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The Jews, under Pretence of being the special People of God, had an Aversion to all Governors but what were of God's special Appointment, and were É. their own ation. They thought Subjećtion to the Roman Power, a Derogation to God and his Church, and paying Taxes to Heathen Emperors, a Reproach not to be comply'd with. . In all Probability this wicked Principle amongst the Jews was derived first from the Insurrection and Followers of Judas of Galilee, mentioned Acts v. 17. [See the Note on Ver, 1.] This Insurrection had made the very Name of the Jews odious at Rome, whither St. Paul intended to go shortly himself. Wherefore to prevent his coming under this general Scandal, and for fear the Jewish Christians should inherit this Prejudice, and be leaven'd with this Nation, the Aposile warns them agains; it in this Chapter, by declaring God to be equally the Author and Ordainer of Heathen Governments, as of the Jewish. That Christianity meddled not with any Civil Powers; and that Christians of all Sorts ought to be obedient to the Constitutions of the several Countries they liv'd in, out of a Principle of Duty and Conscience. Then he returns to his Exhortations to Christian Charity, and mutual Love; to Purity, Peaceableness, and Sabriety, as the essential Duties of the Gospel Religion.
is their Lord and Governor, as his peculiar People; are
3. For rulers are 3. And 'tis very fit he should, not a terror to good because all civil Governments
works, but to the evil. whatever are intended of God
for one and the same good End, viz. Defending the Community in their Rights and Properties,
4. For all Persons in whom the supreme Authority is lodged, whether they be one or many, whether jews, 3. or Christians, are the Ministers and Vice-gerents of God, for the Good and Peace of the Communities they govern. If indeed you break the Laws, and affront the Authority that made them, you may well fear, and
tinually upon this ve- any jewish Governor can have,
7. Render therefore : Do not therefore look upon to all their dues;, tri- Tribute as a Reproach upon jour bute to whom tribute Nation, but pay it chearfully as a is locus onto whom just and legal Due; honour and . : . *: respect the Government you live o * under, and pay to every Magilo. strate and Officer employed in it, his proper Reverence and Regard.
ther commandment, it
is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt
love thy neighbour as thyself. U 1o. Love
* Note, These Jewish Zealots also might have convinced themselves of the Error of their Opinion in this Matter, even out of their own Writings, as Prov. viii. 15. Dan. ii. 22. Eccles, zvii. 17. Deut. xxxii. 8. Wisd, vi 1, 2, 3, 4. Isai. xliv. 28.