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payment of debt, and religion, is light (or of light account); our faith in God, and loyalty to the King, are most translucently light, apparently light, refulgently light, illustrately light, transparently light, internally light, externally light, infernally light, emblazoned, perspicuated, cognominated, propagated, and promulgated, to all the world to be light (lighter than any thing that we call lightness), lighter than vapour, air, smoke, flame, dust, chaff, wind, feather, froth, cork, yeast, fog, puff, blast, a whore, vanity, yea more light than vanity itself.

As concerning Quicunque vult (or whosoever will be saved) it is an argument that he, that will be, may be, and he that will not, may chuse whether he will or no; which implies a free-will (a very popish conclusion), also that creed is concluded to be called Catholick, which word we like not.

Next followeth the litany, which is a hard word to us, and sounds in our spacious ears as it were Latin, or the beast's language; we confess there are some few sentences, that may be tolerated; but we ought to remember ourselves, and take heed that we avoid praying against fornication, sedition, conspiracy, false doctrines, heresy, hardness of heart, and contempt of God's word and commandment; for you know, brethren, that these are daily and nightly contemplations, and recreations: Besides, it seems to be a swearing kind of invocation (as)

By the incarnation, by the nativity and circumcision, baptism, fasting, temptation, agony, bloody sweat, cross, passion, death, burial, resurrection, ascension, and coming of the Holy Ghost,' (all which is most certainly true) but we ought to find out some other by-word, than the word by; for, though by them all true believers are saved, yet that is no warrant or argument we should swear by them. · Then there is praying, that the church may be ruled and governed in the right way; which, if that be granted, what will become of us, that do know ourselves to be none of the true church? therefore that prayer belongs not to us.

Then follow beseechings for blessings to be upon the King, Queen, and royal posterity, and that they may have victory over all their enemies; all the world knows, we are none of their friends, therefore these prayers are Apocrypha to us, neither will we be so simple to pray against ourselves ; and the case is plain, that rebellion must be tamed, before the King can be victorious.

Then follows praying for bishops (whom we cannot abide, nor can we shew wherefore) and, amongst the rest, there is a prayer · for all women labouring with child,' in which prayer many a loose harlot may be comprehended; therefore it had been fitter to have prayed for all women labouring with child lawfully begotten, for, verily, it is sinful to pray for either root, stock, limb, bough, branch, sprig, leaf, fruit, or seed, of the wicked. I like well of the last verse, except one, of the same litany, wherein we pray, 'that the fruits of the earth may be given and preserved to our use,' but with this proviso, that we alone; and none but we, who labour in the holy cause, 'should enjoy them in due time,' or at any tiine.

Then there are prayers for mercy, for grace, for defence and victory

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in war, for preservation from plague and pestilence, for bishops again, and curates, for rain, for fair weather, and for relief in dearth and famine; then there follow eighty-four things, which they call collects, wherein many holy saints are remembered on certain peculiar days ; and, though we can justly find nothing but what is agreeable to God's word in the whole liturgy, yet the purity of our singular doctrines doth hold it profane and popish, for we have the spirit to prompt us, insomuch as our grave patriots have lately thought fit to unsaint all the saints, and all the churches and houses of God in London have been, these many months, disrobed of their sanctimonious names, and are all excommunicated out of the weekly diseased bill; for now the churches are to be called no more St. John's, St. Peter's, but Peter's, Andrew's, James's, John's, George's church or parish, with so many died of such and such diseases, or by such a casualty, or such a rascal hanged himself, for playing a Judas's part against his sovereign.

Next follow the ten commandments, which we neglect to say, because they are of the Old Tesament, and the law was given to the Jews; we that are christians are freed from it by the gospel. Besides, it is said to have two tables, one shewing our duty towards God, the other towards man : Concerning the first of them, we hold ourselves clear from idolatry, swearing, and profanation: For the second, we conceive it not to bind us, either to give honour to the King or magistrates (they being the fathers and protectors of our country, wealth, estates, and all we enjoy under God), nor to our natural parents, if they be not of our faith.

At the communion, there are prayers for the King again, and the Belief, with repeating some portions of scripture, to move men to charity and good works, all which we omit, for only faith is our practice; and for good works, or charity, we hold it to be unnecessary, and therefore we will neither use or do any : Neither will we receive, lying, standing, sitting, nor kneeling, by any means, nor any way that is commanded by order, in what place or country whatsoever. As for publick or private baptism, we are able to do that ourselves, either in a bason, a river, a brook, a pond, a pool, a ditch, or a puddle; nor do we hold it fitting, but that we be godfathers and godmothers to our children ourselves, and call them what scripture names we list. Nay, we will church our wives ourselves too. And, as for matrimony, we will save that charge, and take one another's words; for we must take our wives words for our children, and why not for themselves ? As for the visitation of the sick, and burial of the dead, they are both fit to be done ; the one is necessary, because the brethren and sisters may meet and salute the feast.

And, as for the burial of the dead, the case is all men's, besides boys, women, and children : But a grave and learned long-standing lecturer did lately find out the right way of burial, for an old man that died in the parish of St. James, near Duke’s-place, within Aldgate, at which funeral he preached ; and in his sermon he told the dead man his faults very roundly, and abused the corpse more for ten shillings, than any conformable preacher would have done for twenty; and when he came to the laying the body in the ground, he omitted all order and ceremonies of burial, only thus briefly he said,

Ashes to ashes, dust to dust,
Here's the hole, and in thou must.

So there is an end, and an end of my lecture.

A POSTSCRIPT. It is humbly desired, that the reader do not censure the writer with any thought, or touch of profanity, for in this foregoing discourse he hath only decyphered the foolish grounds and tenets which the teachers of the pestilent sects of schismaticks and separatists do hold and maintain.

Your's, J. T.







Wherein were left dead upon the place between five and six thousand

of the Swedish party, and between ten and twelve thousand of the Imperialists, where the King himself was unfortunately slain, whose death counterpoised all the other. Pappenheim, Merode, Isolani, and divers other great commanders were offered up like so many sacrifices on the Swedish altar, to the memory of their King. Here is also inserted an abridgement of the King's life, and a relation of the King of Bohemia's death, faithfully translated out of the French copy.

Printed 1633. Quarto, containing forty-five pages.

To the Reader.

WE see that, in the greater maps, things are expressed more plainly,

than they can be in the smaller, though they be drawn all by one skill; So virtue in princes is more perspicuous, than in plebeians ; in the former she is drawn at length, with all her dimensions : in the

very near her.

latter she is limned in little, being invisible, unless you approach

And indeed, this is consonant to nature's own wisdom, who suffers the vital spirits in the body to go to the least member, yea to the very finger's end ; yet doth she most plentifully bestow them, where she hath the greatest employment for them : So on the vulgar she confers gifts suitable to so low a calling : But, in Princes and Monarchs, she centuples and irradiates her ornaments, because by them she speaks, and gives laws to humanity. Yet is not this rule so general, that it often suffers not an exception : For, as nature distinguisheth between the subject and the prince by sovereignty, so doth she between prince and prince, by virtue and ability. That this is true, this our dear tragical subject will serve for a lively and clear demonstration, whom neither this age, nor any of the former, could parallel, in the management both of the scepter, and the sword. In his whole reign, his prudence at home hath not deserved more admiration than his prowess abroad: For indeed, from his youth upwards, Mars hath been the sphere, wherein he hath moved, into which violated justice first hauled him, and out of which nothing but she appeased, or death could remove him. He was a general before a man, and with a yet unreaped chin mowed down his enemies before him. With many kingdoms, at once, he waged war, from all which he forced conditions, advantageous to him and his. This was not without the amazement of all men, to see a point oppose and conquer so vast a circumference. In his wars I will only observe three things : His way to victory, his behaviour in it, his carriage after it. For the first, he did animate his soldiers rather by fighting, than exhorting; nor did he challenge to himself any advantage above the meanest of them, but honour and command. He knew that it is in empire, as in the body, where the most dangerous diseases flow from the head: Wherefore he worked on their manners by his own, the only firm cement of a general and his army. He well understood that faith and loyalty are not to be exe pected, where we impose thraldom and servitude ; and therefore at times he would be familiar, as well with the common soldier as the commander. His invention and execution of all military stratagems were ever twins ; for in all his conquests he owed as much to his celerity as valour. When his foes were in their tents securely discoursing of him, as a-far off, he, like the wolf, broke into their fable, to their irrecoverable astonishment. They could not withstand the force of his fame, much less that of his arms. One feather more I must add, without which his victories had not been fully plumed, nor could have soared so high, and that was this : He never persuaded any man to an enterprise, in which he would not himself make one. He taught them, as well by hand, as tongue. I may

add, that neither antiquity can, nor posterity ever shall produce a prince so patient of all military wants, as of meat, drink, warmth, sleep, &c. all which are necessary to the maintenance of life. In divers sufferings of his, he recalls to my mind the most accomplished of the Romans, Cato, who, leading his troops through the contagious and poisonous desarts, was ever the last of his army that drank, save

once, when he began to them all in water taken from a spring sus

pected to be invenomed. Thus much of his way to victory, now let us come to his deport

ment in it. After all his conquests, such a calm immediately ensued, that the passed storm was soon forgotten, and the enemy appeared rather like one suddenly wakened, than frighted. There was not any of his victories that washed not her hands of all cold and innocent blood. He was so severe a justicer, that he often revenged the violating of his merciful decrees even upon the place, and sometimes on men of quality, whom he affected. The laws of retaliation he knew so well, that he gave to all men punctual satisfaction for all offences received from his party, according to the nature of the wrong done. For this cause, his tribunal (like the Roman) stood ever open. All his great atchievements were ever attended by devotion within, and circumspection without. He first praised God, and then provided for man; at once having an eye on his enemies next designs, and his soldiers present necessities. The greatest of his glories, purchased with blood and sweat, could neither change the estate of his mind, or copy of his countenance. The true greatness of his spirit was such, that, in all his actions, he placed ostentation behind, and conscience before him, and sought not the reward of a good deed from fame, but from the deed itself. I conclude this point with this assertion, that honesty had as strict and great a command over him, as necessity over mankind. He was a prince of so great and clear a fame, that envy herself blushed to oppose it, and therefore was forced to assume the mask of religion, under which she might securely display her invectives. Religion, religion, it is thou that shouldest unite, but dost estrange hearts; and makest us seek to take away even those lives that gave us ours. Let a man have in eminency all the cardinal and theological virtues, he of a contrary sect looks on all these through a mist raised by his malice, which makes him either not see them at all, or not as they are. O Jesus, Jesus, in thy best blessed time, gather thy strayed flock into one fold, and let truth and peace kiss each other. This testimony the perfections of this prince drew from

me, who was abstemious and continent in every thing, save in the search of glory and virtue. It now remains, that I say something of the ensuing treatise, in which

is contained the last and greatest battle of this king, his deplored death, and other weighty circumstances. The original is French, written by one of the ablest pens of that nation. He begins at the king's coming down into Germany, and extends his story to his death. Of all the modern histories, I dare make it the chorųs; for it is written in a stile so attick, and so judicial, that it may well be called the French Tacitus. What hath been before delivered, 'in other discourses concerning this subject, is to this nought else but a foil. The full and perfect translation of this rare piece I here promise the courteous reader; and, in the mean time, intreat him to wear, as a favour, this branch, by which he may judge the whole body.


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