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lives being every year lost in this fport. While he was in the garden, above an They always find it the fureft method to hundred shot were fired at him, which fire at them with iron bullets; for lead is made him bleed exceedingly, but did not found too soft- to penetrate those thick, raise his indignation : nor would his fury hard scales that serve to thield their bo- at all have broke forth, if a negro had not dies, like a coat of mail. No white ele- been hardy enough to lay hold of his tail, phants are ever met with on the coast, al- and attempt to cut it off; a piece of imthough travellers relate that they are com- prudence of which he had foon reason to mon enough in the interior countries along repent. The elephant, turning swiftly the Niger, in Abiffinia, and in the pro- round, hit him with his proboscis, which vince of Zanziba. Barbot affures us that overturned him, then trampled and tore he 'has seen an elephant swim with the him in pieces with his tusks and feet; af(wiftness of a galley with fix oars, and out- ter which moved a little afide, and fuffered Tun a horse for a short time, Qualities like the body to be taken away, without offerthese we should not expect to find in an ing the least resistance. At length, through animal of so prodigious a bulk.

lofs of blood, he became faint, and retirA great many elephants are likewise ing under the shade of a tree, laid himfound in the kingdom of Fetu on the self quietly down, and breathed his laft; coaft; and it may serve for a general ob. a circumstance which confims the notion fervation, that the less populous a coun- the negroes have, that as soon as an eletry is, the more it abounds with wild ani- phant perceives death approaching, he remals of all kinds. All the interior king- tires out of decency under a tree, or into doms have them, from whence they come thicket, and there expires, Bosman, who down to the coasts, within musket-thot of lived many years on the coast, had seen the European settlements, and commit a- four instances of this, and was told of a bundance of mischief. In the year 1697, number of others from unquestionable au: an elephant of an uncommon magnitude thority. . was killed near the Dutch fort of Acra, his A t the Cape, an elephant being yoaktwo great teeth, or tusks, weighing 220 ed to a Chip that was careening there, fair pounds. In 1700 a negro at Axim, that ly drew it along the strand; a sufficient was accustomed to elephant-hunting, and proof of the stupendous strength of this a. had killed several, took aim at one that animal, tame near his hut; but the musquet mif- Throughout Afia they are used for mafing fire, the elephant gave him chace, o- ny purposes : but fince the invention of vertook him, and broke the gun in pieces, gunpowder, they have been very little made disdaining to hurt the man. The fame use of in war. The mogul has 500, fome year an elephant came to Elmina, walking say a 1000, in his service, some few bred gravely along the fhore, when he was first up for war, and others to carry their prindiscovered by the negroes, who boldly fur- ces and great officers. In the mogul's ter: rounded him unfurnished with weapons. ritories there are very few if any wild The elephant suffered them to encompass elephanta; for these animals are chiefly imhim, going gravely along with them to ported from Farther India, where they are mount Saint Jago, where one of the of. vastly numerous. The king of Siam has ficers of the fort fired at him, with a mur- a great number of elephants, who have all ket ball, which hit him above the eye, but fervants to attend them : they are covered did not irritate, or even seem the least to with rich cloths, adorned with colours and offend him, Neither this nor feveral other streamers, when they appear abroad. The Mots poured in upon him made him in the Siamese are of opinion they are animated fmallest degree mend his pace; the only by some illustrious souls. The white eles effect they had, was to make him now and phant, which the king of Siam imagines then toss his head in a menacingmanner, is the only one of that colour, and has the and prick up his ears, which were of a pro- foul of some great prince lodged in him, digious fize. At last he entered the com- he never rides upon ; orders him to be pany's gardens, pushing before him the served in gold plate, and treated as rovegate, as if no impediment at all were in reign of the species. Next to the white the way, and breaking down large cocoa elephant, the black are most elteemed, on trees, without seeming to exert any more account of their scarcity. When the king force than a man would to beat a child. appears in public, which is but twice a

year, year, he is most times mounted on a high he rides on an elephant, and is attended seat on the back of an elephant, and the by his negroes on foot. guide fits on the neck of the beast. This Many other instances might be related monarch has likewise fome hundreds of of the actions and surprising, qualities of these animals kept in his service, many the elephant, and of the esteem he is in, out of oftentation and a shew of grandeur; and the use which is made of him by diffor since the use of cannon they can be offerent nations; but we have already relatno very great service in battle, but are ed a sufficient number, to prove that this very easily put into disorder, and frighten- is a moft ingenious and wonderful animal, ed by the firing and noise of those terri- and without doubt approaches the nearest ble instruments. When the king of Cochin, to human sensibility and rationality, of any on the coast of Malabar, goes abroad, creature in the world.

To the Authors of the BRITISH MAGAZINE.

REASONS why Easter-Day falls on the 22d of March, 1761.

GENTLEMEN,

.. of Nice; and consequently caused the AS many people have been at a loss to vernal equinox, as by Old Stile, to fall on n account for Easter-Day, &c. falling the soth and inth of March: but pope this year on the 22d of March, when the Gregory XIII. in the year 1982, perFull Moon falls on the 20th of March; ceiving this variation, caused ten days to therefore, not agreeing with the table in be struck out of that year, which restored the Common Prayer-Book, which says, the vernal equinox to the 21st of March " that Easter-Day is always the first again, and this form was called the Gre, Sunday after the first Full Moon, which gorian, or New Stile, which, being the happens next after the 21st day of March,” true one, was embraced in England, and the following is a concise and familiar ac- ordered by Parliament to commence the count thereof, viz.

21st of January 1752, and taking 11 days Eafter-day, or the Feast of the Passover, out of the month of September 1752, by all the primitive Fathers, and the Coun- has brought the vernal equinox to fall on cil of Nice, was agreed to be observed on the 20th or 2 ift of March every year the Sunday next after the Full Moon, fince; and also, the Feast of the Passover, which succeeded the vernal Equinox; that or Easter, to be celebrated according to is, when the sun entered the first scruple the original institution, and the intent of of the fign Aries; or, otherwise, when the Council of Nice; that is, on the Sunthe days and nights are exactly equal in day next after the Full Moon, immediateMarch; which fell on the 2 ift of March ly after the vernal equinox; and also 1436 years ago, when the Council of makes the civil or political year to keep Nice was held; but the common year of pace with the solar year; for even this 365 days, fix hours, and leap year of year 1961, wherein we have as early an 366 days, (which have been observed Easter as can possibly happen, the equinox Gince the year was so regulated by Julius falling on March the 20th, in the mornCæfar) being somewhat more than 11 ing, and the Full Moon between five and minutes longer than a solar tropical year; fix in the evening, yet the equinox prethe times of the equinoxes go backward, cedes the Full Moon; and the whole shews and fall earlier by about i day in 130 that the table in the Common Prayeryears; and if 1436 be divided by 130, Book is of no longer use than the lunar it will quote 11, the number of days the difference from the New Stile will admit equinox has fallen back since the Council of,

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Answers to MATHEMATICAL QUE'STION .

! Queff. 21. constructed by Mr. C. G. of Greenwich. Describe the semircircle OSH, draw AS at right of angle's to OH, to represent al the wind at south, 61 points from Sto B and G, draw AB and AG = 360, set off A D the course of the cur- F rent = 127, draw B C and Ga parallel to AD, and likewise = 127, compleat the

. S two parallelograms ABCD and AGaD, then draw the two diagonals AC and AF continued, set off the port at E as per question, and thro' È parallel to AC draw FE, to cut the diagonal Aa (continued) in F; then will AF measured give the distance failed on the starboard tack, and FE the distance run on the larboard tack.

Mr. Barker, after having set off the port at E, and compleated the parallelogram ABCD, with the diagonal AC, in the same manner as Mr. C.G. has done above, he draws the line CE to the port E, and concludes that AC is the real run on the larboard tack, and CE on the starboard tack. We have omitted both these gentlemen's calculations, because they are the only persons that have favoured us with solutions to this quellion, which differ so widely, that we think we shall give less offence to either of them, by compofing a new question from the constructions above, to be solved in a subsequent Magazine.

Queft. 22. by Mr. T. Barker, Schoolmafter at West Hall, Suffolk. Put a = BD = 126, 6 = 23457.28, =0.2618, d=GH=65, x=DK=KI, and y = EF; then a-x=BK, and a--2x=3; ' BI: also, per similar triangles, as a~2x(BI) :9 (EF) :: 2-x (BK): d (GH). Again, a - 2 x x < y2 = 6 per quest. whence x = 1

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a=*a=ļa- per first and second
equation, which brought out of fractions, and
put into numbers, gives 0.00140625y3 +
y=130; solved, gives y=40=EF, then
*=35=DK=IK, and AC=90, &c. A

D
Ths question was also neatly constructed and solved by Mr. E. Johnson of
Hull, Mr. Longmate, Mr. Tennant, Mr. Vevers, and some others.

· Queft. 23. anfavered by Mr. Ed. Johnson of Hull, By comparing the second and wird equations, we have ya tox?z? =*? + göz”, and : x'=* = 1, and consequentlyx=ı. By writing 1 for 2, the first equation becomes 1 +*2g2=108243217, reduced x)=10104; this

2

being doubled, and added to, and subtracted from the second equation, and then taking the square roots, we get x+y=1740, and x-y=1728; hence x=1734, and y=6: consequently Mr. Harris was born the first of June 1734.

Meff. Barker, Tennant, Vevers, Harris, Crass, Longmate, and Ogle, answered this question.

Quest 24. answered by Stephen Ogle of Rotherhithe. Let 2a=50.26=35, c={the excess of the great above the lefser part, and x=the distance of the centre, from the partition ; then per infinite series we

ab . 3 x 5x 7x hall have 20. x ax- *- *- 45&c. = 0, from whence, by taking

oa 403a 112 4 or 5 of the terms = c (because the series converges pretty fast) the value of x may be obtained very nearly,

Meff. Johnson, Longmate, Tennant, Harris, Crafs, and Barker, fent elegant solutions to this question. Quest. 25. answered by Mr. J. Metcalf of Wentworth-House.

[ See Fig. at the Question ] 180°-32° 32' 1211 =BAC = 73° 44' 24", and 180° – BAC = BAE

BAC = 106° 15' 36"; then half the natural fine of a = 3, and half the na

BAE tural fine of = 4. Now, their sum being 7, and BC + BE (by the question) = 70, the chords, and diameter required, are 30, 40, and 50-refpe&ively.

This question was likewise answered by Meff. Johnson, Harris, Tennant, Longmate, Vevers, Barker, and Ogle. New MATHEMATICAL QUESTIONS.

Question 30. 'Required, a demonftration of Mr. C. G.'s and Mr. Barker's conftru&ion to Queft. 21, and to determine which of these gentlemen are out in their so. lutions ?

Queft. 31. by Mr. Barker Schoolmaster. r *y?Z3 ==73728 1 Quere, x, y, and z, by an equaGiven y Z 2 x3 = b = 24576

r tion, not exceeding a cubic? Z *2y3 =-= 2;648 ) Queft. 32. by Mr. T. Walker, of Colnbridge, Yorkshire.

px xy2 +42 +42 = 20850 =57 Given

y * *2 +Z2 + u? =23238 = n | Quere, x, , z, and 4,
?
zxx2 + y2 + u2 = 24654.59 with the investigation?
Lux*2 + y2 +22=24750 = h)

Queft. 33. by Mr. Ogle of Rotherhithe. Given the area of an oval = 100, to determine the diameters when in the ratio of 2 to 1 ; also to determine the diameters of an ellipsis of the same pro. rortion and arca?

by Mr. Ogle.ermine the diams of the same po

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