus was rather intent upon in- married to Sylvia, and that his recreasing the honour of his family than jeating the match proposed by his amassing wealth, he resolved to marry parents took rise from his affection bois son to the daughter of a neigh- to her. bouring gentleman, whose pedigree This discovery threw Gloriofus incould bear the strictest inquiry, tho' to the most violent rage imaginable ; the portion of the young lady was and he immediately resolved to dirbut small. In this he was seconded inherit his son, and never see him
more, if he did not consent to have riage with Sylvia, and wished that his clandestine marriage annulled. their union might prove both last
Sylvia, being informed of this ri- ing and happy. gorous determination, begged to be The joy of the young couple, heard in her own defence; and the upon this occasion, may be more old gentleman agreed to the inter- easily conceived than expressed : it view, flattering himself that he was indeed so great, that it received should be able to persuade her to no conliderable accession when the consent to the separation. The father of Sylvia, having settled his young lady, however, pleaded her affairs, returned from abroad, and cause in terms so pathetic, that, fee- made her fortune much greater than ing Gloriosus begin to melt, she that which Theodofius was to have produced the two children whom had with the lady whom his parents The had by his son; which af. urged him to marry. This circumfecting circumstance so powerfully ftance, however, contributed not a moved the passions of the old man, little to their satisfaction, as interest that he immediately embraced them has always great influence over the as his grand-children, notwithstand- old. ing all the remonftrances of his wife;
I am, Gentlemen, yours, &c. and, sending for Theodofius, declared that he consented to his mar
HISTORY OF CANADA. [ Continued. ] An. CARCE had the French deputies from the canton of Agnier, 1646. colony of Canada begun who came to condole with the to enjoy the sweets of peace, and French governor upon the death of the missinnaries to resume their apof- two missionaries, the fathers Maffé tolical labours, when the war was and de Noué; the latter of whom almoft rekindled by an unexpected had been found starved among the incident. Three Indians of Sylleri snow, and immediately sainted by were murdered in the fields; an- the superstition of the people. other, travelling with his wife, was The deputies, who came with attacked, and mortally wounded: compliments of condolance, or, in the woman was scalped, and left for their own phrase, to cover the dead, dead; however, the recovered, and advised the governor-general to be her husband died. The fufpicion, upon his guard against the other at first, fell upon the Iroquois ; but cantons their brethren, until they it afterwards appeared, that the al should be exprelly comprehended in faffins were of the nation called So- the peace. At the same time they kokis, professed enemies of the Al- told him this might be easily effectgonquins, who had used all their ed, if he would procure the release induence to frustrate the peace which of some of their brethren, who were had been so lately established. In still detained prisoners by the French fpite of all their endeavours the allies. These hints, however, were treaty was ratified a-new, by frel neglected.
In the mean time, father Jogues ascribes this mocking instance of accompanied these deputies in their mad fanaticism to the supernatural return to their own canton, where impulse of heaven. Thus the worst he was received with great marks of a&ions of mankind are varnished profound esteem, and caressed even over by the artifice of priestcraft, or by those who had tormented him the prejudice of enthusiasm. before. He was so well pleased with Jogues and his attendant pursued his reception, that he resolved to their journey to the first village of fix his habitation among them : the Iroquois, where they were treatmean wbile, leaving his chest and ed like prisoners of war, stripped, baggage in this canton, he repaired beaten, baftinadoed, and plainly told to Fort Richelieu, to wait on Mr. de that they were condemned to death : Montmagny, and assured that gen- that, however, they should not be tleman, that he might depend upon burned, but killed with a hatchet, the sincerity of the Agniers. The and their heads fixed on stakes, for a governor, however, had more pene- public monument. The missionary, tration than to confide in the af- notwithstanding his eager desire of surance of an ill-informed milliona- martyrdom, pleaded for his life with ry, whose character was composed the most earnest elocution. He reof simplicity and enthusiasm. He presented, in the most lively colours, had received certain intelligence, the crime and indignity of such prothat the Iroquois ineditated a rup- ceedings. He expatiated on the ture. Nevertheless, he suffered the confidence he had shewn in deliverpoor father to return, and expose ing himself into their hands: he rehimself again to the brutal rage of minded them of the invitations they these lavages. He set out for Ag- had given him, to come and dwell nier, accompanied by a young among them ; he repeated the proFrenchman called La Lande, and mise they had so solemnly made: he attended by some Indians; who, enlarged upon the humane conduct hearing that the Iroquois had com of the French, with respect to them; menced hoftilities, by attacking a upon the treaty sealed with oaths, Huron village in the night, thought and the little advantage they could proper to forsake him in the neigh- reap from the renewal of the war. bourhood of Trois Rivieres. Any To this harangue they made no other person, thus abandoned by reply; but maintained a gloomy his conductors, and alarmned with horrid silence 'till next day in the such intimations, would have re- evening, being the seventeenth day turned immediately to the French of October. Then a Huron, who settlement; but father Jogues was lived at Agnier, led Jogues into his not conducted by the dictates of hut, on pretence of refreshing him human reason. He had been long with food; for neither he nor his enamoured of the crown of martyr- companion had tasted any thing dom, and now foresaw the consum- since their journey. As he entered mation of his wish : he might, how the cabin, a savage, who lay conever. have excused the poor youth, cealed behind the door, started up, who perhaps was not at all ambi- and laid him dead with one blow of tious of this honour. Charlevoix a hatchet. La Lande, who followed